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SubjectRe: WARNING: refcount bug in cdev_get
On Wed, Dec 18, 2019 at 07:20:26PM +0100, Greg KH wrote:
> On Wed, Dec 18, 2019 at 05:08:55PM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> > On Tue, Dec 10, 2019 at 11:44:45AM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> > > On Wed, Dec 04, 2019 at 01:31:48PM +0100, Greg KH wrote:
> > > > This code hasn't changed in 15+ years, what suddenly changed that causes
> > > > problems here?
> > >
> > > I suppose one thing to consider is that the refcount code is relatively new,
> > > so it could be that the actual use-after-free is extremely rare, but we're
> > > now seeing that it's at least potentially an issue.
> > >
> > > Thoughts?
> >
> > FWIW, I added some mdelay()s to make this race more likely, and I can now
> > trigger it reasonably reliably. See below.
> >
> > --->8
> >
> > [ 89.512353] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> > [ 89.513350] refcount_t: addition on 0; use-after-free.
> > [ 89.513977] WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 6385 at lib/refcount.c:25 refcount_warn_saturate+0x6d/0xf0

[...]

> No hint as to _where_ you put the mdelay()? :)

I threw it in the release function to maximise the period where the refcount
is 0 but the inode 'i_cdev' pointer is non-NULL. I also hacked chrdev_open()
so that the fops->open() call appears to fail most of the time (I guess
syzkaller uses error injection to do something similar). Nasty hack below.

I'll send a patch, given that I've managed to "reproduce" this.

Will

--->8

diff --git a/fs/char_dev.c b/fs/char_dev.c
index 00dfe17871ac..e2e48fcd0435 100644
--- a/fs/char_dev.c
+++ b/fs/char_dev.c
@@ -375,7 +375,7 @@ static int chrdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
const struct file_operations *fops;
struct cdev *p;
struct cdev *new = NULL;
- int ret = 0;
+ int ret = 0, first = 0;

spin_lock(&cdev_lock);
p = inode->i_cdev;
@@ -395,6 +395,7 @@ static int chrdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
inode->i_cdev = p = new;
list_add(&inode->i_devices, &p->list);
new = NULL;
+ first = 1;
} else if (!cdev_get(p))
ret = -ENXIO;
} else if (!cdev_get(p))
@@ -411,6 +412,10 @@ static int chrdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)

replace_fops(filp, fops);
if (filp->f_op->open) {
+ if (first && (get_cycles() & 0x3)) {
+ ret = -EINTR;
+ goto out_cdev_put;
+ }
ret = filp->f_op->open(inode, filp);
if (ret)
goto out_cdev_put;
@@ -594,12 +599,14 @@ void cdev_del(struct cdev *p)
kobject_put(&p->kobj);
}

+#include <linux/delay.h>

static void cdev_default_release(struct kobject *kobj)
{
struct cdev *p = container_of(kobj, struct cdev, kobj);
struct kobject *parent = kobj->parent;

+ mdelay(50);
cdev_purge(p);
kobject_put(parent);
}
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