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Subject[virtio-dev][PATCH v1 1/2] virtio-mmio: Add MSI and different notification address support
Date
Upgrade virtio-mmio to version 3, with the abilities to support
MSI interrupt and notification features.

The details of version 2 will be appended as part of legacy interface
in next patch.

Signed-off-by: Jing Liu <jing2.liu@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Chao Peng <chao.p.peng@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Zha Bin <zhabin@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Liu Jiang <gerry@linux.alibaba.com>
---
content.tex | 191 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
msi-status.c | 5 ++
2 files changed, 163 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 msi-status.c

diff --git a/content.tex b/content.tex
index d68cfaf..eaaffec 100644
--- a/content.tex
+++ b/content.tex
@@ -1597,9 +1597,9 @@ \subsection{MMIO Device Register Layout}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Vi
}
\hline
\mmioreg{Version}{Device version number}{0x004}{R}{%
- 0x2.
+ 0x3.
\begin{note}
- Legacy devices (see \ref{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / Legacy interface}~\nameref{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / Legacy interface}) used 0x1.
+ Legacy devices (see \ref{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / Legacy interface}~\nameref{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / Legacy interface}) used 0x1 or 0x2.
\end{note}
}
\hline
@@ -1671,25 +1671,23 @@ \subsection{MMIO Device Register Layout}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Vi
accesses apply to the queue selected by writing to \field{QueueSel}.
}
\hline
- \mmioreg{QueueNotify}{Queue notifier}{0x050}{W}{%
- Writing a value to this register notifies the device that
- there are new buffers to process in a queue.
+ \mmioreg{QueueNotify}{Queue notifier}{0x050}{RW}{%
+ Reading from the register returns the virtqueue notification configuration.

- When VIRTIO_F_NOTIFICATION_DATA has not been negotiated,
- the value written is the queue index.
+ See \ref{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation / Notification Address}
+ for the configuration format.

- When VIRTIO_F_NOTIFICATION_DATA has been negotiated,
- the \field{Notification data} value has the following format:
+ Writing when the notification address calculated by the notification configuration
+ is just located at this register.

- \lstinputlisting{notifications-le.c}
-
- See \ref{sec:Virtqueues / Driver notifications}~\nameref{sec:Virtqueues / Driver notifications}
- for the definition of the components.
+ See \ref{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation / Available Buffer Notifications}
+ to see the notification data format.
}
\hline
\mmioreg{InterruptStatus}{Interrupt status}{0x60}{R}{%
Reading from this register returns a bit mask of events that
- caused the device interrupt to be asserted.
+ caused the device interrupt to be asserted. This is only used
+ when MSI is not enabled.
The following events are possible:
\begin{description}
\item[Used Buffer Notification] - bit 0 - the interrupt was asserted
@@ -1703,7 +1701,7 @@ \subsection{MMIO Device Register Layout}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Vi
\mmioreg{InterruptACK}{Interrupt acknowledge}{0x064}{W}{%
Writing a value with bits set as defined in \field{InterruptStatus}
to this register notifies the device that events causing
- the interrupt have been handled.
+ the interrupt have been handled. This is only used when MSI is not enabled.
}
\hline
\mmioreg{Status}{Device status}{0x070}{RW}{%
@@ -1762,6 +1760,31 @@ \subsection{MMIO Device Register Layout}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Vi
\field{SHMSel} is unused) results in a base address of
0xffffffffffffffff.
}
+ \hline
+ \mmioreg{MsiStatus}{MSI status}{0x0c0}{R}{%
+ Reading from this register returns the global MSI enable/disable status and maximum
+ number of virtqueues that device supports.
+ \lstinputlisting{msi-status.c}
+ }
+ \hline
+ \mmioreg{MsiCmd}{MSI command}{0x0c2}{W}{%
+ The driver writes to this register with appropriate operators and arguments to
+ execute MSI command to device.
+ Operators supported is setting global MSI enable/disable status
+ and updating MSI configuration to device.
+ See \ref{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation / Device Initialization / MSI Vector Configuration}
+ for how to use this register.
+ }
+ \hline
+ \mmiodreg{MsiAddrLow}{MsiAddrHigh}{MSI 64 bit address}{0x0c4}{0x0c8}{W}{%
+ Writing to these two registers (lower 32 bits of the address to \field{MsiAddrLow},
+ higher 32 bits to \field{MsiAddrHigh}) notifies the device about the
+ MSI address.
+ }
+ \hline
+ \mmioreg{MsiData}{MSI 32 bit data}{0x0cc}{W}{%
+ Writing to this register notifies the device about the MSI data.
+ }
\hline
\mmioreg{ConfigGeneration}{Configuration atomicity value}{0x0fc}{R}{
Reading from this register returns a value describing a version of the device-specific configuration space (see \field{Config}).
@@ -1783,12 +1806,18 @@ \subsection{MMIO Device Register Layout}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Vi

The device MUST return 0x74726976 in \field{MagicValue}.

-The device MUST return value 0x2 in \field{Version}.
+The device MUST return value 0x3 in \field{Version}.

-The device MUST present each event by setting the corresponding bit in \field{InterruptStatus} from the
+When MSI is disabled, the device MUST present each event by setting the
+corresponding bit in \field{InterruptStatus} from the
moment it takes place, until the driver acknowledges the interrupt
-by writing a corresponding bit mask to the \field{InterruptACK} register. Bits which
-do not represent events which took place MUST be zero.
+by writing a corresponding bit mask to the \field{InterruptACK} register.
+Bits which do not represent events which took place MUST be zero.
+
+When MSI is enabled, the device MUST NOT set \field{InterruptStatus} and MUST
+ignore \field{InterruptACK}.
+
+Upon reset, the device MUST clear \field{msi_enabled} bit in \field{MsiStatus}.

Upon reset, the device MUST clear all bits in \field{InterruptStatus} and ready bits in the
\field{QueueReady} register for all queues in the device.
@@ -1814,7 +1843,7 @@ \subsection{MMIO Device Register Layout}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Vi
The driver MUST ignore a device with \field{MagicValue} which is not 0x74726976,
although it MAY report an error.

-The driver MUST ignore a device with \field{Version} which is not 0x2,
+The driver MUST ignore a device with \field{Version} which is not 0x3,
although it MAY report an error.

The driver MUST ignore a device with \field{DeviceID} 0x0,
@@ -1837,7 +1866,12 @@ \subsection{MMIO Device Register Layout}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Vi

The driver MUST ignore undefined bits in \field{InterruptStatus}.

-The driver MUST write a value with a bit mask describing events it handled into \field{InterruptACK} when
+The driver MUST ignore undefined bits in \field{MsiStatus}.
+
+When MSI is enabled, the driver MUST NOT access \field{InterruptStatus} and MUST NOT write to \field{InterruptACK}.
+
+When MSI is disabled, the driver MUST write a value with a bit mask
+describing events it handled into \field{InterruptACK} when
it finishes handling an interrupt and MUST NOT set any of the undefined bits in the value.

\subsection{MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation}
@@ -1858,6 +1892,65 @@ \subsubsection{Device Initialization}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virti
Further initialization MUST follow the procedure described in
\ref{sec:General Initialization And Device Operation / Device Initialization}~\nameref{sec:General Initialization And Device Operation / Device Initialization}.

+\paragraph{MSI Vector Configuration}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation / Device Initialization / MSI Vector Configuration}
+The MSI vectors and interrupt events have fixed relationships.
+The first vector is for device configuraiton
+change event, the second vector is for virtqueue 1, the third vector
+is for virtqueue 2 and so on.
+
+The 16-bit \field{MsiCmd} register including command operator and command argument is used
+to configure MSI vectors and set global MSI enable/disable status.
+\begin{lstlisting}
+le16 {
+ cmd_arg : 12;
+ cmd_op : 4;
+};
+\end{lstlisting}
+
+The \field{cmd_op} specifies the detailed command operator defined as follows.
+\begin{lstlisting}
+#define VIRTIO_MMIO_MSI_CMD_UPDATE 0x1
+#define VIRTIO_MMIO_MSI_CMD_ENABLE 0x2
+\end{lstlisting}
+
+\drivernormative{\subparagraph}{MSI Vector Configuration}{Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation / MSI Vector Configuration}
+To configure MSI vector, driver SHOULD firstly notify the MSI address and data by
+writing to \field{MsiAddrLow}, \field{MsiAddrHigh},
+and \field{MsiData}, and immediately follow a \field{MsiCmd} write operation
+using VIRTIO_MMIO_MSI_CMD_UPDATE with corresponding
+virtual queue index as \field{cmd_arg} to device for configuring an event to this MSI vector.
+
+After all MSI vectors are configured, driver SHOULD set global MSI enabled
+by writing to \field{MsiCmd} using VIRTIO_MMIO_MSI_CMD_ENABLE
+with one (0x1) as \field{cmd_arg} to device.
+
+Driver should use VIRTIO_MMIO_MSI_CMD_ENABLE with status zero (0x0) when disabling MSI.
+
+If driver fails to setup any event with a vector,
+it MUST disable MSI by \field{MsiCmd} and use single interrupt for device.
+
+\subsubsection{Notification Address}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation / Notification Address}
+
+The notification location is calculated by notification structure. Driver reads \field{QueueNotify} to get this structure formatted as follows.
+
+\begin{lstlisting}
+le32 {
+ notify_base : 16;
+ notify_multiplier : 16;
+};
+\end{lstlisting}
+
+\field{notify_multiplier} is combined with virtqueue index to derive the Queue Notify address
+within a memory mapped control registers for a virtqueue:
+
+\begin{lstlisting}
+ notify_base + queue_index * notify_multiplier
+\end{lstlisting}
+
+\begin{note}
+The nofication address may be just located at the \field{QueueNotify}.
+\end{note}
+
\subsubsection{Virtqueue Configuration}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation / Virtqueue Configuration}

The driver will typically initialize the virtual queue in the following way:
@@ -1885,6 +1978,12 @@ \subsubsection{Virtqueue Configuration}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Vir
\field{QueueDriverLow}/\field{QueueDriverHigh} and
\field{QueueDeviceLow}/\field{QueueDeviceHigh} register pairs.

+\item Write MSI address \field{MsiAddrLow}/\field{MsiAddrHigh},
+MSI data \field{MsiData} and MSI update command \field{MsiCmd} with corresponding
+virtqueue index to update
+MSI configuration for device requesting interrupts triggered by
+virtqueue events.
+
\item Write 0x1 to \field{QueueReady}.
\end{enumerate}

@@ -1893,32 +1992,58 @@ \subsubsection{Available Buffer Notifications}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Option
When VIRTIO_F_NOTIFICATION_DATA has not been negotiated,
the driver sends an available buffer notification to the device by writing
the 16-bit virtqueue index
-of the queue to be notified to \field{QueueNotify}.
+of the queue to be notified to Queue Notify address.

When VIRTIO_F_NOTIFICATION_DATA has been negotiated,
the driver sends an available buffer notification to the device by writing
-the following 32-bit value to \field{QueueNotify}:
+the following 32-bit value to Queue Notify address:
\lstinputlisting{notifications-le.c}

See \ref{sec:Virtqueues / Driver notifications}~\nameref{sec:Virtqueues / Driver notifications}
for the definition of the components.

+See \ref{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation / Notification Address}
+for how to calculate the Queue Notify address.
+
\subsubsection{Notifications From The Device}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation / Notifications From The Device}

-The memory mapped virtio device is using a single, dedicated
+If MSI is enabled, the memory mapped virtio
+device uses appropriate MSI interrupt message
+for configuration change notification and used buffer notification which are
+configured by \field{MsiAddrLow}, \field{MsoAddrHigh} and \field{MsiData}.
+
+If MSI is not enabled, the memory mapped virtio device
+uses a single, dedicated
interrupt signal, which is asserted when at least one of the
bits described in the description of \field{InterruptStatus}
-is set. This is how the device sends a used buffer notification
-or a configuration change notification to the device.
+is set.

\drivernormative{\paragraph}{Notifications From The Device}{Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation / Notifications From The Device}
-After receiving an interrupt, the driver MUST read
-\field{InterruptStatus} to check what caused the interrupt (see the
-register description). The used buffer notification bit being set
-SHOULD be interpreted as a used buffer notification for each active
-virtqueue. After the interrupt is handled, the driver MUST acknowledge
-it by writing a bit mask corresponding to the handled events to the
-InterruptACK register.
+A driver MUST handle the case where MSI is disabled, which uses the same interrupt indicating both device configuration
+space change and one or more virtqueues being used.
+
+\subsubsection{Driver Handling Interrupts}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / MMIO-specific Initialization And Device Operation / Driver Handling Interrupts}
+
+The driver interrupt handler would typically:
+
+\begin{itemize}
+ \item If MSI is enabled:
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item
+ Figure out the virtqueue mapped to that MSI vector for the
+ device, to see if any progress has been made by the device
+ which requires servicing.
+ \item
+ If the interrupt belongs to configuration space changing signal,
+ re-examine the configuration space to see what changed.
+ \end{itemize}
+ \item If MSI is disabled:
+ \begin{itemize}
+ \item Read \field{InterruptStatus} to check what caused the interrupt.
+ \item Acknowledge the interrupt by writing a bit mask corresponding
+ to the handled events to the InterruptACK register.
+ \end{itemize}
+\end{itemize}

\subsection{Legacy interface}\label{sec:Virtio Transport Options / Virtio Over MMIO / Legacy interface}

diff --git a/msi-status.c b/msi-status.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f3bd0ec
--- /dev/null
+++ b/msi-status.c
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+le16 {
+ max_queue_num : 11;
+ reserved : 4;
+ msi_enabled: 1;
+};
--
2.7.4
\
 
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