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Subject[RFC v4 08/17] kunit: test: add support for test abort
From
Add support for aborting/bailing out of test cases. Needed for
implementing assertions.

Signed-off-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
---
Changes Since Last Version
- This patch is new introducing a new cross-architecture way to abort
out of a test case (needed for KUNIT_ASSERT_*, see next patch for
details).
- On a side note, this is not a complete replacement for the UML abort
mechanism, but covers the majority of necessary functionality. UML
architecture specific featurs have been dropped from the initial
patchset.
---
include/kunit/test.h | 24 +++++
kunit/Makefile | 3 +-
kunit/test-test.c | 127 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kunit/test.c | 208 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
4 files changed, 353 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 kunit/test-test.c

diff --git a/include/kunit/test.h b/include/kunit/test.h
index a36ad1a502c66..cd02dca96eb61 100644
--- a/include/kunit/test.h
+++ b/include/kunit/test.h
@@ -151,6 +151,26 @@ struct kunit_module {
struct kunit_case *test_cases;
};

+struct kunit_try_catch_context {
+ struct kunit *test;
+ struct kunit_module *module;
+ struct kunit_case *test_case;
+ struct completion *try_completion;
+ int try_result;
+};
+
+struct kunit_try_catch {
+ void (*run)(struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch);
+ void (*throw)(struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch);
+ struct kunit_try_catch_context context;
+ void (*try)(struct kunit_try_catch_context *context);
+ void (*catch)(struct kunit_try_catch_context *context);
+};
+
+void kunit_try_catch_init(struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch);
+
+void kunit_generic_try_catch_init(struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch);
+
/**
* struct kunit - represents a running instance of a test.
* @priv: for user to store arbitrary data. Commonly used to pass data created
@@ -166,13 +186,17 @@ struct kunit {

/* private: internal use only. */
const char *name; /* Read only after initialization! */
+ struct kunit_try_catch try_catch;
spinlock_t lock; /* Gaurds all mutable test state. */
bool success; /* Protected by lock. */
+ bool death_test; /* Protected by lock. */
struct list_head resources; /* Protected by lock. */
+ void (*set_death_test)(struct kunit *test, bool death_test);
void (*vprintk)(const struct kunit *test,
const char *level,
struct va_format *vaf);
void (*fail)(struct kunit *test, struct kunit_stream *stream);
+ void (*abort)(struct kunit *test);
};

int kunit_init_test(struct kunit *test, const char *name);
diff --git a/kunit/Makefile b/kunit/Makefile
index 60a9ea6cb4697..e4c300f67479a 100644
--- a/kunit/Makefile
+++ b/kunit/Makefile
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT) += test.o \
string-stream.o \
kunit-stream.o

-obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT_TEST) += string-stream-test.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT_TEST) += test-test.o \
+ string-stream-test.o

obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT_EXAMPLE_TEST) += example-test.o
diff --git a/kunit/test-test.c b/kunit/test-test.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..a936c041f1c8f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kunit/test-test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,127 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * KUnit test for core test infrastructure.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019, Google LLC.
+ * Author: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
+ */
+#include <kunit/test.h>
+
+struct kunit_try_catch_test_context {
+ struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch;
+ bool function_called;
+};
+
+void kunit_test_successful_try(struct kunit_try_catch_context *context)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch_test_context *ctx = context->test->priv;
+
+ ctx->function_called = true;
+}
+
+void kunit_test_no_catch(struct kunit_try_catch_context *context)
+{
+ KUNIT_FAIL(context->test, "Catch should not be called.");
+}
+
+static void kunit_test_try_catch_successful_try_no_catch(struct kunit *test)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch_test_context *ctx = test->priv;
+ struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch = ctx->try_catch;
+
+ try_catch->try = kunit_test_successful_try;
+ try_catch->catch = kunit_test_no_catch;
+ try_catch->run(try_catch);
+
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(test, ctx->function_called);
+}
+
+void kunit_test_unsuccessful_try(struct kunit_try_catch_context *context)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch = container_of(context,
+ struct kunit_try_catch,
+ context);
+
+ try_catch->throw(try_catch);
+ KUNIT_FAIL(context->test, "This line should never be reached.");
+}
+
+void kunit_test_catch(struct kunit_try_catch_context *context)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch_test_context *ctx = context->test->priv;
+
+ ctx->function_called = true;
+}
+
+static void kunit_test_try_catch_unsuccessful_try_does_catch(struct kunit *test)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch_test_context *ctx = test->priv;
+ struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch = ctx->try_catch;
+
+ try_catch->try = kunit_test_unsuccessful_try;
+ try_catch->catch = kunit_test_catch;
+ try_catch->run(try_catch);
+
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(test, ctx->function_called);
+}
+
+static void kunit_test_generic_try_catch_successful_try_no_catch(
+ struct kunit *test)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch_test_context *ctx = test->priv;
+ struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch = ctx->try_catch;
+
+ kunit_generic_try_catch_init(try_catch);
+
+ try_catch->try = kunit_test_successful_try;
+ try_catch->catch = kunit_test_no_catch;
+ try_catch->run(try_catch);
+
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(test, ctx->function_called);
+}
+
+static void kunit_test_generic_try_catch_unsuccessful_try_does_catch(
+ struct kunit *test)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch_test_context *ctx = test->priv;
+ struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch = ctx->try_catch;
+
+ kunit_generic_try_catch_init(try_catch);
+
+ try_catch->try = kunit_test_unsuccessful_try;
+ try_catch->catch = kunit_test_catch;
+ try_catch->run(try_catch);
+
+ KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE(test, ctx->function_called);
+}
+
+static int kunit_try_catch_test_init(struct kunit *test)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch_test_context *ctx;
+
+ ctx = kunit_kzalloc(test, sizeof(*ctx), GFP_KERNEL);
+ test->priv = ctx;
+
+ ctx->try_catch = kunit_kmalloc(test,
+ sizeof(*ctx->try_catch),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ kunit_try_catch_init(ctx->try_catch);
+ ctx->try_catch->context.test = test;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct kunit_case kunit_try_catch_test_cases[] = {
+ KUNIT_CASE(kunit_test_try_catch_successful_try_no_catch),
+ KUNIT_CASE(kunit_test_try_catch_unsuccessful_try_does_catch),
+ KUNIT_CASE(kunit_test_generic_try_catch_successful_try_no_catch),
+ KUNIT_CASE(kunit_test_generic_try_catch_unsuccessful_try_does_catch),
+ {},
+};
+
+static struct kunit_module kunit_try_catch_test_module = {
+ .name = "kunit-try-catch-test",
+ .init = kunit_try_catch_test_init,
+ .test_cases = kunit_try_catch_test_cases,
+};
+module_test(kunit_try_catch_test_module);
diff --git a/kunit/test.c b/kunit/test.c
index d18c50d5ed671..6e5244642ab07 100644
--- a/kunit/test.c
+++ b/kunit/test.c
@@ -6,9 +6,9 @@
* Author: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
*/

-#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/sched/debug.h>
-#include <os.h>
+#include <linux/completion.h>
+#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <kunit/test.h>

static bool kunit_get_success(struct kunit *test)
@@ -32,6 +32,27 @@ static void kunit_set_success(struct kunit *test, bool success)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&test->lock, flags);
}

+static bool kunit_get_death_test(struct kunit *test)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ bool death_test;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&test->lock, flags);
+ death_test = test->death_test;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&test->lock, flags);
+
+ return death_test;
+}
+
+static void kunit_set_death_test(struct kunit *test, bool death_test)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&test->lock, flags);
+ test->death_test = death_test;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&test->lock, flags);
+}
+
static int kunit_vprintk_emit(const struct kunit *test,
int level,
const char *fmt,
@@ -70,13 +91,29 @@ static void kunit_fail(struct kunit *test, struct kunit_stream *stream)
stream->commit(stream);
}

+static void __noreturn kunit_abort(struct kunit *test)
+{
+ kunit_set_death_test(test, true);
+
+ test->try_catch.throw(&test->try_catch);
+
+ /*
+ * Throw could not abort from test.
+ */
+ kunit_err(test, "Throw could not abort from test!");
+ show_stack(NULL, NULL);
+ BUG();
+}
+
int kunit_init_test(struct kunit *test, const char *name)
{
spin_lock_init(&test->lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&test->resources);
test->name = name;
+ test->set_death_test = kunit_set_death_test;
test->vprintk = kunit_vprintk;
test->fail = kunit_fail;
+ test->abort = kunit_abort;

return 0;
}
@@ -122,16 +159,171 @@ static void kunit_run_case_cleanup(struct kunit *test,
}

/*
- * Performs all logic to run a test case.
+ * Handles an unexpected crash in a test case.
*/
-static bool kunit_run_case(struct kunit *test,
- struct kunit_module *module,
- struct kunit_case *test_case)
+static void kunit_handle_test_crash(struct kunit *test,
+ struct kunit_module *module,
+ struct kunit_case *test_case)
{
- kunit_set_success(test, true);
+ kunit_err(test, "%s crashed", test_case->name);
+ /*
+ * TODO(brendanhiggins@google.com): This prints the stack trace up
+ * through this frame, not up to the frame that caused the crash.
+ */
+ show_stack(NULL, NULL);
+
+ kunit_case_internal_cleanup(test);
+}
+
+static void kunit_generic_throw(struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch)
+{
+ try_catch->context.try_result = -EFAULT;
+ complete_and_exit(try_catch->context.try_completion, -EFAULT);
+}
+
+static int kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter(void *data)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch = data;

+ try_catch->try(&try_catch->context);
+
+ complete_and_exit(try_catch->context.try_completion, 0);
+}
+
+static void kunit_generic_run_try_catch(struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch)
+{
+ struct task_struct *task_struct;
+ struct kunit *test = try_catch->context.test;
+ int exit_code, wake_result;
+ DECLARE_COMPLETION(test_case_completion);
+
+ try_catch->context.try_completion = &test_case_completion;
+ try_catch->context.try_result = 0;
+ task_struct = kthread_create(kunit_generic_run_threadfn_adapter,
+ try_catch,
+ "kunit_try_catch_thread");
+ if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(task_struct)) {
+ try_catch->catch(&try_catch->context);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ wake_result = wake_up_process(task_struct);
+ if (wake_result != 0 && wake_result != 1) {
+ kunit_err(test, "task was not woken properly: %d", wake_result);
+ try_catch->catch(&try_catch->context);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * TODO(brendanhiggins@google.com): We should probably have some type of
+ * timeout here. The only question is what that timeout value should be.
+ *
+ * The intention has always been, at some point, to be able to label
+ * tests with some type of size bucket (unit/small, integration/medium,
+ * large/system/end-to-end, etc), where each size bucket would get a
+ * default timeout value kind of like what Bazel does:
+ * https://docs.bazel.build/versions/master/be/common-definitions.html#test.size
+ * There is still some debate to be had on exactly how we do this. (For
+ * one, we probably want to have some sort of test runner level
+ * timeout.)
+ *
+ * For more background on this topic, see:
+ * https://mike-bland.com/2011/11/01/small-medium-large.html
+ */
+ wait_for_completion(&test_case_completion);
+
+ exit_code = try_catch->context.try_result;
+ if (exit_code == -EFAULT)
+ try_catch->catch(&try_catch->context);
+ else if (exit_code == -EINTR)
+ kunit_err(test, "wake_up_process() was never called.");
+ else if (exit_code)
+ kunit_err(test, "Unknown error: %d", exit_code);
+}
+
+void kunit_generic_try_catch_init(struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch)
+{
+ try_catch->run = kunit_generic_run_try_catch;
+ try_catch->throw = kunit_generic_throw;
+}
+
+void __weak kunit_try_catch_init(struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch)
+{
+ kunit_generic_try_catch_init(try_catch);
+}
+
+static void kunit_try_run_case(struct kunit_try_catch_context *context)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch_context *ctx = context;
+ struct kunit *test = ctx->test;
+ struct kunit_module *module = ctx->module;
+ struct kunit_case *test_case = ctx->test_case;
+
+ /*
+ * kunit_run_case_internal may encounter a fatal error; if it does, we
+ * will jump to ENTER_HANDLER above instead of continuing normal control
+ * flow.
+ */
kunit_run_case_internal(test, module, test_case);
+ /* This line may never be reached. */
kunit_run_case_cleanup(test, module, test_case);
+}
+
+static void kunit_catch_run_case(struct kunit_try_catch_context *context)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch_context *ctx = context;
+ struct kunit *test = ctx->test;
+ struct kunit_module *module = ctx->module;
+ struct kunit_case *test_case = ctx->test_case;
+
+ if (kunit_get_death_test(test)) {
+ /*
+ * EXPECTED DEATH: kunit_run_case_internal encountered
+ * anticipated fatal error. Everything should be in a safe
+ * state.
+ */
+ kunit_run_case_cleanup(test, module, test_case);
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * UNEXPECTED DEATH: kunit_run_case_internal encountered an
+ * unanticipated fatal error. We have no idea what the state of
+ * the test case is in.
+ */
+ kunit_handle_test_crash(test, module, test_case);
+ kunit_set_success(test, false);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Performs all logic to run a test case. It also catches most errors that
+ * occurs in a test case and reports them as failures.
+ *
+ * XXX: THIS DOES NOT FOLLOW NORMAL CONTROL FLOW. READ CAREFULLY!!!
+ */
+static bool kunit_run_case_catch_errors(struct kunit *test,
+ struct kunit_module *module,
+ struct kunit_case *test_case)
+{
+ struct kunit_try_catch *try_catch = &test->try_catch;
+ struct kunit_try_catch_context *context = &try_catch->context;
+
+ kunit_try_catch_init(try_catch);
+
+ kunit_set_success(test, true);
+ kunit_set_death_test(test, false);
+
+ /*
+ * ENTER HANDLER: If a failure occurs, we enter here.
+ */
+ context->test = test;
+ context->module = module;
+ context->test_case = test_case;
+ try_catch->try = kunit_try_run_case;
+ try_catch->catch = kunit_catch_run_case;
+ try_catch->run(try_catch);
+ /*
+ * EXIT HANDLER: test case has been run and all possible errors have
+ * been handled.
+ */

return kunit_get_success(test);
}
@@ -148,7 +340,7 @@ int kunit_run_tests(struct kunit_module *module)
return ret;

for (test_case = module->test_cases; test_case->run_case; test_case++) {
- success = kunit_run_case(&test, module, test_case);
+ success = kunit_run_case_catch_errors(&test, module, test_case);
if (!success)
all_passed = false;

--
2.21.0.rc0.258.g878e2cd30e-goog
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