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Subject[PATCH v2 02/10] powerpc/mm: Detect bad KUAP faults (Squash of v5 series)
Date
This is a squash of the v5 series, not intended to be merged.

Signed-off-by: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
---
Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 4 +-
arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/kup-radix.h | 119 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/include/asm/exception-64s.h | 2 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/feature-fixups.h | 3 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/futex.h | 4 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/kup.h | 46 +++++++++
arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu.h | 10 +-
arch/powerpc/include/asm/ptrace.h | 11 ++-
arch/powerpc/include/asm/uaccess.h | 38 ++++++--
arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c | 4 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S | 27 +++++-
arch/powerpc/kernel/exceptions-64s.S | 3 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/idle_book3s.S | 39 ++++++++
arch/powerpc/kernel/setup_64.c | 10 ++
arch/powerpc/lib/checksum_wrappers.c | 4 +
arch/powerpc/lib/code-patching.c | 4 +-
arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c | 49 ++++++++--
arch/powerpc/mm/init-common.c | 26 ++++++
arch/powerpc/mm/init_32.c | 3 +
arch/powerpc/mm/pgtable-radix.c | 30 +++++-
arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c | 1 +
arch/powerpc/platforms/Kconfig.cputype | 33 +++++++
22 files changed, 440 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/kup-radix.h
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/asm/kup.h

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index a422560fbc15..c0431a25c57b 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -2823,11 +2823,11 @@
noexec=on: enable non-executable mappings (default)
noexec=off: disable non-executable mappings

- nosmap [X86]
+ nosmap [X86,PPC]
Disable SMAP (Supervisor Mode Access Prevention)
even if it is supported by processor.

- nosmep [X86]
+ nosmep [X86,PPC]
Disable SMEP (Supervisor Mode Execution Prevention)
even if it is supported by processor.

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/kup-radix.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/kup-radix.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8d2ddc61e92e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/kup-radix.h
@@ -0,0 +1,119 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _ASM_POWERPC_BOOK3S_64_KUP_RADIX_H
+#define _ASM_POWERPC_BOOK3S_64_KUP_RADIX_H
+
+#include <linux/const.h>
+
+#define AMR_KUAP_BLOCK_READ UL(0x4000000000000000)
+#define AMR_KUAP_BLOCK_WRITE UL(0x8000000000000000)
+#define AMR_KUAP_BLOCKED (AMR_KUAP_BLOCK_READ | AMR_KUAP_BLOCK_WRITE)
+#define AMR_KUAP_SHIFT 62
+
+#ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+.macro kuap_restore_amr gpr
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+ BEGIN_MMU_FTR_SECTION_NESTED(67)
+ ld \gpr, STACK_REGS_KUAP(r1)
+ mtspr SPRN_AMR, \gpr
+ END_MMU_FTR_SECTION_NESTED_IFSET(MMU_FTR_RADIX_KUAP, 67)
+#endif
+.endm
+
+.macro kuap_check_amr gpr1 gpr2
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP_DEBUG
+ BEGIN_MMU_FTR_SECTION_NESTED(67)
+ mfspr \gpr1, SPRN_AMR
+ li \gpr2, (AMR_KUAP_BLOCKED >> AMR_KUAP_SHIFT)
+ sldi \gpr2, \gpr2, AMR_KUAP_SHIFT
+999: tdne \gpr1, \gpr2
+ EMIT_BUG_ENTRY 999b,__FILE__,__LINE__, \
+ (BUGFLAG_WARNING|BUGFLAG_ONCE)
+ END_MMU_FTR_SECTION_NESTED_IFSET(MMU_FTR_RADIX_KUAP, 67)
+#endif
+.endm
+
+.macro kuap_save_amr_and_lock gpr1, gpr2, use_cr, msr_pr_cr
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+ BEGIN_MMU_FTR_SECTION_NESTED(67)
+ .ifnb \msr_pr_cr
+ bne \msr_pr_cr, 99f
+ .endif
+ mfspr \gpr1, SPRN_AMR
+ std \gpr1, STACK_REGS_KUAP(r1)
+ li \gpr2, (AMR_KUAP_BLOCKED >> AMR_KUAP_SHIFT)
+ sldi \gpr2, \gpr2, AMR_KUAP_SHIFT
+ cmpd \use_cr, \gpr1, \gpr2
+ beq \use_cr, 99f
+ // We don't isync here because we very recently entered via rfid
+ mtspr SPRN_AMR, \gpr2
+ isync
+99:
+ END_MMU_FTR_SECTION_NESTED_IFSET(MMU_FTR_RADIX_KUAP, 67)
+#endif
+.endm
+
+#else /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+
+#include <asm/reg.h>
+
+/*
+ * We support individually allowing read or write, but we don't support nesting
+ * because that would require an expensive read/modify write of the AMR.
+ */
+
+static inline void set_kuap(unsigned long value)
+{
+ if (!mmu_has_feature(MMU_FTR_RADIX_KUAP))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * ISA v3.0B says we need a CSI (Context Synchronising Instruction) both
+ * before and after the move to AMR. See table 6 on page 1134.
+ */
+ isync();
+ mtspr(SPRN_AMR, value);
+ isync();
+}
+
+static inline void allow_user_access(void __user *to, const void __user *from,
+ unsigned long size)
+{
+ set_kuap(0);
+}
+
+static inline void allow_read_from_user(const void __user *from, unsigned long size)
+{
+ set_kuap(AMR_KUAP_BLOCK_WRITE);
+}
+
+static inline void allow_write_to_user(void __user *to, unsigned long size)
+{
+ set_kuap(AMR_KUAP_BLOCK_READ);
+}
+
+static inline void prevent_user_access(void __user *to, const void __user *from,
+ unsigned long size)
+{
+ set_kuap(AMR_KUAP_BLOCKED);
+}
+
+static inline bool bad_kuap_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, bool is_write)
+{
+ if (mmu_has_feature(MMU_FTR_RADIX_KUAP) &&
+ ((is_write && (regs->kuap & AMR_KUAP_BLOCK_WRITE)) ||
+ (!is_write && (regs->kuap & AMR_KUAP_BLOCK_READ))))
+ {
+ WARN(true, "Bug: %s fault blocked by AMR!", is_write ? "Write" : "Read");
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_KUAP */
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* _ASM_POWERPC_BOOK3S_64_KUP_RADIX_H */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/exception-64s.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/exception-64s.h
index 937bb630093f..bef4e05a6823 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/exception-64s.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/exception-64s.h
@@ -497,6 +497,7 @@ END_FTR_SECTION_NESTED(ftr,ftr,943)
RESTORE_CTR(r1, area); \
b bad_stack; \
3: EXCEPTION_PROLOG_COMMON_1(); \
+ kuap_save_amr_and_lock r9, r10, cr1, cr0; \
beq 4f; /* if from kernel mode */ \
ACCOUNT_CPU_USER_ENTRY(r13, r9, r10); \
SAVE_PPR(area, r9); \
@@ -691,6 +692,7 @@ END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_CTRL)
*/
#define EXCEPTION_COMMON_NORET_STACK(area, trap, label, hdlr, additions) \
EXCEPTION_PROLOG_COMMON_1(); \
+ kuap_save_amr_and_lock r9, r10, cr1; \
EXCEPTION_PROLOG_COMMON_2(area); \
EXCEPTION_PROLOG_COMMON_3(trap); \
/* Volatile regs are potentially clobbered here */ \
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/feature-fixups.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/feature-fixups.h
index 40a6c9261a6b..f6fc31f8baff 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/feature-fixups.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/feature-fixups.h
@@ -100,6 +100,9 @@ label##5: \
#define END_MMU_FTR_SECTION(msk, val) \
END_MMU_FTR_SECTION_NESTED(msk, val, 97)

+#define END_MMU_FTR_SECTION_NESTED_IFSET(msk, label) \
+ END_MMU_FTR_SECTION_NESTED((msk), (msk), label)
+
#define END_MMU_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(msk) END_MMU_FTR_SECTION((msk), (msk))
#define END_MMU_FTR_SECTION_IFCLR(msk) END_MMU_FTR_SECTION((msk), 0)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/futex.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/futex.h
index 88b38b37c21b..3a6aa57b9d90 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/futex.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/futex.h
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ static inline int arch_futex_atomic_op_inuser(int op, int oparg, int *oval,
{
int oldval = 0, ret;

+ allow_write_to_user(uaddr, sizeof(*uaddr));
pagefault_disable();

switch (op) {
@@ -62,6 +63,7 @@ static inline int arch_futex_atomic_op_inuser(int op, int oparg, int *oval,
if (!ret)
*oval = oldval;

+ prevent_write_to_user(uaddr, sizeof(*uaddr));
return ret;
}

@@ -75,6 +77,7 @@ futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(u32 *uval, u32 __user *uaddr,
if (!access_ok(uaddr, sizeof(u32)))
return -EFAULT;

+ allow_write_to_user(uaddr, sizeof(*uaddr));
__asm__ __volatile__ (
PPC_ATOMIC_ENTRY_BARRIER
"1: lwarx %1,0,%3 # futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic\n\
@@ -95,6 +98,7 @@ futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(u32 *uval, u32 __user *uaddr,
: "cc", "memory");

*uval = prev;
+ prevent_write_to_user(uaddr, sizeof(*uaddr));
return ret;
}

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kup.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kup.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ccbd2a249575
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kup.h
@@ -0,0 +1,46 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _ASM_POWERPC_KUP_H_
+#define _ASM_POWERPC_KUP_H_
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC64
+#include <asm/book3s/64/kup-radix.h>
+#endif
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+
+void setup_kup(void);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUEP
+void setup_kuep(bool disabled);
+#else
+static inline void setup_kuep(bool disabled) { }
+#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_KUEP */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+void setup_kuap(bool disabled);
+#else
+static inline void setup_kuap(bool disabled) { }
+static inline void allow_user_access(void __user *to, const void __user *from,
+ unsigned long size) { }
+static inline void prevent_user_access(void __user *to, const void __user *from,
+ unsigned long size) { }
+static inline void allow_read_from_user(const void __user *from, unsigned long size) {}
+static inline void allow_write_to_user(void __user *to, unsigned long size) {}
+static inline bool bad_kuap_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, bool is_write) { return false; }
+#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_KUAP */
+
+static inline void prevent_read_from_user(const void __user *from, unsigned long size)
+{
+ prevent_user_access(NULL, from, size);
+}
+
+static inline void prevent_write_to_user(void __user *to, unsigned long size)
+{
+ prevent_user_access(to, NULL, size);
+}
+
+#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* _ASM_POWERPC_KUP_H_ */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu.h
index d34ad1657d7b..59acb4418164 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmu.h
@@ -107,6 +107,11 @@
*/
#define MMU_FTR_1T_SEGMENT ASM_CONST(0x40000000)

+/*
+ * Supports KUAP (key 0 controlling userspace addresses) on radix
+ */
+#define MMU_FTR_RADIX_KUAP ASM_CONST(0x80000000)
+
/* MMU feature bit sets for various CPUs */
#define MMU_FTRS_DEFAULT_HPTE_ARCH_V2 \
MMU_FTR_HPTE_TABLE | MMU_FTR_PPCAS_ARCH_V2
@@ -164,7 +169,10 @@ enum {
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_RADIX_MMU
MMU_FTR_TYPE_RADIX |
-#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+ MMU_FTR_RADIX_KUAP |
+#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_KUAP */
+#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_RADIX_MMU */
0,
};

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ptrace.h
index 64271e562fed..6f047730e642 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -52,10 +52,17 @@ struct pt_regs
};
};

+ union {
+ struct {
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC64
- unsigned long ppr;
- unsigned long __pad; /* Maintain 16 byte interrupt stack alignment */
+ unsigned long ppr;
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+ unsigned long kuap;
#endif
+ };
+ unsigned long __pad[2]; /* Maintain 16 byte interrupt stack alignment */
+ };
};
#endif

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/uaccess.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/uaccess.h
index 4d6d905e9138..76f34346b642 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/uaccess.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/uaccess.h
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/extable.h>
+#include <asm/kup.h>

/*
* The fs value determines whether argument validity checking should be
@@ -140,6 +141,7 @@ extern long __put_user_bad(void);
#define __put_user_size(x, ptr, size, retval) \
do { \
retval = 0; \
+ allow_write_to_user(ptr, size); \
switch (size) { \
case 1: __put_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "stb"); break; \
case 2: __put_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "sth"); break; \
@@ -147,6 +149,7 @@ do { \
case 8: __put_user_asm2(x, ptr, retval); break; \
default: __put_user_bad(); \
} \
+ prevent_write_to_user(ptr, size); \
} while (0)

#define __put_user_nocheck(x, ptr, size) \
@@ -239,6 +242,7 @@ do { \
__chk_user_ptr(ptr); \
if (size > sizeof(x)) \
(x) = __get_user_bad(); \
+ allow_read_from_user(ptr, size); \
switch (size) { \
case 1: __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "lbz"); break; \
case 2: __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "lhz"); break; \
@@ -246,6 +250,7 @@ do { \
case 8: __get_user_asm2(x, ptr, retval); break; \
default: (x) = __get_user_bad(); \
} \
+ prevent_read_from_user(ptr, size); \
} while (0)

/*
@@ -305,15 +310,21 @@ extern unsigned long __copy_tofrom_user(void __user *to,
static inline unsigned long
raw_copy_in_user(void __user *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
{
- return __copy_tofrom_user(to, from, n);
+ unsigned long ret;
+
+ allow_user_access(to, from, n);
+ ret = __copy_tofrom_user(to, from, n);
+ prevent_user_access(to, from, n);
+ return ret;
}
#endif /* __powerpc64__ */

static inline unsigned long raw_copy_from_user(void *to,
const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
{
+ unsigned long ret;
if (__builtin_constant_p(n) && (n <= 8)) {
- unsigned long ret = 1;
+ ret = 1;

switch (n) {
case 1:
@@ -338,14 +349,18 @@ static inline unsigned long raw_copy_from_user(void *to,
}

barrier_nospec();
- return __copy_tofrom_user((__force void __user *)to, from, n);
+ allow_read_from_user(from, n);
+ ret = __copy_tofrom_user((__force void __user *)to, from, n);
+ prevent_read_from_user(from, n);
+ return ret;
}

static inline unsigned long raw_copy_to_user(void __user *to,
const void *from, unsigned long n)
{
+ unsigned long ret;
if (__builtin_constant_p(n) && (n <= 8)) {
- unsigned long ret = 1;
+ ret = 1;

switch (n) {
case 1:
@@ -365,17 +380,24 @@ static inline unsigned long raw_copy_to_user(void __user *to,
return 0;
}

- return __copy_tofrom_user(to, (__force const void __user *)from, n);
+ allow_write_to_user(to, n);
+ ret = __copy_tofrom_user(to, (__force const void __user *)from, n);
+ prevent_write_to_user(to, n);
+ return ret;
}

extern unsigned long __clear_user(void __user *addr, unsigned long size);

static inline unsigned long clear_user(void __user *addr, unsigned long size)
{
+ unsigned long ret = size;
might_fault();
- if (likely(access_ok(addr, size)))
- return __clear_user(addr, size);
- return size;
+ if (likely(access_ok(addr, size))) {
+ allow_write_to_user(addr, size);
+ ret = __clear_user(addr, size);
+ prevent_write_to_user(addr, size);
+ }
+ return ret;
}

extern long strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src, long count);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c
index 86a61e5f8285..66202e02fee2 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c
@@ -332,6 +332,10 @@ int main(void)
STACK_PT_REGS_OFFSET(_PPR, ppr);
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC64 */

+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+ STACK_PT_REGS_OFFSET(STACK_REGS_KUAP, kuap);
+#endif
+
#if defined(CONFIG_PPC32)
#if defined(CONFIG_BOOKE) || defined(CONFIG_40x)
DEFINE(EXC_LVL_SIZE, STACK_EXC_LVL_FRAME_SIZE);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S
index 15c67d2c0534..020d0ad9aa51 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
#include <asm/exception-64e.h>
#endif
#include <asm/feature-fixups.h>
+#include <asm/kup.h>

/*
* System calls.
@@ -120,6 +121,9 @@ END_BTB_FLUSH_SECTION
addi r9,r1,STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD
ld r11,exception_marker@toc(r2)
std r11,-16(r9) /* "regshere" marker */
+
+ kuap_check_amr r10 r11
+
#if defined(CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE) && defined(CONFIG_PPC_SPLPAR)
BEGIN_FW_FTR_SECTION
beq 33f
@@ -275,6 +279,8 @@ END_FTR_SECTION_IFCLR(CPU_FTR_STCX_CHECKS_ADDRESS)
andi. r6,r8,MSR_PR
ld r4,_LINK(r1)

+ kuap_check_amr r10 r11
+
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S
/*
* Clear MSR_RI, MSR_EE is already and remains disabled. We could do
@@ -296,6 +302,10 @@ END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_HAS_PPR)
std r8, PACATMSCRATCH(r13)
#endif

+ /*
+ * We don't need to restore AMR on the way back to userspace for KUAP.
+ * The value of AMR only matters while we're in the kernel.
+ */
ld r13,GPR13(r1) /* only restore r13 if returning to usermode */
ld r2,GPR2(r1)
ld r1,GPR1(r1)
@@ -306,8 +316,10 @@ END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_HAS_PPR)
RFI_TO_USER
b . /* prevent speculative execution */

- /* exit to kernel */
-1: ld r2,GPR2(r1)
+1: /* exit to kernel */
+ kuap_restore_amr r2
+
+ ld r2,GPR2(r1)
ld r1,GPR1(r1)
mtlr r4
mtcr r5
@@ -594,6 +606,8 @@ _GLOBAL(_switch)
std r23,_CCR(r1)
std r1,KSP(r3) /* Set old stack pointer */

+ kuap_check_amr r9 r10
+
FLUSH_COUNT_CACHE

/*
@@ -942,6 +956,8 @@ fast_exception_return:
ld r4,_XER(r1)
mtspr SPRN_XER,r4

+ kuap_check_amr r5 r6
+
REST_8GPRS(5, r1)

andi. r0,r3,MSR_RI
@@ -974,6 +990,10 @@ END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_HAS_PPR)
ACCOUNT_CPU_USER_EXIT(r13, r2, r4)
REST_GPR(13, r1)

+ /*
+ * We don't need to restore AMR on the way back to userspace for KUAP.
+ * The value of AMR only matters while we're in the kernel.
+ */
mtspr SPRN_SRR1,r3

ld r2,_CCR(r1)
@@ -1006,6 +1026,9 @@ END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_HAS_PPR)
ld r0,GPR0(r1)
ld r2,GPR2(r1)
ld r3,GPR3(r1)
+
+ kuap_restore_amr r4
+
ld r4,GPR4(r1)
ld r1,GPR1(r1)
RFI_TO_KERNEL
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/exceptions-64s.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/exceptions-64s.S
index a5b8fbae56a0..99b1bc4e190b 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/exceptions-64s.S
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/exceptions-64s.S
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
#include <asm/cpuidle.h>
#include <asm/head-64.h>
#include <asm/feature-fixups.h>
+#include <asm/kup.h>

/*
* There are a few constraints to be concerned with.
@@ -309,6 +310,7 @@ TRAMP_REAL_BEGIN(machine_check_common_early)
mfspr r11,SPRN_DSISR /* Save DSISR */
std r11,_DSISR(r1)
std r9,_CCR(r1) /* Save CR in stackframe */
+ kuap_save_amr_and_lock r9, r10, cr1
/* Save r9 through r13 from EXMC save area to stack frame. */
EXCEPTION_PROLOG_COMMON_2(PACA_EXMC)
mfmsr r11 /* get MSR value */
@@ -1097,6 +1099,7 @@ TRAMP_REAL_BEGIN(hmi_exception_early)
mfspr r11,SPRN_HSRR0 /* Save HSRR0 */
mfspr r12,SPRN_HSRR1 /* Save HSRR1 */
EXCEPTION_PROLOG_COMMON_1()
+ /* We don't touch AMR here, we never go to virtual mode */
EXCEPTION_PROLOG_COMMON_2(PACA_EXGEN)
EXCEPTION_PROLOG_COMMON_3(0xe60)
addi r3,r1,STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/idle_book3s.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/idle_book3s.S
index 7f5ac2e8581b..4a860d3b9229 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/idle_book3s.S
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/idle_book3s.S
@@ -170,6 +170,12 @@ core_idle_lock_held:
bne- core_idle_lock_held
blr

+/* Reuse some unused pt_regs slots for AMR/IAMR/UAMOR/UAMOR */
+#define PNV_POWERSAVE_AMR _TRAP
+#define PNV_POWERSAVE_IAMR _DAR
+#define PNV_POWERSAVE_UAMOR _DSISR
+#define PNV_POWERSAVE_AMOR RESULT
+
/*
* Pass requested state in r3:
* r3 - PNV_THREAD_NAP/SLEEP/WINKLE in POWER8
@@ -200,6 +206,20 @@ pnv_powersave_common:
/* Continue saving state */
SAVE_GPR(2, r1)
SAVE_NVGPRS(r1)
+
+BEGIN_FTR_SECTION
+ mfspr r4, SPRN_AMR
+ mfspr r5, SPRN_IAMR
+ mfspr r6, SPRN_UAMOR
+ std r4, PNV_POWERSAVE_AMR(r1)
+ std r5, PNV_POWERSAVE_IAMR(r1)
+ std r6, PNV_POWERSAVE_UAMOR(r1)
+BEGIN_FTR_SECTION_NESTED(42)
+ mfspr r7, SPRN_AMOR
+ std r7, PNV_POWERSAVE_AMOR(r1)
+END_FTR_SECTION_NESTED_IFSET(CPU_FTR_HVMODE, 42)
+END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_ARCH_207S)
+
mfcr r5
std r5,_CCR(r1)
std r1,PACAR1(r13)
@@ -924,6 +944,25 @@ BEGIN_FTR_SECTION
END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_HVMODE)
REST_NVGPRS(r1)
REST_GPR(2, r1)
+
+BEGIN_FTR_SECTION
+ /* These regs were saved in pnv_powersave_common() */
+ ld r4, PNV_POWERSAVE_AMR(r1)
+ ld r5, PNV_POWERSAVE_IAMR(r1)
+ ld r6, PNV_POWERSAVE_UAMOR(r1)
+ mtspr SPRN_AMR, r4
+ mtspr SPRN_IAMR, r5
+ mtspr SPRN_UAMOR, r6
+BEGIN_FTR_SECTION_NESTED(42)
+ ld r7, PNV_POWERSAVE_AMOR(r1)
+ mtspr SPRN_AMOR, r7
+END_FTR_SECTION_NESTED_IFSET(CPU_FTR_HVMODE, 42)
+ /*
+ * We don't need an isync here after restoring IAMR because the upcoming
+ * mtmsrd is execution synchronizing.
+ */
+END_FTR_SECTION_IFSET(CPU_FTR_ARCH_207S)
+
ld r4,PACAKMSR(r13)
ld r5,_LINK(r1)
ld r6,_CCR(r1)
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/setup_64.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/setup_64.c
index daa361fc6a24..72358a5022fe 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -68,6 +68,7 @@
#include <asm/cputhreads.h>
#include <asm/hw_irq.h>
#include <asm/feature-fixups.h>
+#include <asm/kup.h>

#include "setup.h"

@@ -331,6 +332,12 @@ void __init early_setup(unsigned long dt_ptr)
*/
configure_exceptions();

+ /*
+ * Configure Kernel Userspace Protection. This needs to happen before
+ * feature fixups for platforms that implement this using features.
+ */
+ setup_kup();
+
/* Apply all the dynamic patching */
apply_feature_fixups();
setup_feature_keys();
@@ -383,6 +390,9 @@ void early_setup_secondary(void)
/* Initialize the hash table or TLB handling */
early_init_mmu_secondary();

+ /* Perform any KUP setup that is per-cpu */
+ setup_kup();
+
/*
* At this point, we can let interrupts switch to virtual mode
* (the MMU has been setup), so adjust the MSR in the PACA to
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/lib/checksum_wrappers.c b/arch/powerpc/lib/checksum_wrappers.c
index 890d4ddd91d6..bb9307ce2440 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/lib/checksum_wrappers.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/lib/checksum_wrappers.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ __wsum csum_and_copy_from_user(const void __user *src, void *dst,
unsigned int csum;

might_sleep();
+ allow_read_from_user(src, len);

*err_ptr = 0;

@@ -60,6 +61,7 @@ __wsum csum_and_copy_from_user(const void __user *src, void *dst,
}

out:
+ prevent_read_from_user(src, len);
return (__force __wsum)csum;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_and_copy_from_user);
@@ -70,6 +72,7 @@ __wsum csum_and_copy_to_user(const void *src, void __user *dst, int len,
unsigned int csum;

might_sleep();
+ allow_write_to_user(dst, len);

*err_ptr = 0;

@@ -97,6 +100,7 @@ __wsum csum_and_copy_to_user(const void *src, void __user *dst, int len,
}

out:
+ prevent_write_to_user(dst, len);
return (__force __wsum)csum;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_and_copy_to_user);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/lib/code-patching.c b/arch/powerpc/lib/code-patching.c
index 506413a2c25e..42fdadac6587 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/lib/code-patching.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/lib/code-patching.c
@@ -26,9 +26,9 @@
static int __patch_instruction(unsigned int *exec_addr, unsigned int instr,
unsigned int *patch_addr)
{
- int err;
+ int err = 0;

- __put_user_size(instr, patch_addr, 4, err);
+ __put_user_asm(instr, patch_addr, err, "stw");
if (err)
return err;

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
index 887f11bcf330..b5d3578d9f65 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/fault.c
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/siginfo.h>
#include <asm/debug.h>
+#include <asm/kup.h>

static inline bool notify_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
@@ -223,19 +224,46 @@ static int mm_fault_error(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr,
}

/* Is this a bad kernel fault ? */
-static bool bad_kernel_fault(bool is_exec, unsigned long error_code,
- unsigned long address)
+static bool bad_kernel_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code,
+ unsigned long address, bool is_write)
{
+ int is_exec = TRAP(regs) == 0x400;
+
/* NX faults set DSISR_PROTFAULT on the 8xx, DSISR_NOEXEC_OR_G on others */
if (is_exec && (error_code & (DSISR_NOEXEC_OR_G | DSISR_KEYFAULT |
DSISR_PROTFAULT))) {
- printk_ratelimited(KERN_CRIT "kernel tried to execute"
- " exec-protected page (%lx) -"
- "exploit attempt? (uid: %d)\n",
- address, from_kuid(&init_user_ns,
- current_uid()));
+ pr_crit_ratelimited("kernel tried to execute %s page (%lx) - exploit attempt? (uid: %d)\n",
+ address >= TASK_SIZE ? "exec-protected" : "user",
+ address,
+ from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_uid()));
+
+ // Kernel exec fault is always bad
+ return true;
}
- return is_exec || (address >= TASK_SIZE);
+
+ if (!is_exec && address < TASK_SIZE && (error_code & DSISR_PROTFAULT) &&
+ !search_exception_tables(regs->nip)) {
+ pr_crit_ratelimited("Kernel attempted to access user page (%lx) - exploit attempt? (uid: %d)\n",
+ address,
+ from_kuid(&init_user_ns, current_uid()));
+ }
+
+ // Kernel fault on kernel address is bad
+ if (address >= TASK_SIZE)
+ return true;
+
+ // Fault on user outside of certain regions (eg. copy_tofrom_user()) is bad
+ if (!search_exception_tables(regs->nip))
+ return true;
+
+ // Read/write fault in a valid region (the exception table search passed
+ // above), but blocked by KUAP is bad, it can never succeed.
+ if (bad_kuap_fault(regs, is_write))
+ return true;
+
+ // What's left? Kernel fault on user in well defined regions (extable
+ // matched), and allowed by KUAP in the faulting context.
+ return false;
}

static bool bad_stack_expansion(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,
@@ -455,9 +483,10 @@ static int __do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address,

/*
* The kernel should never take an execute fault nor should it
- * take a page fault to a kernel address.
+ * take a page fault to a kernel address or a page fault to a user
+ * address outside of dedicated places
*/
- if (unlikely(!is_user && bad_kernel_fault(is_exec, error_code, address)))
+ if (unlikely(!is_user && bad_kernel_fault(regs, error_code, address, is_write)))
return SIGSEGV;

/*
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/init-common.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/init-common.c
index 1e6910eb70ed..ecaedfff9992 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/init-common.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/init-common.c
@@ -24,6 +24,32 @@
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <asm/kup.h>
+
+static bool disable_kuep = !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PPC_KUEP);
+static bool disable_kuap = !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PPC_KUAP);
+
+static int __init parse_nosmep(char *p)
+{
+ disable_kuep = true;
+ pr_warn("Disabling Kernel Userspace Execution Prevention\n");
+ return 0;
+}
+early_param("nosmep", parse_nosmep);
+
+static int __init parse_nosmap(char *p)
+{
+ disable_kuap = true;
+ pr_warn("Disabling Kernel Userspace Access Protection\n");
+ return 0;
+}
+early_param("nosmap", parse_nosmap);
+
+void __init setup_kup(void)
+{
+ setup_kuep(disable_kuep);
+ setup_kuap(disable_kuap);
+}

#define CTOR(shift) static void ctor_##shift(void *addr) \
{ \
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/init_32.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/init_32.c
index 41a3513cadc9..80cc97cd8878 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/init_32.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/init_32.c
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@
#include <asm/tlb.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/hugetlb.h>
+#include <asm/kup.h>

#include "mmu_decl.h"

@@ -178,6 +179,8 @@ void __init MMU_init(void)
btext_unmap();
#endif

+ setup_kup();
+
/* Shortly after that, the entire linear mapping will be available */
memblock_set_current_limit(lowmem_end_addr);
}
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/pgtable-radix.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/pgtable-radix.c
index dced3cd241c2..88861fb5c9e6 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/pgtable-radix.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/pgtable-radix.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
#include <asm/powernv.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/trace.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>

#include <trace/events/thp.h>

@@ -535,8 +536,15 @@ static void radix_init_amor(void)
mtspr(SPRN_AMOR, (3ul << 62));
}

-static void radix_init_iamr(void)
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUEP
+void __init setup_kuep(bool disabled)
{
+ if (disabled || !early_radix_enabled())
+ return;
+
+ if (smp_processor_id() == boot_cpuid)
+ pr_info("Activating Kernel Userspace Execution Prevention\n");
+
/*
* Radix always uses key0 of the IAMR to determine if an access is
* allowed. We set bit 0 (IBM bit 1) of key0, to prevent instruction
@@ -544,6 +552,24 @@ static void radix_init_iamr(void)
*/
mtspr(SPRN_IAMR, (1ul << 62));
}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+void __init setup_kuap(bool disabled)
+{
+ if (disabled || !early_radix_enabled())
+ return;
+
+ if (smp_processor_id() == boot_cpuid) {
+ pr_info("Activating Kernel Userspace Access Prevention\n");
+ cur_cpu_spec->mmu_features |= MMU_FTR_RADIX_KUAP;
+ }
+
+ /* Make sure userspace can't change the AMR */
+ mtspr(SPRN_UAMOR, 0);
+ mtspr(SPRN_AMR, AMR_KUAP_BLOCKED);
+}
+#endif

void __init radix__early_init_mmu(void)
{
@@ -605,7 +631,6 @@ void __init radix__early_init_mmu(void)

memblock_set_current_limit(MEMBLOCK_ALLOC_ANYWHERE);

- radix_init_iamr();
radix_init_pgtable();
/* Switch to the guard PID before turning on MMU */
radix__switch_mmu_context(NULL, &init_mm);
@@ -627,7 +652,6 @@ void radix__early_init_mmu_secondary(void)
__pa(partition_tb) | (PATB_SIZE_SHIFT - 12));
radix_init_amor();
}
- radix_init_iamr();

radix__switch_mmu_context(NULL, &init_mm);
if (cpu_has_feature(CPU_FTR_HVMODE))
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c
index 587807763737..ae7fca40e5b3 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/pkeys.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@

#include <asm/mman.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
+#include <asm/mmu.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <linux/pkeys.h>
#include <linux/of_device.h>
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/Kconfig.cputype b/arch/powerpc/platforms/Kconfig.cputype
index 842b2c7e156a..5e53b9fd62aa 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/Kconfig.cputype
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/Kconfig.cputype
@@ -326,6 +326,8 @@ config PPC_RADIX_MMU
bool "Radix MMU Support"
depends on PPC_BOOK3S_64
select ARCH_HAS_GIGANTIC_PAGE if (MEMORY_ISOLATION && COMPACTION) || CMA
+ select PPC_HAVE_KUEP
+ select PPC_HAVE_KUAP
default y
help
Enable support for the Power ISA 3.0 Radix style MMU. Currently this
@@ -345,6 +347,37 @@ config PPC_RADIX_MMU_DEFAULT

If you're unsure, say Y.

+config PPC_HAVE_KUEP
+ bool
+
+config PPC_KUEP
+ bool "Kernel Userspace Execution Prevention"
+ depends on PPC_HAVE_KUEP
+ default y
+ help
+ Enable support for Kernel Userspace Execution Prevention (KUEP)
+
+ If you're unsure, say Y.
+
+config PPC_HAVE_KUAP
+ bool
+
+config PPC_KUAP
+ bool "Kernel Userspace Access Protection"
+ depends on PPC_HAVE_KUAP
+ default y
+ help
+ Enable support for Kernel Userspace Access Protection (KUAP)
+
+ If you're unsure, say Y.
+
+config PPC_KUAP_DEBUG
+ bool "Extra debugging for Kernel Userspace Access Protection"
+ depends on PPC_HAVE_KUAP && PPC_RADIX_MMU
+ help
+ Add extra debugging for Kernel Userspace Access Protection (KUAP)
+ If you're unsure, say N.
+
config ARCH_ENABLE_HUGEPAGE_MIGRATION
def_bool y
depends on PPC_BOOK3S_64 && HUGETLB_PAGE && MIGRATION
--
2.13.3
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