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Subject[RFC PATCH 5/9] samples/vfio-pci/igd_dt: sample driver to mediate a passthrough IGD
Date
This is a sample driver to use mediate ops for passthrough IGDs.

This sample driver does not directly bind to IGD device but defines what
IGD devices to support via a pciidlist.

It registers its vfio_pci_mediate_ops to vfio-pci on driver loading.

when vfio_pci->open() calls vfio_pci_mediate_ops->open(), it will check
the vendor id and device id of the pdev passed in. If they match in
pciidlist, success is returned; otherwise, failure is return.

After a success vfio_pci_mediate_ops->open(), vfio-pci will further call
.get_region_info/.rw/.mmap interface with a mediate handle for each region
and therefore the regions access get mediated/customized.

when vfio-pci->release() is called on the IGD, it first calls
vfio_pci_mediate_ops->release() with a mediate_handle to close the
opened IGD device instance in this sample driver.

This sample driver unregister its vfio_pci_mediate_ops on driver exiting.

Cc: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@intel.com>

Signed-off-by: Yan Zhao <yan.y.zhao@intel.com>
---
samples/Kconfig | 6 ++
samples/Makefile | 1 +
samples/vfio-pci/Makefile | 2 +
samples/vfio-pci/igd_dt.c | 191 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 200 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 samples/vfio-pci/Makefile
create mode 100644 samples/vfio-pci/igd_dt.c

diff --git a/samples/Kconfig b/samples/Kconfig
index c8dacb4dda80..2da42a725c03 100644
--- a/samples/Kconfig
+++ b/samples/Kconfig
@@ -169,4 +169,10 @@ config SAMPLE_VFS
as mount API and statx(). Note that this is restricted to the x86
arch whilst it accesses system calls that aren't yet in all arches.

+config SAMPLE_VFIO_PCI_IGD_DT
+ tristate "Build example driver to dynamicaly trap a passthroughed device bound to VFIO-PCI -- loadable modules only"
+ depends on VFIO_PCI && m
+ help
+ Build a sample driver to show how to dynamically trap a passthroughed device that bound to VFIO-PCI
+
endif # SAMPLES
diff --git a/samples/Makefile b/samples/Makefile
index 7d6e4ca28d69..f0f422e7dd11 100644
--- a/samples/Makefile
+++ b/samples/Makefile
@@ -18,5 +18,6 @@ subdir-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_SECCOMP) += seccomp
obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_TRACE_EVENTS) += trace_events/
obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_TRACE_PRINTK) += trace_printk/
obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_PCI_SKELETON) += v4l/
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_PCI_IGD_DT) += vfio-pci/
obj-y += vfio-mdev/
subdir-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFS) += vfs
diff --git a/samples/vfio-pci/Makefile b/samples/vfio-pci/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4b8acc145d65
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/vfio-pci/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_VFIO_PCI_IGD_DT) += igd_dt.o
diff --git a/samples/vfio-pci/igd_dt.c b/samples/vfio-pci/igd_dt.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..857e8d01b0d1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/vfio-pci/igd_dt.c
@@ -0,0 +1,191 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Dynamic trap IGD device that bound to vfio-pci device driver
+ * Copyright(c) 2019 Intel Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+#include <linux/sysfs.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/eventfd.h>
+
+#define VERSION_STRING "0.1"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Intel Corporation"
+
+/* helper macros copied from vfio-pci */
+#define VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT 40
+#define VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_TO_INDEX(off) ((off) >> VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT)
+#define VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_MASK (((u64)(1) << VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT) - 1)
+
+/* This driver supports to open max 256 device devices */
+#define MAX_OPEN_DEVICE 256
+
+/*
+ * below are pciids of two IGD devices supported in this driver
+ * It is only for demo purpose.
+ * You can add more device ids in this list to support any pci devices
+ * that you want to dynamically trap its pci bars
+ */
+static const struct pci_device_id pciidlist[] = {
+ {0x8086, 0x5927, ~0, ~0, 0x30000, 0xff0000, 0},
+ {0x8086, 0x193b, ~0, ~0, 0x30000, 0xff0000, 0},
+};
+
+static long igd_device_bits[MAX_OPEN_DEVICE/BITS_PER_LONG + 1];
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(device_bit_lock);
+
+struct igd_dt_device {
+ __u32 vendor;
+ __u32 device;
+ __u32 handle;
+};
+
+static struct igd_dt_device *igd_device_array[MAX_OPEN_DEVICE];
+
+int igd_dt_open(struct pci_dev *pdev, u64 *caps, u32 *mediate_handle)
+{
+ int supported_dev_cnt = sizeof(pciidlist)/sizeof(struct pci_device_id);
+ int i, ret = 0;
+ struct igd_dt_device *igd_device;
+ int handle;
+
+ if (!try_module_get(THIS_MODULE))
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < supported_dev_cnt; i++) {
+ if (pciidlist[i].vendor == pdev->vendor &&
+ pciidlist[i].device == pdev->device)
+ goto support;
+ }
+
+ module_put(THIS_MODULE);
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+support:
+ mutex_lock(&device_bit_lock);
+ handle = find_next_zero_bit(igd_device_bits, MAX_OPEN_DEVICE, 0);
+ if (handle >= MAX_OPEN_DEVICE) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ igd_device = kzalloc(sizeof(*igd_device), GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (!igd_device) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ igd_device->vendor = pdev->vendor;
+ igd_device->device = pdev->device;
+ igd_device->handle = handle;
+ igd_device_array[handle] = igd_device;
+ set_bit(handle, igd_device_bits);
+
+ pr_info("%s open device %x %x, handle=%x\n", __func__,
+ pdev->vendor, pdev->device, handle);
+
+ *mediate_handle = handle;
+
+error:
+ mutex_unlock(&device_bit_lock);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ module_put(THIS_MODULE);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+void igd_dt_release(int handle)
+{
+ struct igd_dt_device *igd_device;
+
+ mutex_lock(&device_bit_lock);
+
+ if (handle >= MAX_OPEN_DEVICE || !igd_device_array[handle] ||
+ !test_bit(handle, igd_device_bits)) {
+ pr_err("handle mismatch, please check interaction with vfio-pci module\n");
+ mutex_unlock(&device_bit_lock);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ igd_device = igd_device_array[handle];
+ igd_device_array[handle] = NULL;
+ clear_bit(handle, igd_device_bits);
+ mutex_unlock(&device_bit_lock);
+
+ pr_info("release: handle=%d, igd_device VID DID =%x %x\n",
+ handle, igd_device->vendor, igd_device->device);
+
+
+ kfree(igd_device);
+ module_put(THIS_MODULE);
+
+}
+
+static void igd_dt_get_region_info(int handle,
+ struct vfio_region_info *info,
+ struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
+ struct vfio_region_info_cap_type *cap_type)
+{
+}
+
+static ssize_t igd_dt_rw(int handle, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos,
+ bool iswrite, bool *pt)
+{
+ *pt = true;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int igd_dt_mmap(int handle, struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool *pt)
+{
+ *pt = true;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+static struct vfio_pci_mediate_ops igd_dt_ops = {
+ .name = "IGD dt",
+ .open = igd_dt_open,
+ .release = igd_dt_release,
+ .get_region_info = igd_dt_get_region_info,
+ .rw = igd_dt_rw,
+ .mmap = igd_dt_mmap,
+};
+
+
+static int __init igd_dt_init(void)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ pr_info("igd_dt: %s\n", __func__);
+
+ memset(igd_device_bits, 0, sizeof(igd_device_bits));
+ memset(igd_device_array, 0, sizeof(igd_device_array));
+ vfio_pci_register_mediate_ops(&igd_dt_ops);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void __exit igd_dt_exit(void)
+{
+ pr_info("igd_dt: Unloaded!\n");
+ vfio_pci_unregister_mediate_ops(&igd_dt_ops);
+}
+
+module_init(igd_dt_init)
+module_exit(igd_dt_exit)
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_INFO(supported, "Sample driver that Dynamic Trap a passthoughed IGD bound to vfio-pci");
+MODULE_VERSION(VERSION_STRING);
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
--
2.17.1
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