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SubjectRe: [PATCH] initramfs: fix 'bad variable name' error in gen_initramfs_list.sh
On Tue, Dec 31, 2019 at 12:13 AM Justin Capella <justincapella@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> I was looking at this, and in theory there are other problems that
> could arise from non-escaped characters, or things with leading
> hyphens... In general it isn't great to assume ls output will play
> nicely with the internal field separator / IFS. I think a better
> solution would be to use something like ${foo@Q} and instead of trying
> to scrape ls -l, maybe using stat, since it can be asked to print out
> the device number.

I am not sure if 'stat' is necessarily preferred over 'ls -l'.

Commit a670b0b4aed129dc11b465c1c330bfe9202023e5
says 'stat' is not standardized.

There is some room for argument
how far we should care about the portability, though.


>
> But I don't think this patch fixes the problem mentioned at all-- I
> think the problem is initfs is not a variable name on line 61:

cmd_initramfs is defined at line 46.

Look into scripts/Kbuild.include
if you want to know how if_changed works.


> $(call if_changed,initfs)
>
> https://github.com/torvalds/linux/blob/351c8a09b00b5c51c8f58b016fffe51f87e2d820/usr/Makefile#L61
>
> The Makefile and script look like more patches would be needed to fix
> mentioned issue, and I'm kind of wondering what the intent behind
> lines 31-32 is...
>
> ramfs-input := $(if $(filter-out "",$(CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE)), \
> $(shell echo $(CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE)),-d)
>
> why filter nothing, why shell echo?

It does filter "", which is different from nothing.

You need to notice GNU Make handles double-quote (")
as a normal character.
There is no special meaning as it has in shell.

'echo' is used just for ripping off the double-quotes.


>
> Quoting and/or proper escaping would be needed in many other places,
> and I suspect cpio input is always regenerated...

I do not think so.

If the cpio input is regenerated,
the following log is shown.

GEN usr/initramfs_data.cpio


I do not see it every time.


> The use of sed to
> manually escape things and suggesting using \ instead of using the
> argument terminator "--"... If weird paths with spaces and stuff are a
> requirement for the script needs some overhauling

If you find a problem in particular, a patch is welcome.

But, what you stated above comes from your misunderstanding.




> On Mon, Dec 30, 2019 at 5:21 AM Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > Prior to commit 858805b336be ("kbuild: add $(BASH) to run scripts with
> > bash-extension"), this shell script was almost always run by bash since
> > bash is usually installed on the system by default.
> >
> > Now, this script is run by sh, which might be a symlink to dash. On such
> > distros, the following code emits an error:
> >
> > local dev=`LC_ALL=C ls -l "${location}"`
> >
> > You can reproduce the build error, for example by setting
> > CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE="/dev".
> >
> > GEN usr/initramfs_data.cpio.gz
> > ./usr/gen_initramfs_list.sh: 131: local: 1: bad variable name
> > make[1]: *** [usr/Makefile:61: usr/initramfs_data.cpio.gz] Error 2
> >
> > This is because `LC_ALL=C ls -l "${location}"` contains spaces.
> > Surrounding it with double-quotes fixes the error.
> >
> > Fixes: 858805b336be ("kbuild: add $(BASH) to run scripts with bash-extension")
> > Reported-by: Jory A. Pratt <anarchy@gentoo.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org>
> > ---
> >
> > usr/gen_initramfs_list.sh | 2 +-
> > 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/usr/gen_initramfs_list.sh b/usr/gen_initramfs_list.sh
> > index 0aad760fcd8c..2bbac73e6477 100755
> > --- a/usr/gen_initramfs_list.sh
> > +++ b/usr/gen_initramfs_list.sh
> > @@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ parse() {
> > str="${ftype} ${name} ${location} ${str}"
> > ;;
> > "nod")
> > - local dev=`LC_ALL=C ls -l "${location}"`
> > + local dev="`LC_ALL=C ls -l "${location}"`"
> > local maj=`field 5 ${dev}`
> > local min=`field 6 ${dev}`
> > maj=${maj%,}
> > --
> > 2.17.1
> >



--
Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada

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