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Subject[PATCH v8 06/26] mm: fix get_user_pages_remote()'s handling of FOLL_LONGTERM
As it says in the updated comment in gup.c: current FOLL_LONGTERM
behavior is incompatible with FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY because of the
FS DAX check requirement on vmas.

However, the corresponding restriction in get_user_pages_remote() was
slightly stricter than is actually required: it forbade all
FOLL_LONGTERM callers, but we can actually allow FOLL_LONGTERM callers
that do not set the "locked" arg.

Update the code and comments to loosen the restriction, allowing
FOLL_LONGTERM in some cases.

Also, copy the DAX check ("if a VMA is DAX, don't allow long term
pinning") from the VFIO call site, all the way into the internals
of get_user_pages_remote() and __gup_longterm_locked(). That is:
get_user_pages_remote() calls __gup_longterm_locked(), which in turn
calls check_dax_vmas(). This check will then be removed from the VFIO
call site in a subsequent patch.

Thanks to Jason Gunthorpe for pointing out a clean way to fix this,
and to Dan Williams for helping clarify the DAX refactoring.

Tested-by: Alex Williamson <>
Acked-by: Alex Williamson <>
Reviewed-by: Jason Gunthorpe <>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <>
Suggested-by: Jason Gunthorpe <>
Cc: Dan Williams <>
Cc: Jerome Glisse <>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <>
mm/gup.c | 27 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----
1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index 3ecce297a47f..c0c56888e7cc 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -29,6 +29,13 @@ struct follow_page_context {
unsigned int page_mask;

+static __always_inline long __gup_longterm_locked(struct task_struct *tsk,
+ struct mm_struct *mm,
+ unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long nr_pages,
+ struct page **pages,
+ struct vm_area_struct **vmas,
+ unsigned int flags);
* Return the compound head page with ref appropriately incremented,
* or NULL if that failed.
@@ -1179,13 +1186,23 @@ long get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked)
- * FIXME: Current FOLL_LONGTERM behavior is incompatible with
+ * Parts of FOLL_LONGTERM behavior are incompatible with
* FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY because of the FS DAX check requirement on
- * vmas. As there are no users of this flag in this call we simply
- * disallow this option for now.
+ * vmas. However, this only comes up if locked is set, and there are
+ * callers that do request FOLL_LONGTERM, but do not set locked. So,
+ * allow what we can.
- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(gup_flags & FOLL_LONGTERM))
- return -EINVAL;
+ if (gup_flags & FOLL_LONGTERM) {
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(locked))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ /*
+ * This will check the vmas (even if our vmas arg is NULL)
+ * and return -ENOTSUPP if DAX isn't allowed in this case:
+ */
+ return __gup_longterm_locked(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, pages,
+ vmas, gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH |
+ }

return __get_user_pages_locked(tsk, mm, start, nr_pages, pages, vmas,
 \ /
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