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SubjectRe: [PATCH] clk: meson: pll: Fix by 0 division in __pll_params_to_rate()
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On Sun 08 Dec 2019 at 22:22, Remi Pommarel <repk@triplefau.lt> wrote:

> Some meson pll registers can be initialized with 0 as N value, introducing
> the following division by 0 when computing rate :
>
> UBSAN: Undefined behaviour in drivers/clk/meson/clk-pll.c:75:9
> division by zero
> CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 5.4.0-rc3-608075-g86c9af8630e1-dirty #400
> Call trace:
> dump_backtrace+0x0/0x1c0
> show_stack+0x14/0x20
> dump_stack+0xc4/0x100
> ubsan_epilogue+0x14/0x68
> __ubsan_handle_divrem_overflow+0x98/0xb8
> __pll_params_to_rate+0xdc/0x140
> meson_clk_pll_recalc_rate+0x278/0x3a0
> __clk_register+0x7c8/0xbb0
> devm_clk_hw_register+0x54/0xc0
> meson_eeclkc_probe+0xf4/0x1a0
> platform_drv_probe+0x54/0xd8
> really_probe+0x16c/0x438
> driver_probe_device+0xb0/0xf0
> device_driver_attach+0x94/0xa0
> __driver_attach+0x70/0x108
> bus_for_each_dev+0xd8/0x128
> driver_attach+0x30/0x40
> bus_add_driver+0x1b0/0x2d8
> driver_register+0xbc/0x1d0
> __platform_driver_register+0x78/0x88
> axg_driver_init+0x18/0x20
> do_one_initcall+0xc8/0x24c
> kernel_init_freeable+0x2b0/0x344
> kernel_init+0x10/0x128
> ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18
>
> This checks if N is null before doing the division.

Thanks for reporting this

>
> Fixes: 8289aafa4f36 ("clk: meson: improve pll driver results with
> frac")

In mainline, the commit above went in with sha1 3c4fe763d64d.

Also, this commit is not really responsible for the problem. Having HW
initialized with N = 0 would have failed since the beginning, I believe.

In this case the correct fixes would be:
Fixes: 7a29a869434e ("clk: meson: Add support for Meson clock controller")


> Signed-off-by: Remi Pommarel <repk@triplefau.lt>
> ---
> drivers/clk/meson/clk-pll.c | 4 ++++
> 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/clk/meson/clk-pll.c b/drivers/clk/meson/clk-pll.c
> index ddb1e5634739..6649659f216a 100644
> --- a/drivers/clk/meson/clk-pll.c
> +++ b/drivers/clk/meson/clk-pll.c
> @@ -66,6 +66,10 @@ static unsigned long __pll_params_to_rate(unsigned long parent_rate,
> (1 << pll->frac.width));
> }
>
> + /* Avoid by zero division */
> + if (n == 0)
> + return 0;

This can only really happen after init, in recalc() rate.

I would much prefer if you could check the n value right after it is
read (meson_parm_read()) in .recalc_rate() and add a comment explaining
that some HW may have this parameter set 0 on init.

> +
> return DIV_ROUND_UP_ULL(rate, n);
> }

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