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SubjectRe: [PATCH RESEND v2 08/17] KVM: X86: Implement ring-based dirty memory tracking
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On 2019/12/21 上午9:49, Peter Xu wrote:
> This patch is heavily based on previous work from Lei Cao
> <lei.cao@stratus.com> and Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>. [1]
>
> KVM currently uses large bitmaps to track dirty memory. These bitmaps
> are copied to userspace when userspace queries KVM for its dirty page
> information. The use of bitmaps is mostly sufficient for live
> migration, as large parts of memory are be dirtied from one log-dirty
> pass to another. However, in a checkpointing system, the number of
> dirty pages is small and in fact it is often bounded---the VM is
> paused when it has dirtied a pre-defined number of pages. Traversing a
> large, sparsely populated bitmap to find set bits is time-consuming,
> as is copying the bitmap to user-space.
>
> A similar issue will be there for live migration when the guest memory
> is huge while the page dirty procedure is trivial. In that case for
> each dirty sync we need to pull the whole dirty bitmap to userspace
> and analyse every bit even if it's mostly zeros.
>
> The preferred data structure for above scenarios is a dense list of
> guest frame numbers (GFN). This patch series stores the dirty list in
> kernel memory that can be memory mapped into userspace to allow speedy
> harvesting.
>
> This patch enables dirty ring for X86 only. However it should be
> easily extended to other archs as well.
>
> [1] https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10471409/
>
> Signed-off-by: Lei Cao <lei.cao@stratus.com>
> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
> ---
> Documentation/virt/kvm/api.txt | 89 ++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 3 +
> arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h | 1 +
> arch/x86/kvm/Makefile | 3 +-
> arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c | 6 +
> arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 7 ++
> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 9 ++
> include/linux/kvm_dirty_ring.h | 57 +++++++++
> include/linux/kvm_host.h | 28 +++++
> include/trace/events/kvm.h | 78 +++++++++++++
> include/uapi/linux/kvm.h | 31 +++++
> virt/kvm/dirty_ring.c | 201 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 172 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> 13 files changed, 682 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 include/linux/kvm_dirty_ring.h
> create mode 100644 virt/kvm/dirty_ring.c
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.txt b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.txt
> index 4833904d32a5..c141b285e673 100644
> --- a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.txt
> @@ -231,6 +231,7 @@ Based on their initialization different VMs may have different capabilities.
> It is thus encouraged to use the vm ioctl to query for capabilities (available
> with KVM_CAP_CHECK_EXTENSION_VM on the vm fd)
>
> +
> 4.5 KVM_GET_VCPU_MMAP_SIZE
>
> Capability: basic
> @@ -243,6 +244,18 @@ The KVM_RUN ioctl (cf.) communicates with userspace via a shared
> memory region. This ioctl returns the size of that region. See the
> KVM_RUN documentation for details.
>
> +Besides the size of the KVM_RUN communication region, other areas of
> +the VCPU file descriptor can be mmap-ed, including:
> +
> +- if KVM_CAP_COALESCED_MMIO is available, a page at
> + KVM_COALESCED_MMIO_PAGE_OFFSET * PAGE_SIZE; for historical reasons,
> + this page is included in the result of KVM_GET_VCPU_MMAP_SIZE.
> + KVM_CAP_COALESCED_MMIO is not documented yet.
> +
> +- if KVM_CAP_DIRTY_LOG_RING is available, a number of pages at
> + KVM_DIRTY_LOG_PAGE_OFFSET * PAGE_SIZE. For more information on
> + KVM_CAP_DIRTY_LOG_RING, see section 8.3.
> +
>
> 4.6 KVM_SET_MEMORY_REGION
>
> @@ -5302,6 +5315,7 @@ CPU when the exception is taken. If this virtual SError is taken to EL1 using
> AArch64, this value will be reported in the ISS field of ESR_ELx.
>
> See KVM_CAP_VCPU_EVENTS for more details.
> +
> 8.20 KVM_CAP_HYPERV_SEND_IPI
>
> Architectures: x86
> @@ -5309,6 +5323,7 @@ Architectures: x86
> This capability indicates that KVM supports paravirtualized Hyper-V IPI send
> hypercalls:
> HvCallSendSyntheticClusterIpi, HvCallSendSyntheticClusterIpiEx.
> +
> 8.21 KVM_CAP_HYPERV_DIRECT_TLBFLUSH
>
> Architecture: x86
> @@ -5322,3 +5337,77 @@ handling by KVM (as some KVM hypercall may be mistakenly treated as TLB
> flush hypercalls by Hyper-V) so userspace should disable KVM identification
> in CPUID and only exposes Hyper-V identification. In this case, guest
> thinks it's running on Hyper-V and only use Hyper-V hypercalls.
> +
> +8.22 KVM_CAP_DIRTY_LOG_RING
> +
> +Architectures: x86
> +Parameters: args[0] - size of the dirty log ring
> +
> +KVM is capable of tracking dirty memory using ring buffers that are
> +mmaped into userspace; there is one dirty ring per vcpu.
> +
> +One dirty ring is defined as below internally:
> +
> +struct kvm_dirty_ring {
> + u32 dirty_index;
> + u32 reset_index;
> + u32 size;
> + u32 soft_limit;
> + struct kvm_dirty_gfn *dirty_gfns;
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring_indices *indices;
> + int index;
> +};
> +
> +Dirty GFNs (Guest Frame Numbers) are stored in the dirty_gfns array.
> +For each of the dirty entry it's defined as:
> +
> +struct kvm_dirty_gfn {
> + __u32 pad;
> + __u32 slot; /* as_id | slot_id */
> + __u64 offset;
> +};
> +
> +Most of the ring structure is used by KVM internally, while only the
> +indices are exposed to userspace:
> +
> +struct kvm_dirty_ring_indices {
> + __u32 avail_index; /* set by kernel */
> + __u32 fetch_index; /* set by userspace */
> +};
> +
> +The two indices in the ring buffer are free running counters.
> +
> +Userspace calls KVM_ENABLE_CAP ioctl right after KVM_CREATE_VM ioctl
> +to enable this capability for the new guest and set the size of the
> +rings. It is only allowed before creating any vCPU, and the size of
> +the ring must be a power of two. The larger the ring buffer, the less
> +likely the ring is full and the VM is forced to exit to userspace. The
> +optimal size depends on the workload, but it is recommended that it be
> +at least 64 KiB (4096 entries).
> +
> +Just like for dirty page bitmaps, the buffer tracks writes to
> +all user memory regions for which the KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES flag was
> +set in KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION. Once a memory region is registered
> +with the flag set, userspace can start harvesting dirty pages from the
> +ring buffer.
> +
> +To harvest the dirty pages, userspace accesses the mmaped ring buffer
> +to read the dirty GFNs up to avail_index, and sets the fetch_index
> +accordingly. This can be done when the guest is running or paused,
> +and dirty pages need not be collected all at once. After processing
> +one or more entries in the ring buffer, userspace calls the VM ioctl
> +KVM_RESET_DIRTY_RINGS to notify the kernel that it has updated
> +fetch_index and to mark those pages clean. Therefore, the ioctl
> +must be called *before* reading the content of the dirty pages.
> +
> +However, there is a major difference comparing to the
> +KVM_GET_DIRTY_LOG interface in that when reading the dirty ring from
> +userspace it's still possible that the kernel has not yet flushed the
> +hardware dirty buffers into the kernel buffer (which was previously
> +done by the KVM_GET_DIRTY_LOG ioctl). To achieve that, one needs to
> +kick the vcpu out for a hardware buffer flush (vmexit) to make sure
> +all the existing dirty gfns are flushed to the dirty rings.
> +
> +If one of the ring buffers is full, the guest will exit to userspace
> +with the exit reason set to KVM_EXIT_DIRTY_LOG_FULL, and the KVM_RUN
> +ioctl will return to userspace with zero.
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index 4fc61483919a..7e5e2d3f0509 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -1159,6 +1159,7 @@ struct kvm_x86_ops {
> struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
> gfn_t offset, unsigned long mask);
> int (*write_log_dirty)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> + int (*cpu_dirty_log_size)(void);
>
> /* pmu operations of sub-arch */
> const struct kvm_pmu_ops *pmu_ops;
> @@ -1641,4 +1642,6 @@ static inline int kvm_cpu_get_apicid(int mps_cpu)
> #define GET_SMSTATE(type, buf, offset) \
> (*(type *)((buf) + (offset) - 0x7e00))
>
> +int kvm_cpu_dirty_log_size(void);
> +
> #endif /* _ASM_X86_KVM_HOST_H */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
> index 503d3f42da16..b59bf356c478 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm.h
> @@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
>
> #define KVM_PIO_PAGE_OFFSET 1
> #define KVM_COALESCED_MMIO_PAGE_OFFSET 2
> +#define KVM_DIRTY_LOG_PAGE_OFFSET 64
>
> #define DE_VECTOR 0
> #define DB_VECTOR 1
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile b/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
> index 31ecf7a76d5a..a66ddb552208 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
> @@ -5,7 +5,8 @@ ccflags-y += -Iarch/x86/kvm
> KVM := ../../../virt/kvm
>
> kvm-y += $(KVM)/kvm_main.o $(KVM)/coalesced_mmio.o \
> - $(KVM)/eventfd.o $(KVM)/irqchip.o $(KVM)/vfio.o
> + $(KVM)/eventfd.o $(KVM)/irqchip.o $(KVM)/vfio.o \
> + $(KVM)/dirty_ring.o
> kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ASYNC_PF) += $(KVM)/async_pf.o
>
> kvm-y += x86.o mmu.o emulate.o i8259.o irq.o lapic.o \
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> index 2ce9da58611e..5f7d73730f73 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> @@ -1818,7 +1818,13 @@ int kvm_arch_write_log_dirty(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> {
> if (kvm_x86_ops->write_log_dirty)
> return kvm_x86_ops->write_log_dirty(vcpu);
> + return 0;
> +}
>
> +int kvm_cpu_dirty_log_size(void)
> +{
> + if (kvm_x86_ops->cpu_dirty_log_size)
> + return kvm_x86_ops->cpu_dirty_log_size();
> return 0;
> }
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> index 1ff5a428f489..c3565319b481 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> @@ -7686,6 +7686,7 @@ static __init int hardware_setup(void)
> kvm_x86_ops->slot_disable_log_dirty = NULL;
> kvm_x86_ops->flush_log_dirty = NULL;
> kvm_x86_ops->enable_log_dirty_pt_masked = NULL;
> + kvm_x86_ops->cpu_dirty_log_size = NULL;
> }
>
> if (!cpu_has_vmx_preemption_timer())
> @@ -7750,6 +7751,11 @@ static __exit void hardware_unsetup(void)
> free_kvm_area();
> }
>
> +static int vmx_cpu_dirty_log_size(void)
> +{
> + return enable_pml ? PML_ENTITY_NUM : 0;
> +}
> +
> static struct kvm_x86_ops vmx_x86_ops __ro_after_init = {
> .cpu_has_kvm_support = cpu_has_kvm_support,
> .disabled_by_bios = vmx_disabled_by_bios,
> @@ -7873,6 +7879,7 @@ static struct kvm_x86_ops vmx_x86_ops __ro_after_init = {
> .flush_log_dirty = vmx_flush_log_dirty,
> .enable_log_dirty_pt_masked = vmx_enable_log_dirty_pt_masked,
> .write_log_dirty = vmx_write_pml_buffer,
> + .cpu_dirty_log_size = vmx_cpu_dirty_log_size,
>
> .pre_block = vmx_pre_block,
> .post_block = vmx_post_block,
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index 5d530521f11d..f93262025a61 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -7965,6 +7965,15 @@ static int vcpu_enter_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>
> bool req_immediate_exit = false;
>
> + /* Forbid vmenter if vcpu dirty ring is soft-full */
> + if (unlikely(vcpu->kvm->dirty_ring_size &&
> + kvm_dirty_ring_soft_full(&vcpu->dirty_ring))) {
> + vcpu->run->exit_reason = KVM_EXIT_DIRTY_RING_FULL;
> + trace_kvm_dirty_ring_exit(vcpu);
> + r = 0;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> if (kvm_request_pending(vcpu)) {
> if (kvm_check_request(KVM_REQ_GET_VMCS12_PAGES, vcpu)) {
> if (unlikely(!kvm_x86_ops->get_vmcs12_pages(vcpu))) {
> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_dirty_ring.h b/include/linux/kvm_dirty_ring.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..06db2312b383
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/kvm_dirty_ring.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
> +#ifndef KVM_DIRTY_RING_H
> +#define KVM_DIRTY_RING_H
> +
> +/**
> + * kvm_dirty_ring: KVM internal dirty ring structure
> + *
> + * @dirty_index: free running counter that points to the next slot in
> + * dirty_ring->dirty_gfns, where a new dirty page should go
> + * @reset_index: free running counter that points to the next dirty page
> + * in dirty_ring->dirty_gfns for which dirty trap needs to
> + * be reenabled
> + * @size: size of the compact list, dirty_ring->dirty_gfns
> + * @soft_limit: when the number of dirty pages in the list reaches this
> + * limit, vcpu that owns this ring should exit to userspace
> + * to allow userspace to harvest all the dirty pages
> + * @dirty_gfns: the array to keep the dirty gfns
> + * @indices: the pointer to the @kvm_dirty_ring_indices structure
> + * of this specific ring
> + * @index: index of this dirty ring
> + */
> +struct kvm_dirty_ring {
> + u32 dirty_index;


Does this always equal to indices->avail_index?


> + u32 reset_index;
> + u32 size;
> + u32 soft_limit;
> + struct kvm_dirty_gfn *dirty_gfns;
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring_indices *indices;


Any reason to keep dirty gfns and indices in different places? I guess
it is because you want to map dirty_gfns as readonly page but I couldn't
find such codes...


> + int index;
> +};
> +
> +u32 kvm_dirty_ring_get_rsvd_entries(void);
> +int kvm_dirty_ring_alloc(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring,
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring_indices *indices,
> + int index, u32 size);
> +struct kvm_dirty_ring *kvm_dirty_ring_get(struct kvm *kvm);
> +void kvm_dirty_ring_put(struct kvm *kvm,
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring);
> +
> +/*
> + * called with kvm->slots_lock held, returns the number of
> + * processed pages.
> + */
> +int kvm_dirty_ring_reset(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring);
> +
> +/*
> + * returns =0: successfully pushed
> + * <0: unable to push, need to wait
> + */
> +int kvm_dirty_ring_push(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring, u32 slot, u64 offset);
> +
> +/* for use in vm_operations_struct */
> +struct page *kvm_dirty_ring_get_page(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring, u32 offset);
> +
> +void kvm_dirty_ring_free(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring);
> +bool kvm_dirty_ring_soft_full(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring);
> +
> +#endif
> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> index b4f7bef38e0d..dff214ab72eb 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> @@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
> #include <linux/kvm_types.h>
>
> #include <asm/kvm_host.h>
> +#include <linux/kvm_dirty_ring.h>
>
> #ifndef KVM_MAX_VCPU_ID
> #define KVM_MAX_VCPU_ID KVM_MAX_VCPUS
> @@ -321,6 +322,7 @@ struct kvm_vcpu {
> bool ready;
> struct kvm_vcpu_arch arch;
> struct dentry *debugfs_dentry;
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring dirty_ring;
> };
>
> static inline int kvm_vcpu_exiting_guest_mode(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> @@ -502,6 +504,9 @@ struct kvm {
> struct srcu_struct srcu;
> struct srcu_struct irq_srcu;
> pid_t userspace_pid;
> + u32 dirty_ring_size;
> + struct spinlock dirty_ring_lock;
> + wait_queue_head_t dirty_ring_waitqueue;
> };
>
> #define kvm_err(fmt, ...) \
> @@ -813,6 +818,8 @@ void kvm_arch_mmu_enable_log_dirty_pt_masked(struct kvm *kvm,
> gfn_t gfn_offset,
> unsigned long mask);
>
> +void kvm_reset_dirty_gfn(struct kvm *kvm, u32 slot, u64 offset, u64 mask);
> +
> int kvm_vm_ioctl_get_dirty_log(struct kvm *kvm,
> struct kvm_dirty_log *log);
> int kvm_vm_ioctl_clear_dirty_log(struct kvm *kvm,
> @@ -1392,4 +1399,25 @@ int kvm_vm_create_worker_thread(struct kvm *kvm, kvm_vm_thread_fn_t thread_fn,
> uintptr_t data, const char *name,
> struct task_struct **thread_ptr);
>
> +/*
> + * This defines how many reserved entries we want to keep before we
> + * kick the vcpu to the userspace to avoid dirty ring full. This
> + * value can be tuned to higher if e.g. PML is enabled on the host.
> + */
> +#define KVM_DIRTY_RING_RSVD_ENTRIES 64
> +
> +/* Max number of entries allowed for each kvm dirty ring */
> +#define KVM_DIRTY_RING_MAX_ENTRIES 65536
> +
> +/*
> + * Arch needs to define these macro after implementing the dirty ring
> + * feature. KVM_DIRTY_LOG_PAGE_OFFSET should be defined as the
> + * starting page offset of the dirty ring structures, while
> + * KVM_DIRTY_RING_VERSION should be defined as >=1. By default, this
> + * feature is off on all archs.
> + */
> +#ifndef KVM_DIRTY_LOG_PAGE_OFFSET
> +#define KVM_DIRTY_LOG_PAGE_OFFSET 0
> +#endif
> +
> #endif
> diff --git a/include/trace/events/kvm.h b/include/trace/events/kvm.h
> index 2c735a3e6613..3d850997940c 100644
> --- a/include/trace/events/kvm.h
> +++ b/include/trace/events/kvm.h
> @@ -399,6 +399,84 @@ TRACE_EVENT(kvm_halt_poll_ns,
> #define trace_kvm_halt_poll_ns_shrink(vcpu_id, new, old) \
> trace_kvm_halt_poll_ns(false, vcpu_id, new, old)
>
> +TRACE_EVENT(kvm_dirty_ring_push,
> + TP_PROTO(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring, u32 slot, u64 offset),
> + TP_ARGS(ring, slot, offset),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __field(int, index)
> + __field(u32, dirty_index)
> + __field(u32, reset_index)
> + __field(u32, slot)
> + __field(u64, offset)
> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + __entry->index = ring->index;
> + __entry->dirty_index = ring->dirty_index;
> + __entry->reset_index = ring->reset_index;
> + __entry->slot = slot;
> + __entry->offset = offset;
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("ring %d: dirty 0x%x reset 0x%x "
> + "slot %u offset 0x%llx (used %u)",
> + __entry->index, __entry->dirty_index,
> + __entry->reset_index, __entry->slot, __entry->offset,
> + __entry->dirty_index - __entry->reset_index)
> +);
> +
> +TRACE_EVENT(kvm_dirty_ring_reset,
> + TP_PROTO(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring),
> + TP_ARGS(ring),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __field(int, index)
> + __field(u32, dirty_index)
> + __field(u32, reset_index)
> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + __entry->index = ring->index;
> + __entry->dirty_index = ring->dirty_index;
> + __entry->reset_index = ring->reset_index;
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("ring %d: dirty 0x%x reset 0x%x (used %u)",
> + __entry->index, __entry->dirty_index, __entry->reset_index,
> + __entry->dirty_index - __entry->reset_index)
> +);
> +
> +TRACE_EVENT(kvm_dirty_ring_waitqueue,
> + TP_PROTO(bool enter),
> + TP_ARGS(enter),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __field(bool, enter)
> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + __entry->enter = enter;
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("%s", __entry->enter ? "wait" : "awake")
> +);
> +
> +TRACE_EVENT(kvm_dirty_ring_exit,
> + TP_PROTO(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu),
> + TP_ARGS(vcpu),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __field(int, vcpu_id)
> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + __entry->vcpu_id = vcpu->vcpu_id;
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("vcpu %d", __entry->vcpu_id)
> +);
> +
> #endif /* _TRACE_KVM_MAIN_H */
>
> /* This part must be outside protection */
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> index 52641d8ca9e8..5ea98e35a129 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
> @@ -235,6 +235,7 @@ struct kvm_hyperv_exit {
> #define KVM_EXIT_S390_STSI 25
> #define KVM_EXIT_IOAPIC_EOI 26
> #define KVM_EXIT_HYPERV 27
> +#define KVM_EXIT_DIRTY_RING_FULL 28
>
> /* For KVM_EXIT_INTERNAL_ERROR */
> /* Emulate instruction failed. */
> @@ -246,6 +247,11 @@ struct kvm_hyperv_exit {
> /* Encounter unexpected vm-exit reason */
> #define KVM_INTERNAL_ERROR_UNEXPECTED_EXIT_REASON 4
>
> +struct kvm_dirty_ring_indices {
> + __u32 avail_index; /* set by kernel */
> + __u32 fetch_index; /* set by userspace */


Is this better to make those two cacheline aligned?


> +};
> +
> /* for KVM_RUN, returned by mmap(vcpu_fd, offset=0) */
> struct kvm_run {
> /* in */
> @@ -415,6 +421,8 @@ struct kvm_run {
> struct kvm_sync_regs regs;
> char padding[SYNC_REGS_SIZE_BYTES];
> } s;
> +
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring_indices vcpu_ring_indices;
> };
>
> /* for KVM_REGISTER_COALESCED_MMIO / KVM_UNREGISTER_COALESCED_MMIO */
> @@ -1000,6 +1008,7 @@ struct kvm_ppc_resize_hpt {
> #define KVM_CAP_PMU_EVENT_FILTER 173
> #define KVM_CAP_ARM_IRQ_LINE_LAYOUT_2 174
> #define KVM_CAP_HYPERV_DIRECT_TLBFLUSH 175
> +#define KVM_CAP_DIRTY_LOG_RING 176
>
> #ifdef KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING
>
> @@ -1461,6 +1470,9 @@ struct kvm_enc_region {
> /* Available with KVM_CAP_ARM_SVE */
> #define KVM_ARM_VCPU_FINALIZE _IOW(KVMIO, 0xc2, int)
>
> +/* Available with KVM_CAP_DIRTY_LOG_RING */
> +#define KVM_RESET_DIRTY_RINGS _IO(KVMIO, 0xc3)
> +
> /* Secure Encrypted Virtualization command */
> enum sev_cmd_id {
> /* Guest initialization commands */
> @@ -1611,4 +1623,23 @@ struct kvm_hyperv_eventfd {
> #define KVM_HYPERV_CONN_ID_MASK 0x00ffffff
> #define KVM_HYPERV_EVENTFD_DEASSIGN (1 << 0)
>
> +/*
> + * The following are the requirements for supporting dirty log ring
> + * (by enabling KVM_DIRTY_LOG_PAGE_OFFSET).
> + *
> + * 1. Memory accesses by KVM should call kvm_vcpu_write_* instead
> + * of kvm_write_* so that the global dirty ring is not filled up
> + * too quickly.
> + * 2. kvm_arch_mmu_enable_log_dirty_pt_masked should be defined for
> + * enabling dirty logging.
> + * 3. There should not be a separate step to synchronize hardware
> + * dirty bitmap with KVM's.
> + */
> +
> +struct kvm_dirty_gfn {
> + __u32 pad;
> + __u32 slot;
> + __u64 offset;
> +};
> +
> #endif /* __LINUX_KVM_H */
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/dirty_ring.c b/virt/kvm/dirty_ring.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..c614822493ff
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/virt/kvm/dirty_ring.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,201 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
> +/*
> + * KVM dirty ring implementation
> + *
> + * Copyright 2019 Red Hat, Inc.
> + */
> +#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
> +#include <linux/kvm.h>
> +#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
> +#include <linux/kvm_dirty_ring.h>
> +#include <trace/events/kvm.h>
> +
> +int __weak kvm_cpu_dirty_log_size(void)
> +{
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +u32 kvm_dirty_ring_get_rsvd_entries(void)
> +{
> + return KVM_DIRTY_RING_RSVD_ENTRIES + kvm_cpu_dirty_log_size();
> +}
> +
> +static u32 kvm_dirty_ring_used(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring)
> +{
> + return READ_ONCE(ring->dirty_index) - READ_ONCE(ring->reset_index);
> +}
> +
> +bool kvm_dirty_ring_soft_full(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring)
> +{
> + return kvm_dirty_ring_used(ring) >= ring->soft_limit;
> +}
> +
> +bool kvm_dirty_ring_full(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring)
> +{
> + return kvm_dirty_ring_used(ring) >= ring->size;
> +}
> +
> +struct kvm_dirty_ring *kvm_dirty_ring_get(struct kvm *kvm)
> +{
> + struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu = kvm_get_running_vcpu();
> +
> + /*
> + * TODO: Currently use vcpu0 as default ring. Note that this
> + * should not happen only if called by kvmgt_rw_gpa for x86.
> + * After the kvmgt code refactoring we should remove this,
> + * together with the kvm->dirty_ring_lock.
> + */
> + if (!vcpu) {
> + pr_warn_once("Detected page dirty without vcpu context. "
> + "Probably because kvm-gt is used. "
> + "May expect unbalanced loads on vcpu0.");
> + vcpu = kvm->vcpus[0];
> + }
> +
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(vcpu->kvm != kvm);
> +
> + if (vcpu == kvm->vcpus[0])
> + spin_lock(&kvm->dirty_ring_lock);
> +
> + return &vcpu->dirty_ring;
> +}
> +
> +void kvm_dirty_ring_put(struct kvm *kvm,
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring)
> +{
> + struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu = kvm_get_running_vcpu();
> +
> + if (!vcpu)
> + vcpu = kvm->vcpus[0];
> +
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(vcpu->kvm != kvm);
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(&vcpu->dirty_ring != ring);
> +
> + if (vcpu == kvm->vcpus[0])
> + spin_unlock(&kvm->dirty_ring_lock);
> +}
> +
> +int kvm_dirty_ring_alloc(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring,
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring_indices *indices,
> + int index, u32 size)
> +{
> + ring->dirty_gfns = vmalloc(size);
> + if (!ring->dirty_gfns)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + memset(ring->dirty_gfns, 0, size);
> +
> + ring->size = size / sizeof(struct kvm_dirty_gfn);
> + ring->soft_limit = ring->size - kvm_dirty_ring_get_rsvd_entries();
> + ring->dirty_index = 0;
> + ring->reset_index = 0;
> + ring->index = index;
> + ring->indices = indices;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +int kvm_dirty_ring_reset(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring)
> +{
> + u32 cur_slot, next_slot;
> + u64 cur_offset, next_offset;
> + unsigned long mask;
> + u32 fetch;
> + int count = 0;
> + struct kvm_dirty_gfn *entry;
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring_indices *indices = ring->indices;
> + bool first_round = true;
> +
> + fetch = READ_ONCE(indices->fetch_index);
> +
> + /*
> + * Note that fetch_index is written by the userspace, which
> + * should not be trusted. If this happens, then it's probably
> + * that the userspace has written a wrong fetch_index.
> + */
> + if (fetch - ring->reset_index > ring->size)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (fetch == ring->reset_index)
> + return 0;
> +
> + /* This is only needed to make compilers happy */
> + cur_slot = cur_offset = mask = 0;
> + while (ring->reset_index != fetch) {
> + entry = &ring->dirty_gfns[ring->reset_index & (ring->size - 1)];
> + next_slot = READ_ONCE(entry->slot);
> + next_offset = READ_ONCE(entry->offset);
> + ring->reset_index++;
> + count++;
> + /*
> + * Try to coalesce the reset operations when the guest is
> + * scanning pages in the same slot.
> + */
> + if (!first_round && next_slot == cur_slot) {


initialize cur_slot to -1 then we can drop first_round here?


> + s64 delta = next_offset - cur_offset;
> +
> + if (delta >= 0 && delta < BITS_PER_LONG) {
> + mask |= 1ull << delta;
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> + /* Backwards visit, careful about overflows! */
> + if (delta > -BITS_PER_LONG && delta < 0 &&
> + (mask << -delta >> -delta) == mask) {
> + cur_offset = next_offset;
> + mask = (mask << -delta) | 1;
> + continue;
> + }
> + }
> + kvm_reset_dirty_gfn(kvm, cur_slot, cur_offset, mask);
> + cur_slot = next_slot;
> + cur_offset = next_offset;
> + mask = 1;
> + first_round = false;
> + }
> + kvm_reset_dirty_gfn(kvm, cur_slot, cur_offset, mask);
> +
> + trace_kvm_dirty_ring_reset(ring);
> +
> + return count;
> +}
> +
> +int kvm_dirty_ring_push(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring, u32 slot, u64 offset)
> +{
> + struct kvm_dirty_gfn *entry;
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring_indices *indices = ring->indices;
> +
> + /*
> + * Note: here we will start waiting even soft full, because we
> + * can't risk making it completely full, since vcpu0 could use
> + * it right after us and if vcpu0 context gets full it could
> + * deadlock if wait with mmu_lock held.
> + */
> + if (kvm_get_running_vcpu() == NULL &&
> + kvm_dirty_ring_soft_full(ring))
> + return -EBUSY;
> +
> + /* It will never gets completely full when with a vcpu context */
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(kvm_dirty_ring_full(ring));
> +
> + entry = &ring->dirty_gfns[ring->dirty_index & (ring->size - 1)];
> + entry->slot = slot;
> + entry->offset = offset;
> + smp_wmb();


Better to add comment to explain this barrier. E.g pairing.


> + ring->dirty_index++;
> + WRITE_ONCE(indices->avail_index, ring->dirty_index);


Is WRITE_ONCE() a must here?


> +
> + trace_kvm_dirty_ring_push(ring, slot, offset);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +struct page *kvm_dirty_ring_get_page(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring, u32 offset)
> +{
> + return vmalloc_to_page((void *)ring->dirty_gfns + offset * PAGE_SIZE);
> +}
> +
> +void kvm_dirty_ring_free(struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring)
> +{
> + vfree(ring->dirty_gfns);
> + ring->dirty_gfns = NULL;
> +}
> diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> index 5c606d158854..4050631d05f3 100644
> --- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> +++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
> @@ -64,6 +64,8 @@
> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> #include <trace/events/kvm.h>
>
> +#include <linux/kvm_dirty_ring.h>
> +
> /* Worst case buffer size needed for holding an integer. */
> #define ITOA_MAX_LEN 12
>
> @@ -148,6 +150,9 @@ static void kvm_io_bus_destroy(struct kvm_io_bus *bus);
> static void mark_page_dirty_in_slot(struct kvm *kvm,
> struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot,
> gfn_t gfn);
> +static void mark_page_dirty_in_ring(struct kvm *kvm,
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
> + gfn_t gfn);
>
> __visible bool kvm_rebooting;
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_rebooting);
> @@ -357,11 +362,22 @@ int kvm_vcpu_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm *kvm, unsigned id)
> vcpu->preempted = false;
> vcpu->ready = false;
>
> + if (kvm->dirty_ring_size) {
> + r = kvm_dirty_ring_alloc(&vcpu->dirty_ring,
> + &vcpu->run->vcpu_ring_indices,
> + id, kvm->dirty_ring_size);
> + if (r)
> + goto fail_free_run;
> + }
> +
> r = kvm_arch_vcpu_init(vcpu);
> if (r < 0)
> - goto fail_free_run;
> + goto fail_free_ring;
> return 0;
>
> +fail_free_ring:
> + if (kvm->dirty_ring_size)
> + kvm_dirty_ring_free(&vcpu->dirty_ring);
> fail_free_run:
> free_page((unsigned long)vcpu->run);
> fail:
> @@ -379,6 +395,8 @@ void kvm_vcpu_uninit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> put_pid(rcu_dereference_protected(vcpu->pid, 1));
> kvm_arch_vcpu_uninit(vcpu);
> free_page((unsigned long)vcpu->run);
> + if (vcpu->kvm->dirty_ring_size)
> + kvm_dirty_ring_free(&vcpu->dirty_ring);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_vcpu_uninit);
>
> @@ -693,6 +711,7 @@ static struct kvm *kvm_create_vm(unsigned long type)
> return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>
> spin_lock_init(&kvm->mmu_lock);
> + spin_lock_init(&kvm->dirty_ring_lock);
> mmgrab(current->mm);
> kvm->mm = current->mm;
> kvm_eventfd_init(kvm);
> @@ -700,6 +719,7 @@ static struct kvm *kvm_create_vm(unsigned long type)
> mutex_init(&kvm->irq_lock);
> mutex_init(&kvm->slots_lock);
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kvm->devices);
> + init_waitqueue_head(&kvm->dirty_ring_waitqueue);
>
> BUILD_BUG_ON(KVM_MEM_SLOTS_NUM > SHRT_MAX);
>
> @@ -2283,7 +2303,10 @@ static void mark_page_dirty_in_slot(struct kvm *kvm,
> if (memslot && memslot->dirty_bitmap) {
> unsigned long rel_gfn = gfn - memslot->base_gfn;
>
> - set_bit_le(rel_gfn, memslot->dirty_bitmap);
> + if (kvm->dirty_ring_size)
> + mark_page_dirty_in_ring(kvm, memslot, gfn);
> + else
> + set_bit_le(rel_gfn, memslot->dirty_bitmap);
> }
> }
>
> @@ -2630,6 +2653,16 @@ void kvm_vcpu_on_spin(struct kvm_vcpu *me, bool yield_to_kernel_mode)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_vcpu_on_spin);
>
> +static bool kvm_fault_in_dirty_ring(struct kvm *kvm, struct vm_fault *vmf)
> +{
> + if (!KVM_DIRTY_LOG_PAGE_OFFSET)
> + return false;
> +
> + return (vmf->pgoff >= KVM_DIRTY_LOG_PAGE_OFFSET) &&
> + (vmf->pgoff < KVM_DIRTY_LOG_PAGE_OFFSET +
> + kvm->dirty_ring_size / PAGE_SIZE);
> +}
> +
> static vm_fault_t kvm_vcpu_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
> {
> struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu = vmf->vma->vm_file->private_data;
> @@ -2645,6 +2678,10 @@ static vm_fault_t kvm_vcpu_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
> else if (vmf->pgoff == KVM_COALESCED_MMIO_PAGE_OFFSET)
> page = virt_to_page(vcpu->kvm->coalesced_mmio_ring);
> #endif
> + else if (kvm_fault_in_dirty_ring(vcpu->kvm, vmf))
> + page = kvm_dirty_ring_get_page(
> + &vcpu->dirty_ring,
> + vmf->pgoff - KVM_DIRTY_LOG_PAGE_OFFSET);
> else
> return kvm_arch_vcpu_fault(vcpu, vmf);
> get_page(page);
> @@ -3239,12 +3276,138 @@ static long kvm_vm_ioctl_check_extension_generic(struct kvm *kvm, long arg)
> #endif
> case KVM_CAP_NR_MEMSLOTS:
> return KVM_USER_MEM_SLOTS;
> + case KVM_CAP_DIRTY_LOG_RING:
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86
> + return KVM_DIRTY_RING_MAX_ENTRIES;
> +#else
> + return 0;
> +#endif
> default:
> break;
> }
> return kvm_vm_ioctl_check_extension(kvm, arg);
> }
>
> +static void mark_page_dirty_in_ring(struct kvm *kvm,
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
> + gfn_t gfn)
> +{
> + struct kvm_dirty_ring *ring;
> + u64 offset;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (!kvm->dirty_ring_size)
> + return;
> +
> + offset = gfn - slot->base_gfn;
> +
> + ring = kvm_dirty_ring_get(kvm);
> +
> +retry:
> + ret = kvm_dirty_ring_push(ring, (slot->as_id << 16) | slot->id,
> + offset);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + /* We must be without a vcpu context. */
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(kvm_get_running_vcpu());
> +
> + trace_kvm_dirty_ring_waitqueue(1);
> + /*
> + * Ring is full, put us onto per-vm waitqueue and wait
> + * for another KVM_RESET_DIRTY_RINGS to retry
> + */
> + wait_event_killable(kvm->dirty_ring_waitqueue,
> + !kvm_dirty_ring_soft_full(ring));
> +
> + trace_kvm_dirty_ring_waitqueue(0);
> +
> + /* If we're killed, no worry on lossing dirty bits */
> + if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
> + return;
> +
> + goto retry;
> + }
> +
> + kvm_dirty_ring_put(kvm, ring);
> +}
> +
> +void kvm_reset_dirty_gfn(struct kvm *kvm, u32 slot, u64 offset, u64 mask)
> +{
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot;
> + int as_id, id;
> +
> + as_id = slot >> 16;
> + id = (u16)slot;
> + if (as_id >= KVM_ADDRESS_SPACE_NUM || id >= KVM_USER_MEM_SLOTS)
> + return;
> +
> + memslot = id_to_memslot(__kvm_memslots(kvm, as_id), id);
> + if (offset >= memslot->npages)
> + return;
> +
> + spin_lock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
> + kvm_arch_mmu_enable_log_dirty_pt_masked(kvm, memslot, offset, mask);
> + spin_unlock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
> +}
> +
> +static int kvm_vm_ioctl_enable_dirty_log_ring(struct kvm *kvm, u32 size)
> +{
> + int r;
> +
> + /* the size should be power of 2 */
> + if (!size || (size & (size - 1)))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /* Should be bigger to keep the reserved entries, or a page */
> + if (size < kvm_dirty_ring_get_rsvd_entries() *
> + sizeof(struct kvm_dirty_gfn) || size < PAGE_SIZE)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (size > KVM_DIRTY_RING_MAX_ENTRIES *
> + sizeof(struct kvm_dirty_gfn))
> + return -E2BIG;
> +
> + /* We only allow it to set once */
> + if (kvm->dirty_ring_size)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
> +
> + if (kvm->created_vcpus) {
> + /* We don't allow to change this value after vcpu created */
> + r = -EINVAL;
> + } else {
> + kvm->dirty_ring_size = size;
> + r = 0;
> + }
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
> + return r;
> +}
> +
> +static int kvm_vm_ioctl_reset_dirty_pages(struct kvm *kvm)
> +{
> + int i;
> + struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu;
> + int cleared = 0;
> +
> + if (!kvm->dirty_ring_size)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&kvm->slots_lock);
> +
> + kvm_for_each_vcpu(i, vcpu, kvm)
> + cleared += kvm_dirty_ring_reset(vcpu->kvm, &vcpu->dirty_ring);
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&kvm->slots_lock);
> +
> + if (cleared)
> + kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(kvm);
> +
> + wake_up_all(&kvm->dirty_ring_waitqueue);
> +
> + return cleared;
> +}
> +
> int __attribute__((weak)) kvm_vm_ioctl_enable_cap(struct kvm *kvm,
> struct kvm_enable_cap *cap)
> {
> @@ -3262,6 +3425,8 @@ static int kvm_vm_ioctl_enable_cap_generic(struct kvm *kvm,
> kvm->manual_dirty_log_protect = cap->args[0];
> return 0;
> #endif
> + case KVM_CAP_DIRTY_LOG_RING:
> + return kvm_vm_ioctl_enable_dirty_log_ring(kvm, cap->args[0]);
> default:
> return kvm_vm_ioctl_enable_cap(kvm, cap);
> }
> @@ -3449,6 +3614,9 @@ static long kvm_vm_ioctl(struct file *filp,
> case KVM_CHECK_EXTENSION:
> r = kvm_vm_ioctl_check_extension_generic(kvm, arg);
> break;
> + case KVM_RESET_DIRTY_RINGS:
> + r = kvm_vm_ioctl_reset_dirty_pages(kvm);
> + break;
> default:
> r = kvm_arch_vm_ioctl(filp, ioctl, arg);
> }

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