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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 1/2] KVM: VMX: FIXED+PHYSICAL mode single target IPI fastpath
kindly ping after the merge window. :)
On Thu, 28 Nov 2019 at 08:27, Wanpeng Li <kernellwp@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> ping to catch the second week of the merge window. :)
> On Thu, 21 Nov 2019 at 11:17, Wanpeng Li <kernellwp@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > From: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>
> >
> > ICR and TSCDEADLINE MSRs write cause the main MSRs write vmexits in our
> > product observation, multicast IPIs are not as common as unicast IPI like
> > RESCHEDULE_VECTOR and CALL_FUNCTION_SINGLE_VECTOR etc.
> >
> > This patch introduce a mechanism to handle certain performance-critical
> > WRMSRs in a very early stage of KVM VMExit handler.
> >
> > This mechanism is specifically used for accelerating writes to x2APIC ICR
> > that attempt to send a virtual IPI with physical destination-mode, fixed
> > delivery-mode and single target. Which was found as one of the main causes
> > of VMExits for Linux workloads.
> >
> > The reason this mechanism significantly reduce the latency of such virtual
> > IPIs is by sending the physical IPI to the target vCPU in a very early stage
> > of KVM VMExit handler, before host interrupts are enabled and before expensive
> > operations such as reacquiring KVM’s SRCU lock.
> > Latency is reduced even more when KVM is able to use APICv posted-interrupt
> > mechanism (which allows to deliver the virtual IPI directly to target vCPU
> > without the need to kick it to host).
> >
> > Testing on Xeon Skylake server:
> >
> > The virtual IPI latency from sender send to receiver receive reduces
> > more than 200+ cpu cycles.
> >
> > Reviewed-by: Liran Alon <liran.alon@oracle.com>
> > Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> > Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Liran Alon <liran.alon@oracle.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>
> > ---
> > v3 -> v4:
> > * check !is_guest_mode(vcpu)
> > * ACCEL_EXIT_SKIP_EMUL_INS don't need be -1
> > * move comments on top of handle_accel_set_x2apic_icr_irqoff
> > * update patch description
> > v2 -> v3:
> > * for both VMX and SVM
> > * vmx_handle_exit() get second parameter by value and not by pointer
> > * rename parameter to “accel_exit_completion”
> > * preserve tracepoint ordering
> > * rename handler to handle_accel_set_msr_irqoff and more generic
> > * add comments above handle_accel_set_msr_irqoff
> > * msr index APIC_BASE_MSR + (APIC_ICR >> 4)
> > v1 -> v2:
> > * add tracepoint
> > * Instead of a separate vcpu->fast_vmexit, set exit_reason
> > to vmx->exit_reason to -1 if the fast path succeeds.
> > * move the "kvm_skip_emulated_instruction(vcpu)" to vmx_handle_exit
> > * moving the handling into vmx_handle_exit_irqoff()
> >
> > arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 11 ++++++++--
> > arch/x86/kvm/svm.c | 15 +++++++++----
> > arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 14 +++++++++---
> > arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> > arch/x86/kvm/x86.h | 1 +
> > 5 files changed, 78 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > index 898ab9e..62af1c5 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> > @@ -175,6 +175,11 @@ enum {
> > VCPU_SREG_LDTR,
> > };
> >
> > +enum accel_exit_completion {
> > + ACCEL_EXIT_NONE,
> > + ACCEL_EXIT_SKIP_EMUL_INS,
> > +};
> > +
> > #include <asm/kvm_emulate.h>
> >
> > #define KVM_NR_MEM_OBJS 40
> > @@ -1084,7 +1089,8 @@ struct kvm_x86_ops {
> > void (*tlb_flush_gva)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t addr);
> >
> > void (*run)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> > - int (*handle_exit)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> > + int (*handle_exit)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> > + enum accel_exit_completion accel_exit);
> > int (*skip_emulated_instruction)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> > void (*set_interrupt_shadow)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int mask);
> > u32 (*get_interrupt_shadow)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> > @@ -1134,7 +1140,8 @@ struct kvm_x86_ops {
> > int (*check_intercept)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> > struct x86_instruction_info *info,
> > enum x86_intercept_stage stage);
> > - void (*handle_exit_irqoff)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> > + void (*handle_exit_irqoff)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> > + enum accel_exit_completion *accel_exit);
> > bool (*mpx_supported)(void);
> > bool (*xsaves_supported)(void);
> > bool (*umip_emulated)(void);
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> > index d02a73a..d0367c4 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/svm.c
> > @@ -4929,7 +4929,8 @@ static void svm_get_exit_info(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *info1, u64 *info2)
> > *info2 = control->exit_info_2;
> > }
> >
> > -static int handle_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > +static int handle_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> > + enum accel_exit_completion accel_exit)
> > {
> > struct vcpu_svm *svm = to_svm(vcpu);
> > struct kvm_run *kvm_run = vcpu->run;
> > @@ -4987,7 +4988,10 @@ static int handle_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > __func__, svm->vmcb->control.exit_int_info,
> > exit_code);
> >
> > - if (exit_code >= ARRAY_SIZE(svm_exit_handlers)
> > + if (accel_exit == ACCEL_EXIT_SKIP_EMUL_INS) {
> > + kvm_skip_emulated_instruction(vcpu);
> > + return 1;
> > + } else if (exit_code >= ARRAY_SIZE(svm_exit_handlers)
> > || !svm_exit_handlers[exit_code]) {
> > vcpu_unimpl(vcpu, "svm: unexpected exit reason 0x%x\n", exit_code);
> > dump_vmcb(vcpu);
> > @@ -6187,9 +6191,12 @@ static int svm_check_intercept(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> > return ret;
> > }
> >
> > -static void svm_handle_exit_irqoff(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > +static void svm_handle_exit_irqoff(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> > + enum accel_exit_completion *accel_exit)
> > {
> > -
> > + if (!is_guest_mode(vcpu) &&
> > + to_svm(vcpu)->vmcb->control.exit_code == EXIT_REASON_MSR_WRITE)
> > + *accel_exit = handle_accel_set_msr_irqoff(vcpu);
> > }
> >
> > static void svm_sched_in(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu)
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> > index 621142e5..5d77188 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> > @@ -5792,7 +5792,8 @@ void dump_vmcs(void)
> > * The guest has exited. See if we can fix it or if we need userspace
> > * assistance.
> > */
> > -static int vmx_handle_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > +static int vmx_handle_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> > + enum accel_exit_completion accel_exit)
> > {
> > struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
> > u32 exit_reason = vmx->exit_reason;
> > @@ -5878,7 +5879,10 @@ static int vmx_handle_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > }
> > }
> >
> > - if (exit_reason < kvm_vmx_max_exit_handlers
> > + if (accel_exit == ACCEL_EXIT_SKIP_EMUL_INS) {
> > + kvm_skip_emulated_instruction(vcpu);
> > + return 1;
> > + } else if (exit_reason < kvm_vmx_max_exit_handlers
> > && kvm_vmx_exit_handlers[exit_reason]) {
> > #ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
> > if (exit_reason == EXIT_REASON_MSR_WRITE)
> > @@ -6223,7 +6227,8 @@ static void handle_external_interrupt_irqoff(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > }
> > STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD(handle_external_interrupt_irqoff);
> >
> > -static void vmx_handle_exit_irqoff(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > +static void vmx_handle_exit_irqoff(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> > + enum accel_exit_completion *accel_exit)
> > {
> > struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
> >
> > @@ -6231,6 +6236,9 @@ static void vmx_handle_exit_irqoff(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > handle_external_interrupt_irqoff(vcpu);
> > else if (vmx->exit_reason == EXIT_REASON_EXCEPTION_NMI)
> > handle_exception_nmi_irqoff(vmx);
> > + else if (!is_guest_mode(vcpu) &&
> > + vmx->exit_reason == EXIT_REASON_MSR_WRITE)
> > + *accel_exit = handle_accel_set_msr_irqoff(vcpu);
> > }
> >
> > static bool vmx_has_emulated_msr(int index)
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > index 991dd01..c55348c 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > @@ -1510,6 +1510,49 @@ int kvm_emulate_wrmsr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_emulate_wrmsr);
> >
> > /*
> > + * The fast path for frequent and performance sensitive wrmsr emulation,
> > + * i.e. the sending of IPI, sending IPI early in the VM-Exit flow reduces
> > + * the latency of virtual IPI by avoiding the expensive bits of transitioning
> > + * from guest to host, e.g. reacquiring KVM's SRCU lock. In contrast to the
> > + * other cases which must be called after interrupts are enabled on the host.
> > + */
> > +static int handle_accel_set_x2apic_icr_irqoff(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 data)
> > +{
> > + if (lapic_in_kernel(vcpu) && apic_x2apic_mode(vcpu->arch.apic) &&
> > + ((data & KVM_APIC_DEST_MASK) == APIC_DEST_PHYSICAL) &&
> > + ((data & APIC_MODE_MASK) == APIC_DM_FIXED)) {
> > +
> > + kvm_lapic_set_reg(vcpu->arch.apic, APIC_ICR2, (u32)(data >> 32));
> > + return kvm_lapic_reg_write(vcpu->arch.apic, APIC_ICR, (u32)data);
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 1;
> > +}
> > +
> > +enum accel_exit_completion handle_accel_set_msr_irqoff(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > +{
> > + u32 msr = kvm_rcx_read(vcpu);
> > + u64 data = kvm_read_edx_eax(vcpu);
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + switch (msr) {
> > + case APIC_BASE_MSR + (APIC_ICR >> 4):
> > + ret = handle_accel_set_x2apic_icr_irqoff(vcpu, data);
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + return ACCEL_EXIT_NONE;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (!ret) {
> > + trace_kvm_msr_write(msr, data);
> > + return ACCEL_EXIT_SKIP_EMUL_INS;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return ACCEL_EXIT_NONE;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_accel_set_msr_irqoff);
> > +
> > +/*
> > * Adapt set_msr() to msr_io()'s calling convention
> > */
> > static int do_get_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned index, u64 *data)
> > @@ -7984,6 +8027,7 @@ static int vcpu_enter_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > bool req_int_win =
> > dm_request_for_irq_injection(vcpu) &&
> > kvm_cpu_accept_dm_intr(vcpu);
> > + enum accel_exit_completion accel_exit = ACCEL_EXIT_NONE;
> >
> > bool req_immediate_exit = false;
> >
> > @@ -8226,7 +8270,7 @@ static int vcpu_enter_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > vcpu->mode = OUTSIDE_GUEST_MODE;
> > smp_wmb();
> >
> > - kvm_x86_ops->handle_exit_irqoff(vcpu);
> > + kvm_x86_ops->handle_exit_irqoff(vcpu, &accel_exit);
> >
> > /*
> > * Consume any pending interrupts, including the possible source of
> > @@ -8270,7 +8314,7 @@ static int vcpu_enter_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > kvm_lapic_sync_from_vapic(vcpu);
> >
> > vcpu->arch.gpa_available = false;
> > - r = kvm_x86_ops->handle_exit(vcpu);
> > + r = kvm_x86_ops->handle_exit(vcpu, accel_exit);
> > return r;
> >
> > cancel_injection:
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
> > index 29391af..f14ec14 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
> > @@ -291,6 +291,7 @@ bool kvm_mtrr_check_gfn_range_consistency(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn,
> > bool kvm_vector_hashing_enabled(void);
> > int x86_emulate_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr2,
> > int emulation_type, void *insn, int insn_len);
> > +enum accel_exit_completion handle_accel_set_msr_irqoff(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> >
> > #define KVM_SUPPORTED_XCR0 (XFEATURE_MASK_FP | XFEATURE_MASK_SSE \
> > | XFEATURE_MASK_YMM | XFEATURE_MASK_BNDREGS \
> > --
> > 2.7.4
> >

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