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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/2] fs: New zonefs file system
On Fri, Dec 20, 2019 at 03:55:27PM +0900, Damien Le Moal wrote:
> zonefs is a very simple file system exposing each zone of a zoned block
> device as a file. Unlike a regular file system with zoned block device
> support (e.g. f2fs), zonefs does not hide the sequential write
> constraint of zoned block devices to the user. Files representing
> sequential write zones of the device must be written sequentially
> starting from the end of the file (append only writes).
>
> As such, zonefs is in essence closer to a raw block device access
> interface than to a full featured POSIX file system. The goal of zonefs
> is to simplify the implementation of zoned block devices support in
> applications by replacing raw block device file accesses with a richer
> file API, avoiding relying on direct block device file ioctls which may
> be more obscure to developers. One example of this approach is the
> implementation of LSM (log-structured merge) tree structures (such as
> used in RocksDB and LevelDB) on zoned block devices by allowing SSTables
> to be stored in a zone file similarly to a regular file system rather
> than as a range of sectors of a zoned device. The introduction of the
> higher level construct "one file is one zone" can help reducing the
> amount of changes needed in the application as well as introducing
> support for different application programming languages.
>
> Zonefs on-disk metadata is reduced to an immutable super block to
> persistently store a magic number and optional features flags and
> values. On mount, zonefs uses blkdev_report_zones() to obtain the device
> zone configuration and populates the mount point with a static file tree
> solely based on this information. E.g. file sizes come from the device
> zone type and write pointer offset managed by the device itself.
>
> The zone files created on mount have the following characteristics.
> 1) Files representing zones of the same type are grouped together
> under a common sub-directory:
> * For conventional zones, the sub-directory "cnv" is used.
> * For sequential write zones, the sub-directory "seq" is used.
> These two directories are the only directories that exist in zonefs.
> Users cannot create other directories and cannot rename nor delete
> the "cnv" and "seq" sub-directories.
> 2) The name of zone files is the number of the file within the zone
> type sub-directory, in order of increasing zone start sector.
> 3) The size of conventional zone files is fixed to the device zone size.
> Conventional zone files cannot be truncated.
> 4) The size of sequential zone files represent the file's zone write
> pointer position relative to the zone start sector. Truncating these
> files is allowed only down to 0, in wich case, the zone is reset to
> rewind the zone write pointer position to the start of the zone, or
> up to the zone size, in which case the file's zone is transitioned
> to the FULL state (finish zone operation).
> 5) All read and write operations to files are not allowed beyond the
> file zone size. Any access exceeding the zone size is failed with
> the -EFBIG error.
> 6) Creating, deleting, renaming or modifying any attribute of files and
> sub-directories is not allowed.
> 7) There are no restrictions on the type of read and write operations
> that can be issued to conventional zone files. Buffered, direct and
> mmap read & write operations are accepted. For sequential zone files,
> there are no restrictions on read operations, but all write
> operations must be direct IO append writes. mmap write of sequential
> files is not allowed.
>
> Several optional features of zonefs can be enabled at format time.
> * Conventional zone aggregation: ranges of contiguous conventional
> zones can be agregated into a single larger file instead of the
> default one file per zone.
> * File ownership: The owner UID and GID of zone files is by default 0
> (root) but can be changed to any valid UID/GID.
> * File access permissions: the default 640 access permissions can be
> changed.
>
> The mkzonefs tool is used to format zoned block devices for use with
> zonefs. This tool is available on Github at:
>
> git@github.com:damien-lemoal/zonefs-tools.git.
>
> zonefs-tools also includes a test suite which can be run against any
> zoned block device, including null_blk block device created with zoned
> mode.
>
> Example: the following formats a 15TB host-managed SMR HDD with 256 MB
> zones with the conventional zones aggregation feature enabled.
>
> $ sudo mkzonefs -o aggr_cnv /dev/sdX
> $ sudo mount -t zonefs /dev/sdX /mnt
> $ ls -l /mnt/
> total 0
> dr-xr-xr-x 2 root root 1 Nov 25 13:23 cnv
> dr-xr-xr-x 2 root root 55356 Nov 25 13:23 seq
>
> The size of the zone files sub-directories indicate the number of files
> existing for each type of zones. In this example, there is only one
> conventional zone file (all conventional zones are agreggated under a
> single file).
>
> $ ls -l /mnt/cnv
> total 137101312
> -rw-r----- 1 root root 140391743488 Nov 25 13:23 0
>
> This aggregated conventional zone file can be used as a regular file.
>
> $ sudo mkfs.ext4 /mnt/cnv/0
> $ sudo mount -o loop /mnt/cnv/0 /data
>
> The "seq" sub-directory grouping files for sequential write zones has
> in this example 55356 zones.
>
> $ ls -lv /mnt/seq
> total 14511243264
> -rw-r----- 1 root root 0 Nov 25 13:23 0
> -rw-r----- 1 root root 0 Nov 25 13:23 1
> -rw-r----- 1 root root 0 Nov 25 13:23 2
> ...
> -rw-r----- 1 root root 0 Nov 25 13:23 55354
> -rw-r----- 1 root root 0 Nov 25 13:23 55355
>
> For sequential write zone files, the file size changes as data is
> appended at the end of the file, similarly to any regular file system.
>
> $ dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/seq/0 bs=4K count=1 conv=notrunc oflag=direct
> 1+0 records in
> 1+0 records out
> 4096 bytes (4.1 kB, 4.0 KiB) copied, 1.05112 s, 3.9 kB/s
>
> $ ls -l /mnt/seq/0
> -rw-r----- 1 root root 4096 Nov 25 13:23 /mnt/sdh/seq/0
>
> The written file can be truncated to the zone size, prventing any
> further write operation.
>
> $ truncate -s 268435456 /mnt/seq/0
> $ ls -l /mnt/seq/0
> -rw-r----- 1 root root 268435456 Nov 25 13:49 /mnt/seq/0
>
> Truncation to 0 size allows freeing the file zone storage space and
> restart append-writes to the file.
>
> $ truncate -s 0 /mnt/seq/0
> $ ls -l /mnt/seq/0
> -rw-r----- 1 root root 0 Nov 25 13:49 /mnt/seq/0
>
> Since files are statically mapped to zones on the disk, the number of
> blocks of a file as reported by stat() and fstat() indicates the size
> of the file zone.
>
> $ stat /mnt/seq/0
> File: /mnt/seq/0
> Size: 0 Blocks: 524288 IO Block: 4096 regular empty file
> Device: 870h/2160d Inode: 50431 Links: 1
> Access: (0640/-rw-r-----) Uid: ( 0/ root) Gid: ( 0/ root)
> Access: 2019-11-25 13:23:57.048971997 +0900
> Modify: 2019-11-25 13:52:25.553805765 +0900
> Change: 2019-11-25 13:52:25.553805765 +0900
> Birth: -
>
> The number of blocks of the file ("Blocks") in units of 512B blocks
> gives the maximum file size of 524288 * 512 B = 256 MB, corresponding
> to the device zone size in this example. Of note is that the "IO block"
> field always indicates the minimum IO size for writes and corresponds
> to the device physical sector size.
>
> This code contains contributions from:
> * Johannes Thumshirn <jthumshirn@suse.de>,
> * Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com>,
> * Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>,
> * Chaitanya Kulkarni <chaitanya.kulkarni@wdc.com> and
> * Ting Yao <tingyao@hust.edu.cn>.
>
> Signed-off-by: Damien Le Moal <damien.lemoal@wdc.com>
> Reviewed-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de>
> ---
> MAINTAINERS | 9 +
> fs/Kconfig | 1 +
> fs/Makefile | 1 +
> fs/zonefs/Kconfig | 9 +
> fs/zonefs/Makefile | 4 +
> fs/zonefs/super.c | 1158 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> fs/zonefs/zonefs.h | 169 ++++++
> include/uapi/linux/magic.h | 1 +
> 8 files changed, 1352 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 fs/zonefs/Kconfig
> create mode 100644 fs/zonefs/Makefile
> create mode 100644 fs/zonefs/super.c
> create mode 100644 fs/zonefs/zonefs.h
>
> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> index a049abccaa26..8eb6f02a1efa 100644
> --- a/MAINTAINERS
> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> @@ -18284,6 +18284,15 @@ L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> S: Maintained
> F: arch/x86/kernel/cpu/zhaoxin.c
>
> +ZONEFS FILESYSTEM
> +M: Damien Le Moal <damien.lemoal@wdc.com>
> +M: Naohiro Aota <naohiro.aota@wdc.com>
> +R: Johannes Thumshirn <jth@kernel.org>
> +L: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
> +T: git git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dlemoal/zonefs.git
> +S: Maintained
> +F: fs/zonefs/
> +
> ZPOOL COMPRESSED PAGE STORAGE API
> M: Dan Streetman <ddstreet@ieee.org>
> L: linux-mm@kvack.org
> diff --git a/fs/Kconfig b/fs/Kconfig
> index 7b623e9fc1b0..a3f97ca2bd46 100644
> --- a/fs/Kconfig
> +++ b/fs/Kconfig
> @@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ source "fs/ocfs2/Kconfig"
> source "fs/btrfs/Kconfig"
> source "fs/nilfs2/Kconfig"
> source "fs/f2fs/Kconfig"
> +source "fs/zonefs/Kconfig"
>
> config FS_DAX
> bool "Direct Access (DAX) support"
> diff --git a/fs/Makefile b/fs/Makefile
> index 1148c555c4d3..527f228a5e8a 100644
> --- a/fs/Makefile
> +++ b/fs/Makefile
> @@ -133,3 +133,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CEPH_FS) += ceph/
> obj-$(CONFIG_PSTORE) += pstore/
> obj-$(CONFIG_EFIVAR_FS) += efivarfs/
> obj-$(CONFIG_EROFS_FS) += erofs/
> +obj-$(CONFIG_ZONEFS_FS) += zonefs/
> diff --git a/fs/zonefs/Kconfig b/fs/zonefs/Kconfig
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..6490547e9763
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/fs/zonefs/Kconfig
> @@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
> +config ZONEFS_FS
> + tristate "zonefs filesystem support"
> + depends on BLOCK
> + depends on BLK_DEV_ZONED
> + help
> + zonefs is a simple File System which exposes zones of a zoned block
> + device as files.
> +
> + If unsure, say N.
> diff --git a/fs/zonefs/Makefile b/fs/zonefs/Makefile
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..75a380aa1ae1
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/fs/zonefs/Makefile
> @@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +obj-$(CONFIG_ZONEFS_FS) += zonefs.o
> +
> +zonefs-y := super.o
> diff --git a/fs/zonefs/super.c b/fs/zonefs/super.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..1b2ff2d8a5d1
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/fs/zonefs/super.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,1158 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Simple zone file system for zoned block devices.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Western Digital Corporation or its affiliates.
> + */
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/magic.h>
> +#include <linux/iomap.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/blkdev.h>
> +#include <linux/statfs.h>
> +#include <linux/writeback.h>
> +#include <linux/quotaops.h>
> +#include <linux/seq_file.h>
> +#include <linux/parser.h>
> +#include <linux/uio.h>
> +#include <linux/mman.h>
> +#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/crc32.h>
> +
> +#include "zonefs.h"
> +
> +static int zonefs_iomap_begin(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length,
> + unsigned int flags, struct iomap *iomap,
> + struct iomap *srcmap)
> +{
> + struct zonefs_sb_info *sbi = ZONEFS_SB(inode->i_sb);
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi = ZONEFS_I(inode);
> + loff_t max_isize = zi->i_max_size;
> + loff_t isize;
> +
> + /*
> + * For sequential zones, enforce direct IO writes. This is already
> + * checked when writes are issued, so warn about this here if we
> + * get buffered write to a sequential file inode.
> + */
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(zi->i_ztype == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_SEQ &&
> + (flags & IOMAP_WRITE) && !(flags & IOMAP_DIRECT)))
> + return -EIO;
> +
> + /*
> + * For all zones, all blocks are always mapped. For sequential zones,
> + * all blocks after the write pointer (inode size) are always unwritten.
> + */
> + mutex_lock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> + isize = i_size_read(inode);
> + if (offset >= isize) {
> + length = min(length, max_isize - offset);
> + if (zi->i_ztype == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_CNV)
> + iomap->type = IOMAP_MAPPED;
> + else
> + iomap->type = IOMAP_UNWRITTEN;
> + } else {
> + length = min(length, isize - offset);
> + iomap->type = IOMAP_MAPPED;
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> +
> + iomap->offset = offset & (~sbi->s_blocksize_mask);
> + iomap->length = ((offset + length + sbi->s_blocksize_mask) &
> + (~sbi->s_blocksize_mask)) - iomap->offset;
> + iomap->bdev = inode->i_sb->s_bdev;
> + iomap->addr = (zi->i_zsector << SECTOR_SHIFT) + iomap->offset;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct iomap_ops zonefs_iomap_ops = {
> + .iomap_begin = zonefs_iomap_begin,
> +};
> +
> +static int zonefs_readpage(struct file *unused, struct page *page)
> +{
> + return iomap_readpage(page, &zonefs_iomap_ops);
> +}
> +
> +static int zonefs_readpages(struct file *unused, struct address_space *mapping,
> + struct list_head *pages, unsigned int nr_pages)
> +{
> + return iomap_readpages(mapping, pages, nr_pages, &zonefs_iomap_ops);
> +}
> +
> +static int zonefs_map_blocks(struct iomap_writepage_ctx *wpc,
> + struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
> +{
> + if (offset >= wpc->iomap.offset &&
> + offset < wpc->iomap.offset + wpc->iomap.length)
> + return 0;
> +
> + memset(&wpc->iomap, 0, sizeof(wpc->iomap));
> + return zonefs_iomap_begin(inode, offset, ZONEFS_I(inode)->i_max_size,
> + 0, &wpc->iomap, NULL);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct iomap_writeback_ops zonefs_writeback_ops = {
> + .map_blocks = zonefs_map_blocks,
> +};
> +
> +static int zonefs_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
> +{
> + struct iomap_writepage_ctx wpc = { };
> +
> + return iomap_writepage(page, wbc, &wpc, &zonefs_writeback_ops);
> +}
> +
> +static int zonefs_writepages(struct address_space *mapping,
> + struct writeback_control *wbc)
> +{
> + struct iomap_writepage_ctx wpc = { };
> +
> + return iomap_writepages(mapping, wbc, &wpc, &zonefs_writeback_ops);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct address_space_operations zonefs_file_aops = {
> + .readpage = zonefs_readpage,
> + .readpages = zonefs_readpages,
> + .writepage = zonefs_writepage,
> + .writepages = zonefs_writepages,
> + .set_page_dirty = iomap_set_page_dirty,
> + .releasepage = iomap_releasepage,
> + .invalidatepage = iomap_invalidatepage,
> + .migratepage = iomap_migrate_page,
> + .is_partially_uptodate = iomap_is_partially_uptodate,
> + .error_remove_page = generic_error_remove_page,
> + .direct_IO = noop_direct_IO,
> +};
> +
> +static void zonefs_update_stats(struct inode *inode, loff_t new_isize)
> +{
> + struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
> + struct zonefs_sb_info *sbi = ZONEFS_SB(sb);
> + loff_t old_isize = i_size_read(inode);
> +
> + if (new_isize == old_isize)
> + return;
> +
> + spin_lock(&sbi->s_lock);
> +
> + if (!new_isize) {
> + /* File truncated to 0 */
> + sbi->s_used_blocks -= old_isize >> sb->s_blocksize_bits;
> + } else if (new_isize > old_isize) {
> + /* File written or truncated to max size */
> + sbi->s_used_blocks +=
> + (new_isize - old_isize) >> sb->s_blocksize_bits;
> + } else {
> + /* Sequential zone files can only grow or be truncated to 0 */
> + WARN_ON(new_isize < old_isize);
> + }
> +
> + spin_unlock(&sbi->s_lock);
> +}
> +
> +static int zonefs_seq_file_truncate(struct inode *inode, loff_t isize)
> +{
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi = ZONEFS_I(inode);
> + loff_t old_isize;
> + enum req_opf op;
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + /*
> + * For sequential zone files, we can only allow truncating to 0 size,
> + * which is equivalent to a zone reset, or to the maximum file size,
> + * which is equivalent to a zone finish.
> + */
> + if (!isize)
> + op = REQ_OP_ZONE_RESET;
> + else if (isize == zi->i_max_size)
> + op = REQ_OP_ZONE_FINISH;
> + else
> + return -EPERM;
> +
> + inode_dio_wait(inode);
> +
> + /* Serialize against page faults */
> + down_write(&zi->i_mmap_sem);
> +
> + /* Serialize against zonefs_iomap_begin() */
> + mutex_lock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> +
> + old_isize = i_size_read(inode);
> + if (isize == old_isize)
> + goto unlock;
> +
> + ret = blkdev_zone_mgmt(inode->i_sb->s_bdev, op, zi->i_zsector,
> + zi->i_max_size >> SECTOR_SHIFT, GFP_NOFS);
> + if (ret) {
> + zonefs_err(inode->i_sb,
> + "Zone management operation at %llu failed %d",
> + zi->i_zsector, ret);
> + goto unlock;
> + }
> +
> + zonefs_update_stats(inode, isize);
> + truncate_setsize(inode, isize);
> + zi->i_wpoffset = isize;
> +
> +unlock:
> + mutex_unlock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> + up_write(&zi->i_mmap_sem);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int zonefs_inode_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr)
> +{
> + struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry);
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = setattr_prepare(dentry, iattr);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + if ((iattr->ia_valid & ATTR_UID &&
> + !uid_eq(iattr->ia_uid, inode->i_uid)) ||
> + (iattr->ia_valid & ATTR_GID &&
> + !gid_eq(iattr->ia_gid, inode->i_gid))) {
> + ret = dquot_transfer(inode, iattr);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + if (iattr->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) {
> + /* The size of conventional zone files cannot be changed */
> + if (ZONEFS_I(inode)->i_ztype == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_CNV)
> + return -EPERM;
> +
> + ret = zonefs_seq_file_truncate(inode, iattr->ia_size);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + }

/me wonders if you need to filter out ATTR_MODE changes here, at least
so you can't make the zone file for a readonly zone writable?

I also wonder, does an O_TRUNC open reset the zone's write pointer to
zero?

> +
> + setattr_copy(inode, iattr);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct inode_operations zonefs_file_inode_operations = {
> + .setattr = zonefs_inode_setattr,
> +};
> +
> +static int zonefs_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end,
> + int datasync)
> +{
> + struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + /*
> + * Since only direct writes are allowed in sequential files, page cache
> + * flush is needed only for conventional zone files.
> + */
> + if (ZONEFS_I(inode)->i_ztype == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_CNV) {
> + ret = file_write_and_wait_range(file, start, end);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + ret = file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file);
> + }
> +
> + if (ret == 0)
> + ret = blkdev_issue_flush(inode->i_sb->s_bdev, GFP_KERNEL, NULL);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static vm_fault_t zonefs_filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
> +{
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi = ZONEFS_I(file_inode(vmf->vma->vm_file));
> + vm_fault_t ret;
> +
> + down_read(&zi->i_mmap_sem);
> + ret = filemap_fault(vmf);
> + up_read(&zi->i_mmap_sem);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static vm_fault_t zonefs_filemap_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf)
> +{
> + struct inode *inode = file_inode(vmf->vma->vm_file);
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi = ZONEFS_I(inode);
> + vm_fault_t ret;
> +
> + sb_start_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
> + file_update_time(vmf->vma->vm_file);
> +
> + /* Serialize against truncates */
> + down_read(&zi->i_mmap_sem);
> + ret = iomap_page_mkwrite(vmf, &zonefs_iomap_ops);
> + up_read(&zi->i_mmap_sem);
> +
> + sb_end_pagefault(inode->i_sb);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct vm_operations_struct zonefs_file_vm_ops = {
> + .fault = zonefs_filemap_fault,
> + .map_pages = filemap_map_pages,
> + .page_mkwrite = zonefs_filemap_page_mkwrite,
> +};
> +
> +static int zonefs_file_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> +{
> + /*
> + * Conventional zone files can be mmap-ed READ/WRITE.
> + * For sequential zone files, only readonly mappings are possible.

Hmm, but the code below looks like it allows private writable mmapings
of sequential zones?

> + */
> + if (ZONEFS_I(file_inode(file))->i_ztype == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_SEQ &&
> + (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYWRITE))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + file_accessed(file);
> + vma->vm_ops = &zonefs_file_vm_ops;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static loff_t zonefs_file_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence)
> +{
> + loff_t isize = i_size_read(file_inode(file));
> +
> + /*
> + * Seeks are limited to below the zone size for conventional zones
> + * and below the zone write pointer for sequential zones. In both
> + * cases, this limit is the inode size.
> + */
> + return generic_file_llseek_size(file, offset, whence, isize, isize);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t zonefs_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to)
> +{
> + struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp);
> + struct zonefs_sb_info *sbi = ZONEFS_SB(inode->i_sb);
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi = ZONEFS_I(inode);
> + loff_t max_pos;
> + size_t count;
> + ssize_t ret;
> +
> + if (iocb->ki_pos >= zi->i_max_size)
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) {
> + if (!inode_trylock_shared(inode))
> + return -EAGAIN;
> + } else {
> + inode_lock_shared(inode);
> + }
> +
> + mutex_lock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> +
> + /*
> + * Limit read operations to written data.
> + */
> + max_pos = i_size_read(inode);
> + if (iocb->ki_pos >= max_pos) {
> + mutex_unlock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> + ret = 0;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + iov_iter_truncate(to, max_pos - iocb->ki_pos);
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> +
> + count = iov_iter_count(to);
> +
> + if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) {
> + if ((iocb->ki_pos | count) & sbi->s_blocksize_mask) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> + file_accessed(iocb->ki_filp);
> + ret = iomap_dio_rw(iocb, to, &zonefs_iomap_ops, NULL,
> + is_sync_kiocb(iocb));
> + } else {
> + ret = generic_file_read_iter(iocb, to);
> + }
> +
> +out:
> + inode_unlock_shared(inode);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int zonefs_report_zones_err_cb(struct blk_zone *zone, unsigned int idx,
> + void *data)
> +{
> + struct inode *inode = data;
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi = ZONEFS_I(inode);
> + loff_t pos;
> +
> + pos = (zone->wp - zone->start) << SECTOR_SHIFT;
> + zi->i_wpoffset = pos;
> + if (i_size_read(inode) != pos) {
> + zonefs_update_stats(inode, pos);
> + i_size_write(inode, pos);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * When a write error occurs in a sequential zone, the zone write pointer
> + * position must be refreshed to correct the file size and zonefs inode
> + * write pointer offset.
> + */
> +static int zonefs_seq_file_write_failed(struct inode *inode, int error)
> +{
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi = ZONEFS_I(inode);
> + struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
> + sector_t sector = zi->i_zsector;
> + unsigned int nofs_flag;
> + int ret;
> +
> + zonefs_warn(sb, "Updating inode zone %llu info\n", sector);
> +
> + /*
> + * blkdev_report_zones() uses GFP_KERNEL by default. Force execution as
> + * if GFP_NOFS was specified so that it will not end up recursing into
> + * the FS on memory allocation.
> + */
> + nofs_flag = memalloc_nofs_save();
> + ret = blkdev_report_zones(sb->s_bdev, sector, 1,
> + zonefs_report_zones_err_cb, inode);
> + memalloc_nofs_restore(nofs_flag);
> +
> + if (ret != 1) {
> + if (!ret)
> + ret = -EIO;
> + zonefs_err(sb, "Get zone %llu report failed %d\n",
> + sector, ret);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int zonefs_file_dio_write_end(struct kiocb *iocb, ssize_t size, int ret,
> + unsigned int flags)
> +{
> + struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp);
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi = ZONEFS_I(inode);
> +
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + /*
> + * Conventional zone file size is fixed to the zone size so there
> + * is no need to do anything.
> + */
> + if (zi->i_ztype == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_CNV)
> + return 0;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> +
> + if (size < 0) {
> + ret = zonefs_seq_file_write_failed(inode, size);
> + } else if (i_size_read(inode) < iocb->ki_pos + size) {
> + zonefs_update_stats(inode, iocb->ki_pos + size);
> + i_size_write(inode, iocb->ki_pos + size);
> + }
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct iomap_dio_ops zonefs_dio_ops = {
> + .end_io = zonefs_file_dio_write_end,
> +};
> +
> +static ssize_t zonefs_file_dio_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
> +{
> + struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp);
> + struct zonefs_sb_info *sbi = ZONEFS_SB(inode->i_sb);
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi = ZONEFS_I(inode);
> + size_t count;
> + ssize_t ret;
> +
> + if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) {
> + if (!inode_trylock(inode))
> + return -EAGAIN;
> + } else {
> + inode_lock(inode);
> + }
> +
> + ret = generic_write_checks(iocb, from);
> + if (ret <= 0)
> + goto out;
> +
> + iov_iter_truncate(from, zi->i_max_size - iocb->ki_pos);
> + count = iov_iter_count(from);
> +
> + /*
> + * Direct writes must be aligned to the block size, that is, the device
> + * physical sector size, to avoid errors when writing sequential zones
> + * on 512e devices (512B logical sector, 4KB physical sectors).
> + */
> + if ((iocb->ki_pos | count) & sbi->s_blocksize_mask) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Enforce sequential writes (append only) in sequential zones.
> + */

I wonder, shouldn't zonefs require users to open sequential zones with
O_APPEND? I don't see anything in here that would suggest that it does,
though maybe I missed something.

> + mutex_lock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> + if (zi->i_ztype == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_SEQ &&
> + iocb->ki_pos != zi->i_wpoffset) {
> + zonefs_err(inode->i_sb,
> + "Unaligned write at %llu + %zu (wp %llu)\n",
> + iocb->ki_pos, count,
> + zi->i_wpoffset);
> + mutex_unlock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> +
> + ret = iomap_dio_rw(iocb, from, &zonefs_iomap_ops, &zonefs_dio_ops,
> + is_sync_kiocb(iocb));
> + if (zi->i_ztype == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_SEQ &&
> + (ret > 0 || ret == -EIOCBQUEUED)) {
> + if (ret > 0)
> + count = ret;
> + mutex_lock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> + zi->i_wpoffset += count;
> + mutex_unlock(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> + }
> +
> +out:
> + inode_unlock(inode);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t zonefs_file_buffered_write(struct kiocb *iocb,
> + struct iov_iter *from)
> +{
> + struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp);
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi = ZONEFS_I(inode);
> + size_t count;
> + ssize_t ret;
> +
> + /*
> + * Direct IO writes are mandatory for sequential zones so that the
> + * write IO order is preserved.
> + */
> + if (zi->i_ztype == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_SEQ)
> + return -EIO;
> +
> + if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) {
> + if (!inode_trylock(inode))
> + return -EAGAIN;
> + } else {
> + inode_lock(inode);
> + }
> +
> + ret = generic_write_checks(iocb, from);
> + if (ret <= 0)
> + goto out;
> +
> + iov_iter_truncate(from, zi->i_max_size - iocb->ki_pos);
> + count = iov_iter_count(from);
> +
> + ret = iomap_file_buffered_write(iocb, from, &zonefs_iomap_ops);
> + if (ret > 0)
> + iocb->ki_pos += ret;
> +
> +out:
> + inode_unlock(inode);
> + if (ret > 0)
> + ret = generic_write_sync(iocb, ret);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t zonefs_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
> +{
> + struct inode *inode = file_inode(iocb->ki_filp);
> +
> + /*
> + * Check that the write operation does not go beyond the zone size.
> + */
> + if (iocb->ki_pos >= ZONEFS_I(inode)->i_max_size)
> + return -EFBIG;
> +
> + if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT)
> + return zonefs_file_dio_write(iocb, from);
> +
> + return zonefs_file_buffered_write(iocb, from);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations zonefs_file_operations = {
> + .open = generic_file_open,

Hmm, ok, so there isn't any explicit O_APPEND requirement, even though
it looks like the filesystem enforces one.

> + .fsync = zonefs_file_fsync,
> + .mmap = zonefs_file_mmap,
> + .llseek = zonefs_file_llseek,
> + .read_iter = zonefs_file_read_iter,
> + .write_iter = zonefs_file_write_iter,
> + .splice_read = generic_file_splice_read,
> + .splice_write = iter_file_splice_write,
> + .iopoll = iomap_dio_iopoll,
> +};
> +
> +static struct kmem_cache *zonefs_inode_cachep;
> +
> +static struct inode *zonefs_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb)
> +{
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi;
> +
> + zi = kmem_cache_alloc(zonefs_inode_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!zi)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + inode_init_once(&zi->i_vnode);
> + mutex_init(&zi->i_truncate_mutex);
> + init_rwsem(&zi->i_mmap_sem);
> +
> + return &zi->i_vnode;
> +}
> +
> +static void zonefs_free_inode(struct inode *inode)
> +{
> + kmem_cache_free(zonefs_inode_cachep, ZONEFS_I(inode));
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * File system stat.
> + */
> +static int zonefs_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf)
> +{
> + struct super_block *sb = dentry->d_sb;
> + struct zonefs_sb_info *sbi = ZONEFS_SB(sb);
> + enum zonefs_ztype t;
> + u64 fsid;
> +
> + buf->f_type = ZONEFS_MAGIC;
> + buf->f_bsize = sb->s_blocksize;
> + buf->f_namelen = ZONEFS_NAME_MAX;
> +
> + spin_lock(&sbi->s_lock);
> +
> + buf->f_blocks = sbi->s_blocks;
> + if (WARN_ON(sbi->s_used_blocks > sbi->s_blocks))
> + buf->f_bfree = 0;
> + else
> + buf->f_bfree = buf->f_blocks - sbi->s_used_blocks;
> + buf->f_bavail = buf->f_bfree;
> +
> + for (t = 0; t < ZONEFS_ZTYPE_MAX; t++) {
> + if (sbi->s_nr_files[t])
> + buf->f_files += sbi->s_nr_files[t] + 1;
> + }
> + buf->f_ffree = 0;
> +
> + spin_unlock(&sbi->s_lock);
> +
> + fsid = le64_to_cpup((void *)sbi->s_uuid.b) ^
> + le64_to_cpup((void *)sbi->s_uuid.b + sizeof(u64));
> + buf->f_fsid.val[0] = (u32)fsid;
> + buf->f_fsid.val[1] = (u32)(fsid >> 32);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct super_operations zonefs_sops = {
> + .alloc_inode = zonefs_alloc_inode,
> + .free_inode = zonefs_free_inode,
> + .statfs = zonefs_statfs,
> +};
> +
> +static void zonefs_init_dir_inode(struct inode *parent, struct inode *inode)
> +{
> + inode_init_owner(inode, parent, S_IFDIR | 0555);
> + inode->i_fop = &simple_dir_operations;
> + inode->i_op = &simple_dir_inode_operations;
> + set_nlink(inode, 2);
> + inc_nlink(parent);
> +}
> +
> +static void zonefs_init_file_inode(struct inode *inode, struct blk_zone *zone)
> +{
> + struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
> + struct zonefs_sb_info *sbi = ZONEFS_SB(sb);
> + struct zonefs_inode_info *zi = ZONEFS_I(inode);
> + umode_t perm = sbi->s_perm;
> +
> + zi->i_ztype = zonefs_zone_type(zone);
> + zi->i_zsector = zone->start;
> +
> + switch (zone->cond) {
> + case BLK_ZONE_COND_OFFLINE:
> + /*
> + * Disable all accesses and set the file size to 0 for
> + * offline zones.
> + */
> + zi->i_wpoffset = 0;
> + zi->i_max_size = 0;
> + perm = 0;
> + break;
> + case BLK_ZONE_COND_READONLY:
> + /* Do not allow writes in read-only zones*/
> + perm &= ~(0222); /* S_IWUGO */
> + /* Fallthrough */

You might want to set S_IMMUTABLE in i_flags here, since (I assume)
readonly zones are never, ever, going to be modifable in any way?

In which case, zonefs probably shouldn't let people run 'chmod a+w' on a
readonly zone. Either that or disallow mode changes via
zonefs_inode_setattr.

> + default:
> + zi->i_max_size = min_t(loff_t, MAX_LFS_FILESIZE,
> + zone->len << SECTOR_SHIFT);
> + if (zi->i_ztype == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_CNV)
> + zi->i_wpoffset = zi->i_max_size;
> + else
> + zi->i_wpoffset =
> + (zone->wp - zone->start) << SECTOR_SHIFT;
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + inode->i_mode = S_IFREG | perm;
> + inode->i_uid = sbi->s_uid;
> + inode->i_gid = sbi->s_gid;
> + inode->i_size = zi->i_wpoffset;
> + inode->i_blocks = zone->len;
> +
> + inode->i_fop = &zonefs_file_operations;
> + inode->i_op = &zonefs_file_inode_operations;
> + inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &zonefs_file_aops;
> +
> + sb->s_maxbytes = max(zi->i_max_size, sb->s_maxbytes);
> + sbi->s_blocks += zi->i_max_size >> sb->s_blocksize_bits;
> + sbi->s_used_blocks += zi->i_wpoffset >> sb->s_blocksize_bits;
> +}
> +
> +static struct dentry *zonefs_create_inode(struct dentry *parent,
> + const char *name, struct blk_zone *zone)
> +{
> + struct inode *dir = d_inode(parent);
> + struct dentry *dentry;
> + struct inode *inode;
> +
> + dentry = d_alloc_name(parent, name);
> + if (!dentry)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + inode = new_inode(parent->d_sb);
> + if (!inode)
> + goto out;
> +
> + inode->i_ino = get_next_ino();
> + inode->i_ctime = inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = dir->i_ctime;
> + if (zone)
> + zonefs_init_file_inode(inode, zone);
> + else
> + zonefs_init_dir_inode(dir, inode);
> + d_add(dentry, inode);
> + dir->i_size++;
> +
> + return dentry;
> +
> +out:
> + dput(dentry);
> +
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static char *zgroups_name[ZONEFS_ZTYPE_MAX] = { "cnv", "seq" };
> +
> +struct zonefs_zone_data {
> + struct super_block *sb;
> + unsigned int nr_zones[ZONEFS_ZTYPE_MAX];
> + struct blk_zone *zones;
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Create a zone group and populate it with zone files.
> + */
> +static int zonefs_create_zgroup(struct zonefs_zone_data *zd,
> + enum zonefs_ztype type)
> +{
> + struct super_block *sb = zd->sb;
> + struct zonefs_sb_info *sbi = ZONEFS_SB(sb);
> + struct blk_zone *zone, *next, *end;
> + char name[ZONEFS_NAME_MAX];
> + struct dentry *dir;
> + unsigned int n = 0;
> +
> + /* If the group is empty, there is nothing to do */
> + if (!zd->nr_zones[type])
> + return 0;
> +
> + dir = zonefs_create_inode(sb->s_root, zgroups_name[type], NULL);
> + if (!dir)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + /*
> + * The first zone contains the super block: skip it.
> + */
> + end = zd->zones + blkdev_nr_zones(sb->s_bdev->bd_disk);
> + for (zone = &zd->zones[1]; zone < end; zone = next) {
> +
> + next = zone + 1;
> + if (zonefs_zone_type(zone) != type)
> + continue;
> +
> + /*
> + * For conventional zones, contiguous zones can be aggregated
> + * together to form larger files.
> + * Note that this overwrites the length of the first zone of
> + * the set of contiguous zones aggregated together.
> + * Only zones with the same condition can be agreggated so that
> + * offline zones are excluded and readonly zones are aggregated
> + * together into a read only file.
> + */
> + if (type == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_CNV &&
> + sbi->s_features & ZONEFS_F_AGGRCNV) {

This probably needs parentheses around the flag check, e.g.

if (type == ZONEFS_ZTYPE_CNV &&
(sbi->s_features & ZONEFS_F_AGGRCNV)) {

> + for (; next < end; next++) {
> + if (zonefs_zone_type(next) != type ||
> + next->cond != zone->cond)
> + break;
> + zone->len += next->len;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Use the file number within its group as file name.
> + */
> + snprintf(name, ZONEFS_NAME_MAX - 1, "%u", n);
> + if (!zonefs_create_inode(dir, name, zone))
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + n++;
> + }
> +
> + zonefs_info(sb, "Zone group \"%s\" has %u file%s\n",
> + zgroups_name[type], n, n > 1 ? "s" : "");
> +
> + sbi->s_nr_files[type] = n;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int zonefs_get_zone_info_cb(struct blk_zone *zone, unsigned int idx,
> + void *data)
> +{
> + struct zonefs_zone_data *zd = data;
> +
> + /*
> + * Count the number of usable zones: the first zone at index 0 contains
> + * the super block and is ignored.
> + */
> + switch (zone->type) {
> + case BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL:
> + zone->wp = zone->start + zone->len;
> + if (idx)
> + zd->nr_zones[ZONEFS_ZTYPE_CNV]++;
> + break;
> + case BLK_ZONE_TYPE_SEQWRITE_REQ:
> + case BLK_ZONE_TYPE_SEQWRITE_PREF:
> + if (idx)
> + zd->nr_zones[ZONEFS_ZTYPE_SEQ]++;
> + break;
> + default:
> + zonefs_err(zd->sb, "Unsupported zone type 0x%x\n",
> + zone->type);
> + return -EIO;
> + }
> +
> + memcpy(&zd->zones[idx], zone, sizeof(struct blk_zone));
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int zonefs_get_zone_info(struct zonefs_zone_data *zd)
> +{
> + struct block_device *bdev = zd->sb->s_bdev;
> + int ret;
> +
> + zd->zones = kvcalloc(blkdev_nr_zones(bdev->bd_disk),
> + sizeof(struct blk_zone), GFP_KERNEL);

Hmm, so one 64-byte blk_zone structure for each zone on the disk?

I have a 14TB SMR disk with ~459,000x 32M zones on it. That's going to
require a contiguous 30MB memory allocation to hold all the zone
information. Even your 15T drive from the commit message will need a
contiguous 3.8MB memory allocation for all the zone info.

I wonder if each zone should really be allocated separately and then
indexed with an xarray or something like that to reduce the chance of
failure when memory is fragmented or tight.

That could be subsequent work though, since in the meantime that just
makes zonefs mounts more likely to run out of memory and fail. I
suppose you don't hang on to the huge allocation for very long.

> + if (!zd->zones)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + /* Get zones information */
> + ret = blkdev_report_zones(bdev, 0, BLK_ALL_ZONES,
> + zonefs_get_zone_info_cb, zd);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + zonefs_err(zd->sb, "Zone report failed %d\n", ret);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + if (ret != blkdev_nr_zones(bdev->bd_disk)) {
> + zonefs_err(zd->sb, "Invalid zone report (%d/%u zones)\n",
> + ret, blkdev_nr_zones(bdev->bd_disk));
> + return -EIO;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void zonefs_cleanup_zone_info(struct zonefs_zone_data *zd)
> +{
> + kvfree(zd->zones);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Read super block information from the device.
> + */
> +static int zonefs_read_super(struct super_block *sb)
> +{
> + struct zonefs_sb_info *sbi = ZONEFS_SB(sb);
> + struct zonefs_super *super;
> + u32 crc, stored_crc;
> + struct page *page;
> + struct bio_vec bio_vec;
> + struct bio bio;
> + int ret;
> +
> + page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!page)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + bio_init(&bio, &bio_vec, 1);
> + bio.bi_iter.bi_sector = 0;
> + bio_set_dev(&bio, sb->s_bdev);
> + bio_set_op_attrs(&bio, REQ_OP_READ, 0);
> + bio_add_page(&bio, page, PAGE_SIZE, 0);
> +
> + ret = submit_bio_wait(&bio);
> + if (ret)
> + goto out;
> +
> + super = page_address(page);
> +
> + stored_crc = super->s_crc;
> + super->s_crc = 0;
> + crc = crc32_le(ZONEFS_MAGIC, (unsigned char *)super,
> + sizeof(struct zonefs_super));

Unusual; usually crc32 computations are seeded with ~0U, but <shrug>.

Anyway, this looks to be in decent shape now, modulo other comments.

--D

> + if (crc != stored_crc) {
> + zonefs_err(sb, "Invalid checksum (Expected 0x%08x, got 0x%08x)",
> + crc, stored_crc);
> + ret = -EIO;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + if (le32_to_cpu(super->s_magic) != ZONEFS_MAGIC)
> + goto out;
> +
> + sbi->s_features = le64_to_cpu(super->s_features);
> + if (sbi->s_features & ~ZONEFS_F_DEFINED_FEATURES) {
> + zonefs_err(sb, "Unknown features set 0x%llx\n",
> + sbi->s_features);
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + if (sbi->s_features & ZONEFS_F_UID) {
> + sbi->s_uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(),
> + le32_to_cpu(super->s_uid));
> + if (!uid_valid(sbi->s_uid)) {
> + zonefs_err(sb, "Invalid UID feature\n");
> + goto out;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + if (sbi->s_features & ZONEFS_F_GID) {
> + sbi->s_gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(),
> + le32_to_cpu(super->s_gid));
> + if (!gid_valid(sbi->s_gid)) {
> + zonefs_err(sb, "Invalid GID feature\n");
> + goto out;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + if (sbi->s_features & ZONEFS_F_PERM)
> + sbi->s_perm = le32_to_cpu(super->s_perm);
> +
> + if (memchr_inv(super->s_reserved, 0, sizeof(super->s_reserved))) {
> + zonefs_err(sb, "Reserved area is being used\n");
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + uuid_copy(&sbi->s_uuid, &super->s_uuid);
> + ret = 0;
> +
> +out:
> + __free_page(page);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Check that the device is zoned. If it is, get the list of zones and create
> + * sub-directories and files according to the device zone configuration and
> + * format options.
> + */
> +static int zonefs_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
> +{
> + struct zonefs_zone_data zd;
> + struct zonefs_sb_info *sbi;
> + struct inode *inode;
> + enum zonefs_ztype t;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (!bdev_is_zoned(sb->s_bdev)) {
> + zonefs_err(sb, "Not a zoned block device\n");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Initialize super block information: the maximum file size is updated
> + * when the zone files are created so that the format option
> + * ZONEFS_F_AGGRCNV which increases the maximum file size of a file
> + * beyond the zone size is taken into account.
> + */
> + sbi = kzalloc(sizeof(*sbi), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!sbi)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + spin_lock_init(&sbi->s_lock);
> + sb->s_fs_info = sbi;
> + sb->s_magic = ZONEFS_MAGIC;
> + sb->s_maxbytes = 0;
> + sb->s_op = &zonefs_sops;
> + sb->s_time_gran = 1;
> +
> + /*
> + * The block size is always equal to the device physical sector size to
> + * ensure that writes on 512e devices (512B logical block and 4KB
> + * physical block) are always aligned to the device physical blocks
> + * (as required for writes to sequential zones on ZBC/ZAC disks).
> + */
> + sb_set_blocksize(sb, bdev_physical_block_size(sb->s_bdev));
> + sbi->s_blocksize_mask = sb->s_blocksize - 1;
> + sbi->s_uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID;
> + sbi->s_gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID;
> + sbi->s_perm = 0640; /* S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR | S_IRGRP */
> +
> + ret = zonefs_read_super(sb);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + memset(&zd, 0, sizeof(struct zonefs_zone_data));
> + zd.sb = sb;
> + ret = zonefs_get_zone_info(&zd);
> + if (ret)
> + goto out;
> +
> + zonefs_info(sb, "Mounting %u zones",
> + blkdev_nr_zones(sb->s_bdev->bd_disk));
> +
> + /* Create root directory inode */
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + inode = new_inode(sb);
> + if (!inode)
> + goto out;
> +
> + inode->i_ino = get_next_ino();
> + inode->i_mode = S_IFDIR | 0755;
> + inode->i_ctime = inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = current_time(inode);
> + inode->i_op = &simple_dir_inode_operations;
> + inode->i_fop = &simple_dir_operations;
> + set_nlink(inode, 2);
> +
> + sb->s_root = d_make_root(inode);
> + if (!sb->s_root)
> + goto out;
> +
> + /* Create and populate files in zone groups directories */
> + for (t = 0; t < ZONEFS_ZTYPE_MAX; t++) {
> + ret = zonefs_create_zgroup(&zd, t);
> + if (ret)
> + break;
> + }
> +
> +out:
> + zonefs_cleanup_zone_info(&zd);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static struct dentry *zonefs_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
> + int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data)
> +{
> + return mount_bdev(fs_type, flags, dev_name, data, zonefs_fill_super);
> +}
> +
> +static void zonefs_kill_super(struct super_block *sb)
> +{
> + struct zonefs_sb_info *sbi = ZONEFS_SB(sb);
> +
> + kfree(sbi);
> + if (sb->s_root)
> + d_genocide(sb->s_root);
> + kill_block_super(sb);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * File system definition and registration.
> + */
> +static struct file_system_type zonefs_type = {
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .name = "zonefs",
> + .mount = zonefs_mount,
> + .kill_sb = zonefs_kill_super,
> + .fs_flags = FS_REQUIRES_DEV,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init zonefs_init_inodecache(void)
> +{
> + zonefs_inode_cachep = kmem_cache_create("zonefs_inode_cache",
> + sizeof(struct zonefs_inode_info), 0,
> + (SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT | SLAB_MEM_SPREAD | SLAB_ACCOUNT),
> + NULL);
> + if (zonefs_inode_cachep == NULL)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void zonefs_destroy_inodecache(void)
> +{
> + /*
> + * Make sure all delayed rcu free inodes are flushed before we
> + * destroy the inode cache.
> + */
> + rcu_barrier();
> + kmem_cache_destroy(zonefs_inode_cachep);
> +}
> +
> +static int __init zonefs_init(void)
> +{
> + int ret;
> +
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct zonefs_super) != ZONEFS_SUPER_SIZE);
> +
> + ret = zonefs_init_inodecache();
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = register_filesystem(&zonefs_type);
> + if (ret) {
> + zonefs_destroy_inodecache();
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit zonefs_exit(void)
> +{
> + zonefs_destroy_inodecache();
> + unregister_filesystem(&zonefs_type);
> +}
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Damien Le Moal");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Zone file system for zoned block devices");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +module_init(zonefs_init);
> +module_exit(zonefs_exit);
> diff --git a/fs/zonefs/zonefs.h b/fs/zonefs/zonefs.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..0296b3426f7b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/fs/zonefs/zonefs.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,169 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/*
> + * Simple zone file system for zoned block devices.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Western Digital Corporation or its affiliates.
> + */
> +#ifndef __ZONEFS_H__
> +#define __ZONEFS_H__
> +
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/magic.h>
> +#include <linux/uuid.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/rwsem.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * Maximum length of file names: this only needs to be large enough to fit
> + * the zone group directory names and a decimal value of the start sector of
> + * the zones for file names. 16 characters is plenty.
> + */
> +#define ZONEFS_NAME_MAX 16
> +
> +/*
> + * Zone types: ZONEFS_ZTYPE_SEQ is used for all sequential zone types
> + * defined in linux/blkzoned.h, that is, BLK_ZONE_TYPE_SEQWRITE_REQ and
> + * BLK_ZONE_TYPE_SEQWRITE_PREF.
> + */
> +enum zonefs_ztype {
> + ZONEFS_ZTYPE_CNV,
> + ZONEFS_ZTYPE_SEQ,
> + ZONEFS_ZTYPE_MAX,
> +};
> +
> +static inline enum zonefs_ztype zonefs_zone_type(struct blk_zone *zone)
> +{
> + if (zone->type == BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL)
> + return ZONEFS_ZTYPE_CNV;
> + return ZONEFS_ZTYPE_SEQ;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * In-memory inode data.
> + */
> +struct zonefs_inode_info {
> + struct inode i_vnode;
> +
> + /* File zone type */
> + enum zonefs_ztype i_ztype;
> +
> + /* File zone start sector (512B unit) */
> + sector_t i_zsector;
> +
> + /* File zone write pointer position (sequential zones only) */
> + loff_t i_wpoffset;
> +
> + /* File maximum size */
> + loff_t i_max_size;
> +
> + /*
> + * To serialise fully against both syscall and mmap based IO and
> + * sequential file truncation, two locks are used. For serializing
> + * zonefs_seq_file_truncate() against zonefs_iomap_begin(), that is,
> + * file truncate operations against block mapping, i_truncate_mutex is
> + * used. i_truncate_mutex also protects against concurrent accesses
> + * and changes to the inode private data, and in particular changes to
> + * a sequential file size on completion of direct IO writes.
> + * Serialization of mmap read IOs with truncate and syscall IO
> + * operations is done with i_mmap_sem in addition to i_truncate_mutex.
> + * Only zonefs_seq_file_truncate() takes both lock (i_mmap_sem first,
> + * i_truncate_mutex second).
> + */
> + struct mutex i_truncate_mutex;
> + struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_sem;
> +};
> +
> +static inline struct zonefs_inode_info *ZONEFS_I(struct inode *inode)
> +{
> + return container_of(inode, struct zonefs_inode_info, i_vnode);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * On-disk super block (block 0).
> + */
> +#define ZONEFS_SUPER_SIZE 4096
> +struct zonefs_super {
> +
> + /* Magic number */
> + __le32 s_magic;
> +
> + /* Checksum */
> + __le32 s_crc;
> +
> + /* Features */
> + __le64 s_features;
> +
> + /* 128-bit uuid */
> + uuid_t s_uuid;
> +
> + /* UID/GID to use for files */
> + __le32 s_uid;
> + __le32 s_gid;
> +
> + /* File permissions */
> + __le32 s_perm;
> +
> + /* Padding to ZONEFS_SUPER_SIZE bytes */
> + __u8 s_reserved[4052];
> +
> +} __packed;
> +
> +/*
> + * Feature flags: used on disk in the s_features field of struct zonefs_super
> + * and in-memory in the s_feartures field of struct zonefs_sb_info.
> + */
> +enum zonefs_features {
> + /*
> + * Aggregate contiguous conventional zones into a single file.
> + */
> + ZONEFS_F_AGGRCNV = 1ULL << 0,
> + /*
> + * Use super block specified UID for files instead of default.
> + */
> + ZONEFS_F_UID = 1ULL << 1,
> + /*
> + * Use super block specified GID for files instead of default.
> + */
> + ZONEFS_F_GID = 1ULL << 2,
> + /*
> + * Use super block specified file permissions instead of default 640.
> + */
> + ZONEFS_F_PERM = 1ULL << 3,
> +};
> +
> +#define ZONEFS_F_DEFINED_FEATURES \
> + (ZONEFS_F_AGGRCNV | ZONEFS_F_UID | ZONEFS_F_GID | ZONEFS_F_PERM)
> +
> +/*
> + * In-memory Super block information.
> + */
> +struct zonefs_sb_info {
> +
> + spinlock_t s_lock;
> +
> + unsigned long long s_features;
> + kuid_t s_uid;
> + kgid_t s_gid;
> + umode_t s_perm;
> + uuid_t s_uuid;
> + loff_t s_blocksize_mask;
> +
> + unsigned int s_nr_files[ZONEFS_ZTYPE_MAX];
> +
> + loff_t s_blocks;
> + loff_t s_used_blocks;
> +};
> +
> +static inline struct zonefs_sb_info *ZONEFS_SB(struct super_block *sb)
> +{
> + return sb->s_fs_info;
> +}
> +
> +#define zonefs_info(sb, format, args...) \
> + pr_info("zonefs (%s): " format, sb->s_id, ## args)
> +#define zonefs_err(sb, format, args...) \
> + pr_err("zonefs (%s) ERROR: " format, sb->s_id, ## args)
> +#define zonefs_warn(sb, format, args...) \
> + pr_warn("zonefs (%s) WARN: " format, sb->s_id, ## args)
> +
> +#endif
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
> index 3ac436376d79..d78064007b17 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
> @@ -87,6 +87,7 @@
> #define NSFS_MAGIC 0x6e736673
> #define BPF_FS_MAGIC 0xcafe4a11
> #define AAFS_MAGIC 0x5a3c69f0
> +#define ZONEFS_MAGIC 0x5a4f4653
>
> /* Since UDF 2.01 is ISO 13346 based... */
> #define UDF_SUPER_MAGIC 0x15013346
> --
> 2.23.0
>

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