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Subject[PATCH] Uprobes: Fix deadlock between delayed_uprobe_lock and fs_reclaim
Date
There can be a deadlock between delayed_uprobe_lock and
fs_reclaim like:

CPU0 CPU1
---- ----
lock(fs_reclaim);
lock(delayed_uprobe_lock);
lock(fs_reclaim);
lock(delayed_uprobe_lock);

Here CPU0 is a file system code path which results in
mmput()->__mmput()->uprobe_clear_state() with fs_reclaim
locked. And, CPU1 is a uprobe event creation path.

This was reported by syzbot at [1]. Though, the reproducer
is nither available by syzbot nor I can reproduce it locally.

Callchains from syzbot report:

-> #1 (fs_reclaim){+.+.}:
__fs_reclaim_acquire mm/page_alloc.c:3730 [inline]
fs_reclaim_acquire.part.97+0x24/0x30 mm/page_alloc.c:3741
fs_reclaim_acquire+0x14/0x20 mm/page_alloc.c:3742
slab_pre_alloc_hook mm/slab.h:418 [inline]
slab_alloc mm/slab.c:3378 [inline]
kmem_cache_alloc_trace+0x2d/0x750 mm/slab.c:3618
kmalloc include/linux/slab.h:546 [inline]
kzalloc include/linux/slab.h:741 [inline]
delayed_uprobe_add kernel/events/uprobes.c:313 [inline]
update_ref_ctr+0x36f/0x590 kernel/events/uprobes.c:447
uprobe_write_opcode+0x94b/0xc50 kernel/events/uprobes.c:496
set_swbp+0x2a/0x40
install_breakpoint.isra.24+0x161/0x840 kernel/events/uprobes.c:885
register_for_each_vma+0xa38/0xee0 kernel/events/uprobes.c:1041
uprobe_apply+0xee/0x140 kernel/events/uprobes.c:1192
uprobe_perf_open kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c:1087 [inline]
trace_uprobe_register+0x771/0xcf0 kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c:1227
perf_trace_event_open kernel/trace/trace_event_perf.c:181 [inline]
perf_trace_event_init+0x1a5/0x990 kernel/trace/trace_event_perf.c:203
perf_uprobe_init+0x1f1/0x280 kernel/trace/trace_event_perf.c:329
perf_uprobe_event_init+0x106/0x1a0 kernel/events/core.c:8503
perf_try_init_event+0x137/0x2f0 kernel/events/core.c:9770
perf_init_event kernel/events/core.c:9801 [inline]
perf_event_alloc.part.94+0x1d54/0x3740 kernel/events/core.c:10074
perf_event_alloc kernel/events/core.c:10430 [inline]
__do_sys_perf_event_open+0xada/0x3020 kernel/events/core.c:10531
__se_sys_perf_event_open kernel/events/core.c:10420 [inline]
__x64_sys_perf_event_open+0xbe/0x150 kernel/events/core.c:10420
do_syscall_64+0x1b9/0x820 arch/x86/entry/common.c:290
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

-> #0 (delayed_uprobe_lock){+.+.}:
lock_acquire+0x1ed/0x520 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3844
__mutex_lock_common kernel/locking/mutex.c:925 [inline]
__mutex_lock+0x166/0x16f0 kernel/locking/mutex.c:1072
mutex_lock_nested+0x16/0x20 kernel/locking/mutex.c:1087
uprobe_clear_state+0xb4/0x390 kernel/events/uprobes.c:1511
__mmput kernel/fork.c:1041 [inline]
mmput+0x1bc/0x610 kernel/fork.c:1066
binder_alloc_free_page+0x5ab/0x1520 drivers/android/binder_alloc.c:983
__list_lru_walk_one+0x29d/0x8c0 mm/list_lru.c:234
list_lru_walk_one+0xa5/0xe0 mm/list_lru.c:278
list_lru_walk_node+0x43/0x280 mm/list_lru.c:307
list_lru_walk include/linux/list_lru.h:214 [inline]
binder_shrink_scan+0x164/0x220 drivers/android/binder_alloc.c:1019
do_shrink_slab+0x501/0xd30 mm/vmscan.c:557
shrink_slab+0x389/0x8c0 mm/vmscan.c:706
shrink_node+0x431/0x16b0 mm/vmscan.c:2758
shrink_zones mm/vmscan.c:2987 [inline]
do_try_to_free_pages+0x3e7/0x1290 mm/vmscan.c:3049
try_to_free_pages+0x4d0/0xb90 mm/vmscan.c:3264
__perform_reclaim mm/page_alloc.c:3773 [inline]
__alloc_pages_direct_reclaim mm/page_alloc.c:3795 [inline]
__alloc_pages_slowpath+0xa48/0x2de0 mm/page_alloc.c:4185
__alloc_pages_nodemask+0xad8/0xea0 mm/page_alloc.c:4393
__alloc_pages include/linux/gfp.h:473 [inline]
__alloc_pages_node include/linux/gfp.h:486 [inline]
khugepaged_alloc_page+0x95/0x190 mm/khugepaged.c:773
collapse_huge_page mm/khugepaged.c:963 [inline]
khugepaged_scan_pmd+0x1715/0x3d60 mm/khugepaged.c:1216
khugepaged_scan_mm_slot mm/khugepaged.c:1725 [inline]
khugepaged_do_scan mm/khugepaged.c:1806 [inline]
khugepaged+0xf20/0x1750 mm/khugepaged.c:1851
kthread+0x35a/0x440 kernel/kthread.c:246
ret_from_fork+0x3a/0x50 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:352

[1] https://www.mail-archive.com/linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org/msg1876397.html

Reported-by: syzbot+1068f09c44d151250c33@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Suggested-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Ravi Bangoria <ravi.bangoria@linux.ibm.com>
---
kernel/events/uprobes.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 24 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/events/uprobes.c b/kernel/events/uprobes.c
index 8aef47ee7bfa..8be39a83d83a 100644
--- a/kernel/events/uprobes.c
+++ b/kernel/events/uprobes.c
@@ -95,6 +95,11 @@ struct delayed_uprobe {
struct mm_struct *mm;
};

+/*
+ * Any memory allocation happening within lock(delayed_uprobe_lock)
+ * must use memalloc_nofs_save()/memalloc_nofs_restore() to avoid
+ * calling file system code from memory allocation code.
+ */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(delayed_uprobe_lock);
static LIST_HEAD(delayed_uprobe_list);

@@ -429,6 +434,7 @@ static int update_ref_ctr(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct mm_struct *mm,
struct vm_area_struct *rc_vma;
unsigned long rc_vaddr;
int ret = 0;
+ unsigned int nofs_flags;

rc_vma = find_ref_ctr_vma(uprobe, mm);

@@ -442,12 +448,30 @@ static int update_ref_ctr(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct mm_struct *mm,
return ret;
}

+ /*
+ * There is a possibility of deadlock here:
+ *
+ * CPU0 CPU1
+ * ---- ----
+ * lock(fs_reclaim);
+ * lock(delayed_uprobe_lock);
+ * lock(fs_reclaim);
+ * lock(delayed_uprobe_lock);
+ *
+ * Here CPU0 is a file system code path which results in
+ * mmput()->__mmput()->uprobe_clear_state() with fs_reclaim locked.
+ * And, CPU1 is a uprobe event creation path.
+ *
+ * Avoid calling into filesystem code inside lock(delayed_uprobe_lock).
+ */
+ nofs_flags = memalloc_nofs_save();
mutex_lock(&delayed_uprobe_lock);
if (d > 0)
ret = delayed_uprobe_add(uprobe, mm);
else
delayed_uprobe_remove(uprobe, mm);
mutex_unlock(&delayed_uprobe_lock);
+ memalloc_nofs_restore(nofs_flags);

return ret;
}
--
2.20.1
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