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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 4/9] vfio-pci: register default dynamic-trap-bar-info region
On Fri, Dec 06, 2019 at 11:20:38PM +0800, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Fri, 6 Dec 2019 01:04:07 -0500
> Yan Zhao <yan.y.zhao@intel.com> wrote:
>
> > On Fri, Dec 06, 2019 at 07:55:30AM +0800, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > > On Wed, 4 Dec 2019 22:26:50 -0500
> > > Yan Zhao <yan.y.zhao@intel.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > Dynamic trap bar info region is a channel for QEMU and vendor driver to
> > > > communicate dynamic trap info. It is of type
> > > > VFIO_REGION_TYPE_DYNAMIC_TRAP_BAR_INFO and subtype
> > > > VFIO_REGION_SUBTYPE_DYNAMIC_TRAP_BAR_INFO.
> > > >
> > > > This region has two fields: dt_fd and trap.
> > > > When QEMU detects a device regions of this type, it will create an
> > > > eventfd and write its eventfd id to dt_fd field.
> > > > When vendor drivre signals this eventfd, QEMU reads trap field of this
> > > > info region.
> > > > - If trap is true, QEMU would search the device's PCI BAR
> > > > regions and disable all the sparse mmaped subregions (if the sparse
> > > > mmaped subregion is disablable).
> > > > - If trap is false, QEMU would re-enable those subregions.
> > > >
> > > > A typical usage is
> > > > 1. vendor driver first cuts its bar 0 into several sections, all in a
> > > > sparse mmap array. So initally, all its bar 0 are passthroughed.
> > > > 2. vendor driver specifys part of bar 0 sections to be disablable.
> > > > 3. on migration starts, vendor driver signals dt_fd and set trap to true
> > > > to notify QEMU disabling the bar 0 sections of disablable flags on.
> > > > 4. QEMU disables those bar 0 section and hence let vendor driver be able
> > > > to trap access of bar 0 registers and make dirty page tracking possible.
> > > > 5. on migration failure, vendor driver signals dt_fd to QEMU again.
> > > > QEMU reads trap field of this info region which is false and QEMU
> > > > re-passthrough the whole bar 0 region.
> > > >
> > > > Vendor driver specifies whether it supports dynamic-trap-bar-info region
> > > > through cap VFIO_PCI_DEVICE_CAP_DYNAMIC_TRAP_BAR in
> > > > vfio_pci_mediate_ops->open().
> > > >
> > > > If vfio-pci detects this cap, it will create a default
> > > > dynamic_trap_bar_info region on behalf of vendor driver with region len=0
> > > > and region->ops=null.
> > > > Vvendor driver should override this region's len, flags, rw, mmap in its
> > > > vfio_pci_mediate_ops.
> > >
> > > TBH, I don't like this interface at all. Userspace doesn't pass data
> > > to the kernel via INFO ioctls. We have a SET_IRQS ioctl for
> > > configuring user signaling with eventfds. I think we only need to
> > > define an IRQ type that tells the user to re-evaluate the sparse mmap
> > > information for a region. The user would enumerate the device IRQs via
> > > GET_IRQ_INFO, find one of this type where the IRQ info would also
> > > indicate which region(s) should be re-evaluated on signaling. The user
> > > would enable that signaling via SET_IRQS and simply re-evaluate the
> > ok. I'll try to switch to this way. Thanks for this suggestion.
> >
> > > sparse mmap capability for the associated regions when signaled.
> >
> > Do you like the "disablable" flag of sparse mmap ?
> > I think it's a lightweight way for user to switch mmap state of a whole region,
> > otherwise going through a complete flow of GET_REGION_INFO and re-setup
> > region might be too heavy.
>
> No, I don't like the disable-able flag. At what frequency do we expect
> regions to change? It seems like we'd only change when switching into
> and out of the _SAVING state, which is rare. It seems easy for
> userspace, at least QEMU, to drop the entire mmap configuration and
ok. I'll try this way.

> re-read it. Another concern here is how do we synchronize the event?
> Are we assuming that this event would occur when a user switch to
> _SAVING mode on the device? That operation is synchronous, the device
> must be in saving mode after the write to device state completes, but
> it seems like this might be trying to add an asynchronous dependency.
> Will the write to device_state only complete once the user handles the
> eventfd? How would the kernel know when the mmap re-evaluation is
> complete. It seems like there are gaps here that the vendor driver
> could miss traps required for migration because the user hasn't
> completed the mmap transition yet. Thanks,
>
> Alex

yes, this asynchronous event notification will cause vendor driver miss
traps. But it's supposed to be of very short period time. That's also a
reason for us to wish the re-evaluation to be lightweight. E.g. if it's
able to be finished before the first iterate, it's still safe.

But I agree, the timing is not guaranteed, and so it's best for kernel
to wait for mmap re-evaluation to complete.

migration_thread
|->qemu_savevm_state_setup
| |->ram_save_setup
| | |->migration_bitmap_sync
| | |->kvm_log_sync
| | |->vfio_log_sync
| |
| |->vfio_save_setup
| |->set_device_state(_SAVING)
|
|->qemu_savevm_state_pending
| |->ram_save_pending
| | |->migration_bitmap_sync
| | |->kvm_log_sync
| | |->vfio_log_sync
| |->vfio_save_pending
|
|->qemu_savevm_state_iterate
| |->ram_save_iterate //send pages
| |->vfio_save_iterate
...


Actually, we previously let qemu trigger the re-evaluation when migration starts.
And now the reason for we to wish kernel to trigger the mmap re-evaluation is that
there're other two possible use cases:
(1) keep passing through devices when migration starts and track dirty pages
using hardware IOMMU. Then when migration is about to complete, stop the
device and start trap PCI BARs for software emulation. (we made some
changes to let device stop ahead of vcpu )
(2) performance optimization. There's an example in GVT (mdev case):
PCI BARs are passed through on vGPU initialization and are mmaped to a host
dummy buffer. Then after initialization done, start trap of PCI BARs of
vGPUs and start normal host mediation. The initial pass-through can save
1000000 times of mmio trap.

Thanks
Yan



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