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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 3/3] arm64: implement KPROBES_ON_FTRACE
Hi Jisheng,

On Wed, 25 Dec 2019 09:44:21 +0000
Jisheng Zhang <Jisheng.Zhang@synaptics.com> wrote:

> KPROBES_ON_FTRACE avoids much of the overhead with regular kprobes as it
> eliminates the need for a trap, as well as the need to emulate or
> single-step instructions.
>
> Tested on berlin arm64 platform.
>
> ~ # mount -t debugfs debugfs /sys/kernel/debug/
> ~ # cd /sys/kernel/debug/
> /sys/kernel/debug # echo 'p _do_fork' > tracing/kprobe_events
>
> before the patch:
>
> /sys/kernel/debug # cat kprobes/list
> ffffff801009fe28 k _do_fork+0x0 [DISABLED]
>
> after the patch:
>
> /sys/kernel/debug # cat kprobes/list
> ffffff801009ff54 k _do_fork+0x0 [DISABLED][FTRACE]

What happens if user puts a probe on _do_fork+4?
Is that return -EILSEQ correctly?

>
> Signed-off-by: Jisheng Zhang <Jisheng.Zhang@synaptics.com>
> ---
> .../debug/kprobes-on-ftrace/arch-support.txt | 2 +-
> arch/arm64/Kconfig | 1 +
> arch/arm64/include/asm/ftrace.h | 1 +
> arch/arm64/kernel/probes/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/arm64/kernel/probes/ftrace.c | 78 +++++++++++++++++++
> 5 files changed, 82 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/probes/ftrace.c
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/features/debug/kprobes-on-ftrace/arch-support.txt b/Documentation/features/debug/kprobes-on-ftrace/arch-support.txt
> index 4fae0464ddff..f9dd9dd91e0c 100644
> --- a/Documentation/features/debug/kprobes-on-ftrace/arch-support.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/features/debug/kprobes-on-ftrace/arch-support.txt
> @@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
> | alpha: | TODO |
> | arc: | TODO |
> | arm: | TODO |
> - | arm64: | TODO |
> + | arm64: | ok |
> | c6x: | TODO |
> | csky: | TODO |
> | h8300: | TODO |
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> index b1b4476ddb83..92b9882889ac 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
> @@ -166,6 +166,7 @@ config ARM64
> select HAVE_STACKPROTECTOR
> select HAVE_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINTS
> select HAVE_KPROBES
> + select HAVE_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE
> select HAVE_KRETPROBES
> select HAVE_GENERIC_VDSO
> select IOMMU_DMA if IOMMU_SUPPORT
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ftrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ftrace.h
> index 91fa4baa1a93..875aeb839654 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ftrace.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ftrace.h
> @@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
>
> /* The BL at the callsite's adjusted rec->ip */
> #define MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE AARCH64_INSN_SIZE
> +#define FTRACE_IP_EXTENSION MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE
>
> #define FTRACE_PLT_IDX 0
> #define FTRACE_REGS_PLT_IDX 1
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/Makefile
> index 8e4be92e25b1..4020cfc66564 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/Makefile
> @@ -4,3 +4,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES) += kprobes.o decode-insn.o \
> simulate-insn.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_UPROBES) += uprobes.o decode-insn.o \
> simulate-insn.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE) += ftrace.o
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/ftrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/ftrace.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..0643aa2dacdb
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/probes/ftrace.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,78 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
> +/*
> + * Dynamic Ftrace based Kprobes Optimization
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) Hitachi Ltd., 2012
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Jisheng Zhang <jszhang@kernel.org>
> + * Synaptics Incorporated
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kprobes.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * In arm64 FTRACE_WITH_REGS implementation, we patch two nop instructions:
> + * the lr saver and bl ftrace-entry. Both these instructions are claimed
> + * by ftrace and we should allow probing on either instruction.
No, the 2nd bl ftrace-entry must not be probed.
The pair of lr-saver and bl ftrace-entry is tightly coupled. You can not
decouple it.

> + */
> +int arch_check_ftrace_location(struct kprobe *p)
> +{
> + if (ftrace_location((unsigned long)p->addr))
> + p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE;
> + return 0;
> +}

Thus, this must return -EILSEQ if user puts a probe on the bl.

> +
> +/* Ftrace callback handler for kprobes -- called under preepmt disabed */
> +void kprobe_ftrace_handler(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip,
> + struct ftrace_ops *ops, struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> + bool lr_saver = false;
> + struct kprobe *p;
> + struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb;
> +
> + /* Preempt is disabled by ftrace */
> + p = get_kprobe((kprobe_opcode_t *)ip);
> + if (!p) {
> + p = get_kprobe((kprobe_opcode_t *)(ip - MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE));
> + if (unlikely(!p) || kprobe_disabled(p))
> + return;
> + lr_saver = true;

Then, this can be removed.

> + }
> +
> + kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
> + if (kprobe_running()) {
> + kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(p);
> + } else {
> + unsigned long orig_ip = instruction_pointer(regs);
> +
> + if (lr_saver)
> + ip -= MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE;

Ditto.

Thank you,

> + instruction_pointer_set(regs, ip);
> + __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, p);
> + kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE;
> + if (!p->pre_handler || !p->pre_handler(p, regs)) {
> + /*
> + * Emulate singlestep (and also recover regs->pc)
> + * as if there is a nop
> + */
> + instruction_pointer_set(regs,
> + (unsigned long)p->addr + MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE);
> + if (unlikely(p->post_handler)) {
> + kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE;
> + p->post_handler(p, regs, 0);
> + }
> + instruction_pointer_set(regs, orig_ip);
> + }
> + /*
> + * If pre_handler returns !0, it changes regs->pc. We have to
> + * skip emulating post_handler.
> + */
> + __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL);
> + }
> +}
> +NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_ftrace_handler);
> +
> +int arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p)
> +{
> + p->ainsn.api.insn = NULL;
> + return 0;
> +}
> --
> 2.24.1
>


--
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

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