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SubjectRe: vfio_pin_map_dma cause synchronize_sched wait too long
On 02/12/19 10:42, Longpeng (Mike) wrote:
>> cond_resched in vfio_iommu_map. Perhaps you could add one to
>> vfio_pin_pages_remote and/or use vfio_pgsize_bitmap to cap the
>> number of pages that it returns.
> Um ... There's only one running task (qemu-kvm of the VM1) on that
> CPU, so maybe the cond_resched() is ineffective ?

Note that synchronize_sched() these days is just a synonym of
synchronize_rcu, so this makes me wonder if you're running on an older
kernel and whether you are missing this commit:

commit 92aa39e9dc77481b90cbef25e547d66cab901496
Author: Paul E. McKenney <>
Date: Mon Jul 9 13:47:30 2018 -0700

rcu: Make need_resched() respond to urgent RCU-QS needs

The per-CPU rcu_dynticks.rcu_urgent_qs variable communicates an urgent
need for an RCU quiescent state from the force-quiescent-state
within the grace-period kthread to context switches and to
Unfortunately, such urgent needs are not communicated to need_resched(),
which is sometimes used to decide when to invoke cond_resched(), for
but one example, within the KVM vcpu_run() function. As of v4.15, this
can result in synchronize_sched() being delayed by up to ten seconds,
which can be problematic, to say nothing of annoying.

This commit therefore checks rcu_dynticks.rcu_urgent_qs from within
rcu_check_callbacks(), which is invoked from the scheduling-clock
interrupt handler. If the current task is not an idle task and is
not executing in usermode, a context switch is forced, and either way,
the rcu_dynticks.rcu_urgent_qs variable is set to false. If the current
task is an idle task, then RCU's dyntick-idle code will detect the
quiescent state, so no further action is required. Similarly, if the
task is executing in usermode, other code in rcu_check_callbacks() and
its called functions will report the corresponding quiescent state.

Reported-by: Marius Hillenbrand <>
Reported-by: David Woodhouse <>
Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <>



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