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Subject[PATCH v2 10/11] gpiolib: add new ioctl() for monitoring changes in line info
Date
From: Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>

Currently there is no way for user-space to be informed about changes
in status of GPIO lines e.g. when someone else requests the line or its
config changes. We can only periodically re-read the line-info. This
is fine for simple one-off user-space tools, but any daemon that provides
a centralized access to GPIO chips would benefit hugely from an event
driven line info synchronization.

This patch adds a new ioctl() that allows user-space processes to reuse
the file descriptor associated with the character device for watching
any changes in line properties. Every such event contains the updated
line information.

Currently the events are generated on three types of status changes: when
a line is requested, when it's released and when its config is changed.
The first two are self-explanatory. For the third one: this will only
happen when another user-space process calls the new SET_CONFIG ioctl()
as any changes that can happen from within the kernel (i.e.
set_transitory() or set_debounce()) are of no interest to user-space.

Signed-off-by: Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@baylibre.com>
---
drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c | 177 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h | 2 +
include/uapi/linux/gpio.h | 24 ++++++
3 files changed, 195 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
index 711963aa9239..2ff15ef0bbe0 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
@@ -547,6 +547,9 @@ static long linehandle_set_config(struct linehandle_state *lh,
if (ret)
return ret;
}
+
+ atomic_notifier_call_chain(&desc->gdev->notifier,
+ GPIOLINE_CHANGED_CONFIG, desc);
}
return 0;
}
@@ -1199,14 +1202,24 @@ static void gpio_desc_to_lineinfo(struct gpio_desc *desc,
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
}

+struct gpio_chardev_data {
+ struct gpio_device *gdev;
+ wait_queue_head_t wait;
+ DECLARE_KFIFO(events, struct gpioline_info_changed, 32);
+ struct notifier_block lineinfo_changed_nb;
+};
+
/*
* gpio_ioctl() - ioctl handler for the GPIO chardev
*/
static long gpio_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
- struct gpio_device *gdev = filp->private_data;
+ struct gpio_chardev_data *priv = filp->private_data;
+ struct gpio_device *gdev = priv->gdev;
struct gpio_chip *chip = gdev->chip;
void __user *ip = (void __user *)arg;
+ struct gpio_desc *desc;
+ __u32 offset;

/* We fail any subsequent ioctl():s when the chip is gone */
if (!chip)
@@ -1228,9 +1241,9 @@ static long gpio_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
if (copy_to_user(ip, &chipinfo, sizeof(chipinfo)))
return -EFAULT;
return 0;
- } else if (cmd == GPIO_GET_LINEINFO_IOCTL) {
+ } else if (cmd == GPIO_GET_LINEINFO_IOCTL ||
+ cmd == GPIO_GET_LINEINFO_WATCH_IOCTL) {
struct gpioline_info lineinfo;
- struct gpio_desc *desc;

if (copy_from_user(&lineinfo, ip, sizeof(lineinfo)))
return -EFAULT;
@@ -1243,11 +1256,25 @@ static long gpio_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)

if (copy_to_user(ip, &lineinfo, sizeof(lineinfo)))
return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (cmd == GPIO_GET_LINEINFO_WATCH_IOCTL)
+ set_bit(FLAG_WATCHED, &desc->flags);
+
return 0;
} else if (cmd == GPIO_GET_LINEHANDLE_IOCTL) {
return linehandle_create(gdev, ip);
} else if (cmd == GPIO_GET_LINEEVENT_IOCTL) {
return lineevent_create(gdev, ip);
+ } else if (cmd == GPIO_GET_LINEINFO_UNWATCH_IOCTL) {
+ if (copy_from_user(&offset, ip, sizeof(offset)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ desc = gpiochip_get_desc(chip, offset);
+ if (IS_ERR(desc))
+ return PTR_ERR(desc);
+
+ clear_bit(FLAG_WATCHED, &desc->flags);
+ return 0;
}
return -EINVAL;
}
@@ -1260,6 +1287,99 @@ static long gpio_ioctl_compat(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
}
#endif

+static struct gpio_chardev_data *
+to_gpio_chardev_data(struct notifier_block *nb)
+{
+ return container_of(nb, struct gpio_chardev_data, lineinfo_changed_nb);
+}
+
+static int lineinfo_changed_notify(struct notifier_block *nb,
+ unsigned long action, void *data)
+{
+ struct gpio_chardev_data *priv = to_gpio_chardev_data(nb);
+ struct gpioline_info_changed chg;
+ struct gpio_desc *desc = data;
+ int ret = NOTIFY_DONE;
+
+ if (test_bit(FLAG_WATCHED, &desc->flags)) {
+ memset(&chg, 0, sizeof(chg));
+ chg.info.line_offset = gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc);
+ chg.event_type = action;
+ chg.timestamp = ktime_get_real_ns();
+ gpio_desc_to_lineinfo(desc, &chg.info);
+
+ ret = kfifo_in_spinlocked(&priv->events, &chg,
+ 1, &priv->wait.lock);
+ if (ret)
+ wake_up_poll(&priv->wait, EPOLLIN);
+ else
+ pr_debug_ratelimited(
+ "%s: lineinfo event FIFO is full - event dropped\n",
+ __func__);
+
+ ret = NOTIFY_OK;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static __poll_t lineinfo_watch_poll(struct file *filep,
+ struct poll_table_struct *pollt)
+{
+ struct gpio_chardev_data *priv = filep->private_data;
+ __poll_t events = 0;
+
+ poll_wait(filep, &priv->wait, pollt);
+
+ spin_lock(&priv->wait.lock);
+ if (!kfifo_is_empty(&priv->events))
+ events = EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM;
+ spin_unlock(&priv->wait.lock);
+
+ return events;
+}
+
+static ssize_t lineinfo_watch_read(struct file *filep, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *off)
+{
+ struct gpio_chardev_data *priv = filep->private_data;
+ struct gpioline_info_changed event;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (count < sizeof(event))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ spin_lock(&priv->wait.lock);
+ if (kfifo_is_empty(&priv->events)) {
+ if (filep->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
+ spin_unlock(&priv->wait.lock);
+ return -EAGAIN;
+ }
+
+ ret = wait_event_interruptible_locked(priv->wait,
+ !kfifo_is_empty(&priv->events));
+ if (ret) {
+ spin_unlock(&priv->wait.lock);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ ret = kfifo_out(&priv->events, &event, 1);
+ spin_unlock(&priv->wait.lock);
+ if (ret == 1)
+ break;
+
+ /* We should never get here. See lineevent_read(). */
+ }
+
+ ret = copy_to_user(buf, &event, sizeof(event));
+ if (ret)
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ return sizeof(event);
+}
+
/**
* gpio_chrdev_open() - open the chardev for ioctl operations
* @inode: inode for this chardev
@@ -1270,14 +1390,42 @@ static int gpio_chrdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
struct gpio_device *gdev = container_of(inode->i_cdev,
struct gpio_device, chrdev);
+ struct gpio_chardev_data *priv;
+ int ret;

/* Fail on open if the backing gpiochip is gone */
if (!gdev->chip)
return -ENODEV;
+
+ priv = kzalloc(sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!priv)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ init_waitqueue_head(&priv->wait);
+ INIT_KFIFO(priv->events);
+ priv->gdev = gdev;
+
+ priv->lineinfo_changed_nb.notifier_call = lineinfo_changed_notify;
+ ret = atomic_notifier_chain_register(&gdev->notifier,
+ &priv->lineinfo_changed_nb);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out_free_priv;
+
get_device(&gdev->dev);
- filp->private_data = gdev;
+ filp->private_data = priv;
+
+ ret = nonseekable_open(inode, filp);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out_unregister_notifier;

- return nonseekable_open(inode, filp);
+ return ret;
+
+out_unregister_notifier:
+ atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(&gdev->notifier,
+ &priv->lineinfo_changed_nb);
+out_free_priv:
+ kfree(priv);
+ return ret;
}

/**
@@ -1288,17 +1436,22 @@ static int gpio_chrdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
*/
static int gpio_chrdev_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
- struct gpio_device *gdev = container_of(inode->i_cdev,
- struct gpio_device, chrdev);
+ struct gpio_chardev_data *priv = filp->private_data;
+ struct gpio_device *gdev = priv->gdev;

+ atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(&gdev->notifier,
+ &priv->lineinfo_changed_nb);
put_device(&gdev->dev);
+ kfree(priv);
+
return 0;
}

-
static const struct file_operations gpio_fileops = {
.release = gpio_chrdev_release,
.open = gpio_chrdev_open,
+ .poll = lineinfo_watch_poll,
+ .read = lineinfo_watch_read,
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.llseek = no_llseek,
.unlocked_ioctl = gpio_ioctl,
@@ -1509,6 +1662,8 @@ int gpiochip_add_data_with_key(struct gpio_chip *chip, void *data,
for (i = 0; i < chip->ngpio; i++)
gdev->descs[i].gdev = gdev;

+ ATOMIC_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(&gdev->notifier);
+
#ifdef CONFIG_PINCTRL
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&gdev->pin_ranges);
#endif
@@ -2848,6 +3003,8 @@ static int gpiod_request_commit(struct gpio_desc *desc, const char *label)
}
done:
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
+ atomic_notifier_call_chain(&desc->gdev->notifier,
+ GPIOLINE_CHANGED_REQUESTED, desc);
return ret;
}

@@ -2945,6 +3102,9 @@ static bool gpiod_free_commit(struct gpio_desc *desc)
}

spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gpio_lock, flags);
+ atomic_notifier_call_chain(&desc->gdev->notifier,
+ GPIOLINE_CHANGED_RELEASED, desc);
+
return ret;
}

@@ -3107,6 +3267,7 @@ static int gpio_set_bias(struct gpio_chip *chip, struct gpio_desc *desc)
if (ret != -ENOTSUPP)
return ret;
}
+
return 0;
}

diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h
index a1cbeabadc69..4fca77241fb0 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h
@@ -54,6 +54,7 @@ struct gpio_device {
const char *label;
void *data;
struct list_head list;
+ struct atomic_notifier_head notifier;

#ifdef CONFIG_PINCTRL
/*
@@ -112,6 +113,7 @@ struct gpio_desc {
#define FLAG_PULL_UP 13 /* GPIO has pull up enabled */
#define FLAG_PULL_DOWN 14 /* GPIO has pull down enabled */
#define FLAG_BIAS_DISABLE 15 /* GPIO has pull disabled */
+#define FLAG_WATCHED 16 /* GPIO line is being watched by user-space */

/* Connection label */
const char *label;
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/gpio.h b/include/uapi/linux/gpio.h
index 799cf823d493..2401028ae7de 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/gpio.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/gpio.h
@@ -59,6 +59,28 @@ struct gpioline_info {
/* Maximum number of requested handles */
#define GPIOHANDLES_MAX 64

+/* Possible line status change events */
+enum {
+ GPIOLINE_CHANGED_REQUESTED = 1,
+ GPIOLINE_CHANGED_RELEASED,
+ GPIOLINE_CHANGED_CONFIG,
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct gpioline_info_changed - Information about a change in status
+ * of a GPIO line
+ * @timestamp: estimate of time of status change occurrence, in nanoseconds
+ * @event_type: one of GPIOLINE_CHANGED_REQUESTED, GPIOLINE_CHANGED_RELEASED
+ * and GPIOLINE_CHANGED_CONFIG
+ * @info: updated line information
+ */
+struct gpioline_info_changed {
+ __u64 timestamp;
+ __u32 event_type;
+ struct gpioline_info info;
+ __u32 padding[4]; /* for future use */
+};
+
/* Linerequest flags */
#define GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_INPUT (1UL << 0)
#define GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_OUTPUT (1UL << 1)
@@ -176,6 +198,8 @@ struct gpioevent_data {

#define GPIO_GET_CHIPINFO_IOCTL _IOR(0xB4, 0x01, struct gpiochip_info)
#define GPIO_GET_LINEINFO_IOCTL _IOWR(0xB4, 0x02, struct gpioline_info)
+#define GPIO_GET_LINEINFO_WATCH_IOCTL _IOWR(0xB4, 0x0b, struct gpioline_info)
+#define GPIO_GET_LINEINFO_UNWATCH_IOCTL _IOWR(0xB4, 0x0c, __u32)
#define GPIO_GET_LINEHANDLE_IOCTL _IOWR(0xB4, 0x03, struct gpiohandle_request)
#define GPIO_GET_LINEEVENT_IOCTL _IOWR(0xB4, 0x04, struct gpioevent_request)

--
2.23.0
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