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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH 00/16] sched: Core scheduling
On Tue, Feb 26, 2019 at 4:26 PM Aubrey Li <aubrey.intel@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> On Sat, Feb 23, 2019 at 3:27 AM Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> >
> > On 2/22/19 6:20 AM, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > > On Fri, Feb 22, 2019 at 01:17:01PM +0100, Paolo Bonzini wrote:
> > >> On 18/02/19 21:40, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > >>> On Mon, Feb 18, 2019 at 09:49:10AM -0800, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> > >>>> On Mon, Feb 18, 2019 at 9:40 AM Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> However; whichever way around you turn this cookie; it is expensive and nasty.
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Do you (or anybody else) have numbers for real loads?
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Because performance is all that matters. If performance is bad, then
> > >>>> it's pointless, since just turning off SMT is the answer.
> > >>>
> > >>> Not for these patches; they stopped crashing only yesterday and I
> > >>> cleaned them up and send them out.
> > >>>
> > >>> The previous version; which was more horrible; but L1TF complete, was
> > >>> between OK-ish and horrible depending on the number of VMEXITs a
> > >>> workload had.
> > >>>
> > >>> If there were close to no VMEXITs, it beat smt=off, if there were lots
> > >>> of VMEXITs it was far far worse. Supposedly hosting people try their
> > >>> very bestest to have no VMEXITs so it mostly works for them (with the
> > >>> obvious exception of single VCPU guests).
> > >>
> > >> If you are giving access to dedicated cores to guests, you also let them
> > >> do PAUSE/HLT/MWAIT without vmexits and the host just thinks it's a CPU
> > >> bound workload.
> > >>
> > >> In any case, IIUC what you are looking for is:
> > >>
> > >> 1) take a benchmark that *is* helped by SMT, this will be something CPU
> > >> bound.
> > >>
> > >> 2) compare two runs, one without SMT and without core scheduler, and one
> > >> with SMT+core scheduler.
> > >>
> > >> 3) find out whether performance is helped by SMT despite the increased
> > >> overhead of the core scheduler
> > >>
> > >> Do you want some other load in the host, so that the scheduler actually
> > >> does do something? Or is the point just that you show that the
> > >> performance isn't affected when the scheduler does not have anything to
> > >> do (which should be obvious, but having numbers is always better)?
> > >
> > > Well, what _I_ want is for all this to just go away :-)
> > >
> > > Tim did much of testing last time around; and I don't think he did
> > > core-pinning of VMs much (although I'm sure he did some of that). I'm
> >
> > Yes. The last time around I tested basic scenarios like:
> > 1. single VM pinned on a core
> > 2. 2 VMs pinned on a core
> > 3. system oversubscription (no pinning)
> >
> > In general, CPU bound benchmarks and even things without too much I/O
> > causing lots of VMexits perform better with HT than without for Peter's
> > last patchset.
> >
> > > still a complete virt noob; I can barely boot a VM to save my life.
> > >
> > > (you should be glad to not have heard my cursing at qemu cmdline when
> > > trying to reproduce some of Tim's results -- lets just say that I can
> > > deal with gpg)
> > >
> > > I'm sure he tried some oversubscribed scenarios without pinning.
> >
> > We did try some oversubscribed scenarios like SPECVirt, that tried to
> > squeeze tons of VMs on a single system in over subscription mode.
> >
> > There're two main problems in the last go around:
> >
> > 1. Workload with high rate of Vmexits (SpecVirt is one)
> > were a major source of pain when we tried Peter's previous patchset.
> > The switch from vcpus to qemu and back in previous version of Peter's patch
> > requires some coordination between the hyperthread siblings via IPI. And for
> > workload that does this a lot, the overhead quickly added up.
> >
> > For Peter's new patch, this overhead hopefully would be reduced and give
> > better performance.
> >
> > 2. Load balancing is quite tricky. Peter's last patchset did not have
> > load balancing for consolidating compatible running threads.
> > I did some non-sophisticated load balancing
> > to pair vcpus up. But the constant vcpu migrations overhead probably ate up
> > any improvements from better load pairing. So I didn't get much
> > improvement in the over-subscription case when turning on load balancing
> > to consolidate the VCPUs of the same VM. We'll probably have to try
> > out this incarnation of Peter's patch and see how well the load balancing
> > works.
> >
> > I'll try to line up some benchmarking folks to do some tests.
>
> I can help to do some basic tests.
>
> Cgroup bias looks weird to me. If I have hundreds of cgroups, should I turn
> core scheduling(cpu.tag) on one by one? Or Is there a global knob I missed?
>

I encountered the following panic when I turned core sched on in a
cgroup when the cgroup
was running a best effort workload with high CPU utilization.

Feb 27 01:51:53 aubrey-ivb kernel: [ 508.981348] core sched enabled
[ 508.990627] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference
at 000000000000008
[ 508.999445] #PF error: [normal kernel read fault]
[ 509.004772] PGD 8000001807b7d067 P4D 8000001807b7d067 PUD
18071c9067 PMD 0
[ 509.012616] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
[ 509.016568] CPU: 24 PID: 3503 Comm: schbench Tainted: G I
5.0.0-rc8-4
[ 509.027918] Hardware name: Intel Corporation S2600CP/S2600CP, BIOS
SE5C600.86B.99.92
[ 509.039475] RIP: 0010:rb_insert_color+0x17/0x190
[ 509.044707] Code: f3 c3 31 c0 c3 0f 1f 40 00 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00
00 00 00 48 8b 174
[ 509.065765] RSP: 0000:ffffc90009203c08 EFLAGS: 00010046
[ 509.071671] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff889806f91e00 RCX:
ffff889806f91e00
[ 509.079715] RDX: ffff889806f83f48 RSI: ffff88980f2238c8 RDI:
ffff889806f92148
[ 509.087752] RBP: ffff88980f222cc0 R08: 000000000000026e R09:
ffff88980a099000
[ 509.095789] R10: 0000000000000078 R11: ffff88980a099b58 R12:
0000000000000004
[ 509.103833] R13: ffffc90009203c68 R14: 0000000000000046 R15:
0000000000022cc0
[ 509.111860] FS: 00007f854e7fc700(0000) GS:ffff88980f200000(0000)
knlGS:000000000000
[ 509.120957] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 509.127443] CR2: 0000000000000008 CR3: 0000001807b64005 CR4:
00000000000606e0
[ 509.135478] Call Trace:
[ 509.138285] enqueue_task+0x6f/0xe0
[ 509.142278] ttwu_do_activate+0x49/0x80
[ 509.146654] try_to_wake_up+0x1dc/0x4c0
[ 509.151038] ? __probe_kernel_read+0x3a/0x70
[ 509.155909] signal_wake_up_state+0x15/0x30
[ 509.160683] zap_process+0x90/0xd0
[ 509.164573] do_coredump+0xdba/0xef0
[ 509.168679] ? _raw_spin_lock+0x1b/0x20
[ 509.173045] ? try_to_wake_up+0x120/0x4c0
[ 509.177632] ? pointer+0x1f9/0x2b0
[ 509.181532] ? sched_clock+0x5/0x10
[ 509.185526] ? sched_clock_cpu+0xc/0xa0
[ 509.189911] ? log_store+0x1b5/0x280
[ 509.194002] get_signal+0x12d/0x6d0
[ 509.197998] ? page_fault+0x8/0x30
[ 509.201895] do_signal+0x30/0x6c0
[ 509.205686] ? signal_wake_up_state+0x15/0x30
[ 509.210643] ? __send_signal+0x306/0x4a0
[ 509.215114] ? show_opcodes+0x93/0xa0
[ 509.219286] ? force_sig_info+0xc7/0xe0
[ 509.223653] ? page_fault+0x8/0x30
[ 509.227544] exit_to_usermode_loop+0x77/0xe0
[ 509.232415] prepare_exit_to_usermode+0x70/0x80
[ 509.237569] retint_user+0x8/0x8
[ 509.241273] RIP: 0033:0x7f854e7fbe80
[ 509.245357] Code: 00 00 36 2a 0e 00 00 00 00 00 90 be 7f 4e 85 7f
00 00 4c e8 bf a10
[ 509.266508] RSP: 002b:00007f854e7fbe50 EFLAGS: 00010246
[ 509.272429] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 00000000002dc6c0 RCX:
0000000000000000
[ 509.280500] RDX: 00000000000e2a36 RSI: 00007f854e7fbe50 RDI:
0000000000000000
[ 509.288563] RBP: 00007f855020a170 R08: 000000005c764199 R09:
00007ffea1bfb0a0
[ 509.296624] R10: 00007f854e7fbe30 R11: 000000000002457c R12:
00007f854e7fbed0
[ 509.304685] R13: 00007f855e555e6f R14: 0000000000000000 R15:
00007f855020a150
[ 509.312738] Modules linked in: ipt_MASQUERADE xfrm_user xfrm_algo
iptable_nat nf_nai
[ 509.398325] CR2: 0000000000000008
[ 509.402116] ---[ end trace f1214a54c044bdb6 ]---
[ 509.402118] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference
at 000000000000008
[ 509.402122] #PF error: [normal kernel read fault]
[ 509.412727] RIP: 0010:rb_insert_color+0x17/0x190
[ 509.416649] PGD 8000001807b7d067 P4D 8000001807b7d067 PUD
18071c9067 PMD 0
[ 509.421990] Code: f3 c3 31 c0 c3 0f 1f 40 00 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00
00 00 00 48 8b 174
[ 509.427230] Oops: 0000 [#2] SMP PTI
[ 509.435096] RSP: 0000:ffffc90009203c08 EFLAGS: 00010046
[ 509.456243] CPU: 2 PID: 3498 Comm: schbench Tainted: G D I
5.0.0-rc8-04
[ 509.460222] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff889806f91e00 RCX:
ffff889806f91e00
[ 509.460224] RDX: ffff889806f83f48 RSI: ffff88980f2238c8 RDI:
ffff889806f92148
[ 509.466152] Hardware name: Intel Corporation S2600CP/S2600CP, BIOS
SE5C600.86B.99.92
[ 509.466159] RIP: 0010:task_tick_fair+0xb3/0x290
[ 509.477458] RBP: ffff88980f222cc0 R08: 000000000000026e R09:
ffff88980a099000
[ 509.477461] R10: 0000000000000078 R11: ffff88980a099b58 R12:
0000000000000004
[ 509.485521] Code: 2b 53 60 48 39 d0 0f 82 a0 00 00 00 8b 0d 29 ab
19 01 48 39 ca 728
[ 509.485523] RSP: 0000:ffff888c0f083e60 EFLAGS: 00010046
[ 509.493583] R13: ffffc90009203c68 R14: 0000000000000046 R15:
0000000000022cc0
[ 509.493586] FS: 00007f854e7fc700(0000) GS:ffff88980f200000(0000)
knlGS:000000000000
[ 509.505170] RAX: 0000000000b71aff RBX: ffff888be4df3800 RCX:
0000000000000000
[ 509.505173] RDX: 00000525112fc50e RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI:
0000000000000000
[ 509.510318] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 509.510320] CR2: 0000000000000008 CR3: 0000001807b64005 CR4:
00000000000606e0
[ 509.518381] RBP: ffff888c0f0a2d40 R08: 0000000001ffffff R09:
0000000000000040
[ 509.518383] R10: ffff888c0f083e20 R11: 0000000000405f09 R12:
0000000000000000
[ 509.617516] R13: ffff889806f81e00 R14: ffff888c0f0a2cc0 R15:
0000000000000000
[ 509.625586] FS: 00007f854ffff700(0000) GS:ffff888c0f080000(0000)
knlGS:000000000000
[ 509.634742] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 509.641245] CR2: 0000000000000058 CR3: 0000001807b64002 CR4:
00000000000606e0
[ 509.649313] Call Trace:
[ 509.652131] <IRQ>
[ 509.654462] ? tick_sched_do_timer+0x60/0x60
[ 509.659315] scheduler_tick+0x84/0x120
[ 509.663584] update_process_times+0x40/0x50
[ 509.668345] tick_sched_handle+0x21/0x70
[ 509.672814] tick_sched_timer+0x37/0x70
[ 509.677204] __hrtimer_run_queues+0x108/0x290
[ 509.682163] hrtimer_interrupt+0xe5/0x240
[ 509.686732] smp_apic_timer_interrupt+0x6a/0x130
[ 509.691989] apic_timer_interrupt+0xf/0x20
[ 509.696659] </IRQ>
[ 509.699079] RIP: 0033:0x7ffea1bfe6ac
[ 509.703160] Code: 2d 81 e9 ff ff 4c 8b 05 82 e9 ff ff 0f 01 f9 66
90 41 8b 0c 24 39f
[ 509.724301] RSP: 002b:00007f854fffedf0 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX:
ffffffffffffff13
[ 509.732872] RAX: 0000000077e4a044 RBX: 00007f854fffee50 RCX:
0000000000000002
[ 509.740941] RDX: 0000000000000166 RSI: 00007f854fffee50 RDI:
0000000000000000
[ 509.749001] RBP: 00007f854fffee10 R08: 0000000000000000 R09:
00007ffea1bfb0a0
[ 509.757061] R10: 00007ffea1bfb080 R11: 000000000002457e R12:
0000000000000000
[ 509.765121] R13: 00007f855e555e6f R14: 0000000000000000 R15:
00007f85500008c0
[ 509.773182] Modules linked in: ipt_MASQUERADE xfrm_user xfrm_algo
iptable_nat nf_nai
[ 509.858758] CR2: 0000000000000058
[ 509.862581] ---[ end trace f1214a54c044bdb7 ]---
[ 509.862583] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference
at 000000000000008
[ 509.862585] #PF error: [normal kernel read fault]
[ 509.873332] RIP: 0010:rb_insert_color+0x17/0x190
[ 509.877246] PGD 8000001807b7d067 P4D 8000001807b7d067 PUD
18071c9067 PMD 0
[ 509.882592] Code: f3 c3 31 c0 c3 0f 1f 40 00 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00
00 00 00 48 8b 174
[ 509.887828] Oops: 0000 [#3] SMP PTI
[ 509.895684] RSP: 0000:ffffc90009203c08 EFLAGS: 00010046
[ 509.916828] CPU: 26 PID: 3506 Comm: schbench Tainted: G D I
5.0.0-rc8-4
[ 509.920802] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff889806f91e00 RCX:
ffff889806f91e00
[ 509.920804] RDX: ffff889806f83f48 RSI: ffff88980f2238c8 RDI:
ffff889806f92148
[ 509.926726] Hardware name: Intel Corporation S2600CP/S2600CP, BIOS
SE5C600.86B.99.92
[ 509.926731] RIP: 0010:task_tick_fair+0xb3/0x290
[ 509.938120] RBP: ffff88980f222cc0 R08: 000000000000026e R09:
ffff88980a099000
[ 509.938122] R10: 0000000000000078 R11: ffff88980a099b58 R12:
0000000000000004
[ 509.946183] Code: 2b 53 60 48 39 d0 0f 82 a0 00 00 00 8b 0d 29 ab
19 01 48 39 ca 728
[ 509.946186] RSP: 0000:ffff88980f283e60 EFLAGS: 00010046
[ 509.954245] R13: ffffc90009203c68 R14: 0000000000000046 R15:
0000000000022cc0
[ 509.954248] FS: 00007f854ffff700(0000) GS:ffff888c0f080000(0000)
knlGS:000000000000
[ 509.965836] RAX: 0000000000b71aff RBX: ffff888be4df3800 RCX:
0000000000000000
[ 509.965839] RDX: 00000525112fc50e RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI:
0000000000000000
[ 509.970981] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 509.970983] CR2: 0000000000000058 CR3: 0000001807b64002 CR4:
00000000000606e0
[ 509.979043] RBP: ffff888c0f0a2d40 R08: 0000000001ffffff R09:
0000000000000040
[ 509.979045] R10: ffff88980f283e68 R11: 0000000000000000 R12:
0000000000000000
[ 509.987095] Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception in
interrupt
[ 510.008237] R13: ffff889807f91e00 R14: ffff88980f2a2cc0 R15:
0000000000000000
[ 510.008240] FS: 00007f8547fff700(0000) GS:ffff88980f280000(0000)
knlGS:000000000000
[ 510.102589] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 510.109103] CR2: 0000000000000058 CR3: 0000001807b64003 CR4:
00000000000606e0
[ 510.117164] Call Trace:
[ 510.119977] <IRQ>
[ 510.122316] ? tick_sched_do_timer+0x60/0x60
[ 510.127168] scheduler_tick+0x84/0x120
[ 510.131445] update_process_times+0x40/0x50
[ 510.136203] tick_sched_handle+0x21/0x70
[ 510.140672] tick_sched_timer+0x37/0x70
[ 510.145040] __hrtimer_run_queues+0x108/0x290
[ 510.149990] hrtimer_interrupt+0xe5/0x240
[ 510.154554] smp_apic_timer_interrupt+0x6a/0x130
[ 510.159796] apic_timer_interrupt+0xf/0x20
[ 510.164454] </IRQ>
[ 510.166882] RIP: 0033:0x7ffea1bfe6ac
[ 510.170958] Code: 2d 81 e9 ff ff 4c 8b 05 82 e9 ff ff 0f 01 f9 66
90 41 8b 0c 24 39f
[ 510.192101] RSP: 002b:00007f8547ffedf0 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX:
ffffffffffffff13
[ 510.200675] RAX: 0000000078890657 RBX: 00007f8547ffee50 RCX:
000000000000101a
[ 510.208736] RDX: 0000000000000166 RSI: 00007f8547ffee50 RDI:
0000000000000000
[ 510.216799] RBP: 00007f8547ffee10 R08: 0000000000000000 R09:
00007ffea1bfb0a0
[ 510.224861] R10: 00007ffea1bfb080 R11: 000000000002457e R12:
0000000000000000
[ 510.234319] R13: 00007f855ed56e6f R14: 0000000000000000 R15:
00007f855830ed98
[ 510.242371] Modules linked in: ipt_MASQUERADE xfrm_user xfrm_algo
iptable_nat nf_nai
[ 510.327929] CR2: 0000000000000058
[ 510.331720] ---[ end trace f1214a54c044bdb8 ]---
[ 510.342658] RIP: 0010:rb_insert_color+0x17/0x190
[ 510.347900] Code: f3 c3 31 c0 c3 0f 1f 40 00 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00
00 00 00 48 8b 174
[ 510.369044] RSP: 0000:ffffc90009203c08 EFLAGS: 00010046
[ 510.374968] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff889806f91e00 RCX:
ffff889806f91e00
[ 510.383031] RDX: ffff889806f83f48 RSI: ffff88980f2238c8 RDI:
ffff889806f92148
[ 510.391093] RBP: ffff88980f222cc0 R08: 000000000000026e R09:
ffff88980a099000
[ 510.399154] R10: 0000000000000078 R11: ffff88980a099b58 R12:
0000000000000004
[ 510.407214] R13: ffffc90009203c68 R14: 0000000000000046 R15:
0000000000022cc0
[ 510.415278] FS: 00007f8547fff700(0000) GS:ffff88980f280000(0000)
knlGS:000000000000
[ 510.424434] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 510.430939] CR2: 0000000000000058 CR3: 0000001807b64003 CR4:
00000000000606e0
[ 511.068880] Shutting down cpus with NMI
[ 511.075437] Kernel Offset: disabled
[ 511.083621] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception in
interrupt ]---

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