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Subject[PATCH v2 10/10] powerpc/32s: Implement Kernel Userspace Access Protection
Date
This patch implements Kernel Userspace Access Protection for
book3s/32.

Due to limitations of the processor page protection capabilities,
the protection is only against writing. read protection cannot be
achieved using page protection.

The previous patch modifies the page protection so that RW user
pages are RW for Key 0 and RO for Key 1, and it sets Key 0 for
both user and kernel.

This patch changes userspace segment registers are set to Ku 0
and Ks 1. When kernel needs to write to RW pages, the associated
segment register is then changed to Ks 0 in order to allow write
access to the kernel.

In order to avoid having the read all segment registers when
locking/unlocking the access, some data is kept in the thread_struct
and saved on stack on exceptions. The field identifies both the
first unlocked segment and the first segment following the last
unlocked one. When no segment is unlocked, it contains value 0.

As the hash_page() function is not able to easily determine if a
protfault is due to a bad kernel access to userspace, protfaults
need to be handled by handle_page_fault when KUAP is set.

Signed-off-by: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
---
arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/32/kup.h | 107 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h | 3 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c | 3 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/head_32.S | 11 ++++
arch/powerpc/mm/ppc_mmu_32.c | 10 +++
arch/powerpc/platforms/Kconfig.cputype | 1 +
6 files changed, 135 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/32/kup.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/32/kup.h
index 5f97c742ca71..b3560b2de435 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/32/kup.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/32/kup.h
@@ -37,6 +37,113 @@
#endif
.endm

+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+
+.macro kuap_update_sr gpr1, gpr2, gpr3 /* NEVER use r0 as gpr2 due to addis */
+101: mtsrin \gpr1, \gpr2
+ addi \gpr1, \gpr1, 0x111 /* next VSID */
+ rlwinm \gpr1, \gpr1, 0, 0xf0ffffff /* clear VSID overflow */
+ addis \gpr2, \gpr2, 0x1000 /* address of next segment */
+ cmplw \gpr2, \gpr3
+ blt- 101b
+ isync
+.endm
+
+.macro kuap_save_and_lock sp, thread, gpr1, gpr2, gpr3
+ lwz \gpr2, KUAP(\thread)
+ rlwinm. \gpr3, \gpr2, 28, 0xf0000000
+ stw \gpr2, STACK_REGS_KUAP(\sp)
+ beq+ 102f
+ li \gpr1, 0
+ stw \gpr1, KUAP(\thread)
+ mfsrin \gpr1, \gpr2
+ oris \gpr1, \gpr1, SR_KS@h /* set Ks */
+ kuap_update_sr \gpr1, \gpr2, \gpr3
+102:
+.endm
+
+.macro kuap_restore sp, current, gpr1, gpr2, gpr3
+ lwz \gpr2, STACK_REGS_KUAP(\sp)
+ rlwinm. \gpr3, \gpr2, 28, 0xf0000000
+ stw \gpr2, THREAD + KUAP(\current)
+ beq+ 102f
+ mfsrin \gpr1, \gpr2
+ rlwinm \gpr1, \gpr1, 0, ~SR_KS /* Clear Ks */
+ kuap_update_sr \gpr1, \gpr2, \gpr3
+102:
+.endm
+
+.macro kuap_check current, gpr
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP_DEBUG
+ lwz \gpr2, KUAP(thread)
+999: twnei \gpr, 0
+ EMIT_BUG_ENTRY 999b, __FILE__, __LINE__, (BUGFLAG_WARNING | BUGFLAG_ONCE)
+#endif
+.endm
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_KUAP */
+
+#else /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+
+static inline void kuap_update_sr(u32 sr, u32 addr, u32 end)
+{
+ barrier(); /* make sure thread.kuap is updated before playing with SRs */
+ while (addr < end) {
+ mtsrin(sr, addr);
+ sr += 0x111; /* next VSID */
+ sr &= 0xf0ffffff; /* clear VSID overflow */
+ addr += 0x10000000; /* address of next segment */
+ }
+ isync(); /* Context sync required after mtsrin() */
+}
+
+static inline void allow_user_access(void __user *to, const void __user *from, u32 size)
+{
+ u32 addr = (__force u32)to;
+ u32 end = min(addr + size, TASK_SIZE);
+
+ if (!addr || addr >= TASK_SIZE || !size)
+ return;
+
+ current->thread.kuap = (addr & 0xf0000000) | ((((end - 1) >> 28) + 1) & 0xf);
+ kuap_update_sr(mfsrin(addr) & ~SR_KS, addr, end); /* Clear Ks */
+}
+
+static inline void prevent_user_access(void __user *to, const void __user *from, u32 size)
+{
+ u32 addr = (__force u32)to;
+ u32 end = min(addr + size, TASK_SIZE);
+
+ if (!addr || addr >= TASK_SIZE || !size)
+ return;
+
+ current->thread.kuap = 0;
+ kuap_update_sr(mfsrin(addr) | SR_KS, addr, end); /* set Ks */
+}
+
+static inline void allow_read_from_user(const void __user *from, unsigned long size)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void allow_write_to_user(void __user *to, unsigned long size)
+{
+ allow_user_access(to, NULL, size);
+}
+
+static inline bool bad_kuap_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, bool is_write)
+{
+ if (!is_write)
+ return false;
+
+ return WARN(!regs->kuap, "Bug: write fault blocked by segment registers !");
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_PPC_KUAP */
+
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */

#endif /* _ASM_POWERPC_BOOK3S_32_KUP_H */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h
index 3351bcf42f2d..540949b397d4 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -164,6 +164,9 @@ struct thread_struct {
unsigned long rtas_sp; /* stack pointer for when in RTAS */
#endif
#endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S_32) && defined(CONFIG_PPC_KUAP)
+ unsigned long kuap; /* opened segments for user access */
+#endif
/* Debug Registers */
struct debug_reg debug;
struct thread_fp_state fp_state;
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c
index 66202e02fee2..60b82198de7c 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c
@@ -147,6 +147,9 @@ int main(void)
#if defined(CONFIG_KVM) && defined(CONFIG_BOOKE)
OFFSET(THREAD_KVM_VCPU, thread_struct, kvm_vcpu);
#endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S_32) && defined(CONFIG_PPC_KUAP)
+ OFFSET(KUAP, thread_struct, kuap);
+#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_TRANSACTIONAL_MEM
OFFSET(PACATMSCRATCH, paca_struct, tm_scratch);
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_32.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_32.S
index dfc1a68fc647..2b122394d34b 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_32.S
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_32.S
@@ -387,7 +387,11 @@ DataAccess:
EXCEPTION_PROLOG
mfspr r10,SPRN_DSISR
stw r10,_DSISR(r11)
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+ andis. r0,r10,(DSISR_BAD_FAULT_32S | DSISR_DABRMATCH | DSISR_PROTFAULT)@h
+#else
andis. r0,r10,(DSISR_BAD_FAULT_32S|DSISR_DABRMATCH)@h
+#endif
bne 1f /* if not, try to put a PTE */
mfspr r4,SPRN_DAR /* into the hash table */
rlwinm r3,r10,32-15,21,21 /* DSISR_STORE -> _PAGE_RW */
@@ -906,6 +910,9 @@ load_up_mmu:
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUEP
oris r3, r3, SR_NX@h /* Set Nx */
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+ oris r3, r3, SR_KS@h /* Set Ks */
+#endif
li r4,0
3: mtsrin r3,r4
addi r3,r3,0x111 /* increment VSID */
@@ -914,6 +921,7 @@ load_up_mmu:
li r0, 16 - NUM_USER_SEGMENTS /* load up kernel segment registers */
mtctr r0 /* for context 0 */
rlwinm r3, r3, 0, ~SR_NX /* Nx = 0 */
+ rlwinm r3, r3, 0, ~SR_KS /* Ks = 0 */
oris r3, r3, SR_KP@h /* Kp = 1 */
3: mtsrin r3, r4
addi r3, r3, 0x111 /* increment VSID */
@@ -1028,6 +1036,9 @@ _ENTRY(switch_mmu_context)
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUEP
oris r3, r3, SR_NX@h /* Set Nx */
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+ oris r3, r3, SR_KS@h /* Set Ks */
+#endif
li r0,NUM_USER_SEGMENTS
mtctr r0

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/ppc_mmu_32.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/ppc_mmu_32.c
index a99ede671653..dd31cc284857 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/ppc_mmu_32.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/ppc_mmu_32.c
@@ -405,3 +405,13 @@ void __init setup_kuep(bool disabled)
pr_warn("KUEP cannot be disabled yet on 6xx when compiled in\n");
}
#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_KUAP
+void __init setup_kuap(bool disabled)
+{
+ pr_info("Activating Kernel Userspace Access Protection\n");
+
+ if (disabled)
+ pr_warn("KUAP cannot be disabled yet on 6xx when compiled in\n");
+}
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/Kconfig.cputype b/arch/powerpc/platforms/Kconfig.cputype
index 6bc0a4c08c1c..60a7c7095b05 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/Kconfig.cputype
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/Kconfig.cputype
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@ config PPC_BOOK3S_32
select PPC_FPU
select PPC_HAVE_PMU_SUPPORT
select PPC_HAVE_KUEP
+ select PPC_HAVE_KUAP

config PPC_85xx
bool "Freescale 85xx"
--
2.13.3
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