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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] driver core: Fix possible supplier PM-usage counter imbalance
On Fri, Feb 15, 2019 at 12:00 PM Jon Hunter <> wrote:
> Hi Rafael,
> On 12/02/2019 12:08, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > From: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
> >
> > If a stateless device link to a certain supplier with
> > DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME set in the flags is added and then removed by the
> > consumer driver's probe callback, the supplier's PM-runtime usage
> > counter will be nonzero after that which effectively causes the
> > supplier to remain "always on" going forward.
> >
> > Namely, device_link_add() called to add the link invokes
> > device_link_rpm_prepare() which notices that the consumer driver is
> > probing, so it increments the supplier's PM-runtime usage counter
> > with the assumption that the link will stay around until
> > pm_runtime_put_suppliers() is called by driver_probe_device(),
> > but if the link goes away before that point, the supplier's
> > PM-runtime usage counter will remain nonzero.
> >
> > To prevent that from happening, first rework pm_runtime_get_suppliers()
> > and pm_runtime_put_suppliers() to use the rpm_active refounts of device
> > links and make the latter only drop rpm_active and the supplier's
> > PM-runtime usage counter for each link by one, unless rpm_active is
> > one already for it. Next, modify device_link_add() to bump up the
> > new link's rpm_active refcount and the suppliers PM-runtime usage
> > counter by two, to prevent pm_runtime_put_suppliers(), if it is
> > called subsequently, from suspending the supplier prematurely (in
> > case its PM-runtime usage counter goes down to 0 in there).
> >
> > Due to the way rpm_put_suppliers() works, this change does not
> > affect runtime suspend of the consumer ends of new device links (or,
> > generally, device links for which DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME has just been
> > set).
> >
> > Fixes: e2f3cd831a28 ("driver core: Fix handling of runtime PM flags in device_link_add()")
> > Reported-by: Ulf Hansson <>
> > Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
> > ---
> >
> > Note that the issue had been there before commit e2f3cd831a28, but it was
> > overlooked by that commit and this change is a fix on top of it, so make
> > the Fixes: tag point to commit e2f3cd831a28 (instead of an earlier one
> > that the patch will not be applicable to).
> I noticed that yesterday's and today's -next were no longer booting on
> one of our Tegra boards (Tegra210 Jetson TX2) because networking is
> failing. The ethernet chip is a USB device and looking at the bootlogs I
> can see that the Tegra XHCI driver is failing ...

Is it failing because of this particular commit? That is, does
reverting the entire commit help?

> tegra-xusb 70090000.usb: xHCI host controller not responding, assume dead
> tegra-xusb 70090000.usb: HC died; cleaning up
> The Tegra XHCI driver uses multiple power-domains and uses
> device_link_add() to attach them. So now I am wondering if there is
> something that we have got wrong in our implementation. However, I don't
> see the device being probed deferred on boot or anything like that.

It won't be, because you use stateless links.

> The driver in question is drivers/usb/host/xhci-tegra.c and we add the
> links in the function tegra_xusb_powerdomain_init() which is before RPM
> is enabled. Let me know if you have any thoughts.

Well, if it breaks, then there is a bug somewhere. I'm not seeing it
now, but let's dig into this.

Since you don't pass DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE to device_link_add(), the
changes related to that don't matter.

The links are not there before your probe function runs. It adds the
links and then pm_runtime_put_suppliers() sees them, but since
link->rpm_active is one for the new links, it won't do anything with

Well, there is a difference, but if it matters, then something fishy
is going on IMO. Before this change pm_runtime_put_suppliers() would
do pm_runtime_put() on the new links' suppliers and (because their
PM-runtime usage counters are both one at that point) it will actually
try to suspend the suppliers. It should be easy enough to verify if
this really matters, stay tuned.

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