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Subject[PATCH v5 2/3] pid: Introduce pidfd_getfd syscall
This syscall allows for the retrieval of file descriptors from other
processes, based on their pidfd. This is possible using ptrace, and
injection of parasitic code along with using SCM_RIGHTS to move
file descriptors between a tracee and a tracer. Unfortunately, ptrace
comes with a high cost of requiring the process to be stopped, and
breaks debuggers. This does not require stopping the process under
manipulation.

One reason to use this is to allow sandboxers to take actions on file
descriptors on the behalf of another process. For example, this can be
combined with seccomp-bpf's user notification to do on-demand fd
extraction and take privileged actions. For example, it can be used
to bind a socket to a privileged port.

/* prototype */
/*
* pidfd_getfd_options is an extensible struct which can have options
* added to it. If options is NULL, size, and it will be ignored be
* ignored, otherwise, size should be set to sizeof(*options). If
* option is newer than the current kernel version, E2BIG will be
* returned.
*/
struct pidfd_getfd_options {};
long pidfd_getfd(int pidfd, int fd, unsigned int flags,
struct pidfd_getfd_options *options, size_t size);

/* testing */
Ran self-test suite on x86_64

Signed-off-by: Sargun Dhillon <sargun@sargun.me>
---
MAINTAINERS | 1 +
arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h | 2 +-
arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h | 2 +
arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl | 1 +
arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl | 1 +
arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_o32.tbl | 1 +
arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl | 1 +
arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 1 +
arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
include/linux/syscalls.h | 4 +
include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h | 3 +-
include/uapi/linux/pidfd.h | 10 ++
kernel/pid.c | 115 ++++++++++++++++++++
23 files changed, 151 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/pidfd.h

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index cc0a4a8ae06a..bc370ff59dbf 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -13014,6 +13014,7 @@ M: Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io>
L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
S: Maintained
T: git git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/brauner/linux.git
+F: include/uapi/linux/pidfd.h
F: samples/pidfd/
F: tools/testing/selftests/pidfd/
F: tools/testing/selftests/clone3/
diff --git a/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 8e13b0b2928d..d1cac0d657b7 100644
--- a/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -475,3 +475,4 @@
543 common fspick sys_fspick
544 common pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
# 545 reserved for clone3
+548 common pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd
diff --git a/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl b/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
index 6da7dc4d79cc..ba045e2f3a60 100644
--- a/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
@@ -449,3 +449,4 @@
433 common fspick sys_fspick
434 common pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
435 common clone3 sys_clone3
+438 common pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h
index 2629a68b8724..b722e47377a5 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd.h
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@
#define __ARM_NR_compat_set_tls (__ARM_NR_COMPAT_BASE + 5)
#define __ARM_NR_COMPAT_END (__ARM_NR_COMPAT_BASE + 0x800)

-#define __NR_compat_syscalls 436
+#define __NR_compat_syscalls 439
#endif

#define __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h
index 94ab29cf4f00..a8da97a2de41 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h
@@ -879,6 +879,8 @@ __SYSCALL(__NR_fspick, sys_fspick)
__SYSCALL(__NR_pidfd_open, sys_pidfd_open)
#define __NR_clone3 435
__SYSCALL(__NR_clone3, sys_clone3)
+#define __NR_pidfd_getfd 438
+__SYSCALL(__NR_pidfd_getfd, sys_pidfd_getfd)

/*
* Please add new compat syscalls above this comment and update
diff --git a/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 36d5faf4c86c..2b11adfc860c 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -356,3 +356,4 @@
433 common fspick sys_fspick
434 common pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
# 435 reserved for clone3
+438 common pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index a88a285a0e5f..44e879e98459 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -435,3 +435,4 @@
433 common fspick sys_fspick
434 common pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
# 435 reserved for clone3
+438 common pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 09b0cd7dab0a..7afa00125cc4 100644
--- a/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -441,3 +441,4 @@
433 common fspick sys_fspick
434 common pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
435 common clone3 sys_clone3
+438 common pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl
index e7c5ab38e403..856d5ba34461 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl
@@ -374,3 +374,4 @@
433 n32 fspick sys_fspick
434 n32 pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
435 n32 clone3 __sys_clone3
+438 n32 pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl
index 13cd66581f3b..2db6075352f3 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n64.tbl
@@ -350,3 +350,4 @@
433 n64 fspick sys_fspick
434 n64 pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
435 n64 clone3 __sys_clone3
+438 n64 pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_o32.tbl b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_o32.tbl
index 353539ea4140..e9f9d4a9b105 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_o32.tbl
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_o32.tbl
@@ -423,3 +423,4 @@
433 o32 fspick sys_fspick
434 o32 pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
435 o32 clone3 __sys_clone3
+438 o32 pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 285ff516150c..c58c7eb144ca 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -433,3 +433,4 @@
433 common fspick sys_fspick
434 common pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
435 common clone3 sys_clone3_wrapper
+438 common pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 43f736ed47f2..707609bfe3ea 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -517,3 +517,4 @@
433 common fspick sys_fspick
434 common pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
435 nospu clone3 ppc_clone3
+438 common pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 3054e9c035a3..185cd624face 100644
--- a/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -438,3 +438,4 @@
433 common fspick sys_fspick sys_fspick
434 common pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
435 common clone3 sys_clone3 sys_clone3
+438 common pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index b5ed26c4c005..88f90895aad8 100644
--- a/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -438,3 +438,4 @@
433 common fspick sys_fspick
434 common pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
# 435 reserved for clone3
+438 common pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 8c8cc7537fb2..218df6a2326e 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -481,3 +481,4 @@
433 common fspick sys_fspick
434 common pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
# 435 reserved for clone3
+438 common pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
index 15908eb9b17e..9c3101b65e0f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
@@ -440,3 +440,4 @@
433 i386 fspick sys_fspick __ia32_sys_fspick
434 i386 pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open __ia32_sys_pidfd_open
435 i386 clone3 sys_clone3 __ia32_sys_clone3
+438 i386 pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd __ia32_sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
index c29976eca4a8..cef85db75a62 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
@@ -357,6 +357,7 @@
433 common fspick __x64_sys_fspick
434 common pidfd_open __x64_sys_pidfd_open
435 common clone3 __x64_sys_clone3/ptregs
+438 common pidfd_getfd __x64_sys_pidfd_getfd

#
# x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
diff --git a/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 25f4de729a6d..ae15183def12 100644
--- a/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -406,3 +406,4 @@
433 common fspick sys_fspick
434 common pidfd_open sys_pidfd_open
435 common clone3 sys_clone3
+438 common pidfd_getfd sys_pidfd_getfd
diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
index 2960dedcfde8..62fe706329d1 100644
--- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
+++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
@@ -69,6 +69,7 @@ struct rseq;
union bpf_attr;
struct io_uring_params;
struct clone_args;
+struct pidfd_getfd_options;

#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/aio_abi.h>
@@ -1000,6 +1001,9 @@ asmlinkage long sys_fspick(int dfd, const char __user *path, unsigned int flags)
asmlinkage long sys_pidfd_send_signal(int pidfd, int sig,
siginfo_t __user *info,
unsigned int flags);
+asmlinkage long sys_pidfd_getfd(int pidfd, int fd,
+ struct pidfd_getfd_options __user *options,
+ size_t, usize);

/*
* Architecture-specific system calls
diff --git a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
index 1fc8faa6e973..f358488366f6 100644
--- a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
+++ b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
@@ -850,9 +850,10 @@ __SYSCALL(__NR_pidfd_open, sys_pidfd_open)
#define __NR_clone3 435
__SYSCALL(__NR_clone3, sys_clone3)
#endif
+#define __NR_pidfd_getfd 438

#undef __NR_syscalls
-#define __NR_syscalls 436
+#define __NR_syscalls 439

/*
* 32 bit systems traditionally used different
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/pidfd.h b/include/uapi/linux/pidfd.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0a3fc922661d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/pidfd.h
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_PIDFD_H
+#define _UAPI_LINUX_PIDFD_H
+
+struct pidfd_getfd_options {};
+
+#define PIDFD_GETFD_OPTIONS_SIZE_VER0 0
+#define PIDFD_GETFD_OPTIONS_SIZE_LATEST PIDFD_GETFD_OPTIONS_SIZE_VER0
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_PIDFD_H */
diff --git a/kernel/pid.c b/kernel/pid.c
index 2278e249141d..2a9cb4be383f 100644
--- a/kernel/pid.c
+++ b/kernel/pid.c
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include <linux/sched/task.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/pidfd.h>

struct pid init_struct_pid = {
.count = REFCOUNT_INIT(1),
@@ -578,3 +579,117 @@ void __init pid_idr_init(void)
init_pid_ns.pid_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(pid,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_ACCOUNT);
}
+
+static struct file *__pidfd_getfd_fget_task(struct task_struct *task, u32 fd)
+{
+ struct file *file;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = mutex_lock_killable(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+ if (ret)
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+
+ if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS)) {
+ file = ERR_PTR(-EPERM);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ file = fget_task(task, fd);
+ if (!file)
+ file = ERR_PTR(-EBADF);
+
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+ return file;
+}
+
+static long pidfd_getfd(struct pid *pid, u32 fd)
+{
+ struct task_struct *task;
+ struct file *file;
+ int ret, retfd;
+
+ task = get_pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
+ if (!task)
+ return -ESRCH;
+
+ file = __pidfd_getfd_fget_task(task, fd);
+ put_task_struct(task);
+ if (IS_ERR(file))
+ return PTR_ERR(file);
+
+ retfd = get_unused_fd_flags(O_CLOEXEC);
+ if (retfd < 0) {
+ ret = retfd;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * security_file_receive must come last since it may have side effects
+ * and cannot be reversed.
+ */
+ ret = security_file_receive(file);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out_put_fd;
+
+ fd_install(retfd, file);
+ return retfd;
+
+out_put_fd:
+ put_unused_fd(retfd);
+out:
+ fput(file);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * sys_pidfd_getfd() - Get a file descriptor from another process
+ *
+ * @pidfd: file descriptor of the process
+ * @fd: the file descriptor number to get
+ * @options: options on how to get the fd
+ * @usize: the size of options
+ *
+ * This syscall requires that the process has the ability to ptrace the
+ * process represented by the pidfd. It will return a duplicated version
+ * of the file descriptor on success. The process who which is having
+ * its file descriptor taken is otherwise unaffected. If options is NULL
+ * it is ignored along with usize.
+ *
+ * Return: On success, a file descriptor with cloexec is returned.
+ * On error, a negative errno number will be returned.
+ */
+SYSCALL_DEFINE4(pidfd_getfd, int, pidfd, int, fd,
+ struct pidfd_getfd_options __user *, options, size_t, usize)
+{
+ struct pid *pid;
+ struct fd f;
+ int ret;
+
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct pidfd_getfd_options) != PIDFD_GETFD_OPTIONS_SIZE_LATEST);
+
+ /*
+ * options is currently unused, verify it's unset or if it is set,
+ * ensure that size is 0.
+ *
+ * In the future, this will need to adopt copy_struct_from_user.
+ */
+ if (options && usize > PIDFD_GETFD_OPTIONS_SIZE_VER0)
+ return -E2BIG;
+
+ f = fdget(pidfd);
+ if (!f.file)
+ return -EBADF;
+
+ pid = pidfd_pid(f.file);
+ if (IS_ERR(pid)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(pid);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ ret = pidfd_getfd(pid, fd);
+
+out:
+ fdput(f);
+ return ret;
+}
--
2.20.1
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