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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 1/7] s390: ap: kvm: add PQAP interception for AQIC
On 28/02/2019 10:42, Christian Borntraeger wrote:
> On 27.02.2019 19:00, Tony Krowiak wrote:
>> On 2/27/19 3:09 AM, Pierre Morel wrote:
>>> On 26/02/2019 16:47, Tony Krowiak wrote:
>>>> On 2/26/19 6:47 AM, Pierre Morel wrote:
>>>>> On 25/02/2019 19:36, Tony Krowiak wrote:
>>>>>> On 2/22/19 10:29 AM, Pierre Morel wrote:
>>>>>>> We prepare the interception of the PQAP/AQIC instruction for
>>>>>>> the case the AQIC facility is enabled in the guest.
>>>>>>> We add a callback inside the KVM arch structure for s390 for
>>>>>>> a VFIO driver to handle a specific response to the PQAP
>>>>>>> instruction with the AQIC command.
>>>>>>> We inject the correct exceptions from inside KVM for the case the
>>>>>>> callback is not initialized, which happens when the vfio_ap driver
>>>>>>> is not loaded.
>>>>>>> If the callback has been setup we call it.
>>>>>>> If not we setup an answer considering that no queue is available
>>>>>>> for the guest when no callback has been setup.
>>>>>>> We do consider the responsability of the driver to always initialize
>>>>>>> the PQAP callback if it defines queues by initializing the CRYCB for
>>>>>>> a guest.
>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Pierre Morel <>
>>>>> ...snip...
>>>>>>> @@ -592,6 +593,55 @@ static int handle_io_inst(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>>>>>>       }
>>>>>>>   }
>>>>>>> +/*
>>>>>>> + * handle_pqap: Handling pqap interception
>>>>>>> + * @vcpu: the vcpu having issue the pqap instruction
>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>> + * We now support PQAP/AQIC instructions and we need to correctly
>>>>>>> + * answer the guest even if no dedicated driver's hook is available.
>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>> + * The intercepting code calls a dedicated callback for this instruction
>>>>>>> + * if a driver did register one in the CRYPTO satellite of the
>>>>>>> + * SIE block.
>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>> + * For PQAP/AQIC instructions only, verify privilege and specifications.
>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>> + * If no callback available, the queues are not available, return this to
>>>>>>> + * the caller.
>>>>>>> + * Else return the value returned by the callback.
>>>>>>> + */
>>>>>>> +static int handle_pqap(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>> +    uint8_t fc;
>>>>>>> +    struct ap_queue_status status = {};
>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>> +    /* Verify that the AP instruction are available */
>>>>>>> +    if (!ap_instructions_available())
>>>>>>> +        return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>>>>>> How can the guest even execute an AP instruction if the AP instructions
>>>>>> are not available? If the AP instructions are not available on the host,
>>>>>> they will not be available on the guest (i.e., CPU model feature
>>>>>> S390_FEAT_AP will not be set). I suppose it doesn't hurt to check this
>>>>>> here given QEMU may not be the only client.
>>>>>>> +    /* Verify that the guest is allowed to use AP instructions */
>>>>>>> +    if (!(vcpu->arch.sie_block->eca & ECA_APIE))
>>>>>>> +        return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>>>>>>> +    /* Verify that the function code is AQIC */
>>>>>>> +    fc = vcpu->run->s.regs.gprs[0] >> 24;
>>>>>>> +    if (fc != 0x03)
>>>>>>> +        return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>>>>>> You must have missed my suggestion to move this to the
>>>>>> vcpu->kvm->arch.crypto.pqap_hook(vcpu) in the following responses:
>>>>> Please consider what happen if the vfio_ap module is not loaded.
>>>> I have considered it and even verified my expectations empirically. If
>>>> the vfio_ap module is not loaded, you will not be able to create an mdev device.
>>> OK, now please consider that another userland tool, not QEMU uses KVM.
>> What does that have to do with loading the vfio_ap module? Without the
>> vfio_ap module, there will be no AP devices for the guest. What are you
>> suggesting here?
>>>> If you don't have an mdev device, you will not be able to
>>>> start a guest with a vfio-ap device. If you start a guest without a
>>>> vfio-ap device, but enable AP instructions for the guest, there will be
>>>> no AP devices attached to the guest. Without any AP devices attached,
>>>> the PQAP(AQIC) instructions will not ever get executed.
>>> This is not right. The instruction will be executed, eventually, after decoding.
>> Please explain why the PQAP(AQIC) instruction will be executed on a
>> guest without any devices? Point me to the code in the AP bus where
>> PQAP(AQIC) is executed without a queue?
> The host must be prepared to handle malicous and broken guests. So if
> a guest does PQAP, we must handle that gracefully (e.g. by injecting an
> exception)
>>>> Even if for some
>>>> unknown reason the PQAP(AQIC) instruction is executed - for some unknown
>>>> reason, it will fail with response code 0x01, AP-queue number not valid.
>>> No, before accessing the AP-queue the instruction will be decoded and depending on the installed micro-code it will fail with
>>> - OPERATION EXCEPTION if the micro-code is not installed
>>> - PRIVILEDGE OPERATION if the instruction is issued from userland (programm state)
>>> - SPECIFICATION exception if the instruction do not respect the usage specification
>>> then it will be interpreted by the microcode and access the queue and only then it will fail with RC 0x01, AP queue not valid.
>>> In the case of KVM, we intercept the instruction because it is issued by the guest and we set the AQIC facility on to force interception.
>>> KVM do for us all the decode steps I mention here above, if there is or not a pqap hook to be call to simulate the QP queue access.
>>> That done, the AP queue virtualisation can be called, this is done by calling the hook.
>> Okay, let's go back to the genesis of this discussion; namely, my
>> suggestion about moving the fc == 0x03 check into the hook code. If
>> the vfio_ap module is not loaded, there will be no hook code. In that
>> case, the check for the hook will fail and ultimately response code
>> 0x01 will be set in the status word (which may not be the right thing
>> to do?). You have not stated a single good reason for keeping this
>> check, but I'm done with this silly argument. It certainly doesn't
>> hurt anything.
> The instruction handler must handle the basic checks for the
> instruction itself as outlined above.
> Do we want to allow QEMU to fully emulate everything (the ECA_APIE case being off)?
> The we should pass along everything to QEMU, but this is already done with the
> ECA_APIE check, correct?
> Do we agree that when we are beyond the ECA_APIE check, that we do not emulate
> in QEMU and we have enabled the AP instructions interpretion?
> If yes then this has some implication:
> 1. ECA is on and we should only get PQAP interception for specific FC (namely 3).
> 2. What we certainly should check is the facility bit of the guest (65) and reject fc==3
> right away with a specification exception. I do not want the hook to mess with
> the kvm cpu model. @Pierre would be good to actually check test_kvm_facility(vcpu->kvm, 65))

Currently the check test_kvm_facility(vcpu->kvm, 65) is done in the
instruction handler, what do you mean here?


Pierre Morel
Linux/KVM/QEMU in Böblingen - Germany

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