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SubjectRe: [PATCH] sched/x86: Save [ER]FLAGS on context switch
On Thu, Feb 21, 2019 at 02:08:11PM -0800, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Thu, Feb 21, 2019 at 1:35 PM Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> wrote:
> >
> > IMNSHO any call inside a AC region is a bug lurking round the corner. The
> > only thing which is tolerable is an exception of some sort.
> >
> > Enforce that with objtool. End of story.
>
> Not quite that simple.
>
> There are some use cases where you really do want a call - albeit to
> special functions - inside the AC region.
>
> The prime example of this is likely "filldir()" in fs/readdir.c, which
> is actually somewhat important for some loads (eg samba).
>
> And the whole AC thing made it horribly horribly slow because readdir
> is one of those things that doesn't just copy one value (or one
> structure) to user space, but writes several different things.
>
> Kind of like signal frame setup does.
>
> You may not realize that right now signal frame setup *does* actually
> do a call with AC set. See ia32_setup_rt_frame() that does
>
> put_user_try {
> ...
> compat_save_altstack_ex(&frame->uc.uc_stack, regs->sp);
> ...
> } put_user_catch(err);
>
> is a macro, but inside that macro is a call to sas_ss_reset().
>
> Now, that is an inline function, so it hopefully doesn't actually
> cause a call. But it's "only" an inline function, not "always_inline".
> We did already have (and I rejected, for now) patches that made those
> inlines not very strong...

That one does indeed not generate a call, but:

arch/x86/ia32/ia32_signal.o: warning: objtool: ia32_restore_sigcontext()+0x38: call to native_load_gs_index() with AC set

I've yet to look at detectoring __preempt_count mucking.

---
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h
index 43c029cdc3fe..cd31e4433f4c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@

#ifdef __KERNEL__

+#include <linux/frame.h>
#include <asm/nops.h>

/*
@@ -135,6 +136,7 @@ static inline void native_wbinvd(void)
}

extern asmlinkage void native_load_gs_index(unsigned);
+AC_SAFE(native_load_gs_index);

static inline unsigned long __read_cr4(void)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/frame.h b/include/linux/frame.h
index 02d3ca2d9598..644662d8b8e8 100644
--- a/include/linux/frame.h
+++ b/include/linux/frame.h
@@ -15,9 +15,14 @@
static void __used __section(.discard.func_stack_frame_non_standard) \
*__func_stack_frame_non_standard_##func = func

+#define AC_SAFE(func) \
+ static void __used __section(.discard.ac_safe) \
+ *__func_ac_safe_##func = func
+
#else /* !CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION */

#define STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD(func)
+#define AC_SAFE(func)

#endif /* CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION */

diff --git a/tools/objtool/Makefile b/tools/objtool/Makefile
index c9d038f91af6..5a64e5fb9d7a 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/Makefile
+++ b/tools/objtool/Makefile
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ INCLUDES := -I$(srctree)/tools/include \
-I$(srctree)/tools/arch/$(HOSTARCH)/include/uapi \
-I$(srctree)/tools/objtool/arch/$(ARCH)/include
WARNINGS := $(EXTRA_WARNINGS) -Wno-switch-default -Wno-switch-enum -Wno-packed
-CFLAGS += -Werror $(WARNINGS) $(KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS) -g $(INCLUDES)
+CFLAGS += -Werror $(WARNINGS) $(KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS) -g $(INCLUDES) -ggdb3
LDFLAGS += -lelf $(LIBSUBCMD) $(KBUILD_HOSTLDFLAGS)

# Allow old libelf to be used:
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch.h b/tools/objtool/arch.h
index b0d7dc3d71b5..48327099466d 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/arch.h
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch.h
@@ -33,7 +33,9 @@
#define INSN_STACK 8
#define INSN_BUG 9
#define INSN_NOP 10
-#define INSN_OTHER 11
+#define INSN_STAC 11
+#define INSN_CLAC 12
+#define INSN_OTHER 13
#define INSN_LAST INSN_OTHER

enum op_dest_type {
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
index 540a209b78ab..d1e99d1460a5 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
@@ -369,7 +369,19 @@ int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *elf, struct section *sec,

case 0x0f:

- if (op2 >= 0x80 && op2 <= 0x8f) {
+ if (op2 == 0x01) {
+
+ if (modrm == 0xca) {
+
+ *type = INSN_CLAC;
+
+ } else if (modrm == 0xcb) {
+
+ *type = INSN_STAC;
+
+ }
+
+ } else if (op2 >= 0x80 && op2 <= 0x8f) {

*type = INSN_JUMP_CONDITIONAL;

diff --git a/tools/objtool/check.c b/tools/objtool/check.c
index 0414a0d52262..6fef157e244b 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/check.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/check.c
@@ -127,6 +127,24 @@ static bool ignore_func(struct objtool_file *file, struct symbol *func)
return false;
}

+static bool ac_safe_func(struct objtool_file *file, struct symbol *func)
+{
+ struct rela *rela;
+
+ /* check for AC_SAFE */
+ if (file->ac_safe && file->ac_safe->rela)
+ list_for_each_entry(rela, &file->ac_safe->rela->rela_list, list) {
+ if (rela->sym->type == STT_SECTION &&
+ rela->sym->sec == func->sec &&
+ rela->addend == func->offset)
+ return true;
+ if (/* rela->sym->type == STT_FUNC && */ rela->sym == func)
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
/*
* This checks to see if the given function is a "noreturn" function.
*
@@ -439,6 +457,8 @@ static void add_ignores(struct objtool_file *file)

for_each_sec(file, sec) {
list_for_each_entry(func, &sec->symbol_list, list) {
+ func->ac_safe = ac_safe_func(file, func);
+
if (func->type != STT_FUNC)
continue;

@@ -1897,11 +1917,16 @@ static int validate_branch(struct objtool_file *file, struct instruction *first,
if (ret)
return 1;
}
- }
+ } else printf("ponies\n");

switch (insn->type) {

case INSN_RETURN:
+ if (state.ac) {
+ WARN_FUNC("return with AC set", sec, insn->offset);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
if (func && has_modified_stack_frame(&state)) {
WARN_FUNC("return with modified stack frame",
sec, insn->offset);
@@ -1917,6 +1942,12 @@ static int validate_branch(struct objtool_file *file, struct instruction *first,
return 0;

case INSN_CALL:
+ if (state.ac && !insn->call_dest->ac_safe) {
+ WARN_FUNC("call to %s() with AC set", sec, insn->offset,
+ insn->call_dest->name);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
if (is_fentry_call(insn))
break;

@@ -1928,6 +1959,11 @@ static int validate_branch(struct objtool_file *file, struct instruction *first,

/* fallthrough */
case INSN_CALL_DYNAMIC:
+ if (state.ac && !insn->call_dest->ac_safe) {
+ WARN_FUNC("call to %s() with AC set", sec, insn->offset,
+ insn->call_dest->name);
+ return 1;
+ }
if (!no_fp && func && !has_valid_stack_frame(&state)) {
WARN_FUNC("call without frame pointer save/setup",
sec, insn->offset);
@@ -1980,6 +2016,14 @@ static int validate_branch(struct objtool_file *file, struct instruction *first,

break;

+ case INSN_STAC:
+ state.ac = true;
+ break;
+
+ case INSN_CLAC:
+ state.ac = false;
+ break;
+
default:
break;
}
@@ -2198,6 +2242,7 @@ int check(const char *_objname, bool orc)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&file.insn_list);
hash_init(file.insn_hash);
file.whitelist = find_section_by_name(file.elf, ".discard.func_stack_frame_non_standard");
+ file.ac_safe = find_section_by_name(file.elf, ".discard.ac_safe");
file.c_file = find_section_by_name(file.elf, ".comment");
file.ignore_unreachables = no_unreachable;
file.hints = false;
diff --git a/tools/objtool/check.h b/tools/objtool/check.h
index e6e8a655b556..d4ae59454fff 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/check.h
+++ b/tools/objtool/check.h
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ struct insn_state {
int stack_size;
unsigned char type;
bool bp_scratch;
- bool drap, end;
+ bool drap, end, ac;
int drap_reg, drap_offset;
struct cfi_reg vals[CFI_NUM_REGS];
};
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ struct objtool_file {
struct list_head insn_list;
DECLARE_HASHTABLE(insn_hash, 16);
struct section *whitelist;
+ struct section *ac_safe;
bool ignore_unreachables, c_file, hints, rodata;
};

diff --git a/tools/objtool/elf.h b/tools/objtool/elf.h
index bc97ed86b9cd..064c3df31e40 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/elf.h
+++ b/tools/objtool/elf.h
@@ -62,6 +62,7 @@ struct symbol {
unsigned long offset;
unsigned int len;
struct symbol *pfunc, *cfunc;
+ bool ac_safe;
};

struct rela {
diff --git a/tools/objtool/special.c b/tools/objtool/special.c
index 50af4e1274b3..72084cae8f35 100644
--- a/tools/objtool/special.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/special.c
@@ -166,8 +166,8 @@ int special_get_alts(struct elf *elf, struct list_head *alts)
continue;

if (sec->len % entry->size != 0) {
- WARN("%s size not a multiple of %d",
- sec->name, entry->size);
+ WARN("%s size (%d) not a multiple of %d",
+ sec->name, sec->len, entry->size);
return -1;
}

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