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Subject[PATCH v8 0/5] Add NUMA-awareness to qspinlock
Minor changes from v7 based on feedback from Longman:

- Move __init functions from alternative.c to qspinlock_cna.h

- Introduce enum for return values from cna_pre_scan(), for better

- Add/revise a few comments to improve readability.


Lock throughput can be increased by handing a lock to a waiter on the
same NUMA node as the lock holder, provided care is taken to avoid
starvation of waiters on other NUMA nodes. This patch introduces CNA
(compact NUMA-aware lock) as the slow path for qspinlock. It is
enabled through a configuration option (NUMA_AWARE_SPINLOCKS).

CNA is a NUMA-aware version of the MCS lock. Spinning threads are
organized in two queues, a main queue for threads running on the same
node as the current lock holder, and a secondary queue for threads
running on other nodes. Threads store the ID of the node on which
they are running in their queue nodes. After acquiring the MCS lock and
before acquiring the spinlock, the lock holder scans the main queue
looking for a thread running on the same node (pre-scan). If found (call
it thread T), all threads in the main queue between the current lock
holder and T are moved to the end of the secondary queue. If such T
is not found, we make another scan of the main queue after acquiring
the spinlock when unlocking the MCS lock (post-scan), starting at the
node where pre-scan stopped. If both scans fail to find such T, the
MCS lock is passed to the first thread in the secondary queue. If the
secondary queue is empty, the MCS lock is passed to the next thread in the
main queue. To avoid starvation of threads in the secondary queue, those
threads are moved back to the head of the main queue after a certain
number of intra-node lock hand-offs.

More details are available at

The series applies on top of v5.5.0-rc2, commit ea200dec51.
Performance numbers are available in previous revisions
of the series.

Further comments are welcome and appreciated.

Alex Kogan (5):
locking/qspinlock: Rename mcs lock/unlock macros and make them more
locking/qspinlock: Refactor the qspinlock slow path
locking/qspinlock: Introduce CNA into the slow path of qspinlock
locking/qspinlock: Introduce starvation avoidance into CNA
locking/qspinlock: Introduce the shuffle reduction optimization into

.../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 18 +
arch/arm/include/asm/mcs_spinlock.h | 6 +-
arch/x86/Kconfig | 20 +
arch/x86/include/asm/qspinlock.h | 4 +
arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c | 4 +
include/asm-generic/mcs_spinlock.h | 4 +-
kernel/locking/mcs_spinlock.h | 20 +-
kernel/locking/qspinlock.c | 82 +++-
kernel/locking/qspinlock_cna.h | 400 ++++++++++++++++++
kernel/locking/qspinlock_paravirt.h | 2 +-
10 files changed, 537 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 kernel/locking/qspinlock_cna.h

2.21.0 (Apple Git-122.2)

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