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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 0/4] watchdog: hpwdt: Fix NMI-related behaviour when CONFIG_HPWDT_NMI_DECODING is enabled
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On Tue, 2019-01-15 at 19:22 -0700, Jerry Hoemann wrote:
> On Mon, Jan 14, 2019 at 07:36:13AM +0500, Ivan Mironov wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > I found out that hpwdt alters NMI behaviour unexpectedly if compiled
> > with enabled CONFIG_HPWDT_NMI_DECODING:
> >
> > * System starts to panic on any NMI with misleading message.
>
> hpwdt doesn't start to panic on any NMI. It starts to panic on:
>
> 1) NMI_SERR associated with NMI
> 2) NMI_IO_CHECK associated with IO errors
> 3) NMI_UNKNOWN NMI unclaimed by all local handlers.
>
> On Gen10 going forward we plan to restrict to just iLO
> generated NMIs.
>
> There is a long history on hp/hpe proliant systems where hpwdt
> was handler of general IO errors (at least ones that would cause
> NMI to be generated) and we chose to panic in these situation
> as the errors were generally quite serious.
>

I would prefer to have this at least configurable by some module
parameter.

> Yes, this has caused some problems in the past as Linux has
> overloaded NMI and some subsystems didn't claim the NMIs that
> they generated (think profiling.) But, I haven't seen these
> types of problems for several years now.
>
> The more modern platforms have more robust error handling built
> into them and to linux so going forward we'll restrict hpwdt to a more
> traditional WDT role. But we're retaining the more conservative
> approach for legacy platforms.
>

I've seen NMI panic on my old ProLiant BL460c G6 at least once.
hpwdt.ko "handled" this NMI by disabling watchdog before hanging the
system 8). mynmi was equal to zero.

That is why I decided to check the code and try to understand how
exactly it works.

> How would you suggest that the message be enhanced?
>

Maybe mention that "false positives" are possible and the actual reason
of NMI is not always logged in OA/iLO/etc. logs.

>
> > * Watchdog provided by hpwdt is not working after such panic.
> >
> > Here are the patches that should fix this.
> >
> > This is an RFC patch series because I am not sure that patches are
> > correct. Questions:
> >
> > * Are "mynmi" flags always set on all supported iLO versions when iLO
> > is the source of NMI?
>
> Unfortunately no.
>
> hpwdt is a dual purpose driver. It handles the iLO watchdog timer
> and the "Generate NMI to System" button. These are closely related
> hardware wise.
>
> However, some platforms generate NMI for "Generate NMI to System" button but aren't
> signaled via iLO registers. These will show up as NMI_UNKNOWN, hence while
> hpwdt still claims these.
>
> There are also some systems that do not set the nmistat bits correctly.
>
> So as to not break legacy platforms, the use the nmistat bits for
> control will be for Gen10 going forward.
>

It seems that iLO 2 sets these bits correctly. Bit 1 is set on
pretimout NMI, bit 2 is set on "iLO web button" NMI.

>
>
> > * Is it safe to reset "mynmi" flags to zero if code decides to not panic?
>
> The reading of the registers is itself destructive (sets to zero)

Could you elaborate what exactly you mean here?

I tried to read nmistat register multiple times using ioread8(), and
every time returned value were the same, with one of mynmi flags set.
Even with mdelay() between calls.

> but the real
> issue is that some proliant systems lack the ability to acknowledge the NMI so
> only one can ever be received. So returning is not advisable as no
> further NMI will be generated via this path. A reset through firmware
> is required to restore the feature.
>

Yes, I noticed this.

>
> > Ivan Mironov (4):
> > watchdog: hpwdt: Don't disable watchdog on NMI
> > watchdog: hpwdt: Don't panic on foreign NMI
> > watchdog: hpwdt: Add more information into message
> > watchdog: hpwdt: Make panic behaviour configurable
> >
> > drivers/watchdog/hpwdt.c | 45 ++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
> > 1 file changed, 25 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
> >
> > --
> > 2.20.1

By the way, is it possible to implement something like this
(pseudocode):

*******
bool handle_unknown_nmi_on_old_systems = true; // module parameter

int nmi_handler()
{
if (mynmi_flags_supported(current_hw)) {
if (mynmi & MYNMI_PRETIMOUT_FLAG) {
if (pretimout) {
hpwdt_stop();
panic("hpwdt pretimout");
return NMI_HANDLED;
} else {
warn("pretimout flag set, but pretimout
is not enabled, ignoring");
}
}

if (mynmi & MYNMI_BUTTON_FLAG) {
panic("iLO button pressed");
return NMI_HANDLED;
}
} else if (handle_all_nmi_on_old_systems) {
if (pretimout) {
hpwdt_stop();
panic("maybe hpwdt pretimout");
} else {
panic("unknown NMI, see OA/iLO logs...");
}
return NMI_HANDLED;
}

// Proceed with regular NMI handling code.
return NMI_DONE;
}
*******

Or such logic does not make sense?

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