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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] block: make the io_ticks counter more accurate
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On 2019/12/26 11:39 上午, Jens Axboe wrote:
> On 12/25/19 8:10 PM, Wen Yang wrote:
>> Instead of the jiffies, we should update the io_ticks counter
>> with the passed in parameter 'now'.
>
> I'm still missing some justification for this. What exactly is this
> patch trying to solve or improve? Your commit message says "we should",
> but why?
>

Hi Jens,

Thank you for your comments.
We observed in the document that:

io_ticks
========

This value counts the number of milliseconds during which the device has
had I/O requests queued.

And the iostat command uses io_ticks count to calculate %util:
https://github.com/sysstat/sysstat/blob/master/rd_stats.c#L372

eg:
Device: rrqm/s wrqm/s r/s w/s rkB/s wkB/s
avgrq-sz avgqu-sz await r_await w_await svctm %util


So we need to unify the time windows of these statistics(io_ticks,
rd_tick, time_in_queue, etc).
However, the current code uses jiffies to count io_ticks.
Jiffies is different from the passed in parameter 'now',
so these statistics will be inconsistent:

void blk_account_io_done(struct request *req, u64 now)
{

update_io_ticks(part, jiffies);
part_stat_inc(part, ios[sgrp]);
part_stat_add(part, nsecs[sgrp], now - req->start_time_ns);
part_stat_add(part, time_in_queue, nsecs_to_jiffies64(now -
req->start_time_ns));

}

In addition, we also found another issue:
the update_io_tick() function only adds one to io_ticks at a time,
which will result in the calculated %util lower than the real one.

https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/tree/block/bio.c#n1713


We will try our best to improve it.
please kindly help with some suggestions.
Thanks.

--
Best Regards,
Wen

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