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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 1/9] vfio/pci: introduce mediate ops to intercept vfio-pci ops
On Wed,  4 Dec 2019 22:25:36 -0500
Yan Zhao <yan.y.zhao@intel.com> wrote:

> when vfio-pci is bound to a physical device, almost all the hardware
> resources are passthroughed.
> Sometimes, vendor driver of this physcial device may want to mediate some
> hardware resource access for a short period of time, e.g. dirty page
> tracking during live migration.
>
> Here we introduce mediate ops in vfio-pci for this purpose.
>
> Vendor driver can register a mediate ops to vfio-pci.
> But rather than directly bind to the passthroughed device, the
> vendor driver is now either a module that does not bind to any device or
> a module binds to other device.
> E.g. when passing through a VF device that is bound to vfio-pci modules,
> PF driver that binds to PF device can register to vfio-pci to mediate
> VF's regions, hence supporting VF live migration.
>
> The sequence goes like this:
> 1. Vendor driver register its vfio_pci_mediate_ops to vfio-pci driver
>
> 2. vfio-pci maintains a list of those registered vfio_pci_mediate_ops
>
> 3. Whenever vfio-pci opens a device, it searches the list and call
> vfio_pci_mediate_ops->open() to check whether a vendor driver supports
> mediating this device.
> Upon a success return value of from vfio_pci_mediate_ops->open(),
> vfio-pci will stop list searching and store a mediate handle to
> represent this open into vendor driver.
> (so if multiple vendor drivers support mediating a device through
> vfio_pci_mediate_ops, only one will win, depending on their registering
> sequence)
>
> 4. Whenever a VFIO_DEVICE_GET_REGION_INFO ioctl is received in vfio-pci
> ops, it will chain into vfio_pci_mediate_ops->get_region_info(), so that
> vendor driver is able to override a region's default flags and caps,
> e.g. adding a sparse mmap cap to passthrough only sub-regions of a whole
> region.
>
> 5. vfio_pci_rw()/vfio_pci_mmap() first calls into
> vfio_pci_mediate_ops->rw()/vfio_pci_mediate_ops->mmaps().
> if pt=true is rteturned, vfio_pci_rw()/vfio_pci_mmap() will further
> passthrough this read/write/mmap to physical device, otherwise it just
> returns without touch physical device.
>
> 6. When vfio-pci closes a device, vfio_pci_release() chains into
> vfio_pci_mediate_ops->release() to close the reference in vendor driver.
>
> 7. Vendor driver unregister its vfio_pci_mediate_ops when driver exits
>
> Cc: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@intel.com>
>
> Signed-off-by: Yan Zhao <yan.y.zhao@intel.com>
> ---
> drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c | 146 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h | 2 +
> include/linux/vfio.h | 16 +++
> 3 files changed, 164 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
> index 02206162eaa9..55080ff29495 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
> @@ -54,6 +54,14 @@ module_param(disable_idle_d3, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
> MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_idle_d3,
> "Disable using the PCI D3 low power state for idle, unused devices");
>
> +static LIST_HEAD(mediate_ops_list);
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(mediate_ops_list_lock);
> +struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops_list_entry {
> + struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops *ops;
> + int refcnt;
> + struct list_head next;
> +};
> +
> static inline bool vfio_vga_disabled(void)
> {
> #ifdef CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_VGA
> @@ -472,6 +480,10 @@ static void vfio_pci_release(void *device_data)
> if (!(--vdev->refcnt)) {
> vfio_spapr_pci_eeh_release(vdev->pdev);
> vfio_pci_disable(vdev);
> + if (vdev->mediate_ops && vdev->mediate_ops->release) {
> + vdev->mediate_ops->release(vdev->mediate_handle);
> + vdev->mediate_ops = NULL;
> + }
> }
>
> mutex_unlock(&vdev->reflck->lock);
> @@ -483,6 +495,7 @@ static int vfio_pci_open(void *device_data)
> {
> struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = device_data;
> int ret = 0;
> + struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops_list_entry *mentry;
>
> if (!try_module_get(THIS_MODULE))
> return -ENODEV;
> @@ -495,6 +508,30 @@ static int vfio_pci_open(void *device_data)
> goto error;
>
> vfio_spapr_pci_eeh_open(vdev->pdev);
> + mutex_lock(&mediate_ops_list_lock);
> + list_for_each_entry(mentry, &mediate_ops_list, next) {
> + u64 caps;
> + u32 handle;

Wouldn't it seem likely that the ops provider might use this handle as
a pointer, so we'd want it to be an opaque void*?

> +
> + memset(&caps, 0, sizeof(caps));

@caps has no purpose here, add it if/when we do something with it.
It's also a standard type, why are we memset'ing it rather than just
=0??

> + ret = mentry->ops->open(vdev->pdev, &caps, &handle);
> + if (!ret) {
> + vdev->mediate_ops = mentry->ops;
> + vdev->mediate_handle = handle;
> +
> + pr_info("vfio pci found mediate_ops %s, caps=%llx, handle=%x for %x:%x\n",
> + vdev->mediate_ops->name, caps,
> + handle, vdev->pdev->vendor,
> + vdev->pdev->device);

Generally not advisable to make user accessible printks.

> + /*
> + * only find the first matching mediate_ops,
> + * and add its refcnt
> + */
> + mentry->refcnt++;
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&mediate_ops_list_lock);
> }
> vdev->refcnt++;
> error:
> @@ -736,6 +773,14 @@ static long vfio_pci_ioctl(void *device_data,
> info.size = pdev->cfg_size;
> info.flags = VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_READ |
> VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_WRITE;
> +
> + if (vdev->mediate_ops &&
> + vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info) {
> + vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info(
> + vdev->mediate_handle,
> + &info, &caps, NULL);
> + }

These would be a lot cleaner if we could just call a helper function:

void vfio_pci_region_info_mediation_hook(vdev, info, caps, etc...)
{
if (vdev->mediate_ops
vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info)
vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info(vdev->mediate_handle,
&info, &caps, NULL);
}

I'm not thrilled with all these hooks, but not open coding every one of
them might help.

> +
> break;
> case VFIO_PCI_BAR0_REGION_INDEX ... VFIO_PCI_BAR5_REGION_INDEX:
> info.offset = VFIO_PCI_INDEX_TO_OFFSET(info.index);
> @@ -756,6 +801,13 @@ static long vfio_pci_ioctl(void *device_data,
> }
> }
>
> + if (vdev->mediate_ops &&
> + vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info) {
> + vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info(
> + vdev->mediate_handle,
> + &info, &caps, NULL);
> + }
> +
> break;
> case VFIO_PCI_ROM_REGION_INDEX:
> {
> @@ -794,6 +846,14 @@ static long vfio_pci_ioctl(void *device_data,
> }
>
> pci_write_config_word(pdev, PCI_COMMAND, orig_cmd);
> +
> + if (vdev->mediate_ops &&
> + vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info) {
> + vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info(
> + vdev->mediate_handle,
> + &info, &caps, NULL);
> + }
> +
> break;
> }
> case VFIO_PCI_VGA_REGION_INDEX:
> @@ -805,6 +865,13 @@ static long vfio_pci_ioctl(void *device_data,
> info.flags = VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_READ |
> VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_WRITE;
>
> + if (vdev->mediate_ops &&
> + vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info) {
> + vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info(
> + vdev->mediate_handle,
> + &info, &caps, NULL);
> + }
> +
> break;
> default:
> {
> @@ -839,6 +906,13 @@ static long vfio_pci_ioctl(void *device_data,
> if (ret)
> return ret;
> }
> +
> + if (vdev->mediate_ops &&
> + vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info) {
> + vdev->mediate_ops->get_region_info(
> + vdev->mediate_handle,
> + &info, &caps, &cap_type);
> + }
> }
> }
>
> @@ -1151,6 +1225,16 @@ static ssize_t vfio_pci_rw(void *device_data, char __user *buf,
> if (index >= VFIO_PCI_NUM_REGIONS + vdev->num_regions)
> return -EINVAL;
>
> + if (vdev->mediate_ops && vdev->mediate_ops->rw) {
> + int ret;
> + bool pt = true;
> +
> + ret = vdev->mediate_ops->rw(vdev->mediate_handle,
> + buf, count, ppos, iswrite, &pt);
> + if (!pt)
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> switch (index) {
> case VFIO_PCI_CONFIG_REGION_INDEX:
> return vfio_pci_config_rw(vdev, buf, count, ppos, iswrite);
> @@ -1200,6 +1284,15 @@ static int vfio_pci_mmap(void *device_data, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> u64 phys_len, req_len, pgoff, req_start;
> int ret;
>
> + if (vdev->mediate_ops && vdev->mediate_ops->mmap) {
> + int ret;
> + bool pt = true;
> +
> + ret = vdev->mediate_ops->mmap(vdev->mediate_handle, vma, &pt);
> + if (!pt)
> + return ret;
> + }

There must be a better way to do all these. Do we really want to call
into ops for every rw or mmap, have the vendor code decode a region,
and maybe or maybe not have it handle it? It's pretty ugly. Do we
need the mediation provider to be able to dynamically setup the ops per
region and export the default handlers out for them to call?

> +
> index = vma->vm_pgoff >> (VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT);
>
> if (vma->vm_end < vma->vm_start)
> @@ -1629,8 +1722,17 @@ static void vfio_pci_try_bus_reset(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev)
>
> static void __exit vfio_pci_cleanup(void)
> {
> + struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops_list_entry *mentry, *n;
> +
> pci_unregister_driver(&vfio_pci_driver);
> vfio_pci_uninit_perm_bits();
> +
> + mutex_lock(&mediate_ops_list_lock);
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(mentry, n, &mediate_ops_list, next) {
> + list_del(&mentry->next);
> + kfree(mentry);
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&mediate_ops_list_lock);

Is it even possible to unload vfio-pci while there are mediation
drivers registered? I don't think the module interactions are well
thought out here, ex. do you really want i40e to have build and runtime
dependencies on vfio-pci? I don't think so.

> }
>
> static void __init vfio_pci_fill_ids(void)
> @@ -1697,6 +1799,50 @@ static int __init vfio_pci_init(void)
> return ret;
> }
>
> +int vfio_pci_register_mediate_ops(struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops *ops)
> +{
> + struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops_list_entry *mentry;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&mediate_ops_list_lock);
> + mentry = kzalloc(sizeof(*mentry), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!mentry) {
> + mutex_unlock(&mediate_ops_list_lock);
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + mentry->ops = ops;
> + mentry->refcnt = 0;

It's kZalloc'd, this is unnecessary.

> + list_add(&mentry->next, &mediate_ops_list);

Check for duplicates?

> +
> + pr_info("registered dm ops %s\n", ops->name);
> + mutex_unlock(&mediate_ops_list_lock);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_pci_register_mediate_ops);
> +
> +void vfio_pci_unregister_mediate_ops(struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops *ops)
> +{
> + struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops_list_entry *mentry, *n;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&mediate_ops_list_lock);
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(mentry, n, &mediate_ops_list, next) {
> + if (mentry->ops != ops)
> + continue;
> +
> + mentry->refcnt--;

Whose reference is this removing?

> + if (!mentry->refcnt) {
> + list_del(&mentry->next);
> + kfree(mentry);
> + } else
> + pr_err("vfio_pci unregister mediate ops %s error\n",
> + mentry->ops->name);
This is bad, we should hold a reference to the module providing these
ops for each use of it such that the module cannot be removed while
it's in use. Otherwise we enter a very bad state here and it's
trivially accessible by an admin remove the module while in use.
Thanks,

Alex

> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&mediate_ops_list_lock);
> +
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_pci_unregister_mediate_ops);
> +
> module_init(vfio_pci_init);
> module_exit(vfio_pci_cleanup);
>
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h
> index ee6ee91718a4..bad4a254360e 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h
> @@ -122,6 +122,8 @@ struct vfio_pci_device {
> struct list_head dummy_resources_list;
> struct mutex ioeventfds_lock;
> struct list_head ioeventfds_list;
> + struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops *mediate_ops;
> + u32 mediate_handle;
> };
>
> #define is_intx(vdev) (vdev->irq_type == VFIO_PCI_INTX_IRQ_INDEX)
> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
> index e42a711a2800..0265e779acd1 100644
> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
> @@ -195,4 +195,20 @@ extern int vfio_virqfd_enable(void *opaque,
> void *data, struct virqfd **pvirqfd, int fd);
> extern void vfio_virqfd_disable(struct virqfd **pvirqfd);
>
> +struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops {
> + char *name;
> + int (*open)(struct pci_dev *pdev, u64 *caps, u32 *handle);
> + void (*release)(int handle);
> + void (*get_region_info)(int handle,
> + struct vfio_region_info *info,
> + struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
> + struct vfio_region_info_cap_type *cap_type);
> + ssize_t (*rw)(int handle, char __user *buf,
> + size_t count, loff_t *ppos, bool iswrite, bool *pt);
> + int (*mmap)(int handle, struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool *pt);
> +
> +};
> +extern int vfio_pci_register_mediate_ops(struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops *ops);
> +extern void vfio_pci_unregister_mediate_ops(struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops *ops);
> +
> #endif /* VFIO_H */

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