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SubjectRe: [PATCH] selftests: net: ip_defrag: increase netdev_max_backlog
On Fri, Dec 06, 2019 at 05:41:01AM -0800, Eric Dumazet wrote:
>
>
> On 12/6/19 4:17 AM, Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo wrote:
> > On Wed, Dec 04, 2019 at 12:03:57PM -0800, Eric Dumazet wrote:
> >>
> >>
> >> On 12/4/19 11:53 AM, Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo wrote:
> >>> When using fragments with size 8 and payload larger than 8000, the backlog
> >>> might fill up and packets will be dropped, causing the test to fail. This
> >>> happens often enough when conntrack is on during the IPv6 test.
> >>>
> >>> As the larger payload in the test is 10000, using a backlog of 1250 allow
> >>> the test to run repeatedly without failure. At least a 1000 runs were
> >>> possible with no failures, when usually less than 50 runs were good enough
> >>> for showing a failure.
> >>>
> >>> As netdev_max_backlog is not a pernet setting, this sets the backlog to
> >>> 1000 during exit to prevent disturbing following tests.
> >>>
> >>
> >> Hmmm... I would prefer not changing a global setting like that.
> >> This is going to be flaky since we often run tests in parallel (using different netns)
> >>
> >> What about adding a small delay after each sent packet ?
> >>
> >> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/net/ip_defrag.c b/tools/testing/selftests/net/ip_defrag.c
> >> index c0c9ecb891e1d78585e0db95fd8783be31bc563a..24d0723d2e7e9b94c3e365ee2ee30e9445deafa8 100644
> >> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/net/ip_defrag.c
> >> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/net/ip_defrag.c
> >> @@ -198,6 +198,7 @@ static void send_fragment(int fd_raw, struct sockaddr *addr, socklen_t alen,
> >> error(1, 0, "send_fragment: %d vs %d", res, frag_len);
> >>
> >> frag_counter++;
> >> + usleep(1000);
> >> }
> >>
> >> static void send_udp_frags(int fd_raw, struct sockaddr *addr,
> >>
> >
> > That won't work because the issue only shows when we using conntrack, as the
> > packet will be reassembled on output, then fragmented again. When this happens,
> > the fragmentation code is transmitting the fragments in a tight loop, which
> > floods the backlog.
>
> Interesting !
>
> So it looks like the test is correct, and exposed a long standing problem in this code.
>
> We should not adjust the test to some kernel-of-the-day-constraints, and instead fix the kernel bug ;)
>
> Where is this tight loop exactly ?
>
> If this is feeding/bursting ~1000 skbs via netif_rx() in a BH context, maybe we need to call a variant
> that allows immediate processing instead of (ab)using the softnet backlog.
>
> Thanks !

This is the loopback interface, so its xmit calls netif_rx. I suppose we would
have the same problem with veth, for example.

So net/ipv6/ip6_output.c:ip6_fragment has this:

for (;;) {
/* Prepare header of the next frame,
* before previous one went down. */
if (iter.frag)
ip6_fraglist_prepare(skb, &iter);

skb->tstamp = tstamp;
err = output(net, sk, skb);
if (!err)
IP6_INC_STATS(net, ip6_dst_idev(&rt->dst),
IPSTATS_MIB_FRAGCREATES);

if (err || !iter.frag)
break;

skb = ip6_fraglist_next(&iter);
}

output is ip6_finish_output2, which will call neigh_output, which ends up
calling dev_queue_xmit.

In this case, ip6_fragment is being called probably from rawv6_send_hdrinc ->
dst_output -> ip6_output -> ip6_finish_output -> __ip6_finish_output ->
ip6_fragment.

dst_output at rawv6_send_hdrinc is being called after netfilter
NF_INET_LOCAL_OUT hook. That one is gathering the fragments and only accepting
that last, reassembled skb, which causes ip6_fragment enter that loop.

So, basically, the easiest way to reproduce this is using this test with
loopback and netfilter doing the reassembly during conntrack. I see some BH
locks here and there, but I think this is just filling up the backlog too fast
to give any chance for softirq to kick in.

I will see if I can reproduce this using routed veths.

Cascardo.

Cascardo.

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