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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC 1/1] genirq: Make threaded handler use irq affinity for managed interrupt
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>>> > I've also managed to trigger some of them now that I have access to
>>> > a decent box with nvme storage.
>>>
>>> I only have 2x NVMe SSDs when this occurs - I should not be hitting
>>> this...
>>>
>>> Out of curiosity, have you tried
>>> > with the SMMU disabled? I'm wondering whether we hit some livelock
>>> > condition on unmapping buffers...
>>>
>>> No, but I can give it a try. Doing that should lower the CPU usage,
>>> though,
>>> so maybe masks the issue - probably not.
>>
>> Lots of CPU lockup can is performance issue if there isn't obvious bug.
>>
>> I am wondering if you may explain it a bit why enabling SMMU may save
>> CPU a it?
>
> The other way around. mapping/unmapping IOVAs doesn't comes for free.
> I'm trying to find out whether the NVMe map/unmap patterns trigger
> something unexpected in the SMMU driver, but that's a very long shot.

So I tested v5.5-rc3 with and without the SMMU enabled, and without the
SMMU enabled I don't get the lockup.

fio summary SMMU enabled:

john@ubuntu:~$ dmesg | grep "Adding to iommu group"
[ 10.550212] hisi_sas_v3_hw 0000:74:02.0: Adding to iommu group 0
[ 14.773231] nvme 0000:04:00.0: Adding to iommu group 1
[ 14.784000] nvme 0000:81:00.0: Adding to iommu group 2
[ 14.794884] ahci 0000:74:03.0: Adding to iommu group 3

[snip]

sudo sh create_fio_task_cpu_liuyifan_nvme.sh 4k read 20 1
Creat 4k_read_depth20_fiotest file sucessfully
job1: (g=0): rw=read, bs=(R) 4096B-4096B, (W) 4096B-4096B, (T)
4096B-4096B, ioengine=libaio, iodepth=20
...
job1: (g=0): rw=read, bs=(R) 4096B-4096B, (W) 4096B-4096B, (T)
4096B-4096B, ioengine=libaio, iodepth=20
...
fio-3.1
Starting 20 processes
[ 110.155618] rcu: INFO: rcu_preempt self-detected stall on CPU0
IOPS][eta 04m:11s]
[ 110.161360] rcu: 4-....: (1 GPs behind) idle=00e/1/0x4000000000000004
softirq=1284/4115 fqs=2625
[ 173.167743] rcu: INFO: rcu_preempt self-detected stall on CPU0
IOPS][eta 03m:08s]
[ 173.173484] rcu: 29-....: (1 GPs behind) idle=e1e/0/0x3
softirq=662/5436 fqs=10501
[ 236.179623] rcu: INFO: rcu_preempt self-detected stall on CPU0
IOPS][eta 02m:05s]
[ 236.185362] rcu: 29-....: (1 GPs behind) idle=e1e/0/0x3
softirq=662/5436 fqs=18220
[ 271.735648] rcu: INFO: rcu_preempt self-detected stall on CPU0
IOPS][eta 01m:30s]
[ 271.741387] rcu: 16-....: (1 GPs behind)
idle=fb6/1/0x4000000000000002 softirq=858/1168 fqs=2605
[ 334.747590] rcu: INFO: rcu_preempt self-detected stall on CPU0
IOPS][eta 00m:27s]
[ 334.753328] rcu: 0-....: (1 GPs behind) idle=57a/1/0x4000000000000002
softirq=1384/1384 fqs=10309
Jobs: 20 (f=20): [R(20)][100.0%][r=4230MiB/s,w=0KiB/s][r=1083k,w=0
IOPS][eta 00m:00s]
job1: (groupid=0, jobs=20): err= 0: pid=1242: Mon Dec 23 09:45:12 2019
read: IOPS=1183k, BW=4621MiB/s (4846MB/s)(1354GiB/300002msec)
slat (usec): min=2, max=183172k, avg= 6.47, stdev=12846.53
clat (usec): min=4, max=183173k, avg=330.40, stdev=63380.85
lat (usec): min=20, max=183173k, avg=337.02, stdev=64670.18
clat percentiles (usec):
| 1.00th=[ 104], 5.00th=[ 112], 10.00th=[ 137], 20.00th=[ 182],
| 30.00th=[ 219], 40.00th=[ 245], 50.00th=[ 269], 60.00th=[ 297],
| 70.00th=[ 338], 80.00th=[ 379], 90.00th=[ 429], 95.00th=[ 482],
| 99.00th=[ 635], 99.50th=[ 742], 99.90th=[ 1221], 99.95th=[ 1876],
| 99.99th=[ 6194]
bw ( KiB/s): min= 32, max=733328, per=5.75%, avg=272330.58,
stdev=110721.72, samples=10435
iops : min= 8, max=183332, avg=68082.49, stdev=27680.43,
samples=10435
lat (usec) : 10=0.01%, 20=0.01%, 50=0.01%, 100=0.46%, 250=41.97%
lat (usec) : 500=53.32%, 750=3.78%, 1000=0.31%
lat (msec) : 2=0.11%, 4=0.03%, 10=0.01%, 20=0.01%, 50=0.01%
lat (msec) : 100=0.01%, 250=0.01%, 500=0.01%, 750=0.01%, 1000=0.01%
lat (msec) : 2000=0.01%, >=2000=0.01%
cpu : usr=8.38%, sys=33.43%, ctx=134950965, majf=0, minf=4371
IO depths : 1=0.1%, 2=0.1%, 4=0.1%, 8=0.1%, 16=100.0%, 32=0.0%,
>=64=0.0%
submit : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%,
>=64=0.0%
complete : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.1%, 64=0.0%,
>=64=0.0%
issued rwt: total=354924097,0,0, short=0,0,0, dropped=0,0,0
latency : target=0, window=0, percentile=100.00%, depth=20

Run status group 0 (all jobs):
READ: bw=4621MiB/s (4846MB/s), 4621MiB/s-4621MiB/s
(4846MB/s-4846MB/s), io=1354GiB (1454GB), run=300002-300002msec

Disk stats (read/write):
nvme0n1: ios=187325975/0, merge=0/0, ticks=49841664/0,
in_queue=11620, util=100.00%
nvme1n1: ios=167416192/0, merge=0/0, ticks=42280120/0,
in_queue=194576, util=100.00%
john@ubuntu:~$


fio summary SMMU disabled:

john@ubuntu:~$ dmesg | grep "Adding to iommu group"
john@ubuntu:~$


sudo sh create_fio_task_cpu_liuyifan_nvme.sh 4k read 20 1
Creat 4k_read_depth20_fiotest file sucessfully
job1: (g=0): rw=read, bs=(R) 4096B-4096B, (W) 4096B-4096B, (T)
4096B-4096B, ioengine=libaio, iodepth=20
...
job1: (g=0): rw=read, bs=(R) 4096B-4096B, (W) 4096B-4096B, (T)
4096B-4096B, ioengine=libaio, iodepth=20
...
fio-3.1
Starting 20 processes
Jobs: 20 (f=20): [R(20)][100.0%][r=6053MiB/s,w=0KiB/s][r=1550k,w=0
IOPS][eta 00m:00s]
job1: (groupid=0, jobs=20): err= 0: pid=1221: Mon Dec 23 09:54:15 2019
read: IOPS=1539k, BW=6011MiB/s (6303MB/s)(1761GiB/300001msec)
slat (usec): min=2, max=224572, avg= 4.44, stdev=14.57
clat (usec): min=11, max=238636, avg=254.59, stdev=140.45
lat (usec): min=15, max=240025, avg=259.17, stdev=142.61
clat percentiles (usec):
| 1.00th=[ 94], 5.00th=[ 125], 10.00th=[ 167], 20.00th=[ 208],
| 30.00th=[ 221], 40.00th=[ 227], 50.00th=[ 237], 60.00th=[ 247],
| 70.00th=[ 262], 80.00th=[ 281], 90.00th=[ 338], 95.00th=[ 420],
| 99.00th=[ 701], 99.50th=[ 857], 99.90th=[ 1270], 99.95th=[ 1483],
| 99.99th=[ 2114]
bw ( KiB/s): min= 2292, max=429480, per=5.01%, avg=308068.30,
stdev=36800.42, samples=12000
iops : min= 573, max=107370, avg=77016.89, stdev=9200.10,
samples=12000
lat (usec) : 20=0.01%, 50=0.04%, 100=1.56%, 250=61.54%, 500=33.86%
lat (usec) : 750=2.19%, 1000=0.53%
lat (msec) : 2=0.26%, 4=0.01%, 10=0.01%, 20=0.01%, 50=0.01%
lat (msec) : 100=0.01%, 250=0.01%
cpu : usr=11.50%, sys=40.49%, ctx=198764008, majf=0, minf=30760
IO depths : 1=0.1%, 2=0.1%, 4=0.1%, 8=0.1%, 16=100.0%, 32=0.0%,
>=64=0.0%
submit : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%,
>=64=0.0%
complete : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.1%, 64=0.0%,
>=64=0.0%
issued rwt: total=461640046,0,0, short=0,0,0, dropped=0,0,0
latency : target=0, window=0, percentile=100.00%, depth=20

Run status group 0 (all jobs):
READ: bw=6011MiB/s (6303MB/s), 6011MiB/s-6011MiB/s
(6303MB/s-6303MB/s), io=1761GiB (1891GB), run=300001-300001msec

Disk stats (read/write):
nvme0n1: ios=229212121/0, merge=0/0, ticks=56349577/0, in_queue=2908,
util=100.00%
nvme1n1: ios=232165508/0, merge=0/0, ticks=56708137/0, in_queue=372,
util=100.00%
john@ubuntu:~$

Obviously this is not conclusive, especially with such limited testing -
5 minute runs each. The CPU load goes up when disabling the SMMU, but
that could be attributed to extra throughput (1183K -> 1539K) loading.

I do notice that since we complete the NVMe request in irq context, we
also do the DMA unmap, i.e. talk to the SMMU, in the same context, which
is less than ideal.

I need to finish for the Christmas break today, so can't check this much
further ATM.

Thanks,
John

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