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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 1/3] x86/xen: add basic KASAN support for PV kernel
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On 19.12.19 17:42, Sergey Dyasli wrote:
> On 18/12/2019 09:24, Jürgen Groß wrote:
>> On 17.12.19 15:08, Sergey Dyasli wrote:
>>> This enables to use Outline instrumentation for Xen PV kernels.
>>>
>>> KASAN_INLINE and KASAN_VMALLOC options currently lead to boot crashes
>>> and hence disabled.
>>>
>>> Rough edges in the patch are marked with XXX.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Sergey Dyasli <sergey.dyasli@citrix.com>
>>> ---
>>> arch/x86/mm/init.c | 14 ++++++++++++++
>>> arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>> arch/x86/xen/Makefile | 7 +++++++
>>> arch/x86/xen/enlighten_pv.c | 3 +++
>>> arch/x86/xen/mmu_pv.c | 13 +++++++++++--
>>> arch/x86/xen/multicalls.c | 10 ++++++++++
>>> drivers/xen/Makefile | 2 ++
>>> kernel/Makefile | 2 ++
>>> lib/Kconfig.kasan | 3 ++-
>>> 9 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init.c b/arch/x86/mm/init.c
>>> index e7bb483557c9..0c98a45eec6c 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/init.c
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/init.c
>>> @@ -8,6 +8,8 @@
>>> #include <linux/kmemleak.h>
>>> #include <linux/sched/task.h>
>>> +#include <xen/xen.h>
>>> +
>>> #include <asm/set_memory.h>
>>> #include <asm/e820/api.h>
>>> #include <asm/init.h>
>>> @@ -835,6 +837,18 @@ void free_kernel_image_pages(const char *what, void *begin, void *end)
>>> unsigned long end_ul = (unsigned long)end;
>>> unsigned long len_pages = (end_ul - begin_ul) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>>> + /*
>>> + * XXX: skip this for now. Otherwise it leads to:
>>> + *
>>> + * (XEN) mm.c:2713:d157v0 Bad type (saw 8c00000000000001 != exp e000000000000000) for mfn 36f40 (pfn 02f40)
>>> + * (XEN) mm.c:1043:d157v0 Could not get page type PGT_writable_page
>>> + * (XEN) mm.c:1096:d157v0 Error getting mfn 36f40 (pfn 02f40) from L1 entry 8010000036f40067 for l1e_owner d157, pg_owner d157
>>> + *
>>> + * and further #PF error: [PROT] [WRITE] in the kernel.
>>> + */
>>> + if (xen_pv_domain() && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KASAN))
>>> + return;
>>> +
>>
>> I guess this is related to freeing some kasan page tables without
>> unpinning them?
>
> Your guess was correct. Turned out that early_top_pgt which I pinned and made RO
> is located in .init section and that was causing issues. Unpinning it and making
> RW again right after kasan_init() switches to use init_top_pgt seem to fix this
> issue.
>
>>
>>> free_init_pages(what, begin_ul, end_ul);
>>> /*
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
>>> index cf5bc37c90ac..caee2022f8b0 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
>>> @@ -13,6 +13,8 @@
>>> #include <linux/sched/task.h>
>>> #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
>>> +#include <xen/xen.h>
>>> +
>>> #include <asm/e820/types.h>
>>> #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
>>> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
>>> @@ -20,6 +22,9 @@
>>> #include <asm/pgtable.h>
>>> #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h>
>>> +#include <xen/interface/xen.h>
>>> +#include <asm/xen/hypervisor.h>
>>> +
>>> extern struct range pfn_mapped[E820_MAX_ENTRIES];
>>> static p4d_t tmp_p4d_table[MAX_PTRS_PER_P4D] __initdata __aligned(PAGE_SIZE);
>>> @@ -305,6 +310,12 @@ static struct notifier_block kasan_die_notifier = {
>>> };
>>> #endif
>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_XEN
>>> +/* XXX: this should go to some header */
>>> +void __init set_page_prot(void *addr, pgprot_t prot);
>>> +void __init pin_pagetable_pfn(unsigned cmd, unsigned long pfn);
>>> +#endif
>>> +
>>
>> Instead of exporting those, why don't you ...
>>
>>> void __init kasan_early_init(void)
>>> {
>>> int i;
>>> @@ -332,6 +343,16 @@ void __init kasan_early_init(void)
>>> for (i = 0; pgtable_l5_enabled() && i < PTRS_PER_P4D; i++)
>>> kasan_early_shadow_p4d[i] = __p4d(p4d_val);
>>> + if (xen_pv_domain()) {
>>> + /* PV page tables must have PAGE_KERNEL_RO */
>>> + set_page_prot(kasan_early_shadow_pud, PAGE_KERNEL_RO);
>>> + set_page_prot(kasan_early_shadow_pmd, PAGE_KERNEL_RO);
>>> + set_page_prot(kasan_early_shadow_pte, PAGE_KERNEL_RO);
>>
>> add a function doing that to mmu_pv.c (e.g. xen_pv_kasan_early_init())?
>
> Sounds like a good suggestion, but new functions still need some header for
> declarations (xen/xen.h?). And kasan_map_early_shadow() will need exporting

xen/xen-ops.h

> through kasan.h as well, but that's probably not an issue.

You could let the new function return (pgd_t *)xen_start_info->pt_base
and use that here, e.g.:

if (xen_pv_domain()) {
pgd_t *pgd;

pgd = xen_kasan_early_init();
kasan_map_early_shadow(pgd);
}

>
>>
>>> +
>>> + /* Add mappings to the initial PV page tables */
>>> + kasan_map_early_shadow((pgd_t *)xen_start_info->pt_base);
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> kasan_map_early_shadow(early_top_pgt);
>>> kasan_map_early_shadow(init_top_pgt);
>>> }
>>> @@ -369,6 +390,13 @@ void __init kasan_init(void)
>>> __pgd(__pa(tmp_p4d_table) | _KERNPG_TABLE));
>>> }
>>> + if (xen_pv_domain()) {
>>> + /* PV page tables must be pinned */
>>> + set_page_prot(early_top_pgt, PAGE_KERNEL_RO);
>>> + pin_pagetable_pfn(MMUEXT_PIN_L4_TABLE,
>>> + PFN_DOWN(__pa_symbol(early_top_pgt)));
>>
>> and another one like xen_pv_kasan_init() here.
>
> Now there needs to be a 3rd function to unpin early_top_pgt.

Not if you do the load_cr3 in the xen pv case in the new function:

if (xen_pv_domain())
xen_kasan_load_cr3(early_top_pgt);
else
load_cr3(early_top_pgt);

>
>>
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> load_cr3(early_top_pgt);
>>> __flush_tlb_all();
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/Makefile b/arch/x86/xen/Makefile
>>> index 084de77a109e..102fad0b0bca 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/xen/Makefile
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/xen/Makefile
>>> @@ -1,3 +1,10 @@
>>> +KASAN_SANITIZE_enlighten_pv.o := n
>>> +KASAN_SANITIZE_enlighten.o := n
>>> +KASAN_SANITIZE_irq.o := n
>>> +KASAN_SANITIZE_mmu_pv.o := n
>>> +KASAN_SANITIZE_p2m.o := n
>>> +KASAN_SANITIZE_multicalls.o := n
>>> +
>>> # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>>> OBJECT_FILES_NON_STANDARD_xen-asm_$(BITS).o := y
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten_pv.c b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten_pv.c
>>> index ae4a41ca19f6..27de55699f24 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten_pv.c
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten_pv.c
>>> @@ -72,6 +72,7 @@
>>> #include <asm/mwait.h>
>>> #include <asm/pci_x86.h>
>>> #include <asm/cpu.h>
>>> +#include <asm/kasan.h>
>>> #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
>>> #include <linux/acpi.h>
>>> @@ -1231,6 +1232,8 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init xen_start_kernel(void)
>>> /* Get mfn list */
>>> xen_build_dynamic_phys_to_machine();
>>> + kasan_early_init();
>>> +
>>> /*
>>> * Set up kernel GDT and segment registers, mainly so that
>>> * -fstack-protector code can be executed.
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/mmu_pv.c b/arch/x86/xen/mmu_pv.c
>>> index c8dbee62ec2a..eaf63f1f26af 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/xen/mmu_pv.c
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/xen/mmu_pv.c
>>> @@ -1079,7 +1079,7 @@ static void xen_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
>>> static void xen_post_allocator_init(void);
>>> -static void __init pin_pagetable_pfn(unsigned cmd, unsigned long pfn)
>>> +void __init pin_pagetable_pfn(unsigned cmd, unsigned long pfn)
>>> {
>>> struct mmuext_op op;
>>> @@ -1767,7 +1767,7 @@ static void __init set_page_prot_flags(void *addr, pgprot_t prot,
>>> if (HYPERVISOR_update_va_mapping((unsigned long)addr, pte, flags))
>>> BUG();
>>> }
>>> -static void __init set_page_prot(void *addr, pgprot_t prot)
>>> +void __init set_page_prot(void *addr, pgprot_t prot)
>>> {
>>> return set_page_prot_flags(addr, prot, UVMF_NONE);
>>> }
>>> @@ -1943,6 +1943,15 @@ void __init xen_setup_kernel_pagetable(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long max_pfn)
>>> if (i && i < pgd_index(__START_KERNEL_map))
>>> init_top_pgt[i] = ((pgd_t *)xen_start_info->pt_base)[i];
>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN
>>> + /*
>>> + * Copy KASAN mappings
>>> + * ffffec0000000000 - fffffbffffffffff (=44 bits) kasan shadow memory (16TB)
>>> + */
>>> + for (i = 0xec0 >> 3; i < 0xfc0 >> 3; i++)
>>> + init_top_pgt[i] = ((pgd_t *)xen_start_info->pt_base)[i];
>>> +#endif
>>> +
>>> /* Make pagetable pieces RO */
>>> set_page_prot(init_top_pgt, PAGE_KERNEL_RO);
>>> set_page_prot(level3_ident_pgt, PAGE_KERNEL_RO);
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/multicalls.c b/arch/x86/xen/multicalls.c
>>> index 07054572297f..5e4729efbbe2 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/xen/multicalls.c
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/xen/multicalls.c
>>> @@ -99,6 +99,15 @@ void xen_mc_flush(void)
>>> ret++;
>>> }
>>> + /*
>>> + * XXX: Kasan produces quite a lot (~2000) of warnings in a form of:
>>> + *
>>> + * (XEN) mm.c:3222:d155v0 mfn 3704b already pinned
>>> + *
>>> + * during kasan_init(). They are benign, but silence them for now.
>>> + * Otherwise, booting takes too long due to printk() spam.
>>> + */
>>> +#ifndef CONFIG_KASAN
>>
>> It might be interesting to identify the problematic page tables.
>>
>> I guess this would require some hacking to avoid the multicalls in order
>> to identify which page table should not be pinned again.
>
> I tracked this down to xen_alloc_ptpage() in mmu_pv.c:
>
> if (level == PT_PTE && USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS)
> __pin_pagetable_pfn(MMUEXT_PIN_L1_TABLE, pfn);
>
> kasan_populate_early_shadow() is doing lots pmd_populate_kernel() with
> kasan_early_shadow_pte (mfn of which is reported by Xen). Currently I'm not
> sure how to fix that. Is it possible to check that pfn has already been pinned
> from Linux kernel? xen_page_pinned() seems to be an incorrect way to check that.

Right, xen_page_pinned() is not yet working at this stage of booting.

But using pmd_populate_kernel() with the same page table multiple times
is just wrong. Doing so the first time is fine, all the other cases
should just use set_pmd().


Juergen

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