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Subject[tip: perf/core] x86/alternatives: Implement a better poke_int3_handler() completion scheme
The following commit has been merged into the perf/core branch of tip:

Commit-ID: 1f676247f36a4bdea134de5e8bc5041db9678c4e
Gitweb: https://git.kernel.org/tip/1f676247f36a4bdea134de5e8bc5041db9678c4e
Author: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
AuthorDate: Wed, 11 Dec 2019 01:25:57 +01:00
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
CommitterDate: Wed, 25 Dec 2019 10:43:29 +01:00

x86/alternatives: Implement a better poke_int3_handler() completion scheme

Commit:

285a54efe386 ("x86/alternatives: Sync bp_patching update for avoiding NULL pointer exception")

added an additional text_poke_sync() IPI to text_poke_bp_batch() to
handle the rare case where another CPU is still inside an INT3 handler
while we clear the global state.

Instead of spraying IPIs around, count the active INT3 handlers and
wait for them to go away before proceeding to clear/reuse the data.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <bristot@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c | 84 +++++++++++++++++++++-------------
1 file changed, 53 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
index 30e8673..34360ca 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
@@ -948,10 +948,29 @@ struct text_poke_loc {
const u8 text[POKE_MAX_OPCODE_SIZE];
};

-static struct bp_patching_desc {
+struct bp_patching_desc {
struct text_poke_loc *vec;
int nr_entries;
-} bp_patching;
+ atomic_t refs;
+};
+
+static struct bp_patching_desc *bp_desc;
+
+static inline struct bp_patching_desc *try_get_desc(struct bp_patching_desc **descp)
+{
+ struct bp_patching_desc *desc = READ_ONCE(*descp); /* rcu_dereference */
+
+ if (!desc || !atomic_inc_not_zero(&desc->refs))
+ return NULL;
+
+ return desc;
+}
+
+static inline void put_desc(struct bp_patching_desc *desc)
+{
+ smp_mb__before_atomic();
+ atomic_dec(&desc->refs);
+}

static inline void *text_poke_addr(struct text_poke_loc *tp)
{
@@ -972,26 +991,26 @@ NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(patch_cmp);

int notrace poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
+ struct bp_patching_desc *desc;
struct text_poke_loc *tp;
+ int len, ret = 0;
void *ip;
- int len;
+
+ if (user_mode(regs))
+ return 0;

/*
* Having observed our INT3 instruction, we now must observe
- * bp_patching.nr_entries.
+ * bp_desc:
*
- * nr_entries != 0 INT3
+ * bp_desc = desc INT3
* WMB RMB
- * write INT3 if (nr_entries)
- *
- * Idem for other elements in bp_patching.
+ * write INT3 if (desc)
*/
smp_rmb();

- if (likely(!bp_patching.nr_entries))
- return 0;
-
- if (user_mode(regs))
+ desc = try_get_desc(&bp_desc);
+ if (!desc)
return 0;

/*
@@ -1002,16 +1021,16 @@ int notrace poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
/*
* Skip the binary search if there is a single member in the vector.
*/
- if (unlikely(bp_patching.nr_entries > 1)) {
- tp = bsearch(ip, bp_patching.vec, bp_patching.nr_entries,
+ if (unlikely(desc->nr_entries > 1)) {
+ tp = bsearch(ip, desc->vec, desc->nr_entries,
sizeof(struct text_poke_loc),
patch_cmp);
if (!tp)
- return 0;
+ goto out_put;
} else {
- tp = bp_patching.vec;
+ tp = desc->vec;
if (text_poke_addr(tp) != ip)
- return 0;
+ goto out_put;
}

len = text_opcode_size(tp->opcode);
@@ -1023,7 +1042,7 @@ int notrace poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
* Someone poked an explicit INT3, they'll want to handle it,
* do not consume.
*/
- return 0;
+ goto out_put;

case CALL_INSN_OPCODE:
int3_emulate_call(regs, (long)ip + tp->rel32);
@@ -1038,7 +1057,11 @@ int notrace poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
BUG();
}

- return 1;
+ ret = 1;
+
+out_put:
+ put_desc(desc);
+ return ret;
}
NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(poke_int3_handler);

@@ -1069,14 +1092,18 @@ static int tp_vec_nr;
*/
static void text_poke_bp_batch(struct text_poke_loc *tp, unsigned int nr_entries)
{
+ struct bp_patching_desc desc = {
+ .vec = tp,
+ .nr_entries = nr_entries,
+ .refs = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
+ };
unsigned char int3 = INT3_INSN_OPCODE;
unsigned int i;
int do_sync;

lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex);

- bp_patching.vec = tp;
- bp_patching.nr_entries = nr_entries;
+ smp_store_release(&bp_desc, &desc); /* rcu_assign_pointer */

/*
* Corresponding read barrier in int3 notifier for making sure the
@@ -1131,17 +1158,12 @@ static void text_poke_bp_batch(struct text_poke_loc *tp, unsigned int nr_entries
text_poke_sync();

/*
- * sync_core() implies an smp_mb() and orders this store against
- * the writing of the new instruction.
+ * Remove and synchronize_rcu(), except we have a very primitive
+ * refcount based completion.
*/
- bp_patching.nr_entries = 0;
- /*
- * This sync_core () call ensures that all INT3 handlers in progress
- * have finished. This allows poke_int3_handler() after this to
- * avoid touching bp_paching.vec by checking nr_entries == 0.
- */
- text_poke_sync();
- bp_patching.vec = NULL;
+ WRITE_ONCE(bp_desc, NULL); /* RCU_INIT_POINTER */
+ if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&desc.refs))
+ atomic_cond_read_acquire(&desc.refs, !VAL);
}

void text_poke_loc_init(struct text_poke_loc *tp, void *addr,
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