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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 01/15] sched/core: uclamp: Add CPU's clamp buckets refcounting
On Thu, Mar 14, 2019 at 7:46 AM Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com> wrote:
>
> On 13-Mar 14:32, Suren Baghdasaryan wrote:
> > On Fri, Feb 8, 2019 at 2:06 AM Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > Utilization clamping allows to clamp the CPU's utilization within a
> > > [util_min, util_max] range, depending on the set of RUNNABLE tasks on
> > > that CPU. Each task references two "clamp buckets" defining its minimum
> > > and maximum (util_{min,max}) utilization "clamp values". A CPU's clamp
> > > bucket is active if there is at least one RUNNABLE tasks enqueued on
> > > that CPU and refcounting that bucket.
> > >
> > > When a task is {en,de}queued {on,from} a rq, the set of active clamp
> > > buckets on that CPU can change. Since each clamp bucket enforces a
> > > different utilization clamp value, when the set of active clamp buckets
> > > changes, a new "aggregated" clamp value is computed for that CPU.
> > >
> > > Clamp values are always MAX aggregated for both util_min and util_max.
> > > This ensures that no tasks can affect the performance of other
> > > co-scheduled tasks which are more boosted (i.e. with higher util_min
> > > clamp) or less capped (i.e. with higher util_max clamp).
> > >
> > > Each task has a:
> > > task_struct::uclamp[clamp_id]::bucket_id
> > > to track the "bucket index" of the CPU's clamp bucket it refcounts while
> > > enqueued, for each clamp index (clamp_id).
> > >
> > > Each CPU's rq has a:
> > > rq::uclamp[clamp_id]::bucket[bucket_id].tasks
> > > to track how many tasks, currently RUNNABLE on that CPU, refcount each
> > > clamp bucket (bucket_id) of a clamp index (clamp_id).
> > >
> > > Each CPU's rq has also a:
> > > rq::uclamp[clamp_id]::bucket[bucket_id].value
> > > to track the clamp value of each clamp bucket (bucket_id) of a clamp
> > > index (clamp_id).
> > >
> > > The rq::uclamp::bucket[clamp_id][] array is scanned every time we need
> > > to find a new MAX aggregated clamp value for a clamp_id. This operation
> > > is required only when we dequeue the last task of a clamp bucket
> > > tracking the current MAX aggregated clamp value. In these cases, the CPU
> > > is either entering IDLE or going to schedule a less boosted or more
> > > clamped task.
> > > The expected number of different clamp values, configured at build time,
> > > is small enough to fit the full unordered array into a single cache
> > > line.
> >
> > I assume you are talking about "struct uclamp_rq uclamp[UCLAMP_CNT]"
> > here.
>
> No, I'm talking about the rq::uclamp::bucket[clamp_id][], which is an
> array of:
>
> struct uclamp_bucket {
> unsigned long value : bits_per(SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE);
> unsigned long tasks : BITS_PER_LONG - bits_per(SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE);
> };
>
> defined as part of:
>
> struct uclamp_rq {
> unsigned int value;
> struct uclamp_bucket bucket[UCLAMP_BUCKETS];
> };
>
>
> So, it's an array of UCLAMP_BUCKETS (value, tasks) pairs.
>
> > uclamp_rq size depends on UCLAMP_BUCKETS configurable to be up
> > to 20. sizeof(long)*20 is already more than 64 bytes. What am I
> > missing?
>
> Right, the comment above refers to the default configuration, which is
> 5 buckets. With that configuration we have:
>
>
> $> pahole kernel/sched/core.o
>
> ---8<---
> struct uclamp_bucket {
> long unsigned int value:11; /* 0:53 8 */
> long unsigned int tasks:53; /* 0: 0 8 */
>
> /* size: 8, cachelines: 1, members: 2 */
> /* last cacheline: 8 bytes */
> };
>
> struct uclamp_rq {
> unsigned int value; /* 0 4 */
>
> /* XXX 4 bytes hole, try to pack */
>
> struct uclamp_bucket bucket[5]; /* 8 40 */
>
> /* size: 48, cachelines: 1, members: 2 */
> /* sum members: 44, holes: 1, sum holes: 4 */
> /* last cacheline: 48 bytes */
> };
>
> struct rq {
> // ...
> /* --- cacheline 2 boundary (128 bytes) --- */
> struct uclamp_rq uclamp[2]; /* 128 96 */
> /* --- cacheline 3 boundary (192 bytes) was 32 bytes ago --- */
> // ...
> };
> ---8<---
>
> Where you see the array fits into a single cache line.
>
> Actually I notice now that, since when we removed the bucket dedicated
> to the default values, we now have some spare space and we can
> probably increase the default (and minimum) value of UCLAMP_BUCKETS to
> be 7.
>
> This will uses two full cache lines in struct rq, one for each clamp
> index... Although 7 it's a bit of a odd number and gives by default
> buckets of ~14% size instead of the ~20%.
>
> Thoughts ?

Got it. From reading the documentation at the beginning my impression
was that whatever value I choose within allowed 5-20 range it would
still fit in a cache line. To disambiguate it might be worse
mentioning that this is true for the default value or for values up to
7. Thanks!

> [...]
>
> --
> #include <best/regards.h>
>
> Patrick Bellasi

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