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Subject[PATCH tip/core/rcu 2/7] doc: Converted NMI-RCU.txt to NMI-RCU.rst.
Date
From: Madhuparna Bhowmik <madhuparnabhowmik04@gmail.com>

This patch converts NMI-RCU from txt to rst format.
Also adds NMI-RCU in the index.rst file.

Signed-off-by: Madhuparna Bhowmik <madhuparnabhowmik04@gmail.com>
[ paulmck: Apply feedback from Phong Tran. ]
Tested-by: Phong Tran <tranmanphong@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
---
Documentation/RCU/{NMI-RCU.txt => NMI-RCU.rst} | 53 ++++++++++++++------------
Documentation/RCU/index.rst | 1 +
2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
rename Documentation/RCU/{NMI-RCU.txt => NMI-RCU.rst} (73%)

diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/NMI-RCU.txt b/Documentation/RCU/NMI-RCU.rst
similarity index 73%
rename from Documentation/RCU/NMI-RCU.txt
rename to Documentation/RCU/NMI-RCU.rst
index 881353f..1809583 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/NMI-RCU.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/NMI-RCU.rst
@@ -1,4 +1,7 @@
+.. _NMI_rcu_doc:
+
Using RCU to Protect Dynamic NMI Handlers
+=========================================


Although RCU is usually used to protect read-mostly data structures,
@@ -9,7 +12,7 @@ work in "arch/x86/oprofile/nmi_timer_int.c" and in
"arch/x86/kernel/traps.c".

The relevant pieces of code are listed below, each followed by a
-brief explanation.
+brief explanation::

static int dummy_nmi_callback(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu)
{
@@ -18,12 +21,12 @@ brief explanation.

The dummy_nmi_callback() function is a "dummy" NMI handler that does
nothing, but returns zero, thus saying that it did nothing, allowing
-the NMI handler to take the default machine-specific action.
+the NMI handler to take the default machine-specific action::

static nmi_callback_t nmi_callback = dummy_nmi_callback;

This nmi_callback variable is a global function pointer to the current
-NMI handler.
+NMI handler::

void do_nmi(struct pt_regs * regs, long error_code)
{
@@ -53,11 +56,12 @@ anyway. However, in practice it is a good documentation aid, particularly
for anyone attempting to do something similar on Alpha or on systems
with aggressive optimizing compilers.

-Quick Quiz: Why might the rcu_dereference_sched() be necessary on Alpha,
- given that the code referenced by the pointer is read-only?
+Quick Quiz:
+ Why might the rcu_dereference_sched() be necessary on Alpha, given that the code referenced by the pointer is read-only?

+:ref:`Answer to Quick Quiz <answer_quick_quiz_NMI>`

-Back to the discussion of NMI and RCU...
+Back to the discussion of NMI and RCU::

void set_nmi_callback(nmi_callback_t callback)
{
@@ -68,7 +72,7 @@ The set_nmi_callback() function registers an NMI handler. Note that any
data that is to be used by the callback must be initialized up -before-
the call to set_nmi_callback(). On architectures that do not order
writes, the rcu_assign_pointer() ensures that the NMI handler sees the
-initialized values.
+initialized values::

void unset_nmi_callback(void)
{
@@ -82,7 +86,7 @@ up any data structures used by the old NMI handler until execution
of it completes on all other CPUs.

One way to accomplish this is via synchronize_rcu(), perhaps as
-follows:
+follows::

unset_nmi_callback();
synchronize_rcu();
@@ -98,24 +102,23 @@ to free up the handler's data as soon as synchronize_rcu() returns.
Important note: for this to work, the architecture in question must
invoke nmi_enter() and nmi_exit() on NMI entry and exit, respectively.

+.. _answer_quick_quiz_NMI:

-Answer to Quick Quiz
-
- Why might the rcu_dereference_sched() be necessary on Alpha, given
- that the code referenced by the pointer is read-only?
+Answer to Quick Quiz:
+ Why might the rcu_dereference_sched() be necessary on Alpha, given that the code referenced by the pointer is read-only?

- Answer: The caller to set_nmi_callback() might well have
- initialized some data that is to be used by the new NMI
- handler. In this case, the rcu_dereference_sched() would
- be needed, because otherwise a CPU that received an NMI
- just after the new handler was set might see the pointer
- to the new NMI handler, but the old pre-initialized
- version of the handler's data.
+ The caller to set_nmi_callback() might well have
+ initialized some data that is to be used by the new NMI
+ handler. In this case, the rcu_dereference_sched() would
+ be needed, because otherwise a CPU that received an NMI
+ just after the new handler was set might see the pointer
+ to the new NMI handler, but the old pre-initialized
+ version of the handler's data.

- This same sad story can happen on other CPUs when using
- a compiler with aggressive pointer-value speculation
- optimizations.
+ This same sad story can happen on other CPUs when using
+ a compiler with aggressive pointer-value speculation
+ optimizations.

- More important, the rcu_dereference_sched() makes it
- clear to someone reading the code that the pointer is
- being protected by RCU-sched.
+ More important, the rcu_dereference_sched() makes it
+ clear to someone reading the code that the pointer is
+ being protected by RCU-sched.
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/index.rst b/Documentation/RCU/index.rst
index 8d20d44..627128c 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/index.rst
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ RCU concepts
arrayRCU
rcu
listRCU
+ NMI-RCU
UP

Design/Memory-Ordering/Tree-RCU-Memory-Ordering
--
2.9.5
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