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SubjectRe: Broken sata_nv since 4.19
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On 12/25/19 7:01 AM, Pali Rohár wrote:
> Hi Jens, can you please try to look at this problem?
>
> On Wednesday 25 December 2019 12:05:31 Pali Rohár wrote:
>> On Tuesday 24 December 2019 18:35:29 Pali Rohár wrote:
>>> Hello!
>>>
>>> I upgraded machine with NVIDIA SATA controller (nforce4 chipse) from
>>> Debian Stretch to Debian Buster and SATA disks started to have problems.
>>> I booted back to Debian Stretch kernel version (having userspace
>>> untouched in Buster) and everything was like before, so problem is 100%
>>> kernel related. Problematic is APM support (it does not work at all),
>>> HPA support (kernel show warnings at boot time) and whole booting is
>>> delayed by 10 seconds. Also broken is disk speed test.
>>>
>>> SATA controller is using sata_nv.ko kernel driver and in lspci is
>>> identified as:
>>>
>>> 00:07.0 IDE interface [0101]: NVIDIA Corporation CK804 Serial ATA Controller [10de:0054] (rev f3)
>>> 00:08.0 IDE interface [0101]: NVIDIA Corporation CK804 Serial ATA Controller [10de:0055] (rev f3)
>>>
>>> Debian Stretch has kernel version (which is working fine):
>>>
>>> 4.9.0-11-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.9.189-3+deb9u2 (2019-11-11) x86_64
>>>
>>> Debian Buster has kernel version (which is problematic):
>>>
>>> 4.19.0-6-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.19.67-2+deb10u2 (2019-11-11) x86_64
>>>
>>> So kernel regression happened somewhere between 4.9 and 4.19 versions.
>>>
>>> APM on Stretch:
>>>
>>> $ sudo hdparm -B /dev/sda
>>>
>>> /dev/sda:
>>> APM_level = not supported
>>>
>>> $ sudo hdparm -B /dev/sdb
>>>
>>> /dev/sdb:
>>> APM_level = off
>>>
>>> APM on Buster:
>>>
>>> $ sudo hdparm -B /dev/sda
>>>
>>> /dev/sda:
>>> SG_IO: bad/missing sense data, sb[]: f0 00 05 00 00 00 00 0a 00 aa 55 40 20 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
>>> APM_level = not supported
>>>
>>>
>>> $ sudo hdparm -B /dev/sdb
>>>
>>> /dev/sdb:
>>> SG_IO: bad/missing sense data, sb[]: f0 00 05 00 00 00 00 0a 00 aa 55 40 20 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
>>> APM_level = not supported
>>>
>>> /dev/sda does not support APM, but /dev/sdb supports. I do not
>>> understand what above SG_IO error means, but because it works fine on
>>> older kernel version, it is not hardware problem.
>>>
>>> Disk speed test on Stretch:
>>>
>>> $ sudo hdparm -Tt /dev/sda
>>>
>>> /dev/sda:
>>> Timing cached reads: 118 MB in 2.00 seconds = 58.91 MB/sec
>>> Timing buffered disk reads: 116 MB in 3.09 seconds = 37.54 MB/sec
>>>
>>> $ sudo hdparm -Tt /dev/sdb
>>>
>>> /dev/sdb:
>>> Timing cached reads: 1242 MB in 2.00 seconds = 620.93 MB/sec
>>> Timing buffered disk reads: 388 MB in 3.00 seconds = 129.31 MB/sec
>>>
>>> Disk speed test on Buster:
>>>
>>> $ sudo hdparm -Tt /dev/sda
>>>
>>> /dev/sda:
>>> read() hit EOF - device too small
>>> SG_IO: bad/missing sense data, sb[]: f0 00 05 00 00 00 00 0a 00 aa 55 40 20 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
>>> Timing buffered disk reads: read() hit EOF - device too small
>>>
>>> $ sudo hdparm -Tt /dev/sdb
>>>
>>> /dev/sdb:
>>> read() hit EOF - device too small
>>> SG_IO: bad/missing sense data, sb[]: f0 00 05 00 00 00 00 0a 00 aa 55 40 20 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
>>> Timing buffered disk reads: read() hit EOF - device too small
>>>
>>> As can be seen disk speed test is completely broken on new kernel
>>> version and hdparm returns same error as for APM.
>>>
>>> dmesg output on Stretch:
>>>
>>> [ 1.716970] sata_nv 0000:00:07.0: version 3.5
>>> [ 1.717309] sata_nv 0000:00:07.0: Using ADMA mode
>>> [ 1.717358] sata_nv 0000:00:07.0: Using MSI
>>> [ 1.717810] scsi host0: sata_nv
>>> [ 1.717954] scsi host1: sata_nv
>>> [ 1.718016] ata1: SATA max UDMA/133 cmd 0x9f0 ctl 0xbf0 bmdma 0xd000 irq 20
>>> [ 1.718024] ata2: SATA max UDMA/133 cmd 0x970 ctl 0xb70 bmdma 0xd008 irq 20
>>> [ 1.718308] sata_nv 0000:00:08.0: Using ADMA mode
>>> [ 1.718345] sata_nv 0000:00:08.0: Using MSI
>>> [ 1.718757] scsi host2: sata_nv
>>> [ 1.718886] scsi host3: sata_nv
>>> [ 2.192111] ata1: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
>>> [ 2.194691] ata1.00: HPA detected: current 976771055, native 976773168
>>> [ 2.194701] ata1.00: ATA-8: WDC WD5000AADS-00S9B0, 01.00A01, max UDMA/133
>>> [ 2.194709] ata1.00: 976771055 sectors, multi 16: LBA48 NCQ (depth 31/32)
>>> [ 2.199241] ata1.00: configured for UDMA/133
>>> [ 2.199501] ata1: DMA mask 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF, segment boundary 0xFFFFFFFF, hw segs 61
>>> [ 2.708030] ata2: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
>>> [ 2.710442] ata2.00: ATA-8: TOSHIBA HDWD110, MS2OA8J0, max UDMA/133
>>> [ 2.710455] ata2.00: 1953525168 sectors, multi 16: LBA48 NCQ (depth 31/32)
>>> [ 2.715066] ata2.00: configured for UDMA/133
>>> [ 2.715333] ata2: DMA mask 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF, segment boundary 0xFFFFFFFF, hw segs 61
>>>
>>> dmesg output on Buster:
>>>
>>> [ 2.079293] sata_nv 0000:00:07.0: version 3.5
>>> [ 2.133503] sata_nv 0000:00:07.0: Using ADMA mode
>>> [ 2.137138] sata_nv 0000:00:07.0: Using MSI
>>> [ 2.142043] scsi host0: sata_nv
>>> [ 2.174745] scsi host2: sata_nv
>>> [ 2.178329] ata1: SATA max UDMA/133 cmd 0x9f0 ctl 0xbf0 bmdma 0xd000 irq 20
>>> [ 2.181675] ata2: SATA max UDMA/133 cmd 0x970 ctl 0xb70 bmdma 0xd008 irq 20
>>> [ 2.188680] sata_nv 0000:00:08.0: Using ADMA mode
>>> [ 2.215676] sata_nv 0000:00:08.0: Using MSI
>>> [ 2.219649] scsi host4: sata_nv
>>> [ 2.226626] scsi host5: sata_nv
>>> [ 2.657732] ata1: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
>>> [ 7.773692] ata1.00: qc timeout (cmd 0x27)
>>> [ 7.773738] ata1.00: failed to read native max address (err_mask=0x4)
>>> [ 7.773785] ata1.00: HPA support seems broken, skipping HPA handling
>>> [ 8.245678] ata1: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
>>> [ 8.248009] ata1.00: ATA-8: WDC WD5000AADS-00S9B0, 01.00A01, max UDMA/133
>>> [ 8.248065] ata1.00: 976771055 sectors, multi 16: LBA48 NCQ (depth 32)
>>> [ 8.252593] ata1.00: configured for UDMA/133
>>> [ 8.252964] ata1: DMA mask 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF, segment boundary 0xFFFFFFFF, hw segs 61
>>> [ 8.725693] ata2: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
>>> [ 13.917688] ata2.00: qc timeout (cmd 0x27)
>>> [ 13.920096] ata2.00: failed to read native max address (err_mask=0x4)
>>> [ 13.922491] ata2.00: HPA support seems broken, skipping HPA handling
>>> [ 14.393683] ata2: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
>>> [ 14.398360] ata2.00: ATA-8: TOSHIBA HDWD110, MS2OA8J0, max UDMA/133
>>> [ 14.400813] ata2.00: 1953525168 sectors, multi 16: LBA48 NCQ (depth 32)
>>> [ 14.407722] ata2.00: configured for UDMA/133
>>> [ 14.412939] ata2: DMA mask 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF, segment boundary 0xFFFFFFFF, hw segs 61
>>>
>>> As can be seen new kernel has problems with handling of both SATA
>>> controllers and disks HPA area. Plus before kernel prints
>>> "qc timeout (cmd 0x27)" there is nothing on output, seems that kernel
>>> waits until 5s timeout occur and it slow down booting by 10s.
>>>
>>> Do you have any idea what is happening there? What those SG_IO errors
>>> or dmesg errors means?
>>>
>>> I'm CCing all people who touched sata_nv.c file between 4.9 and 4.19
>>> versions, so maybe somebody would know anything about this problem.
>>>
>>> If you need more information or other outputs, please let me know and I
>>> can provide it.
>>
>> Now I tested also versions 4.11, 4.12, 4.13, 4.14, 4.15, 4.16, 4.17 and
>> 4.18. And problem appeared only in 4.18 (all previous versions work
>> fine) In 4.18 dmesg is:
>>
>> [ 8.596039] ata2: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
>> [ 8.598489] ata2: illegal qc_active transition (100000000->100000001)
>> [ 13.792086] ata2.00: qc timeout (cmd 0x27)
>> [ 13.792122] ata2.00: failed to read native max address (err_mask=0x4)
>> [ 13.792167] ata2.00: HPA support seems broken, skipping HPA handling
>> [ 14.264041] ata2: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113 SControl 300)
>> [ 14.268756] ata2.00: ATA-8: TOSHIBA HDWD110, MS2OA8J0, max UDMA/133
>> [ 14.271230] ata2.00: 1953525168 sectors, multi 16: LBA48 NCQ (depth 32)
>> [ 14.278161] ata2.00: configured for UDMA/133
>> [ 14.283427] ata2: DMA mask 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF, segment boundary 0xFFFFFFFF, hw segs 61
>>
>> (There is another line "illegal qc_active transition" which is not
>> present in 4.19)
>>
>> So this problem must have been introduced during 4.18 release cycle as
>> 4.17 version is working fine.
>
> I tried to git bisect this problem between 4.17 and 4.18. I used
> following command to filter relevant libata.ko and sata_nv.ko modules:
>
> $ git bisect start v4.18 v4.17 -- drivers/ata/libata* drivers/ata/sata_nv.c
>
> And here are results:
>
> sata_nv.ko and libata.ko compiled from commit 804689 (libata: Fix
> command retry decision) for 4.17 kernel are working fine.
>
> sata_nv.ko and libata.ko compiled from commit e3ed89 (libata: bump
> ->qc_active to a 64-bit type) for 4.18 kernel are broken.
>
> So problem seems to be somehow related with introduction of hardware
> tags done by Jens Axboe.

Can you try with this patch:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-ide/20191213080408.27032-1-s.hauer@pengutronix.de/T/#u

--
Jens Axboe

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