lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Mar]   [16]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patches in this message
/
SubjectRe: [PATCH v12 2/3] ipc: Conserve sequence numbers in ipcmni_extend mode
From
Date
Hi,

On 2/28/19 7:47 PM, Waiman Long wrote:
> @@ -216,10 +221,11 @@ static inline int ipc_idr_alloc(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new)
> */
>
> if (next_id < 0) { /* !CHECKPOINT_RESTORE or next_id is unset */
> - new->seq = ids->seq++;
> - if (ids->seq > IPCID_SEQ_MAX)
> - ids->seq = 0;
> idx = idr_alloc(&ids->ipcs_idr, new, 0, 0, GFP_NOWAIT);
> + if ((idx <= ids->last_idx) && (++ids->seq > IPCID_SEQ_MAX))
> + ids->seq = 0;

I'm always impressed by such lines:

Everything in just two lines, use "++a", etc.

But: How did you test it?

idr_alloc() can fail, the code doesn't handle that :-(


> + new->seq = ids->seq;

As written this morning:

Writing new->seq after inserting "new" into the idr creates races
without any good reason.

I could not spot a bug, even find_alloc_undo() appears to be safe, but
why should we take this risk?


Attached is:

- proposed replacement for this patch.

- the test patch that I have used to check the error handling.


--

    Manfred

diff --git a/ipc/util.c b/ipc/util.c
index 6e0fe3410423..5dafe4bc78a1 100644
--- a/ipc/util.c
+++ b/ipc/util.c
@@ -309,6 +309,7 @@ int ipc_addid(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new, int limit)
}
}
if (idx < 0) {
+pr_info("failed allocation.\n");
new->deleted = true;
spin_unlock(&new->lock);
rcu_read_unlock();
diff --git a/lib/idr.c b/lib/idr.c
index cb1db9b8d3f6..ba274baa87e3 100644
--- a/lib/idr.c
+++ b/lib/idr.c
@@ -83,6 +83,17 @@ int idr_alloc(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t gfp)
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(start < 0))
return -EINVAL;

+ {
+ u64 a = get_jiffies_64();
+
+ if (time_after64(a, (u64)INITIAL_JIFFIES+40*HZ)) {
+ if (a%5 < 2) {
+ pr_info("idr_alloc:Failing.\n");
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
ret = idr_alloc_u32(idr, ptr, &id, end > 0 ? end - 1 : INT_MAX, gfp);
if (ret)
return ret;From edee319b2d5c96af14b8b8899e5dde324861e4e4 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
Date: Sat, 16 Mar 2019 10:18:53 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] ipc: Conserve sequence numbers in ipcmni_extend mode

Rewrite, based on the patch from Waiman Long:

The mixing in of a sequence number into the IPC IDs is probably to
avoid ID reuse in userspace as much as possible. With ipcmni_extend
mode, the number of usable sequence numbers is greatly reduced leading
to higher chance of ID reuse.

To address this issue, we need to conserve the sequence number space
as much as possible. Right now, the sequence number is incremented for
every new ID created. In reality, we only need to increment the sequence
number when new allocated ID is not greater than the last one allocated.
It is in such case that the new ID may collide with an existing one.
This is being done irrespective of the ipcmni mode.

In order to avoid any races, the index is first allocated and
then the pointer is replaced.

Changes compared to the initial patch:
- Handle failures from idr_alloc().
- Avoid that concurrent operations can see the wrong
sequence number.
(This is achieved by using idr_replace()).
- IPCMNI_SEQ_SHIFT is not a constant, thus renamed to
ipcmni_seq_shift().
- IPCMNI_SEQ_MAX is not a constant, thus renamed to
ipcmni_seq_max().

Suggested-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Original-patch-from: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
---
include/linux/ipc_namespace.h | 1 +
ipc/util.c | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
ipc/util.h | 8 ++++----
3 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h b/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h
index 6ab8c1bada3f..c309f43bde45 100644
--- a/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ struct ipc_ids {
struct rw_semaphore rwsem;
struct idr ipcs_idr;
int max_idx;
+ int last_idx; /* For wrap around detection */
#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
int next_id;
#endif
diff --git a/ipc/util.c b/ipc/util.c
index 07ae117ccdc0..6e0fe3410423 100644
--- a/ipc/util.c
+++ b/ipc/util.c
@@ -120,6 +120,7 @@ void ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *ids)
rhashtable_init(&ids->key_ht, &ipc_kht_params);
idr_init(&ids->ipcs_idr);
ids->max_idx = -1;
+ ids->last_idx = -1;
#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
ids->next_id = -1;
#endif
@@ -193,6 +194,10 @@ static struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_findkey(struct ipc_ids *ids, key_t key)
*
* The caller must own kern_ipc_perm.lock.of the new object.
* On error, the function returns a (negative) error code.
+ *
+ * To conserve sequence number space, especially with extended ipc_mni,
+ * the sequence number is incremented only when the returned ID is less than
+ * the last one.
*/
static inline int ipc_idr_alloc(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new)
{
@@ -216,17 +221,37 @@ static inline int ipc_idr_alloc(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new)
*/

if (next_id < 0) { /* !CHECKPOINT_RESTORE or next_id is unset */
- new->seq = ids->seq++;
- if (ids->seq > IPCID_SEQ_MAX)
- ids->seq = 0;
- idx = idr_alloc(&ids->ipcs_idr, new, 0, 0, GFP_NOWAIT);
+
+ /* allocate the idx, with a NULL struct kern_ipc_perm */
+ idx = idr_alloc(&ids->ipcs_idr, NULL, 0, 0, GFP_NOWAIT);
+
+ if (idx >= 0) {
+ /*
+ * idx got allocated successfully.
+ * Now calculate the sequence number and set the
+ * pointer for real.
+ */
+ if (idx <= ids->last_idx) {
+ ids->seq++;
+ if (ids->seq >= ipcid_seq_max())
+ ids->seq = 0;
+ }
+ ids->last_idx = idx;
+
+ new->seq = ids->seq;
+ /* no need for smp_wmb(), this is done
+ * inside idr_replace, as part of
+ * rcu_assign_pointer
+ */
+ idr_replace(&ids->ipcs_idr, new, idx);
+ }
} else {
new->seq = ipcid_to_seqx(next_id);
idx = idr_alloc(&ids->ipcs_idr, new, ipcid_to_idx(next_id),
0, GFP_NOWAIT);
}
if (idx >= 0)
- new->id = (new->seq << IPCMNI_SEQ_SHIFT) + idx;
+ new->id = (new->seq << ipcmni_seq_shift()) + idx;
return idx;
}

diff --git a/ipc/util.h b/ipc/util.h
index 9746886757de..8c834ed39012 100644
--- a/ipc/util.h
+++ b/ipc/util.h
@@ -34,13 +34,13 @@
extern int ipc_mni;
extern int ipc_mni_shift;

-#define IPCMNI_SEQ_SHIFT ipc_mni_shift
+#define ipcmni_seq_shift() ipc_mni_shift
#define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << ipc_mni_shift) - 1)

#else /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */

#define ipc_mni IPCMNI
-#define IPCMNI_SEQ_SHIFT IPCMNI_SHIFT
+#define ipcmni_seq_shift() IPCMNI_SHIFT
#define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) - 1)
#endif /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */

@@ -123,8 +123,8 @@ struct pid_namespace *ipc_seq_pid_ns(struct seq_file *);
#define IPC_SHM_IDS 2

#define ipcid_to_idx(id) ((id) & IPCMNI_IDX_MASK)
-#define ipcid_to_seqx(id) ((id) >> IPCMNI_SEQ_SHIFT)
-#define IPCID_SEQ_MAX (INT_MAX >> IPCMNI_SEQ_SHIFT)
+#define ipcid_to_seqx(id) ((id) >> ipcmni_seq_shift())
+#define ipcid_seq_max() (INT_MAX >> ipcmni_seq_shift())

/* must be called with ids->rwsem acquired for writing */
int ipc_addid(struct ipc_ids *, struct kern_ipc_perm *, int);
--
2.17.2
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-03-16 19:53    [W:0.185 / U:0.336 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site