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SubjectRe: [PATCH] chardev: Avoid potential use-after-free in 'chrdev_open()'
On Thu, Dec 19, 2019 at 12:02:03PM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> 'chrdev_open()' calls 'cdev_get()' to obtain a reference to the
> 'struct cdev *' stashed in the 'i_cdev' field of the target inode
> structure. If the pointer is NULL, then it is initialised lazily by
> looking up the kobject in the 'cdev_map' and so the whole procedure is
> protected by the 'cdev_lock' spinlock to serialise initialisation of
> the shared pointer.
>
> Unfortunately, it is possible for the initialising thread to fail *after*
> installing the new pointer, for example if the subsequent '->open()' call
> on the file fails. In this case, 'cdev_put()' is called, the reference
> count on the kobject is dropped and, if nobody else has taken a reference,
> the release function is called which finally clears 'inode->i_cdev' from
> 'cdev_purge()' before potentially freeing the object. The problem here
> is that a racing thread can happily take the 'cdev_lock' and see the
> non-NULL pointer in the inode, which can result in a refcount increment
> from zero and a warning:
>
> | ------------[ cut here ]------------
> | refcount_t: addition on 0; use-after-free.
> | WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 6385 at lib/refcount.c:25 refcount_warn_saturate+0x6d/0xf0
> | Modules linked in:
> | CPU: 2 PID: 6385 Comm: repro Not tainted 5.5.0-rc2+ #22
> | Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.12.0-1 04/01/2014
> | RIP: 0010:refcount_warn_saturate+0x6d/0xf0
> | Code: 05 55 9a 15 01 01 e8 9d aa c8 ff 0f 0b c3 80 3d 45 9a 15 01 00 75 ce 48 c7 c7 00 9c 62 b3 c6 08
> | RSP: 0018:ffffb524c1b9bc70 EFLAGS: 00010282
> | RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff9e9da1f71390 RCX: 0000000000000000
> | RDX: ffff9e9dbbd27618 RSI: ffff9e9dbbd18798 RDI: ffff9e9dbbd18798
> | RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 000000000000095f R09: 0000000000000039
> | R10: 0000000000000000 R11: ffffb524c1b9bb20 R12: ffff9e9da1e8c700
> | R13: ffffffffb25ee8b0 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: ffff9e9da1e8c700
> | FS: 00007f3b87d26700(0000) GS:ffff9e9dbbd00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> | CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> | CR2: 00007fc16909c000 CR3: 000000012df9c000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
> | DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> | DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> | Call Trace:
> | kobject_get+0x5c/0x60
> | cdev_get+0x2b/0x60
> | chrdev_open+0x55/0x220
> | ? cdev_put.part.3+0x20/0x20
> | do_dentry_open+0x13a/0x390
> | path_openat+0x2c8/0x1470
> | do_filp_open+0x93/0x100
> | ? selinux_file_ioctl+0x17f/0x220
> | do_sys_open+0x186/0x220
> | do_syscall_64+0x48/0x150
> | entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> | RIP: 0033:0x7f3b87efcd0e
> | Code: 89 54 24 08 e8 a3 f4 ff ff 8b 74 24 0c 48 8b 3c 24 41 89 c0 44 8b 54 24 08 b8 01 01 00 00 89 f4
> | RSP: 002b:00007f3b87d259f0 EFLAGS: 00000293 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000101
> | RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 00007f3b87efcd0e
> | RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 00007f3b87d25a80 RDI: 00000000ffffff9c
> | RBP: 00007f3b87d25e90 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
> | R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000293 R12: 00007ffe188f504e
> | R13: 00007ffe188f504f R14: 00007f3b87d26700 R15: 0000000000000000
> | ---[ end trace 24f53ca58db8180a ]---
>
> Since 'cdev_get()' can already fail to obtain a reference, simply move
> it over to use 'kobject_get_unless_zero()' instead of 'kobject_get()',
> which will cause the racing thread to return -ENXIO if the initialising
> thread fails unexpectedly.
>
> Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> Cc: Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
> Reported-by: syzbot+82defefbbd8527e1c2cb@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
> ---
> fs/char_dev.c | 2 +-
> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/fs/char_dev.c b/fs/char_dev.c
> index 00dfe17871ac..c5e6eff5a381 100644
> --- a/fs/char_dev.c
> +++ b/fs/char_dev.c
> @@ -352,7 +352,7 @@ static struct kobject *cdev_get(struct cdev *p)
>
> if (owner && !try_module_get(owner))
> return NULL;
> - kobj = kobject_get(&p->kobj);
> + kobj = kobject_get_unless_zero(&p->kobj);
> if (!kobj)
> module_put(owner);
> return kobj;
> --
> 2.24.1.735.g03f4e72817-goog
>

Ugh.

Due to the location of the lock, this looks like the only viable
solution.

Al, any objection for me taking this into my tree now to send to Linus?
Will, this did fix the syzbot reproducer, right?

thanks,

greg k-h

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