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SubjectRe: [PATCH] fs: inode: Reduce volatile inode wraparound risk when ino_t is 64 bit
Darrick J. Wong writes:
>On Fri, Dec 20, 2019 at 02:49:36AM +0000, Chris Down wrote:
>> In Facebook production we are seeing heavy inode number wraparounds on
>> tmpfs. On affected tiers, in excess of 10% of hosts show multiple files
>> with different content and the same inode number, with some servers even
>> having as many as 150 duplicated inode numbers with differing file
>> content.
>>
>> This causes actual, tangible problems in production. For example, we
>> have complaints from those working on remote caches that their
>> application is reporting cache corruptions because it uses (device,
>> inodenum) to establish the identity of a particular cache object, but
>
>...but you cannot delete the (dev, inum) tuple from the cache index when
>you remove a cache object??

There are some cache objects which may be long-lived. In these kinds of cases,
the cache objects aren't removed until they're conclusively not needed.

Since tmpfs shares the i_ino counter with every other user of get_next_ino,
it's then entirely possible that we can thrash through 2^32 inodes within a
period that it's possible for a single cache file to exist.

>> because it's not unique any more, the application refuses to continue
>> and reports cache corruption. Even worse, sometimes applications may not
>> even detect the corruption but may continue anyway, causing phantom and
>> hard to debug behaviour.
>>
>> In general, userspace applications expect that (device, inodenum) should
>> be enough to be uniquely point to one inode, which seems fair enough.
>
>Except that it's not. (dev, inum, generation) uniquely points to an
>instance of an inode from creation to the last unlink.

I didn't mention generation because, even though it's set on tmpfs (to
prandom_u32()), it's not possible to evaluate it from userspace since `ioctl`
returns ENOTTY. We can't ask userspace applications to introspect on an inode
attribute that they can't even access :-)

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