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Subject[RFC PATCH 24/27] keys: Allow a container to be specified as a subject in a key's ACL
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Allow the ACL attached to a key to grant permissions to the denizens of a
container object when request_key() is called. This allows separate
permissions to those granted in the possessor set.

int cfd = container_create("foo", 0);

int ret = keyctl_grant_permission(key,
KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER,
cfd,
KEY_ACE_SEARCH);

To allow request_key() to find a key, KEY_ACE_SEARCH must be included in
the ACE. This will allow filesystems and network protocols (eg. AFS and
AF_RXRPC) to use the key. For the request_key() system call to be able to
find a key for a process inside the container, KEY_ACE_LINK must be granted
also.

Keys on the container keyring (and the container keyring itself) can be
accessed directly by ID from inside the container if other KEY_ACE_*
permits are granted.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
---

include/linux/container.h | 6 ++-
include/linux/key.h | 3 +
include/uapi/linux/keyctl.h | 1
kernel/container.c | 41 ++++++++++++++++++-
samples/vfs/test-container.c | 60 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
security/keys/permission.c | 90 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
security/keys/process_keys.c | 2 -
7 files changed, 188 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/container.h b/include/linux/container.h
index 7424f7fb5560..cd82074c26a3 100644
--- a/include/linux/container.h
+++ b/include/linux/container.h
@@ -33,7 +33,11 @@ struct container {
refcount_t usage;
int exit_code; /* The exit code of 'init' */
const struct cred *cred; /* Creds for this container, including userns */
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
struct key *keyring; /* Externally managed container keyring */
+ struct key_tag *tag; /* Container ID for key ACL */
+ struct list_head req_key_traps; /* Traps for request-key upcalls */
+#endif
struct nsproxy *ns; /* This container's namespaces */
struct path root; /* The root of the container's fs namespace */
struct task_struct *init; /* The 'init' task for this container */
@@ -43,7 +47,6 @@ struct container {
struct list_head members; /* Member processes, guarded with ->lock */
struct list_head child_link; /* Link in parent->children */
struct list_head children; /* Child containers */
- struct list_head req_key_traps; /* Traps for request-key upcalls */
wait_queue_head_t waitq; /* Someone waiting for init to exit waits here */
unsigned long flags;
#define CONTAINER_FLAG_INIT_STARTED 0 /* Init is started - certain ops now prohibited */
@@ -63,6 +66,7 @@ extern int copy_container(unsigned long flags, struct task_struct *tsk,
extern void exit_container(struct task_struct *tsk);
extern void put_container(struct container *c);
extern long key_del_intercept(struct container *c, const char *type);
+extern struct container *fd_to_container(int fd);

static inline struct container *get_container(struct container *c)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/key.h b/include/linux/key.h
index a38b89bd414c..01bccaa40047 100644
--- a/include/linux/key.h
+++ b/include/linux/key.h
@@ -90,6 +90,9 @@ struct key_ace {
kuid_t uid;
kgid_t gid;
unsigned int subject_id;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINERS
+ struct key_tag __rcu *container_tag;
+#endif
};
};

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/keyctl.h b/include/uapi/linux/keyctl.h
index 045dcbb6bb8d..7136d14dd4d7 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/keyctl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/keyctl.h
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
*/
enum key_ace_subject_type {
KEY_ACE_SUBJ_STANDARD = 0, /* subject is one of key_ace_standard_subject */
+ KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER = 1, /* subject is a container fd */
nr__key_ace_subject_type
};

diff --git a/kernel/container.c b/kernel/container.c
index f2706a45f364..81be4ed915c2 100644
--- a/kernel/container.c
+++ b/kernel/container.c
@@ -35,7 +35,9 @@ struct container init_container = {
.members.next = &init_task.container_link,
.members.prev = &init_task.container_link,
.children = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_container.children),
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
.req_key_traps = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_container.req_key_traps),
+#endif
.flags = (1 << CONTAINER_FLAG_INIT_STARTED),
.lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(init_container.lock),
.seq = SEQCNT_ZERO(init_fs.seq),
@@ -54,8 +56,6 @@ void put_container(struct container *c)

while (c && refcount_dec_and_test(&c->usage)) {
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&c->members));
- if (!list_empty(&c->req_key_traps))
- key_del_intercept(c, NULL);
if (c->pid_ns)
put_pid_ns(c->pid_ns);
if (c->ns)
@@ -71,7 +71,15 @@ void put_container(struct container *c)

if (c->cred)
put_cred(c->cred);
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
+ if (!list_empty(&c->req_key_traps))
+ key_del_intercept(c, NULL);
+ if (c->tag) {
+ c->tag->removed = true;
+ key_put_tag(c->tag);
+ }
key_put(c->keyring);
+#endif
security_container_free(c);
kfree(c);
c = parent;
@@ -209,6 +217,24 @@ const struct file_operations container_fops = {
.release = container_release,
};

+/**
+ * fd_to_container - Get the container attached to an fd.
+ */
+struct container *fd_to_container(int fd)
+{
+ struct container *c = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+ struct fd f = fdget(fd);
+
+ if (!f.file)
+ return ERR_PTR(-EBADF);
+
+ if (is_container_file(f.file))
+ c = get_container(f.file->private_data);
+
+ fdput(f);
+ return c;
+}
+
/*
* Handle fork/clone.
*
@@ -290,7 +316,9 @@ static struct container *alloc_container(const char __user *name)

INIT_LIST_HEAD(&c->members);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&c->children);
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&c->req_key_traps);
+#endif
init_waitqueue_head(&c->waitq);
spin_lock_init(&c->lock);
refcount_set(&c->usage, 1);
@@ -305,8 +333,15 @@ static struct container *alloc_container(const char __user *name)
ret = -EINVAL;
if (strchr(c->name, '/'))
goto err;
-
c->name[len] = 0;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ c->tag = kzalloc(sizeof(*c->tag), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!c->tag)
+ goto err;
+ refcount_set(&c->tag->usage, 1);
+#endif
return c;

err:
diff --git a/samples/vfs/test-container.c b/samples/vfs/test-container.c
index e24048fdbe33..7b2081693fce 100644
--- a/samples/vfs/test-container.c
+++ b/samples/vfs/test-container.c
@@ -22,6 +22,30 @@

#define KEYCTL_CONTAINER_INTERCEPT 31 /* Intercept upcalls inside a container */
#define KEYCTL_SET_CONTAINER_KEYRING 35 /* Attach a keyring to a container */
+#define KEYCTL_GRANT_PERMISSION 36 /* Grant a permit to a key */
+
+enum key_ace_subject_type {
+ KEY_ACE_SUBJ_STANDARD = 0, /* subject is one of key_ace_standard_subject */
+ KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER = 1, /* subject is a container fd */
+};
+
+enum key_ace_standard_subject {
+ KEY_ACE_EVERYONE = 0, /* Everyone, including owner and group */
+ KEY_ACE_GROUP = 1, /* The key's group */
+ KEY_ACE_OWNER = 2, /* The owner of the key */
+ KEY_ACE_POSSESSOR = 3, /* Any process that possesses of the key */
+};
+
+#define KEY_ACE_VIEW 0x00000001 /* Can describe the key */
+#define KEY_ACE_READ 0x00000002 /* Can read the key content */
+#define KEY_ACE_WRITE 0x00000004 /* Can update/modify the key content */
+#define KEY_ACE_SEARCH 0x00000008 /* Can find the key by search */
+#define KEY_ACE_LINK 0x00000010 /* Can make a link to the key */
+#define KEY_ACE_SET_SECURITY 0x00000020 /* Can set owner, group, ACL */
+#define KEY_ACE_INVAL 0x00000040 /* Can invalidate the key */
+#define KEY_ACE_REVOKE 0x00000080 /* Can revoke the key */
+#define KEY_ACE_JOIN 0x00000100 /* Can join keyring */
+#define KEY_ACE_CLEAR 0x00000200 /* Can clear keyring */

/* Hope -1 isn't a syscall */
#ifndef __NR_fsopen
@@ -190,7 +214,7 @@ void container_init(void)
*/
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
- key_serial_t keyring;
+ key_serial_t keyring, key;
pid_t pid;
int fsfd, mfd, cfd, ws;

@@ -271,11 +295,45 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
exit(1);
}

+ /* We need to grant the container permission to search for keys in the
+ * container keyring.
+ */
+ if (keyctl(KEYCTL_GRANT_PERMISSION, keyring, KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER, cfd,
+ KEY_ACE_SEARCH) < 0) {
+ perror("keyctl_grant/s");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ if (keyctl(KEYCTL_GRANT_PERMISSION, keyring,
+ KEY_ACE_SUBJ_STANDARD, KEY_ACE_OWNER, 0) < 0) {
+ perror("keyctl_grant/s");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
if (keyctl(KEYCTL_SET_CONTAINER_KEYRING, cfd, keyring) < 0) {
perror("keyctl_set_container_keyring");
exit(1);
}

+ /* Create a key that can be accessed from within the container */
+ printf("Sample key...\n");
+ key = add_key("user", "foobar", "wibble", 6, keyring);
+ if (key == -1) {
+ perror("add_key/s");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ if (keyctl(KEYCTL_GRANT_PERMISSION, key, KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER, cfd,
+ KEY_ACE_VIEW | KEY_ACE_SEARCH | KEY_ACE_READ | KEY_ACE_LINK) < 0) {
+ perror("keyctl_grant/s");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ if (keyctl_link(key, keyring) < 0) {
+ perror("keyctl_link");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
/* Create a keyring to catch upcalls. */
printf("Intercepting...\n");
keyring = add_key("keyring", "upcall", NULL, 0, KEY_SPEC_SESSION_KEYRING);
diff --git a/security/keys/permission.c b/security/keys/permission.c
index cb1359f6c668..f16d1665885f 100644
--- a/security/keys/permission.c
+++ b/security/keys/permission.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/container.h>
#include "internal.h"

struct key_acl default_key_acl = {
@@ -130,6 +131,15 @@ int key_task_permission(const key_ref_t key_ref, const struct cred *cred,
break;
}
break;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINERS
+ case KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER: {
+ const struct key_tag *tag = rcu_dereference(ace->container_tag);
+
+ if (!tag->removed && current->container->tag == tag)
+ allow |= ace->perm;
+ break;
+ }
+#endif
}
}

@@ -185,8 +195,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(key_validate);
*/
unsigned int key_acl_to_perm(const struct key_acl *acl)
{
- unsigned int perm = 0, tperm;
- int i;
+ unsigned int perm = 0, tperm, i;

BUILD_BUG_ON(KEY_OTH_VIEW != KEY_ACE_VIEW ||
KEY_OTH_READ != KEY_ACE_READ ||
@@ -237,13 +246,37 @@ unsigned int key_acl_to_perm(const struct key_acl *acl)
return perm;
}

+/*
+ * Clean up an ACL.
+ */
+static void key_free_acl(struct rcu_head *rcu)
+{
+ struct key_acl *acl = container_of(rcu, struct key_acl, rcu);
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINERS
+ struct key_tag *tag;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < acl->nr_ace; i++) {
+ const struct key_ace *ace = &acl->aces[i];
+ switch (ace->type) {
+ case KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER:
+ tag = rcu_access_pointer(ace->container_tag);
+ key_put_tag(ace->container_tag);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+#endif
+
+ kfree(acl);
+}
+
/*
* Destroy a key's ACL.
*/
void key_put_acl(struct key_acl *acl)
{
if (acl && refcount_dec_and_test(&acl->usage))
- kfree_rcu(acl, rcu);
+ call_rcu(&acl->rcu, key_free_acl);
}

/*
@@ -297,6 +330,10 @@ static struct key_acl *key_alloc_acl(const struct key_acl *old_acl, int nr, int
if (i == skip)
continue;
acl->aces[j] = old_acl->aces[i];
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINERS
+ if (acl->aces[j].type == KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER)
+ refcount_inc(&acl->aces[j].container_tag->usage);
+#endif
j++;
}
return acl;
@@ -312,21 +349,39 @@ static long key_change_acl(struct key *key, struct key_ace *new_ace)

old = rcu_dereference_protected(key->acl, lockdep_is_held(&key->sem));

- for (i = 0; i < old->nr_ace; i++)
- if (old->aces[i].type == new_ace->type &&
- old->aces[i].subject_id == new_ace->subject_id)
- goto found_match;
+ for (i = 0; i < old->nr_ace; i++) {
+ if (old->aces[i].type != new_ace->type)
+ continue;
+ switch (old->aces[i].type) {
+ case KEY_ACE_SUBJ_STANDARD:
+ if (old->aces[i].subject_id == new_ace->subject_id)
+ goto replace_ace;
+ break;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINERS
+ case KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER:
+ if (old->aces[i].container_tag == new_ace->container_tag)
+ goto replace_ace;
+ break;
+#endif
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ }

if (new_ace->perm == 0)
- return 0; /* No permissions to remove. Add deny record? */
+ return 0; /* No permissions to cancel. Add deny record? */

acl = key_alloc_acl(old, 1, -1);
if (IS_ERR(acl))
return PTR_ERR(acl);
acl->aces[i] = *new_ace;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINERS
+ if (acl->aces[i].type == KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER)
+ refcount_inc(&acl->aces[i].container_tag->usage);
+#endif
goto change;

-found_match:
+replace_ace:
if (new_ace->perm == 0)
goto delete_ace;
if (new_ace->perm == old->aces[i].perm)
@@ -360,6 +415,7 @@ long keyctl_grant_permission(key_serial_t keyid,
key_ref_t key_ref;
long ret;

+ memset(&new_ace, 0, sizeof(new_ace));
new_ace.type = type;
new_ace.perm = perm;

@@ -370,6 +426,18 @@ long keyctl_grant_permission(key_serial_t keyid,
new_ace.subject_id = subject;
break;

+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINERS
+ case KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER: {
+ struct container *c = fd_to_container(subject);
+ if (IS_ERR(c))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ refcount_inc(&c->tag->usage);
+ new_ace.container_tag = c->tag;
+ put_container(c);
+ break;
+ }
+#endif
+
default:
return -ENOENT;
}
@@ -391,5 +459,9 @@ long keyctl_grant_permission(key_serial_t keyid,
up_write(&key->sem);
key_put(key);
error:
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINERS
+ if (new_ace.type == KEY_ACE_SUBJ_CONTAINER && new_ace.container_tag)
+ key_put_tag(new_ace.container_tag);
+#endif
return ret;
}
diff --git a/security/keys/process_keys.c b/security/keys/process_keys.c
index 0a231ede4d2b..f296a1cc979a 100644
--- a/security/keys/process_keys.c
+++ b/security/keys/process_keys.c
@@ -466,7 +466,7 @@ key_ref_t search_my_process_keyrings(struct keyring_search_context *ctx)
#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINERS
if (current->container->keyring) {
key_ref = keyring_search_aux(
- make_key_ref(current->container->keyring, 1), ctx);
+ make_key_ref(current->container->keyring, false), ctx);
if (!IS_ERR(key_ref))
goto found;

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