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SubjectRe: [PATCH RESEND v2 15/17] KVM: selftests: Add dirty ring buffer test
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On 2019/12/21 上午10:04, Peter Xu wrote:
> Add the initial dirty ring buffer test.
>
> The current test implements the userspace dirty ring collection, by
> only reaping the dirty ring when the ring is full.
>
> So it's still running asynchronously like this:
>
> vcpu main thread
>
> 1. vcpu dirties pages
> 2. vcpu gets dirty ring full
> (userspace exit)
>
> 3. main thread waits until full
> (so hardware buffers flushed)
> 4. main thread collects
> 5. main thread continues vcpu
>
> 6. vcpu continues, goes back to 1
>
> We can't directly collects dirty bits during vcpu execution because
> otherwise we can't guarantee the hardware dirty bits were flushed when
> we collect and we're very strict on the dirty bits so otherwise we can
> fail the future verify procedure. A follow up patch will make this
> test to support async just like the existing dirty log test, by adding
> a vcpu kick mechanism.
>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
> ---
> tools/testing/selftests/kvm/dirty_log_test.c | 174 +++++++++++++++++-
> .../testing/selftests/kvm/include/kvm_util.h | 3 +
> tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util.c | 56 ++++++
> .../selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util_internal.h | 3 +
> 4 files changed, 234 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/dirty_log_test.c b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/dirty_log_test.c
> index 3542311f56ff..af9b1a16c7d1 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/dirty_log_test.c
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/dirty_log_test.c
> @@ -12,8 +12,10 @@
> #include <unistd.h>
> #include <time.h>
> #include <pthread.h>
> +#include <semaphore.h>
> #include <linux/bitmap.h>
> #include <linux/bitops.h>
> +#include <asm/barrier.h>
>
> #include "test_util.h"
> #include "kvm_util.h"
> @@ -57,6 +59,8 @@
> # define test_and_clear_bit_le test_and_clear_bit
> #endif
>
> +#define TEST_DIRTY_RING_COUNT 1024
> +
> /*
> * Guest/Host shared variables. Ensure addr_gva2hva() and/or
> * sync_global_to/from_guest() are used when accessing from
> @@ -128,6 +132,10 @@ static uint64_t host_dirty_count;
> static uint64_t host_clear_count;
> static uint64_t host_track_next_count;
>
> +/* Whether dirty ring reset is requested, or finished */
> +static sem_t dirty_ring_vcpu_stop;
> +static sem_t dirty_ring_vcpu_cont;
> +
> enum log_mode_t {
> /* Only use KVM_GET_DIRTY_LOG for logging */
> LOG_MODE_DIRTY_LOG = 0,
> @@ -135,6 +143,9 @@ enum log_mode_t {
> /* Use both KVM_[GET|CLEAR]_DIRTY_LOG for logging */
> LOG_MODE_CLERA_LOG = 1,
>
> + /* Use dirty ring for logging */
> + LOG_MODE_DIRTY_RING = 2,
> +
> LOG_MODE_NUM,
> };
>
> @@ -177,6 +188,118 @@ static void default_after_vcpu_run(struct kvm_vm *vm)
> exit_reason_str(run->exit_reason));
> }
>
> +static void dirty_ring_create_vm_done(struct kvm_vm *vm)
> +{
> + /*
> + * Switch to dirty ring mode after VM creation but before any
> + * of the vcpu creation.
> + */
> + vm_enable_dirty_ring(vm, TEST_DIRTY_RING_COUNT *
> + sizeof(struct kvm_dirty_gfn));
> +}
> +
> +static uint32_t dirty_ring_collect_one(struct kvm_dirty_gfn *dirty_gfns,
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring_indices *indices,
> + int slot, void *bitmap,
> + uint32_t num_pages, int index)
> +{
> + struct kvm_dirty_gfn *cur;
> + uint32_t avail, fetch, count = 0;
> +
> + /*
> + * We should keep it somewhere, but to be simple we read
> + * fetch_index too.
> + */
> + fetch = READ_ONCE(indices->fetch_index);
> + avail = READ_ONCE(indices->avail_index);
> +
> + /* Make sure we read valid entries always */
> + rmb();
> +
> + DEBUG("ring %d: fetch: 0x%x, avail: 0x%x\n", index, fetch, avail);
> +
> + while (fetch != avail) {
> + cur = &dirty_gfns[fetch % TEST_DIRTY_RING_COUNT];
> + TEST_ASSERT(cur->pad == 0, "Padding is non-zero: 0x%x", cur->pad);
> + TEST_ASSERT(cur->slot == slot, "Slot number didn't match: "
> + "%u != %u", cur->slot, slot);
> + TEST_ASSERT(cur->offset < num_pages, "Offset overflow: "
> + "0x%llx >= 0x%llx", cur->offset, num_pages);
> + DEBUG("fetch 0x%x offset 0x%llx\n", fetch, cur->offset);
> + test_and_set_bit(cur->offset, bitmap);
> + fetch++;


Any reason to use test_and_set_bit()? I guess set_bit() should be
sufficient.


> + count++;
> + }
> + WRITE_ONCE(indices->fetch_index, fetch);


Is WRITE_ONCE a must here?


> +
> + return count;
> +}
> +
> +static void dirty_ring_collect_dirty_pages(struct kvm_vm *vm, int slot,
> + void *bitmap, uint32_t num_pages)
> +{
> + /* We only have one vcpu */
> + struct kvm_run *state = vcpu_state(vm, VCPU_ID);
> + uint32_t count = 0, cleared;
> +
> + /*
> + * Before fetching the dirty pages, we need a vmexit of the
> + * worker vcpu to make sure the hardware dirty buffers were
> + * flushed. This is not needed for dirty-log/clear-log tests
> + * because get dirty log will natually do so.
> + *
> + * For now we do it in the simple way - we simply wait until
> + * the vcpu uses up the soft dirty ring, then it'll always
> + * do a vmexit to make sure that PML buffers will be flushed.
> + * In real hypervisors, we probably need a vcpu kick or to
> + * stop the vcpus (before the final sync) to make sure we'll
> + * get all the existing dirty PFNs even cached in hardware.
> + */
> + sem_wait(&dirty_ring_vcpu_stop);
> +
> + /* Only have one vcpu */
> + count = dirty_ring_collect_one(vcpu_map_dirty_ring(vm, VCPU_ID),
> + &state->vcpu_ring_indices,
> + slot, bitmap, num_pages, VCPU_ID);
> +
> + cleared = kvm_vm_reset_dirty_ring(vm);
> +
> + /* Cleared pages should be the same as collected */
> + TEST_ASSERT(cleared == count, "Reset dirty pages (%u) mismatch "
> + "with collected (%u)", cleared, count);
> +
> + DEBUG("Notifying vcpu to continue\n");
> + sem_post(&dirty_ring_vcpu_cont);
> +
> + DEBUG("Iteration %ld collected %u pages\n", iteration, count);
> +}
> +
> +static void dirty_ring_after_vcpu_run(struct kvm_vm *vm)
> +{
> + struct kvm_run *run = vcpu_state(vm, VCPU_ID);
> +
> + /* A ucall-sync or ring-full event is allowed */
> + if (get_ucall(vm, VCPU_ID, NULL) == UCALL_SYNC) {
> + /* We should allow this to continue */
> + ;
> + } else if (run->exit_reason == KVM_EXIT_DIRTY_RING_FULL) {
> + sem_post(&dirty_ring_vcpu_stop);
> + DEBUG("vcpu stops because dirty ring full...\n");
> + sem_wait(&dirty_ring_vcpu_cont);
> + DEBUG("vcpu continues now.\n");
> + } else {
> + TEST_ASSERT(false, "Invalid guest sync status: "
> + "exit_reason=%s\n",
> + exit_reason_str(run->exit_reason));
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static void dirty_ring_before_vcpu_join(void)
> +{
> + /* Kick another round of vcpu just to make sure it will quit */
> + sem_post(&dirty_ring_vcpu_cont);
> +}
> +
> struct log_mode {
> const char *name;
> /* Hook when the vm creation is done (before vcpu creation) */
> @@ -186,6 +309,7 @@ struct log_mode {
> void *bitmap, uint32_t num_pages);
> /* Hook to call when after each vcpu run */
> void (*after_vcpu_run)(struct kvm_vm *vm);
> + void (*before_vcpu_join) (void);
> } log_modes[LOG_MODE_NUM] = {
> {
> .name = "dirty-log",
> @@ -199,6 +323,13 @@ struct log_mode {
> .collect_dirty_pages = clear_log_collect_dirty_pages,
> .after_vcpu_run = default_after_vcpu_run,
> },
> + {
> + .name = "dirty-ring",
> + .create_vm_done = dirty_ring_create_vm_done,
> + .collect_dirty_pages = dirty_ring_collect_dirty_pages,
> + .before_vcpu_join = dirty_ring_before_vcpu_join,
> + .after_vcpu_run = dirty_ring_after_vcpu_run,
> + },
> };
>
> /*
> @@ -245,6 +376,14 @@ static void log_mode_after_vcpu_run(struct kvm_vm *vm)
> mode->after_vcpu_run(vm);
> }
>
> +static void log_mode_before_vcpu_join(void)
> +{
> + struct log_mode *mode = &log_modes[host_log_mode];
> +
> + if (mode->before_vcpu_join)
> + mode->before_vcpu_join();
> +}
> +
> static void generate_random_array(uint64_t *guest_array, uint64_t size)
> {
> uint64_t i;
> @@ -292,14 +431,41 @@ static void vm_dirty_log_verify(unsigned long *bmap)
> }
>
> if (test_and_clear_bit_le(page, bmap)) {
> + bool matched;
> +
> host_dirty_count++;
> +
> /*
> * If the bit is set, the value written onto
> * the corresponding page should be either the
> * previous iteration number or the current one.
> + *
> + * (*value_ptr == iteration - 2) case is
> + * special only for dirty ring test where the
> + * page is the last page before a kvm dirty
> + * ring full userspace exit of the 2nd
> + * iteration, if without this we'll probably
> + * fail on the 4th iteration. Anyway, let's
> + * just loose the test case a little bit for
> + * all for simplicity.
> */
> - TEST_ASSERT(*value_ptr == iteration ||
> - *value_ptr == iteration - 1,
> + matched = (*value_ptr == iteration ||
> + *value_ptr == iteration - 1 ||
> + *value_ptr == iteration - 2);
> +
> + /*
> + * This is the common path for dirty ring
> + * where this page is exactly the last page
> + * touched before KVM_EXIT_DIRTY_RING_FULL.
> + * If it happens, we should expect it to be
> + * there for the next round.
> + */
> + if (host_log_mode == LOG_MODE_DIRTY_RING && !matched) {
> + set_bit_le(page, host_bmap_track);
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> + TEST_ASSERT(matched,
> "Set page %"PRIu64" value %"PRIu64
> " incorrect (iteration=%"PRIu64")",
> page, *value_ptr, iteration);
> @@ -460,6 +626,7 @@ static void run_test(enum vm_guest_mode mode, unsigned long iterations,
>
> /* Tell the vcpu thread to quit */
> host_quit = true;
> + log_mode_before_vcpu_join();
> pthread_join(vcpu_thread, NULL);
>
> DEBUG("Total bits checked: dirty (%"PRIu64"), clear (%"PRIu64"), "
> @@ -524,6 +691,9 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
> unsigned int host_ipa_limit;
> #endif
>
> + sem_init(&dirty_ring_vcpu_stop, 0, 0);
> + sem_init(&dirty_ring_vcpu_cont, 0, 0);
> +
> #ifdef __x86_64__
> vm_guest_mode_params_init(VM_MODE_PXXV48_4K, true, true);
> #endif
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/include/kvm_util.h b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/include/kvm_util.h
> index 29cccaf96baf..4b78a8d3e773 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/include/kvm_util.h
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/include/kvm_util.h
> @@ -67,6 +67,7 @@ enum vm_mem_backing_src_type {
>
> int kvm_check_cap(long cap);
> int vm_enable_cap(struct kvm_vm *vm, struct kvm_enable_cap *cap);
> +void vm_enable_dirty_ring(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t ring_size);
>
> struct kvm_vm *vm_create(enum vm_guest_mode mode, uint64_t phy_pages, int perm);
> struct kvm_vm *_vm_create(enum vm_guest_mode mode, uint64_t phy_pages, int perm);
> @@ -76,6 +77,7 @@ void kvm_vm_release(struct kvm_vm *vmp);
> void kvm_vm_get_dirty_log(struct kvm_vm *vm, int slot, void *log);
> void kvm_vm_clear_dirty_log(struct kvm_vm *vm, int slot, void *log,
> uint64_t first_page, uint32_t num_pages);
> +uint32_t kvm_vm_reset_dirty_ring(struct kvm_vm *vm);
>
> int kvm_memcmp_hva_gva(void *hva, struct kvm_vm *vm, const vm_vaddr_t gva,
> size_t len);
> @@ -137,6 +139,7 @@ void vcpu_nested_state_get(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t vcpuid,
> int vcpu_nested_state_set(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t vcpuid,
> struct kvm_nested_state *state, bool ignore_error);
> #endif
> +void *vcpu_map_dirty_ring(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t vcpuid);
>
> const char *exit_reason_str(unsigned int exit_reason);
>
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util.c b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util.c
> index 41cf45416060..a119717bc84c 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util.c
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util.c
> @@ -85,6 +85,26 @@ int vm_enable_cap(struct kvm_vm *vm, struct kvm_enable_cap *cap)
> return ret;
> }
>
> +void vm_enable_dirty_ring(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t ring_size)
> +{
> + struct kvm_enable_cap cap = {};
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = kvm_check_cap(KVM_CAP_DIRTY_LOG_RING);
> +
> + TEST_ASSERT(ret >= 0, "KVM_CAP_DIRTY_LOG_RING");
> +
> + if (ret == 0) {
> + fprintf(stderr, "KVM does not support dirty ring, skipping tests\n");
> + exit(KSFT_SKIP);
> + }
> +
> + cap.cap = KVM_CAP_DIRTY_LOG_RING;
> + cap.args[0] = ring_size;
> + vm_enable_cap(vm, &cap);
> + vm->dirty_ring_size = ring_size;
> +}
> +
> static void vm_open(struct kvm_vm *vm, int perm)
> {
> vm->kvm_fd = open(KVM_DEV_PATH, perm);
> @@ -297,6 +317,11 @@ void kvm_vm_clear_dirty_log(struct kvm_vm *vm, int slot, void *log,
> strerror(-ret));
> }
>
> +uint32_t kvm_vm_reset_dirty_ring(struct kvm_vm *vm)
> +{
> + return ioctl(vm->fd, KVM_RESET_DIRTY_RINGS);
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Userspace Memory Region Find
> *
> @@ -408,6 +433,13 @@ static void vm_vcpu_rm(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t vcpuid)
> struct vcpu *vcpu = vcpu_find(vm, vcpuid);
> int ret;
>
> + if (vcpu->dirty_gfns) {
> + ret = munmap(vcpu->dirty_gfns, vm->dirty_ring_size);
> + TEST_ASSERT(ret == 0, "munmap of VCPU dirty ring failed, "
> + "rc: %i errno: %i", ret, errno);
> + vcpu->dirty_gfns = NULL;
> + }
> +
> ret = munmap(vcpu->state, sizeof(*vcpu->state));
> TEST_ASSERT(ret == 0, "munmap of VCPU fd failed, rc: %i "
> "errno: %i", ret, errno);
> @@ -1409,6 +1441,29 @@ int _vcpu_ioctl(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t vcpuid,
> return ret;
> }
>
> +void *vcpu_map_dirty_ring(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t vcpuid)
> +{
> + struct vcpu *vcpu;
> + uint32_t size = vm->dirty_ring_size;
> +
> + TEST_ASSERT(size > 0, "Should enable dirty ring first");
> +
> + vcpu = vcpu_find(vm, vcpuid);
> +
> + TEST_ASSERT(vcpu, "Cannot find vcpu %u", vcpuid);
> +
> + if (!vcpu->dirty_gfns) {
> + vcpu->dirty_gfns_count = size / sizeof(struct kvm_dirty_gfn);
> + vcpu->dirty_gfns = mmap(NULL, size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
> + MAP_SHARED, vcpu->fd, vm->page_size *
> + KVM_DIRTY_LOG_PAGE_OFFSET);


It looks to me that we don't write to dirty_gfn.

So PROT_READ should be sufficient.

Thanks


> + TEST_ASSERT(vcpu->dirty_gfns != MAP_FAILED,
> + "Dirty ring map failed");
> + }
> +
> + return vcpu->dirty_gfns;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * VM Ioctl
> *
> @@ -1503,6 +1558,7 @@ static struct exit_reason {
> {KVM_EXIT_INTERNAL_ERROR, "INTERNAL_ERROR"},
> {KVM_EXIT_OSI, "OSI"},
> {KVM_EXIT_PAPR_HCALL, "PAPR_HCALL"},
> + {KVM_EXIT_DIRTY_RING_FULL, "DIRTY_RING_FULL"},
> #ifdef KVM_EXIT_MEMORY_NOT_PRESENT
> {KVM_EXIT_MEMORY_NOT_PRESENT, "MEMORY_NOT_PRESENT"},
> #endif
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util_internal.h b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util_internal.h
> index ac50c42750cf..87edcc6746a2 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util_internal.h
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util_internal.h
> @@ -39,6 +39,8 @@ struct vcpu {
> uint32_t id;
> int fd;
> struct kvm_run *state;
> + struct kvm_dirty_gfn *dirty_gfns;
> + uint32_t dirty_gfns_count;
> };
>
> struct kvm_vm {
> @@ -61,6 +63,7 @@ struct kvm_vm {
> vm_paddr_t pgd;
> vm_vaddr_t gdt;
> vm_vaddr_t tss;
> + uint32_t dirty_ring_size;
> };
>
> struct vcpu *vcpu_find(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t vcpuid);

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