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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/2] uio: uio_xilinx_apm: Add Xilinx AXI performance monitor driver
On Mon, Dec 09, 2019 at 07:53:24PM +0530, shubhrajyoti.datta@gmail.com wrote:
> From: Shubhrajyoti Datta <shubhrajyoti.datta@xilinx.com>
>
> Added driver for Xilinx AXI performance monitor IP.
>
> Signed-off-by: Subbaraya Sundeep Bhatta <sbhatta@xilinx.com>
> Signed-off-by: Shubhrajyoti Datta <shubhrajyoti.datta@xilinx.com>
> ---
> v2:
> Updated the header
>
> drivers/uio/Kconfig | 12 ++
> drivers/uio/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/uio/uio_xilinx_apm.c | 358 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 371 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/uio/uio_xilinx_apm.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/uio/Kconfig b/drivers/uio/Kconfig
> index 202ee81..de30312 100644
> --- a/drivers/uio/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/uio/Kconfig
> @@ -165,4 +165,16 @@ config UIO_HV_GENERIC
> to network and storage devices from userspace.
>
> If you compile this as a module, it will be called uio_hv_generic.
> +
> +config UIO_XILINX_APM
> + tristate "Xilinx AXI Performance Monitor driver"
> + depends on MICROBLAZE || ARCH_ZYNQ || ARCH_ZYNQMP
> + help
> + This driver is developed for AXI Performance Monitor IP, designed to
> + monitor AXI4 traffic for performance analysis of AXI bus in the
> + system. Driver maps HW registers and parameters to userspace.
> +
> + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here; the module
> + will be called uio_xilinx_apm.
> +
> endif
> diff --git a/drivers/uio/Makefile b/drivers/uio/Makefile
> index c285dd2..b3464d8 100644
> --- a/drivers/uio/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/uio/Makefile
> @@ -11,3 +11,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_UIO_PRUSS) += uio_pruss.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_UIO_MF624) += uio_mf624.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_UIO_FSL_ELBC_GPCM) += uio_fsl_elbc_gpcm.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_UIO_HV_GENERIC) += uio_hv_generic.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_UIO_XILINX_APM) += uio_xilinx_apm.o
> diff --git a/drivers/uio/uio_xilinx_apm.c b/drivers/uio/uio_xilinx_apm.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..3f69922
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/uio/uio_xilinx_apm.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,358 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Xilinx AXI Performance Monitor
> + *
> + * Description:
> + * This driver is developed for AXI Performance Monitor IP,
> + * designed to monitor AXI4 traffic for performance analysis
> + * of AXI bus in the system. Driver maps HW registers and parameters
> + * to userspace. Userspace need not clear the interrupt of IP since
> + * driver clears the interrupt.
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2019 Xilinx Inc.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/clk.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/uio_driver.h>
> +
> +#define XAPM_IS_OFFSET 0x0038 /* Interrupt Status Register */
> +#define DRV_NAME "xilinxapm_uio"
> +#define DRV_VERSION "1.0"

No need for a version, the code is in the kernel tree, use the version
of the kernel instead please.

> +#define UIO_DUMMY_MEMSIZE 4096
> +#define XAPM_MODE_ADVANCED 1
> +#define XAPM_MODE_PROFILE 2
> +#define XAPM_MODE_TRACE 3
> +
> +/**
> + * struct xapm_param - HW parameters structure
> + * @mode: Mode in which APM is working
> + * @maxslots: Maximum number of Slots in APM
> + * @eventcnt: Event counting enabled in APM
> + * @eventlog: Event logging enabled in APM
> + * @sampledcnt: Sampled metric counters enabled in APM
> + * @numcounters: Number of counters in APM
> + * @metricwidth: Metric Counter width (32/64)
> + * @sampledwidth: Sampled metric counter width
> + * @globalcntwidth: Global Clock counter width
> + * @scalefactor: Scaling factor
> + * @isr: Interrupts info shared to userspace
> + * @is_32bit_filter: Flags for 32bit filter
> + * @clk: Clock handle
> + */
> +struct xapm_param {
> + u32 mode;
> + u32 maxslots;
> + u32 eventcnt;
> + u32 eventlog;
> + u32 sampledcnt;
> + u32 numcounters;
> + u32 metricwidth;
> + u32 sampledwidth;
> + u32 globalcntwidth;
> + u32 scalefactor;
> + u32 isr;
> + bool is_32bit_filter;
> + struct clk *clk;

You seem to copy this structure to hardware? How? This is not a
definition of a proper hardware interface. Or are you copying it to
userspace? If so, even worse! This is not how to properly define such
a structure at all.

> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct xapm_dev - Global driver structure
> + * @info: uio_info structure
> + * @param: xapm_param structure
> + * @regs: IOmapped base address
> + */
> +struct xapm_dev {
> + struct uio_info info;
> + struct xapm_param param;
> + void __iomem *regs;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * xapm_handler - Interrupt handler for APM
> + * @irq: IRQ number
> + * @info: Pointer to uio_info structure
> + *
> + * Return: Always returns IRQ_HANDLED
> + */
> +static irqreturn_t xapm_handler(int irq, struct uio_info *info)
> +{
> + struct xapm_dev *xapm = (struct xapm_dev *)info->priv;

DO you need to cast?

> + void *ptr;
> +
> + ptr = (unsigned long *)xapm->info.mem[1].addr;

No need to cast. And ptr is a void, not unsigned long *.

> + /* Clear the interrupt and copy the ISR value to userspace */
> + xapm->param.isr = readl(xapm->regs + XAPM_IS_OFFSET);
> + writel(xapm->param.isr, xapm->regs + XAPM_IS_OFFSET);
> + memcpy(ptr, &xapm->param, sizeof(struct xapm_param));

Where did you just copy this memory to?

> +
> + return IRQ_HANDLED;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * xapm_getprop - Retrieves dts properties to param structure
> + * @pdev: Pointer to platform device
> + * @param: Pointer to param structure
> + *
> + * Returns: '0' on success and failure value on error
> + */
> +static int xapm_getprop(struct platform_device *pdev, struct xapm_param *param)
> +{
> + u32 mode = 0;
> + int ret;
> + struct device_node *node;
> +
> + node = pdev->dev.of_node;
> +
> + /* Retrieve required dts properties and fill param structure */
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "xlnx,enable-profile", &mode);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + dev_info(&pdev->dev, "no property xlnx,enable-profile\n");

If it's an error, make it dev_err(). No need to be noisy otherwise.
Same for all of these.

> + else if (mode)
> + param->mode = XAPM_MODE_PROFILE;
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "xlnx,enable-trace", &mode);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + dev_info(&pdev->dev, "no property xlnx,enable-trace\n");
> + else if (mode)
> + param->mode = XAPM_MODE_TRACE;
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "xlnx,num-monitor-slots",
> + &param->maxslots);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no property xlnx,num-monitor-slots");

Doesn't of_property_read_u32() print an error if it can not be found?
Don't duplicate the message please. Same for all of these.


> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "xlnx,enable-event-count",
> + &param->eventcnt);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no property xlnx,enable-event-count");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "xlnx,enable-event-log",
> + &param->eventlog);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no property xlnx,enable-event-log");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "xlnx,have-sampled-metric-cnt",
> + &param->sampledcnt);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no property xlnx,have-sampled-metric-cnt");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "xlnx,num-of-counters",
> + &param->numcounters);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no property xlnx,num-of-counters");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "xlnx,metric-count-width",
> + &param->metricwidth);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no property xlnx,metric-count-width");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "xlnx,metrics-sample-count-width",
> + &param->sampledwidth);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no property metrics-sample-count-width");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "xlnx,global-count-width",
> + &param->globalcntwidth);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no property xlnx,global-count-width");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(node, "xlnx,metric-count-scale",
> + &param->scalefactor);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no property xlnx,metric-count-scale");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + param->is_32bit_filter = of_property_read_bool(node,
> + "xlnx,id-filter-32bit");
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * xapm_probe - Driver probe function
> + * @pdev: Pointer to the platform_device structure
> + *
> + * Returns: '0' on success and failure value on error
> + */
> +

Why the blank line? Why the kernel doc for static functions?

> +static int xapm_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct xapm_dev *xapm;
> + struct resource *res;
> + int irq;
> + int ret;
> + void *ptr;
> +
> + xapm = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, (sizeof(struct xapm_dev)), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!xapm)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
> + xapm->regs = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
> + if (IS_ERR(xapm->regs)) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "unable to iomap registers\n");
> + return PTR_ERR(xapm->regs);
> + }
> +
> + xapm->param.clk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
> + if (IS_ERR(xapm->param.clk)) {
> + if (PTR_ERR(xapm->param.clk) != -EPROBE_DEFER)
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "axi clock error\n");
> + return PTR_ERR(xapm->param.clk);
> + }
> +
> + ret = clk_prepare_enable(xapm->param.clk);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Unable to enable clock.\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> + pm_runtime_get_noresume(&pdev->dev);
> + pm_runtime_set_active(&pdev->dev);
> + pm_runtime_enable(&pdev->dev);
> + /* Initialize mode as Advanced so that if no mode in dts, default
> + * is Advanced
> + */

Odd commenting style, this isn't the network stack :)


> + xapm->param.mode = XAPM_MODE_ADVANCED;
> + ret = xapm_getprop(pdev, &xapm->param);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto err_clk_dis;
> +
> + xapm->info.mem[0].name = "xilinx_apm";

Not driver name? Why have that #define then?

> + xapm->info.mem[0].addr = res->start;
> + xapm->info.mem[0].size = resource_size(res);
> + xapm->info.mem[0].memtype = UIO_MEM_PHYS;
> +
> + xapm->info.mem[1].addr = (unsigned long)kzalloc(UIO_DUMMY_MEMSIZE,
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + ptr = (unsigned long *)xapm->info.mem[1].addr;
> + xapm->info.mem[1].size = UIO_DUMMY_MEMSIZE;
> + xapm->info.mem[1].memtype = UIO_MEM_LOGICAL;
> +
> + xapm->info.name = "axi-pmon";
> + xapm->info.version = DRV_VERSION;
> +
> + irq = platform_get_irq(pdev, 0);
> + if (irq < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "unable to get irq\n");
> + ret = irq;
> + goto err_clk_dis;
> + }
> +
> + xapm->info.irq = irq;
> + xapm->info.handler = xapm_handler;
> + xapm->info.priv = xapm;
> + xapm->info.irq_flags = IRQF_SHARED;
> +
> + memcpy(ptr, &xapm->param, sizeof(struct xapm_param));

Where did you just copy this to?

> +
> + ret = uio_register_device(&pdev->dev, &xapm->info);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "unable to register to UIO\n");
> + goto err_clk_dis;
> + }
> +
> + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, xapm);
> +
> + dev_info(&pdev->dev, "Probed Xilinx APM\n");

Again, this should be quiet if all goes well, didn't I say that before?

Finally, why do you need a UIO driver at all here? Why can't the
current ones work properly for you?

thanks,

greg k-h

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