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SubjectRe: [rcu] ed93dfc6bc: stress-ng.icache.ops_per_sec -15.0% regression
On Mon, Dec 09, 2019 at 05:10:11PM +0800, Rong Chen wrote:
>
>
> On 12/9/19 2:13 AM, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > On Sun, Dec 08, 2019 at 11:29:07PM +0800, kernel test robot wrote:
> > > Greeting,
> > >
> > > FYI, we noticed a -15.0% regression of stress-ng.icache.ops_per_sec due to commit:
> > >
> > >
> > > commit: ed93dfc6bc0084485ccad1ff6bd2ea81ab2c03cd ("rcu: Confine ->core_needs_qs accesses to the corresponding CPU")
> > > https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git master
> > >
> > > in testcase: stress-ng
> > > on test machine: 96 threads Intel(R) Xeon(R) Gold 6252 CPU @ 2.10GHz with 192G memory
> > > with following parameters:
> > >
> > > nr_threads: 100%
> > > disk: 1HDD
> > > testtime: 1s
> > > class: cpu-cache
> > > cpufreq_governor: performance
> > > ucode: 0x500002c
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > > If you fix the issue, kindly add following tag
> > > Reported-by: kernel test robot <rong.a.chen@intel.com>
> > >
> > >
> > > Details are as below:
> > > -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------->
> > >
> > >
> > > To reproduce:
> > >
> > > git clone https://github.com/intel/lkp-tests.git
> > > cd lkp-tests
> > > bin/lkp install job.yaml # job file is attached in this email
> > > bin/lkp run job.yaml
> > >
> > > =========================================================================================
> > > class/compiler/cpufreq_governor/disk/kconfig/nr_threads/rootfs/tbox_group/testcase/testtime/ucode:
> > > cpu-cache/gcc-7/performance/1HDD/x86_64-rhel-7.6/100%/debian-x86_64-2019-11-14.cgz/lkp-csl-2sp5/stress-ng/1s/0x500002c
> > >
> > > commit:
> > > 516e5ae0c9 ("rcu: Reset CPU hints when reporting a quiescent state")
> > > ed93dfc6bc ("rcu: Confine ->core_needs_qs accesses to the corresponding CPU")
> > >
> > > 516e5ae0c9401629 ed93dfc6bc0084485ccad1ff6bd
> > > ---------------- ---------------------------
> > > %stddev %change %stddev
> > > \ | \
> > > 39049 -15.0% 33189 ± 14% stress-ng.icache.ops_per_sec
> > I have to ask...
> >
> > Given a 14% standard deviation, is this 15% change statistically
> > significant?
> >
> > On the other hand, if this is due to lengthened grace periods, which
> > are a known side-effect of this commit, there are speedups for that
> > coming down the pike.
>
> Hi Paul,
>
> We run the test more times and stress-ng.icache.ops_per_sec is unstable:
>
> 516e5ae0c9401629  ed93dfc6bc0084485ccad1ff6b
> ----------------  -------------------------- ---------------------------
>          %stddev      change         %stddev
>                    \              |                         \
>      37409 ±  6%        -4%      35958 ± 11%
> stress-ng/cpu-cache-performance-1HDD-100%-1s-ucode=0x500002c/lkp-csl-2sp5
>
>
> > Thanx, Paul
> >
> > > 7784 -36.6% 4939 ± 9% stress-ng.membarrier.ops
> > > 7648 -37.3% 4793 ± 9% stress-ng.membarrier.ops_per_sec
>
> there is still a regression of stress-ng.membarrier.ops_per_sec:
>
>
> 516e5ae0c9401629  ed93dfc6bc0084485ccad1ff6b
> ----------------  -------------------------- ---------------------------
>          %stddev      change         %stddev
>                    \              |                      \
>       7522               -37%       4744 ±  9%
> stress-ng/cpu-cache-performance-1HDD-100%-1s-ucode=0x500002c/lkp-csl-2sp5

OK, and it is much harder for me to argue that this one is statistically
insignificant. From the softirq stats below, I got too aggressive about
removing instances of "rdp->core_needs_qs = false". Does the (lightly
tested) commit below help?

Thanx, Paul

------------------------------------------------------------------------

commit 57412364506cf5262a7fdffa4718bf39b8891940
Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
Date: Mon Dec 9 15:19:45 2019 -0800

rcu: Clear ->core_needs_qs at GP end or self-reported QS

The rcu_data structure's ->core_needs_qs field does not necessarily get
cleared in a timely fashion after the corresponding CPUs' quiescent state
has been reported. From a functional viewpoint, no harm done, but this
can result in excessive invocation of RCU core processing, as witnessed
by the kernel test robot, which saw greatly increased softirq overhead.

This commit therefore restores the rcu_report_qs_rdp() function's
clearing of this field, but only when running on the corresponding CPU.
Cases where some other CPU reports the quiescent state (for example, on
behalf of an idle CPU) are handled by setting this field appropriately
within the __note_gp_changes() function's end-of-grace-period checks.
This handling is carried out regardless of whether the end of a grace
period actually happened, thus handling the case where a CPU goes non-idle
after a quiescent state is reported on its behalf, but before the grace
period ends. This fix also avoids cross-CPU updates to ->core_needs_qs,

While in the area, this commit changes the __note_gp_changes() need_gp
variable's name to need_qs because it is a quiescent state that is needed
from the CPU in question.

Fixes: ed93dfc6bc00 ("rcu: Confine ->core_needs_qs accesses to the corresponding CPU")
Reported-by: kernel test robot <rong.a.chen@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index f555ea9..1d0935e 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -1393,7 +1393,7 @@ static void __maybe_unused rcu_advance_cbs_nowake(struct rcu_node *rnp,
static bool __note_gp_changes(struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
bool ret = false;
- bool need_gp;
+ bool need_qs;
const bool offloaded = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU) &&
rcu_segcblist_is_offloaded(&rdp->cblist);

@@ -1407,10 +1407,13 @@ static bool __note_gp_changes(struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
unlikely(READ_ONCE(rdp->gpwrap))) {
if (!offloaded)
ret = rcu_advance_cbs(rnp, rdp); /* Advance CBs. */
+ rdp->core_needs_qs = false;
trace_rcu_grace_period(rcu_state.name, rdp->gp_seq, TPS("cpuend"));
} else {
if (!offloaded)
ret = rcu_accelerate_cbs(rnp, rdp); /* Recent CBs. */
+ if (rdp->core_needs_qs)
+ rdp->core_needs_qs = !!(rnp->qsmask & rdp->grpmask);
}

/* Now handle the beginnings of any new-to-this-CPU grace periods. */
@@ -1422,9 +1425,9 @@ static bool __note_gp_changes(struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
* go looking for one.
*/
trace_rcu_grace_period(rcu_state.name, rnp->gp_seq, TPS("cpustart"));
- need_gp = !!(rnp->qsmask & rdp->grpmask);
- rdp->cpu_no_qs.b.norm = need_gp;
- rdp->core_needs_qs = need_gp;
+ need_qs = !!(rnp->qsmask & rdp->grpmask);
+ rdp->cpu_no_qs.b.norm = need_qs;
+ rdp->core_needs_qs = need_qs;
zero_cpu_stall_ticks(rdp);
}
rdp->gp_seq = rnp->gp_seq; /* Remember new grace-period state. */
@@ -2000,6 +2003,8 @@ rcu_report_qs_rdp(int cpu, struct rcu_data *rdp)
return;
}
mask = rdp->grpmask;
+ if (rdp->cpu == smp_processor_id())
+ rdp->core_needs_qs = false;
if ((rnp->qsmask & mask) == 0) {
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
} else {
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