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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 4/4] mtd: Add driver for concatenating devices
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Hi Miquel,

On 27/11/19 4:25 pm, Miquel Raynal wrote:
> Introduce a generic way to define concatenated MTD devices. This may
> be very useful in the case of ie. stacked SPI-NOR. Partitions to
> concatenate are described in an additional property of the partitions
> subnode:
>
> flash0 {
> partitions {
> compatible = "fixed-partitions";
> part-concat = <&flash0_part1>, <&flash1_part0>;
>
> part0@0 {
> label = "part0_0";
> reg = <0x0 0x800000>;
> };
>
> flash0_part1: part1@800000 {
> label = "part0_1";
> reg = <0x800000 0x800000>;
> };
> };
> };

IIUC flash0 and flash1 are subnodes of a SPI master node?
And I believe flash0 node's compatible is "jedec,spi-nor"?


>
> flash1 {
> partitions {
> compatible = "fixed-partitions";
>
> flash0_part1: part1@0 {

s/flash0_part1/flash1_part0?

> label = "part1_0";
> reg = <0x0 0x800000>;
> };
>
> part0@800000 {
> label = "part1_1";
> reg = <0x800000 0x800000>;
> };
> };
> };
>

For my understanding, how many /dev/mtdX entries would this create?

Regards
Vignesh

> This is useful for boards where memory range has been extended with
> the use of multiple flash chips as memory banks of a single MTD
> device, with partitions spanning chip borders.
>
> Suggested-by: Bernhard Frauendienst <kernel@nospam.obeliks.de>
> Signed-off-by: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
> ---
> drivers/mtd/Kconfig | 8 ++
> drivers/mtd/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/mtd/mtd_virt_concat.c | 240 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 249 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/mtd_virt_concat.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/Kconfig b/drivers/mtd/Kconfig
> index 79a8ff542883..3e1e55e7158f 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/Kconfig
> @@ -276,6 +276,14 @@ config MTD_PARTITIONED_MASTER
> the parent of the partition device be the master device, rather than
> what lies behind the master.
>
> +config MTD_VIRT_CONCAT
> + tristate "Virtual concatenated MTD devices"
> + help
> + This driver allows creation of a virtual MTD device, which
> + concatenates multiple physical MTD devices into a single one.
> + This is useful to create partitions bigger than the underlying
> + physical chips by allowing cross-chip boundaries.
> +
> source "drivers/mtd/chips/Kconfig"
>
> source "drivers/mtd/maps/Kconfig"
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/Makefile b/drivers/mtd/Makefile
> index 58fc327a5276..c7ee13368a66 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/Makefile
> @@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SSFDC) += ssfdc.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SM_FTL) += sm_ftl.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_OOPS) += mtdoops.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_SWAP) += mtdswap.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_VIRT_CONCAT) += mtd_virt_concat.o
>
> nftl-objs := nftlcore.o nftlmount.o
> inftl-objs := inftlcore.o inftlmount.o
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/mtd_virt_concat.c b/drivers/mtd/mtd_virt_concat.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..23c7170ac32f
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/mtd_virt_concat.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,240 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +/*
> + * Virtual concat MTD device driver
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2018 Bernhard Frauendienst
> + * Author: Bernhard Frauendienst <kernel@nospam.obeliks.de>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/mtd/concat.h>
> +#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
> +#include "mtdcore.h"
> +#include <linux/mtd/partitions.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/of_platform.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +
> +#define CONCAT_PROP "part-concat"
> +#define MIN_DEV_PER_CONCAT 2
> +
> +/**
> + * struct mtd_virt_concat - concatenation container
> + * @vmtd: Virtual mtd_concat device
> + * @count: Number of physical underlaying devices in @devices
> + * @devices: Array of the physical devices used
> + */
> +struct mtd_virt_concat {
> + struct mtd_info *vmtd;
> + unsigned int count;
> + struct mtd_info **devices;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct mtd_virt_concat_node - components of a concatenation
> + * @head: List handle
> + * @count: Number of nodes
> + * @nodes: Pointer to the nodes (partitions) to concatenate
> + * @concat: Concatenation container
> + */
> +struct mtd_virt_concat_node {
> + struct list_head head;
> + unsigned int count;
> + struct device_node **nodes;
> + struct mtd_virt_concat *concat;
> +};
> +
> +static LIST_HEAD(concat_list);
> +
> +static void mtd_virt_concat_put_mtd_devices(struct mtd_virt_concat *concat)
> +{
> + int i;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < concat->count; i++)
> + put_mtd_device(concat->devices[i]);
> +}
> +
> +static int mtd_virt_concat_create_join(struct mtd_virt_concat_node *item)
> +{
> + struct mtd_virt_concat *concat;
> + struct mtd_info *mtd;
> + ssize_t name_sz;
> + char *name;
> + int ret, i;
> +
> + concat = kzalloc(sizeof(*concat), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!concat)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + concat->devices = kcalloc(item->count,
> + sizeof(*concat->devices),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!concat->devices) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto free_concat;
> + }
> +
> + /* Aggregate the physical devices */
> + for (i = 0; i < item->count; i++) {
> + mtd = get_mtd_device_by_node(item->nodes[i]);
> + if (IS_ERR(mtd)) {
> + ret = PTR_ERR(mtd);
> + goto put_mtd_devices;
> + }
> +
> + concat->devices[concat->count++] = mtd;
> + }
> +
> + /* Create the virtual device */
> + name_sz = snprintf(NULL, 0, "%s-%s%s-concat",
> + concat->devices[0]->name,
> + concat->devices[1]->name,
> + concat->count > 2 ? "-+" : "");
> + name = kmalloc(name_sz, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!name) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto put_mtd_devices;
> + }
> +
> + sprintf(name, "%s-%s%s-concat",
> + concat->devices[0]->name,
> + concat->devices[1]->name,
> + concat->count > 2 ? "-+" : "");
> +
> + concat->vmtd = mtd_concat_create(concat->devices, concat->count, name);
> + if (!concat->vmtd) {
> + ret = -ENXIO;
> + goto free_name;
> + }
> +
> + /* Arbitrary set the first device as parent */
> + concat->vmtd->dev.parent = &concat->devices[0]->dev;
> +
> + /* Register the platform device */
> + ret = mtd_device_register(concat->vmtd, NULL, 0);
> + if (ret)
> + goto destroy_concat;
> +
> + item->concat = concat;
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +destroy_concat:
> + mtd_concat_destroy(concat->vmtd);
> +free_name:
> + kfree(name);
> +put_mtd_devices:
> + mtd_virt_concat_put_mtd_devices(concat);
> +free_concat:
> + kfree(concat);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void mtd_virt_concat_destroy_joins(void)
> +{
> + struct mtd_virt_concat_node *item, *tmp;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(item, tmp, &concat_list, head) {
> + if (item->concat) {
> + mtd_device_unregister(item->concat->vmtd);
> + kfree(item->concat->vmtd->name);
> + mtd_concat_destroy(item->concat->vmtd);
> + mtd_virt_concat_put_mtd_devices(item->concat);
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static int mtd_virt_concat_create_item(struct device_node *parts,
> + unsigned int count)
> +{
> + struct mtd_virt_concat_node *item;
> + int i;
> +
> + item = kzalloc(sizeof(*item), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!item)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + item->count = count;
> + item->nodes = kcalloc(count, sizeof(*item->nodes), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!item->nodes) {
> + kfree(item);
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
> + item->nodes[i] = of_parse_phandle(parts, CONCAT_PROP, i);
> +
> + list_add_tail(&item->head, &concat_list);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void mtd_virt_concat_destroy_items(void)
> +{
> + struct mtd_virt_concat_node *item, *temp;
> + int i;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(item, temp, &concat_list, head) {
> + for (i = 0; i < item->count; i++)
> + of_node_put(item->nodes[i]);
> +
> + kfree(item->nodes);
> + kfree(item);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static int __init mtd_virt_concat_init(void)
> +{
> + struct mtd_virt_concat_node *item;
> + struct device_node *parts = NULL;
> + int ret = 0, count;
> +
> + /* List all the concatenations found in DT */
> + do {
> + parts = of_find_node_with_property(parts, CONCAT_PROP);
> + if (!of_device_is_available(parts))
> + continue;
> +
> + count = of_count_phandle_with_args(parts, CONCAT_PROP, NULL);
> + if (count < MIN_DEV_PER_CONCAT)
> + continue;
> +
> + ret = mtd_virt_concat_create_item(parts, count);
> + if (ret) {
> + of_node_put(parts);
> + goto destroy_items;
> + }
> + } while (parts);
> +
> + /* TODO: also parse the cmdline */
> +
> + /* Create the concatenations */
> + list_for_each_entry(item, &concat_list, head) {
> + ret = mtd_virt_concat_create_join(item);
> + if (ret)
> + goto destroy_joins;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +destroy_joins:
> + mtd_virt_concat_destroy_joins();
> +destroy_items:
> + mtd_virt_concat_destroy_items();
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +late_initcall(mtd_virt_concat_init);
> +
> +static void __exit mtd_virt_concat_exit(void)
> +{
> + mtd_virt_concat_destroy_joins();
> + mtd_virt_concat_destroy_items();
> +}
> +module_exit(mtd_virt_concat_exit);
> +
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Bernhard Frauendienst <kernel@nospam.obeliks.de>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Virtual concat MTD device driver");
>

--
Regards
Vignesh

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