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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/2] openat2: drop open_how->__padding field
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[Cc Arnd for struct layout sanity checking]

On December 20, 2019 3:03:27 PM GMT+01:00, Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com> wrote:
>The purpose of explicit padding was to allow us to use the space in the
>future (C provides no guarantee about the value of padding bytes and
>thus userspace could've provided garbage).
>
>However, the downside of explicit padding is that any extension we wish
>to add should fit the space exactly (otherwise we may end up with a u16
>which will never be used). In addition, the correct error to return for
>non-zero padding is not clear (-EINVAL doesn't imply "you're using an
>extension field unsupported by this kernel", but -E2BIG seems a bit odd
>if the structure size isn't different).
>
>The simplest solution is to just match the design of clone3(2) -- use
>u64s for all fields. The extra few-bytes cost of extra fields is not
>significant (it's unlikely configuration structs will ever be extremely
>large) and it allows for more flag space if necessary. There is also no
>need to align the u64s because we will not permit any padding in the
>structure.
>
>As openat2(2) is not yet in Linus's tree, we can iron out these minor
>warts before we commit to this as a stable ABI.
>
>Acked-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
>Suggested-by: David Laight <david.laight@aculab.com>
>Signed-off-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
>---
> fs/open.c | 2 --
> include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h | 17 +++++++------
> tools/testing/selftests/openat2/helpers.h | 7 +++---
> .../testing/selftests/openat2/openat2_test.c | 24 +++++++------------
> 4 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)
>
>diff --git a/fs/open.c b/fs/open.c
>index 50a46501bcc9..8cdb2b675867 100644
>--- a/fs/open.c
>+++ b/fs/open.c
>@@ -993,8 +993,6 @@ static inline int build_open_flags(const struct
>open_how *how,
> return -EINVAL;
> if (how->resolve & ~VALID_RESOLVE_FLAGS)
> return -EINVAL;
>- if (memchr_inv(how->__padding, 0, sizeof(how->__padding)))
>- return -EINVAL;
>
> /* Deal with the mode. */
> if (WILL_CREATE(flags)) {
>diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h b/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
>index d886bdb585e4..5aaadfd79dd5 100644
>--- a/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
>+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fcntl.h
>@@ -101,22 +101,21 @@
> #define AT_RECURSIVE 0x8000 /* Apply to the entire subtree */
>
> /*
>- * Arguments for how openat2(2) should open the target path. If
>@resolve is
>- * zero, then openat2(2) operates very similarly to openat(2).
>+ * Arguments for how openat2(2) should open the target path. If only
>@flags and
>+ * @mode are non-zero, then openat2(2) operates very similarly to
>openat(2).
> *
>- * However, unlike openat(2), unknown bits in @flags result in -EINVAL
>rather
>- * than being silently ignored. @mode must be zero unless one of
>{O_CREAT,
>- * O_TMPFILE} are set.
>+ * However, unlike openat(2), unknown or invalid bits in @flags result
>in
>+ * -EINVAL rather than being silently ignored. @mode must be zero
>unless one of
>+ * {O_CREAT, O_TMPFILE} are set.
> *
> * @flags: O_* flags.
> * @mode: O_CREAT/O_TMPFILE file mode.
> * @resolve: RESOLVE_* flags.
> */
> struct open_how {
>- __aligned_u64 flags;
>- __u16 mode;
>- __u16 __padding[3]; /* must be zeroed */
>- __aligned_u64 resolve;
>+ __u64 flags;
>+ __u64 mode;
>+ __u64 resolve;
> };
>
> #define OPEN_HOW_SIZE_VER0 24 /* sizeof first published struct */
>diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/helpers.h
>b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/helpers.h
>index 43ca5ceab6e3..a6ea27344db2 100644
>--- a/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/helpers.h
>+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/helpers.h
>@@ -36,10 +36,9 @@
> * @resolve: RESOLVE_* flags.
> */
> struct open_how {
>- __aligned_u64 flags;
>- __u16 mode;
>- __u16 __padding[3]; /* must be zeroed */
>- __aligned_u64 resolve;
>+ __u64 flags;
>+ __u64 mode;
>+ __u64 resolve;
> };
>
> #define OPEN_HOW_SIZE_VER0 24 /* sizeof first published struct */
>diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/openat2_test.c
>b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/openat2_test.c
>index 0b64fedc008b..b386367c606b 100644
>--- a/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/openat2_test.c
>+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/openat2/openat2_test.c
>@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ struct struct_test {
> int err;
> };
>
>-#define NUM_OPENAT2_STRUCT_TESTS 10
>+#define NUM_OPENAT2_STRUCT_TESTS 7
> #define NUM_OPENAT2_STRUCT_VARIATIONS 13
>
> void test_openat2_struct(void)
>@@ -57,20 +57,6 @@ void test_openat2_struct(void)
> .arg.inner.flags = O_RDONLY,
> .size = sizeof(struct open_how_ext) },
>
>- /* Normal struct with broken padding. */
>- { .name = "normal struct (non-zero padding[0])",
>- .arg.inner.flags = O_RDONLY,
>- .arg.inner.__padding = {0xa0, 0x00, 0x00},
>- .size = sizeof(struct open_how_ext), .err = -EINVAL },
>- { .name = "normal struct (non-zero padding[1])",
>- .arg.inner.flags = O_RDONLY,
>- .arg.inner.__padding = {0x00, 0x1a, 0x00},
>- .size = sizeof(struct open_how_ext), .err = -EINVAL },
>- { .name = "normal struct (non-zero padding[2])",
>- .arg.inner.flags = O_RDONLY,
>- .arg.inner.__padding = {0x00, 0x00, 0xef},
>- .size = sizeof(struct open_how_ext), .err = -EINVAL },
>-
> /* TODO: Once expanded, check zero-padding. */
>
> /* Smaller than version-0 struct. */
>@@ -169,7 +155,7 @@ struct flag_test {
> int err;
> };
>
>-#define NUM_OPENAT2_FLAG_TESTS 21
>+#define NUM_OPENAT2_FLAG_TESTS 23
>
> void test_openat2_flags(void)
> {
>@@ -214,9 +200,15 @@ void test_openat2_flags(void)
> { .name = "invalid how.mode and O_CREAT",
> .how.flags = O_CREAT,
> .how.mode = 0xFFFF, .err = -EINVAL },
>+ { .name = "invalid (very large) how.mode and O_CREAT",
>+ .how.flags = O_CREAT,
>+ .how.mode = 0xC000000000000000ULL, .err = -EINVAL },
> { .name = "invalid how.mode and O_TMPFILE",
> .how.flags = O_TMPFILE | O_RDWR,
> .how.mode = 0x1337, .err = -EINVAL },
>+ { .name = "invalid (very large) how.mode and O_TMPFILE",
>+ .how.flags = O_TMPFILE | O_RDWR,
>+ .how.mode = 0x0000A00000000000ULL, .err = -EINVAL },
>
> /* ->resolve must only contain RESOLVE_* flags. */
> { .name = "invalid how.resolve and O_RDONLY",

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