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Subject[RFC PATCH 07/27] containers: Make fsopen() able to create a superblock in a container
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Make it possible for fsopen() to create a superblock in a specified
container, using the namespaces associated with that container to cover UID
translation, networking and filesystem content. This involves adding a new
fsconfig command to specify the container.

For example:

cfd = container_create("fred", CONTAINER_NEW_FS_NS);

fsfd = fsopen("ext4", 0);
fsconfig(fsfd, FSCONFIG_SET_CONTAINER, NULL, NULL, cfd);
fsconfig(fsfd, FSCONFIG_SET_STRING, "source", "/dev/sda3", 0);
fsconfig(fsfd, FSCONFIG_SET_FLAG, "user_xattr", NULL, 0);
fsconfig(fsfd, FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE, NULL, NULL, 0);
mfd = fsmount(fsfd, 0, MOUNT_ATTR_RDONLY);
move_mount(mfd, "", cfd, "/",
MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH | MOVE_MOUNT_T_CONTAINER_ROOT);

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
---

fs/fs_context.c | 19 +++++++++++++++
fs/fsopen.c | 54 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
fs/namespace.c | 19 +++++++++++----
fs/proc/root.c | 11 +++++++--
include/linux/container.h | 1 +
include/linux/fs_context.h | 3 ++
include/linux/pid.h | 5 +++-
include/linux/proc_ns.h | 6 +++--
include/uapi/linux/mount.h | 1 +
kernel/container.c | 4 +++
kernel/fork.c | 2 +-
kernel/pid.c | 4 ++-
12 files changed, 108 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/fs_context.c b/fs/fs_context.c
index a47ccd5a4a78..fc76ac02d618 100644
--- a/fs/fs_context.c
+++ b/fs/fs_context.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
+#include <linux/container.h>
#include <linux/mnt_namespace.h>
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
@@ -169,6 +170,21 @@ int vfs_parse_fs_param(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_parse_fs_param);

+/*
+ * Specify a container in which a superblock will exist.
+ */
+void vfs_set_container(struct fs_context *fc, struct container *container)
+{
+ if (container) {
+ put_user_ns(fc->user_ns);
+ put_net(fc->net_ns);
+
+ fc->container = get_container(container);
+ fc->user_ns = get_user_ns(container->cred->user_ns);
+ fc->net_ns = get_net(container->ns->net_ns);
+ }
+}
+
/**
* vfs_parse_fs_string - Convenience function to just parse a string.
*/
@@ -364,6 +380,8 @@ struct fs_context *vfs_dup_fs_context(struct fs_context *src_fc)
fc->source = NULL;
fc->security = NULL;
get_filesystem(fc->fs_type);
+ if (fc->container)
+ get_container(fc->container);
get_net(fc->net_ns);
get_user_ns(fc->user_ns);
get_cred(fc->cred);
@@ -510,6 +528,7 @@ void put_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc)
put_net(fc->net_ns);
put_user_ns(fc->user_ns);
put_cred(fc->cred);
+ put_container(fc->container);
kfree(fc->subtype);
put_fc_log(fc);
put_filesystem(fc->fs_type);
diff --git a/fs/fsopen.c b/fs/fsopen.c
index 3bb9c0c8cbcc..d0fe9e563ebb 100644
--- a/fs/fsopen.c
+++ b/fs/fsopen.c
@@ -17,11 +17,33 @@
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
+#include <linux/container.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <uapi/linux/mount.h>
#include "internal.h"
#include "mount.h"

+/*
+ * Configure the destination container on a filesystem context. This must be
+ * done before any other parameters are offered. Containers are presented as
+ * fds attached to such objects given by the auxiliary parameter.
+ *
+ * For example:
+ *
+ * fsconfig(fsfd, FSCONFIG_SET_CONTAINER, NULL, NULL, container_fd);
+ */
+static int fsconfig_set_container(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param)
+{
+ struct container *c;
+
+ if (!is_container_file(param->file))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ c = param->file->private_data;
+ vfs_set_container(fc, c);
+ return 0;
+}
+
/*
* Allow the user to read back any error, warning or informational messages.
*/
@@ -111,10 +133,6 @@ static int fscontext_alloc_log(struct fs_context *fc)

/*
* Open a filesystem by name so that it can be configured for mounting.
- *
- * We are allowed to specify a container in which the filesystem will be
- * opened, thereby indicating which namespaces will be used (notably, which
- * network namespace will be used for network filesystems).
*/
SYSCALL_DEFINE2(fsopen, const char __user *, _fs_name, unsigned int, flags)
{
@@ -143,7 +161,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(fsopen, const char __user *, _fs_name, unsigned int, flags)
if (IS_ERR(fc))
return PTR_ERR(fc);

- fc->phase = FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_PARAMS;
+ fc->phase = FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_NS;

ret = fscontext_alloc_log(fc);
if (ret < 0)
@@ -228,7 +246,8 @@ static int vfs_fsconfig_locked(struct fs_context *fc, int cmd,
return ret;
switch (cmd) {
case FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE:
- if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_PARAMS)
+ if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_NS &&
+ fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_PARAMS)
return -EBUSY;
fc->phase = FS_CONTEXT_CREATING;
ret = vfs_get_tree(fc);
@@ -259,9 +278,17 @@ static int vfs_fsconfig_locked(struct fs_context *fc, int cmd,
break;
vfs_clean_context(fc);
return 0;
+
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_CONTAINER:
+ if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_NS)
+ return -EBUSY;
+ return fsconfig_set_container(fc, param);
+
default:
- if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_PARAMS &&
- fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_RECONF_PARAMS)
+ if (fc->phase == FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_NS)
+ fc->phase = FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_PARAMS;
+ else if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_PARAMS &&
+ fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_RECONF_PARAMS)
return -EBUSY;

return vfs_parse_fs_param(fc, param);
@@ -353,6 +380,10 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(fsconfig,
if (!_key || _value || aux < 0)
return -EINVAL;
break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_CONTAINER:
+ if (_key || _value || aux < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ break;
case FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE:
case FSCONFIG_CMD_RECONFIGURE:
if (_key || _value || aux)
@@ -438,6 +469,12 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(fsconfig,
if (!param.file)
goto out_key;
break;
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_CONTAINER:
+ ret = -EBADF;
+ param.file = fget(aux);
+ if (!param.file)
+ goto out_key;
+ break;
default:
break;
}
@@ -463,6 +500,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(fsconfig,
putname(param.name);
break;
case FSCONFIG_SET_FD:
+ case FSCONFIG_SET_CONTAINER:
if (param.file)
fput(param.file);
break;
diff --git a/fs/namespace.c b/fs/namespace.c
index ea005f55ec4c..cc5d56f7ae29 100644
--- a/fs/namespace.c
+++ b/fs/namespace.c
@@ -781,9 +781,16 @@ static void put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp)
}
}

+static inline int __check_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns)
+{
+ if (!mnt_ns)
+ mnt_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns;
+ return mnt->mnt_ns == mnt_ns;
+}
+
static inline int check_mnt(struct mount *mnt)
{
- return mnt->mnt_ns == current->nsproxy->mnt_ns;
+ return __check_mnt(mnt, NULL);
}

/*
@@ -2696,7 +2703,8 @@ static int do_move_mount_old(struct path *path, const char *old_name)
/*
* add a mount into a namespace's mount tree
*/
-static int do_add_mount(struct mount *newmnt, struct path *path, int mnt_flags)
+static int do_add_mount(struct mount *newmnt, struct path *path, int mnt_flags,
+ struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns)
{
struct mountpoint *mp;
struct mount *parent;
@@ -2710,7 +2718,7 @@ static int do_add_mount(struct mount *newmnt, struct path *path, int mnt_flags)

parent = real_mount(path->mnt);
err = -EINVAL;
- if (unlikely(!check_mnt(parent))) {
+ if (unlikely(!__check_mnt(parent, mnt_ns))) {
/* that's acceptable only for automounts done in private ns */
if (!(mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE))
goto unlock;
@@ -2765,7 +2773,8 @@ static int do_new_mount_fc(struct fs_context *fc, struct path *mountpoint,
if (IS_ERR(mnt))
return PTR_ERR(mnt);

- error = do_add_mount(real_mount(mnt), mountpoint, mnt_flags);
+ error = do_add_mount(real_mount(mnt), mountpoint, mnt_flags,
+ fc->container ? fc->container->ns->mnt_ns : NULL);
if (error < 0)
mntput(mnt);
return error;
@@ -2839,7 +2848,7 @@ int finish_automount(struct vfsmount *m, struct path *path)
goto fail;
}

- err = do_add_mount(mnt, path, path->mnt->mnt_flags | MNT_SHRINKABLE);
+ err = do_add_mount(mnt, path, path->mnt->mnt_flags | MNT_SHRINKABLE, NULL);
if (!err)
return 0;
fail:
diff --git a/fs/proc/root.c b/fs/proc/root.c
index 6927b29ece76..aa802006d855 100644
--- a/fs/proc/root.c
+++ b/fs/proc/root.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <linux/sched/stat.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/container.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
#include <linux/fs_context.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
@@ -186,8 +187,12 @@ static int proc_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc)
ctx = kzalloc(sizeof(struct proc_fs_context), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ctx)
return -ENOMEM;
+
+ if (fc->container)
+ ctx->pid_ns = get_pid_ns(fc->container->pid_ns);
+ else
+ ctx->pid_ns = get_pid_ns(task_active_pid_ns(current));

- ctx->pid_ns = get_pid_ns(task_active_pid_ns(current));
fc->fs_private = ctx;
fc->ops = &proc_fs_context_ops;
return 0;
@@ -300,7 +305,7 @@ struct proc_dir_entry proc_root = {
.name = "/proc",
};

-int pid_ns_prepare_proc(struct pid_namespace *ns)
+int pid_ns_prepare_proc(struct pid_namespace *ns, struct container *container)
{
struct proc_fs_context *ctx;
struct fs_context *fc;
@@ -315,6 +320,8 @@ int pid_ns_prepare_proc(struct pid_namespace *ns)
fc->user_ns = get_user_ns(ns->user_ns);
}

+ vfs_set_container(fc, container);
+
ctx = fc->fs_private;
if (ctx->pid_ns != ns) {
put_pid_ns(ctx->pid_ns);
diff --git a/include/linux/container.h b/include/linux/container.h
index 0a8918435097..087aa1885ef7 100644
--- a/include/linux/container.h
+++ b/include/linux/container.h
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@ struct container {
struct path root; /* The root of the container's fs namespace */
struct task_struct *init; /* The 'init' task for this container */
struct container *parent; /* Parent of this container. */
+ struct pid_namespace *pid_ns; /* The process ID namespace for this container */
void *security; /* LSM data */
struct list_head members; /* Member processes, guarded with ->lock */
struct list_head child_link; /* Link in parent->children */
diff --git a/include/linux/fs_context.h b/include/linux/fs_context.h
index dc8c9fcba341..45486080eb84 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs_context.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs_context.h
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ enum fs_context_purpose {
* Userspace usage phase for fsopen/fspick.
*/
enum fs_context_phase {
+ FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_NS, /* Set namespaces for sb creation */
FS_CONTEXT_CREATE_PARAMS, /* Loading params for sb creation */
FS_CONTEXT_CREATING, /* A superblock is being created */
FS_CONTEXT_AWAITING_MOUNT, /* Superblock created, awaiting fsmount() */
@@ -93,6 +94,7 @@ struct fs_context {
struct file_system_type *fs_type;
void *fs_private; /* The filesystem's context */
struct dentry *root; /* The root and superblock */
+ struct container *container; /* The container in which the mount will exist */
struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* The user namespace for this mount */
struct net *net_ns; /* The network namespace for this mount */
const struct cred *cred; /* The mounter's credentials */
@@ -136,6 +138,7 @@ extern int vfs_parse_fs_param(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param)
extern int vfs_parse_fs_string(struct fs_context *fc, const char *key,
const char *value, size_t v_size);
extern int generic_parse_monolithic(struct fs_context *fc, void *data);
+extern void vfs_set_container(struct fs_context *fc, struct container *container);
extern int vfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc);
extern void put_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc);

diff --git a/include/linux/pid.h b/include/linux/pid.h
index 14a9a39da9c7..16dc152ceef1 100644
--- a/include/linux/pid.h
+++ b/include/linux/pid.h
@@ -73,6 +73,8 @@ static inline struct pid *get_pid(struct pid *pid)
return pid;
}

+struct container;
+
extern void put_pid(struct pid *pid);
extern struct task_struct *pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type);
extern struct task_struct *get_pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type);
@@ -111,7 +113,8 @@ extern struct pid *find_get_pid(int nr);
extern struct pid *find_ge_pid(int nr, struct pid_namespace *);
int next_pidmap(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, unsigned int last);

-extern struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns);
+extern struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns,
+ struct container *container);
extern void free_pid(struct pid *pid);
extern void disable_pid_allocation(struct pid_namespace *ns);

diff --git a/include/linux/proc_ns.h b/include/linux/proc_ns.h
index d31cb6215905..dee0881eca5c 100644
--- a/include/linux/proc_ns.h
+++ b/include/linux/proc_ns.h
@@ -47,14 +47,16 @@ enum {

#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS

-extern int pid_ns_prepare_proc(struct pid_namespace *ns);
+extern int pid_ns_prepare_proc(struct pid_namespace *ns,
+ struct container *container);
extern void pid_ns_release_proc(struct pid_namespace *ns);
extern int proc_alloc_inum(unsigned int *pino);
extern void proc_free_inum(unsigned int inum);

#else /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */

-static inline int pid_ns_prepare_proc(struct pid_namespace *ns) { return 0; }
+static inline int pid_ns_prepare_proc(struct pid_namespace *ns, struct container *container)
+{ return 0; }
static inline void pid_ns_release_proc(struct pid_namespace *ns) {}

static inline int proc_alloc_inum(unsigned int *inum)
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/mount.h b/include/uapi/linux/mount.h
index 96a0240f23fe..f60bbe6f4099 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/mount.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/mount.h
@@ -97,6 +97,7 @@ enum fsconfig_command {
FSCONFIG_SET_FD = 5, /* Set parameter, supplying an object by fd */
FSCONFIG_CMD_CREATE = 6, /* Invoke superblock creation */
FSCONFIG_CMD_RECONFIGURE = 7, /* Invoke superblock reconfiguration */
+ FSCONFIG_SET_CONTAINER = 8, /* Set a container, supplied by fd */
};

/*
diff --git a/kernel/container.c b/kernel/container.c
index 1d2cb1c1e9b1..fd3b2a6849a1 100644
--- a/kernel/container.c
+++ b/kernel/container.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ struct container init_container = {
.cred = &init_cred,
.ns = &init_nsproxy,
.init = &init_task,
+ .pid_ns = &init_pid_ns,
.members.next = &init_task.container_link,
.members.prev = &init_task.container_link,
.children = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_container.children),
@@ -51,6 +52,8 @@ void put_container(struct container *c)

while (c && refcount_dec_and_test(&c->usage)) {
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&c->members));
+ if (c->pid_ns)
+ put_pid_ns(c->pid_ns);
if (c->ns)
put_nsproxy(c->ns);
path_put(&c->root);
@@ -391,6 +394,7 @@ static struct container *create_container(const char __user *name, unsigned int
}

c->ns = ns;
+ c->pid_ns = get_pid_ns(c->ns->pid_ns_for_children);
c->root = fs->root;
c->seq = fs->seq;
fs->root.mnt = NULL;
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 71401deb4434..09de5f35d312 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -1958,7 +1958,7 @@ static __latent_entropy struct task_struct *copy_process(
stackleak_task_init(p);

if (pid != &init_struct_pid) {
- pid = alloc_pid(p->nsproxy->pid_ns_for_children);
+ pid = alloc_pid(p->nsproxy->pid_ns_for_children, dest_container);
if (IS_ERR(pid)) {
retval = PTR_ERR(pid);
goto bad_fork_cleanup_thread;
diff --git a/kernel/pid.c b/kernel/pid.c
index 20881598bdfa..6528a75e6c0d 100644
--- a/kernel/pid.c
+++ b/kernel/pid.c
@@ -156,7 +156,7 @@ void free_pid(struct pid *pid)
call_rcu(&pid->rcu, delayed_put_pid);
}

-struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns)
+struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns, struct container *container)
{
struct pid *pid;
enum pid_type type;
@@ -205,7 +205,7 @@ struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns)
}

if (unlikely(is_child_reaper(pid))) {
- if (pid_ns_prepare_proc(ns))
+ if (pid_ns_prepare_proc(ns, container))
goto out_free;
}

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