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SubjectRe: [RFC v3 18/19] of: unittest: split out a couple of test cases from unittest
On Wed, Feb 20, 2019 at 12:45 PM Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> On 2/18/19 2:25 PM, Frank Rowand wrote:
> > On 2/15/19 2:56 AM, Brendan Higgins wrote:
> >> On Thu, Feb 14, 2019 at 6:05 PM Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com> wrote:
> >>>
> >>> On 2/14/19 4:56 PM, Brendan Higgins wrote:
> >>>> On Thu, Feb 14, 2019 at 3:57 PM Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com> wrote:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> On 12/5/18 3:54 PM, Brendan Higgins wrote:
> >>>>>> On Tue, Dec 4, 2018 at 2:58 AM Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com> wrote:
> >>>>>>>
>
> < snip >
>
> >
> > It makes it harder for me to read the source of the tests and
> > understand the order they will execute. It also makes it harder
> > for me to read through the actual tests (in this example the
> > tests that are currently grouped in of_unittest_find_node_by_name())
> > because of all the extra function headers injected into the
> > existing single function to break it apart into many smaller
> > functions.
>
> < snip >
>
> >>>> This is not something I feel particularly strongly about, it is just
> >>>> pretty atypical from my experience to have so many unrelated test
> >>>> cases in a single file.
> >>>>
> >>>> Maybe you would prefer that I break up the test cases first, and then
> >>>> we split up the file as appropriate?
> >>>
> >>> I prefer that the test cases not be broken up arbitrarily. There _may_
>
> I expect that I created confusion by putting this in a reply to patch 18/19.
> It is actually a comment about patch 19/19. Sorry about that.
>

No worries.

>
> >>
> >> I wasn't trying to break them up arbitrarily. I thought I was doing it
> >> according to a pattern (breaking up the file, that is), but maybe I
> >> just hadn't looked at enough examples.
> >
> > This goes back to the kunit model of putting each test into a separate
> > function that can be a KUNIT_CASE(). That is a model that I do not agree
> > with for devicetree.
>
> So now that I am actually talking about patch 19/19, let me give a concrete
> example. I will cut and paste (after my comments), the beginning portion
> of base-test.c, after applying patch 19/19 (the "base version". Then I
> will cut and paste my alternative version which does not break the tests
> down into individual functions (the "frank version").

Awesome, thanks for putting the comparison together!

>
> I will also reply to this email with the base version and the frank version
> as attachments, which will make it easier to save as separate versions
> for easier viewing. I'm not sure if an email with attachments will make
> it through the list servers, but I am cautiously optimistic.
>
> I am using v4 of the patch series because I never got v3 to cleanly apply
> and it is not a constructive use of my time to do so since I have v4 applied.
>
> One of the points I was trying to make is that readability suffers from the
> approach taken by patches 18/19 and 19/19.

I understood that point.

>
> The base version contains the extra text of a function header for each
> unit test. This is visual noise and makes the file larger. It is also
> one more possible location of an error (although not likely).

I don't see how it is much more visual noise than a comment.
Admittedly, a space versus an underscore might be nice, but I think it
is also more likely that a function name is more likely to be kept up
to date than a comment even if they are both informational. It also
forces the user to actually name all the tests. Even then, I am not
married to doing it this exact way. The thing I really care about is
isolating the code in each test case so that it can be executed
separately.

A side thought, when I was proofreading this, it occurred to me that
you might not like the function name over comment partly because you
think about them differently. You aren't used to seeing a function
used to frame things or communicate information in this way. Is this
true? Admittedly, I have gotten used to a lot of unit test frameworks
that break up test cases by function, so I wondering if part of the
difference in comfortability with this framing might come from the
fact that I am really used to seeing it this way and you are not? If
this is the case, maybe it would be better if we had something like:

KUNIT_DECLARE_CASE(case_id, "Test case description")
{
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(kunit, ...);
...
}

Just a thought.

>
> The frank version has converted each of the new function headers into
> a comment, using the function name with '_' converted to ' '. The
> comments are more readable than the function headers. Note that I added
> an extra blank line before each comment, which violates the kernel
> coding standards, but I feel this makes the code more readable.

I agree that the extra space is an improvement, but I think any
sufficient visual separation would work.

>
> The base version needs to declare each of the individual test functions
> in of_test_find_node_by_name_cases[]. It is possible that a test function
> could be left out of of_test_find_node_by_name_cases[], in error. This
> will result in a compile warning (I think warning instead of error, but
> I have not verified that) so the error might be caught or it might be
> overlooked.

It's a warning, but that can be fixed.

>
> In the base version, the order of execution of the test code requires
> bouncing back and forth between the test functions and the coding of
> of_test_find_node_by_name_cases[].

You shouldn't need to bounce back and forth because the order in which
the tests run shouldn't matter.

>
> In the frank version the order of execution of the test code is obvious.

So I know we were arguing before over whether order *does* matter in
some of the other test cases (none in the example that you or I
posted), but wouldn't it be better if the order of execution didn't
matter? If you don't allow a user to depend on the execution of test
cases, then arguably these test case dependencies would never form and
the order wouldn't matter.
>
> It is possible that a test function could be left out of
> of_test_find_node_by_name_cases[], in error. This will result in a compile
> warning (I think warning instead of error, but I have not verified that)
> so it might be caught or it might be overlooked.
>
> The base version is 265 lines. The frank version is 208 lines, 57 lines
> less. Less is better.

I agree that less is better, but there are different kinds of less to
consider. I prefer less logic in a function to fewer lines overall.

It seems we are in agreement that test cases should be small and
simple, so I won't dwell on that point any longer. I agree that the
test cases themselves when taken in isolation in base version and
frank version are equally simple (obviously, they are the same).

If I am correct, we are only debating whether it is best to put each
test case in its own function or not. That being said, I honestly
still think my version (base version) is easier to understand. The
reason I think mine is easier to read is entirely because of the code
isolation provided by each test case running it its own function. I
can look at a test case by itself and know that it doesn't depend on
anything that happened in a preceding test case. It is true that I
have to look in different places in the file, but I think that is more
than made up for by the fact that in order to understand a test case,
I only have to look at two functions: init, and the test case itself
(well, also exit if you care about how things are cleaned up). I don't
have to look through every single test case that proceeds it.

It might not be immediately obvious what isolation my version provides
over your version at first glance, and that is exactly the point. We
know that they are the same because you pulled the test cases out of
my version, but what about the other test suite in 19/19,
of_test_dynamic? If you notice, I did not just break each test case by
wrapping it in a function; that didn't work because there was a
dependency between some of the test cases. I removed that dependency,
so that each test case is actually isolated:

## ============== single function (18/19) version ===========
static void of_unittest_dynamic(struct kunit *test)
{
struct device_node *np;
struct property *prop;

np = of_find_node_by_path("/testcase-data");
KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);

/* Array of 4 properties for the purpose of testing */
prop = kcalloc(4, sizeof(*prop), GFP_KERNEL);
KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, prop);

/* Add a new property - should pass*/
prop->name = "new-property";
prop->value = "new-property-data";
prop->length = strlen(prop->value) + 1;
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_add_property(np, prop), 0,
"Adding a new property failed\n");

/* Try to add an existing property - should fail */
prop++;
prop->name = "new-property";
prop->value = "new-property-data-should-fail";
prop->length = strlen(prop->value) + 1;
KUNIT_EXPECT_NE_MSG(test, of_add_property(np, prop), 0,
"Adding an existing property should have failed\n");

/* Try to modify an existing property - should pass */
prop->value = "modify-property-data-should-pass";
prop->length = strlen(prop->value) + 1;
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(
test, of_update_property(np, prop), 0,
"Updating an existing property should have passed\n");

/* Try to modify non-existent property - should pass*/
prop++;
prop->name = "modify-property";
prop->value = "modify-missing-property-data-should-pass";
prop->length = strlen(prop->value) + 1;
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_update_property(np, prop), 0,
"Updating a missing property should have passed\n");

/* Remove property - should pass */
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_remove_property(np, prop), 0,
"Removing a property should have passed\n");

/* Adding very large property - should pass */
prop++;
prop->name = "large-property-PAGE_SIZEx8";
prop->length = PAGE_SIZE * 8;
prop->value = kzalloc(prop->length, GFP_KERNEL);
KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, prop->value);
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_add_property(np, prop), 0,
"Adding a large property should have passed\n");
}

## ============== multi function (19/19) version ===========
struct of_test_dynamic_context {
struct device_node *np;
struct property *prop0;
struct property *prop1;
};

static void of_test_dynamic_basic(struct kunit *test)
{
struct of_test_dynamic_context *ctx = test->priv;
struct device_node *np = ctx->np;
struct property *prop0 = ctx->prop0;

/* Add a new property - should pass*/
prop0->name = "new-property";
prop0->value = "new-property-data";
prop0->length = strlen(prop0->value) + 1;
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_add_property(np, prop0), 0,
"Adding a new property failed\n");

/* Test that we can remove a property */
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, of_remove_property(np, prop0), 0);
}

static void of_test_dynamic_add_existing_property(struct kunit *test)
{
struct of_test_dynamic_context *ctx = test->priv;
struct device_node *np = ctx->np;
struct property *prop0 = ctx->prop0, *prop1 = ctx->prop1;

/* Add a new property - should pass*/
prop0->name = "new-property";
prop0->value = "new-property-data";
prop0->length = strlen(prop0->value) + 1;
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_add_property(np, prop0), 0,
"Adding a new property failed\n");

/* Try to add an existing property - should fail */
prop1->name = "new-property";
prop1->value = "new-property-data-should-fail";
prop1->length = strlen(prop1->value) + 1;
KUNIT_EXPECT_NE_MSG(test, of_add_property(np, prop1), 0,
"Adding an existing property should have failed\n");
}

static void of_test_dynamic_modify_existing_property(struct kunit *test)
{
struct of_test_dynamic_context *ctx = test->priv;
struct device_node *np = ctx->np;
struct property *prop0 = ctx->prop0, *prop1 = ctx->prop1;

/* Add a new property - should pass*/
prop0->name = "new-property";
prop0->value = "new-property-data";
prop0->length = strlen(prop0->value) + 1;
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_add_property(np, prop0), 0,
"Adding a new property failed\n");

/* Try to modify an existing property - should pass */
prop1->name = "new-property";
prop1->value = "modify-property-data-should-pass";
prop1->length = strlen(prop1->value) + 1;
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_update_property(np, prop1), 0,
"Updating an existing property should have
passed\n");
}

static void of_test_dynamic_modify_non_existent_property(struct kunit *test)
{
struct of_test_dynamic_context *ctx = test->priv;
struct device_node *np = ctx->np;
struct property *prop0 = ctx->prop0;

/* Try to modify non-existent property - should pass*/
prop0->name = "modify-property";
prop0->value = "modify-missing-property-data-should-pass";
prop0->length = strlen(prop0->value) + 1;
KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_update_property(np, prop0), 0,
"Updating a missing property should have passed\n");
}

static void of_test_dynamic_large_property(struct kunit *test)
{
struct of_test_dynamic_context *ctx = test->priv;
struct device_node *np = ctx->np;
struct property *prop0 = ctx->prop0;

/* Adding very large property - should pass */
prop0->name = "large-property-PAGE_SIZEx8";
prop0->length = PAGE_SIZE * 8;
prop0->value = kunit_kzalloc(test, prop0->length, GFP_KERNEL);
KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, prop0->value);

KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_add_property(np, prop0), 0,
"Adding a large property should have passed\n");
}

static int of_test_dynamic_init(struct kunit *test)
{
struct of_test_dynamic_context *ctx;

KUNIT_ASSERT_EQ(test, 0, unittest_data_add());

if (!of_aliases)
of_aliases = of_find_node_by_path("/aliases");

KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, of_find_node_by_path(
"/testcase-data/phandle-tests/consumer-a"));

ctx = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(*ctx), GFP_KERNEL);
KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, ctx);
test->priv = ctx;

ctx->np = of_find_node_by_path("/testcase-data");
KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, ctx->np);

ctx->prop0 = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(*ctx->prop0), GFP_KERNEL);
KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, ctx->prop0);

ctx->prop1 = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(*ctx->prop1), GFP_KERNEL);
KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, ctx->prop1);

return 0;
}

static void of_test_dynamic_exit(struct kunit *test)
{
struct of_test_dynamic_context *ctx = test->priv;
struct device_node *np = ctx->np;

of_remove_property(np, ctx->prop0);
of_remove_property(np, ctx->prop1);
of_node_put(np);
}

static struct kunit_case of_test_dynamic_cases[] = {
KUNIT_CASE(of_test_dynamic_basic),
KUNIT_CASE(of_test_dynamic_add_existing_property),
KUNIT_CASE(of_test_dynamic_modify_existing_property),
KUNIT_CASE(of_test_dynamic_modify_non_existent_property),
KUNIT_CASE(of_test_dynamic_large_property),
{},
};

static struct kunit_module of_test_dynamic_module = {
.name = "of-dynamic-test",
.init = of_test_dynamic_init,
.exit = of_test_dynamic_exit,
.test_cases = of_test_dynamic_cases,
};
module_test(of_test_dynamic_module);

Compare the test cases for adding of_test_dynamic_basic,
of_test_dynamic_add_existing_property,
of_test_dynamic_modify_existing_property, and
of_test_dynamic_modify_non_existent_property to the originals. My
version is much longer overall, but I think is still much easier to
understand. I can say from when I was trying to split this up in the
first place, it was not obvious what properties were expected to be
populated as a precondition for a given test case (except the first
one of course). Whereas, in my version, it is immediately obvious what
the preconditions are for a test case. I think you can apply this same
logic to the examples you provided, in frank version, I don't
immediately know if one test cases does something that is a
precondition for another test case.

My version also makes it easier to run a test case entirely by itself
which is really valuable for debugging purposes. A common thing that
happens when you have lots of unit tests is something breaks and lots
of tests fail. If the test cases are good, there should be just a
couple (ideally one) test cases that directly assert the violated
property; those are the test cases you actually want to focus on, the
rest are noise for the purposes of that breakage. In my version, it is
much easier to turn off the test cases that you don't care about and
then focus in on the ones that exercise the violated property.

Now I know that, hermeticity especially, but other features as well
(test suite summary, error on unused test case function, etc) are not
actually in KUnit as it is under consideration here. Maybe it would be
best to save these last two patches (18/19, and 19/19) until I have
these other features checked in and reconsider them then?

>
> ## ========== base version ====================================
>
> // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> /*
> * Unit tests for functions defined in base.c.
> */
> #include <linux/of.h>
>
> #include <kunit/test.h>
>
> #include "test-common.h"
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_basic(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
> const char *name;
>
> np = of_find_node_by_path("/testcase-data");
> name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%pOF", np);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "/testcase-data", name,
> "find /testcase-data failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> kfree(name);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_trailing_slash(struct kunit *test)
> {
> /* Test if trailing '/' works */
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_find_node_by_path("/testcase-data/"), NULL,
> "trailing '/' on /testcase-data/ should fail\n");
>
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_multiple_components(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
> const char *name;
>
> np = of_find_node_by_path("/testcase-data/phandle-tests/consumer-a");
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%pOF", np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(
> test, "/testcase-data/phandle-tests/consumer-a", name,
> "find /testcase-data/phandle-tests/consumer-a failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> kfree(name);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_with_alias(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
> const char *name;
>
> np = of_find_node_by_path("testcase-alias");
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%pOF", np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "/testcase-data", name,
> "find testcase-alias failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> kfree(name);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_with_alias_and_slash(struct kunit *test)
> {
> /* Test if trailing '/' works on aliases */
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_find_node_by_path("testcase-alias/"), NULL,
> "trailing '/' on testcase-alias/ should fail\n");
> }
>
> /*
> * TODO(brendanhiggins@google.com): This looks like a duplicate of
> * of_test_find_node_by_name_multiple_components
> */
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_multiple_components_2(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
> const char *name;
>
> np = of_find_node_by_path("testcase-alias/phandle-tests/consumer-a");
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%pOF", np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(
> test, "/testcase-data/phandle-tests/consumer-a", name,
> "find testcase-alias/phandle-tests/consumer-a failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> kfree(name);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_missing_path(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
>
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(
> test,
> np = of_find_node_by_path("/testcase-data/missing-path"), NULL,
> "non-existent path returned node %pOF\n", np);
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_missing_alias(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
>
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(
> test, np = of_find_node_by_path("missing-alias"), NULL,
> "non-existent alias returned node %pOF\n", np);
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_missing_alias_with_relative_path(
> struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
>
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(
> test,
> np = of_find_node_by_path("testcase-alias/missing-path"), NULL,
> "non-existent alias with relative path returned node %pOF\n",
> np);
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_with_option(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
> const char *options;
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("/testcase-data:testoption", &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "testoption", options,
> "option path test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_with_option_and_slash(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
> const char *options;
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("/testcase-data:test/option", &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "test/option", options,
> "option path test, subcase #1 failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("/testcase-data/testcase-device1:test/option", &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "test/option", options,
> "option path test, subcase #2 failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_with_null_option(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("/testcase-data:testoption", NULL);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL_MSG(test, np,
> "NULL option path test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_with_option_alias(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
> const char *options;
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("testcase-alias:testaliasoption",
> &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "testaliasoption", options,
> "option alias path test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_with_option_alias_and_slash(
> struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
> const char *options;
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("testcase-alias:test/alias/option",
> &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "test/alias/option", options,
> "option alias path test, subcase #1 failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_with_null_option_alias(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("testcase-alias:testaliasoption", NULL);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL_MSG(
> test, np, "NULL option alias path test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_option_clearing(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
> const char *options;
>
> options = "testoption";
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("testcase-alias", &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, options, NULL,
> "option clearing test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static void of_test_find_node_by_name_option_clearing_root(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
> const char *options;
>
> options = "testoption";
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("/", &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, options, NULL,
> "option clearing root node test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static int of_test_find_node_by_name_init(struct kunit *test)
> {
> /* adding data for unittest */
> KUNIT_ASSERT_EQ(test, 0, unittest_data_add());
>
> if (!of_aliases)
> of_aliases = of_find_node_by_path("/aliases");
>
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, of_find_node_by_path(
> "/testcase-data/phandle-tests/consumer-a"));
>
> return 0;
> }
>
> static struct kunit_case of_test_find_node_by_name_cases[] = {
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_basic),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_trailing_slash),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_multiple_components),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_with_alias),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_with_alias_and_slash),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_multiple_components_2),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_missing_path),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_missing_alias),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_missing_alias_with_relative_path),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_with_option),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_with_option_and_slash),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_with_null_option),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_with_option_alias),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_with_option_alias_and_slash),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_with_null_option_alias),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_option_clearing),
> KUNIT_CASE(of_test_find_node_by_name_option_clearing_root),
> {},
> };
>
> static struct kunit_module of_test_find_node_by_name_module = {
> .name = "of-test-find-node-by-name",
> .init = of_test_find_node_by_name_init,
> .test_cases = of_test_find_node_by_name_cases,
> };
> module_test(of_test_find_node_by_name_module);
>
>
> ## ========== frank version ===================================
>
> // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> /*
> * Unit tests for functions defined in base.c.
> */
> #include <linux/of.h>
>
> #include <kunit/test.h>
>
> #include "test-common.h"
>
> static void of_unittest_find_node_by_name(struct kunit *test)
> {
> struct device_node *np;
> const char *options, *name;
>
>
> // find node by name basic
>
> np = of_find_node_by_path("/testcase-data");
> name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%pOF", np);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "/testcase-data", name,
> "find /testcase-data failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> kfree(name);
>
>
> // find node by name trailing slash
>
> /* Test if trailing '/' works */
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_find_node_by_path("/testcase-data/"), NULL,
> "trailing '/' on /testcase-data/ should fail\n");
>
>
> // find node by name multiple components
>
> np = of_find_node_by_path("/testcase-data/phandle-tests/consumer-a");
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%pOF", np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(
> test, "/testcase-data/phandle-tests/consumer-a", name,
> "find /testcase-data/phandle-tests/consumer-a failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> kfree(name);
>
>
> // find node by name with alias
>
> np = of_find_node_by_path("testcase-alias");
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%pOF", np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "/testcase-data", name,
> "find testcase-alias failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> kfree(name);
>
>
> // find node by name with alias and slash
>
> /* Test if trailing '/' works on aliases */
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, of_find_node_by_path("testcase-alias/"), NULL,
> "trailing '/' on testcase-alias/ should fail\n");
>
>
> // find node by name multiple components 2
>
> np = of_find_node_by_path("testcase-alias/phandle-tests/consumer-a");
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%pOF", np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(
> test, "/testcase-data/phandle-tests/consumer-a", name,
> "find testcase-alias/phandle-tests/consumer-a failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> kfree(name);
>
>
> // find node by name missing path
>
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(
> test,
> np = of_find_node_by_path("/testcase-data/missing-path"), NULL,
> "non-existent path returned node %pOF\n", np);
> of_node_put(np);
>
>
> // find node by name missing alias
>
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(
> test, np = of_find_node_by_path("missing-alias"), NULL,
> "non-existent alias returned node %pOF\n", np);
> of_node_put(np);
>
>
> // find node by name missing alias with relative path
>
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(
> test,
> np = of_find_node_by_path("testcase-alias/missing-path"), NULL,
> "non-existent alias with relative path returned node %pOF\n",
> np);
> of_node_put(np);
>
>
> // find node by name with option
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("/testcase-data:testoption", &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "testoption", options,
> "option path test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
>
>
> // find node by name with option and slash
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("/testcase-data:test/option", &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "test/option", options,
> "option path test, subcase #1 failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("/testcase-data/testcase-device1:test/option", &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "test/option", options,
> "option path test, subcase #2 failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
>
>
> // find node by name with null option
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("/testcase-data:testoption", NULL);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL_MSG(test, np,
> "NULL option path test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
>
>
> // find node by name with option alias
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("testcase-alias:testaliasoption",
> &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "testaliasoption", options,
> "option alias path test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
>
>
> // find node by name with option alias and slash
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("testcase-alias:test/alias/option",
> &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_STREQ_MSG(test, "test/alias/option", options,
> "option alias path test, subcase #1 failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
>
>
> // find node by name with null option alias
>
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("testcase-alias:testaliasoption", NULL);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL_MSG(
> test, np, "NULL option alias path test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
>
>
> // find node by name option clearing
>
> options = "testoption";
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("testcase-alias", &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, options, NULL,
> "option clearing test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
>
>
> // find node by name option clearing root
>
> options = "testoption";
> np = of_find_node_opts_by_path("/", &options);
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, np);
> KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ_MSG(test, options, NULL,
> "option clearing root node test failed\n");
> of_node_put(np);
> }
>
> static int of_test_init(struct kunit *test)
> {
> /* adding data for unittest */
> KUNIT_ASSERT_EQ(test, 0, unittest_data_add());
>
> if (!of_aliases)
> of_aliases = of_find_node_by_path("/aliases");
>
> KUNIT_ASSERT_NOT_ERR_OR_NULL(test, of_find_node_by_path(
> "/testcase-data/phandle-tests/consumer-a"));
>
> return 0;
> }
>
> static struct kunit_case of_test_cases[] = {
> KUNIT_CASE(of_unittest_find_node_by_name),
> {},
> };
>
> static struct kunit_module of_test_module = {
> .name = "of-base-test",
> .init = of_test_init,
> .test_cases = of_test_cases,
> };
> module_test(of_test_module);
>
>
> >
> >
> >>> be cases where the devicetree unittests are currently not well grouped
> >>> and may benefit from change, but if so that should be handled independently
> >>> of any transformation into a KUnit framework.
> >>
> >> I agree. I did this because I wanted to illustrate what I thought real
> >> world KUnit unit tests should look like (I also wanted to be able to
> >> show off KUnit test features that help you write these kinds of
> >> tests); I was not necessarily intending that all the of: unittest
> >> patches would get merged in with the whole RFC. I was mostly trying to
> >> create cause for discussion (which it seems like I succeeded at ;-) ).
> >>
> >> So fair enough, I will propose these patches separately and later
> >> (except of course this one that splits up the file). Do you want the
> >> initial transformation to the KUnit framework in the main KUnit
> >> patchset, or do you want that to be done separately? If I recall, Rob
> >> suggested this as a good initial example that other people could refer
> >> to, and some people seemed to think that I needed one to help guide
> >> the discussion and provide direction for early users. I don't
> >> necessarily think that means the initial real world example needs to
> >> be a part of the initial patchset though.

I really appreciate you taking the time to discuss these difficult points :-)

If the way I want to express test cases here is really that difficult
to read, then it means that I have some work to do to make it better,
because I plan on constructing other test cases in a very similar way.
So, if you think that these test cases have real readability issues,
then there is something I either need to improve with the framework,
or the documentation.

So if you would rather discuss these patches later once I added those
features that would make the notion of hermeticity stronger, or would
make summaries better, or anything else I mentioned, that's fine with
me, but if you think there is something fundamentally wrong with my
approach, I would rather figured out the right way to handle it sooner
rather than later.

Looking forward to hear what you think!

Cheers

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