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Subject[PATCH v2 2/2] clk: clarify that clk_set_rate() does updates from top to bottom
clk_set_rate() currently starts updating the rate for a clock at the
top-most affected clock and then walks down the tree to update the
bottom-most affected clock last.
This behavior is important for protected clocks where we can switch
between multiple parents to achieve the same output.

An example for this is the mali clock tree on Amlogic SoCs:
mali_0_mux (must not change when enabled)
mali_0_div (must not change when enabled)
mali_0 (gate)
mali_1_mux (must not change when enabled)
mali_1_div (must not change when enabled)
mali_1 (gate)
The final output can either use mali_0_gate or mali_1. To change the
final output we must switch to the "inactive" tree. Assuming mali_0 is
active, then we need to prepare mali_1 with the new desired rate and
finally switch the output to the mali_1 tree. This process will then
protect the mali_1 tree and at the same time unprotect the mali_0 tree.
The next call to clk_set_rate() will then switch from the mali_1 tree
back to mali_0.

Signed-off-by: Martin Blumenstingl <>
include/linux/clk.h | 3 +++
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/clk.h b/include/linux/clk.h
index 18b7b95a8253..7fd6a1febcf4 100644
--- a/include/linux/clk.h
+++ b/include/linux/clk.h
@@ -627,6 +627,9 @@ long clk_round_rate(struct clk *clk, unsigned long rate);
* @clk: clock source
* @rate: desired clock rate in Hz
+ * Updating the rate starts at the top-most affected clock and then
+ * walks the tree down to the bottom-most clock that needs updating.
+ *
* Returns success (0) or negative errno.
int clk_set_rate(struct clk *clk, unsigned long rate);
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