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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 7/8] dt-bindings: misc: Add bindings for HiSilicon usb hub and data role switch functionality on HiKey960
On Wed, Dec 18, 2019 at 11:21 AM John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> wrote:
>
> On Wed, Dec 18, 2019 at 8:37 AM Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Thu, Dec 12, 2019 at 01:42:32AM +0000, John Stultz wrote:
> > > From: Yu Chen <chenyu56@huawei.com>
> > >
> > > This patch adds binding documentation to support usb hub and usb
> > > data role switch of Hisilicon HiKey960 Board.
> > >
> > > Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> > > Cc: Rob Herring <robh+dt@kernel.org>
> > > Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
> > > CC: ShuFan Lee <shufan_lee@richtek.com>
> > > Cc: Heikki Krogerus <heikki.krogerus@linux.intel.com>
> > > Cc: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
> > > Cc: Chunfeng Yun <chunfeng.yun@mediatek.com>
> > > Cc: Yu Chen <chenyu56@huawei.com>
> > > Cc: Felipe Balbi <balbi@kernel.org>
> > > Cc: Hans de Goede <hdegoede@redhat.com>
> > > Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com>
> > > Cc: Jun Li <lijun.kernel@gmail.com>
> > > Cc: Valentin Schneider <valentin.schneider@arm.com>
> > > Cc: Guillaume Gardet <Guillaume.Gardet@arm.com>
> > > Cc: Jack Pham <jackp@codeaurora.org>
> > > Cc: linux-usb@vger.kernel.org
> > > Cc: devicetree@vger.kernel.org
> > > Signed-off-by: Yu Chen <chenyu56@huawei.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
> > > ---
> > > v3: Reworked as usb-role-switch intermediary
> > >
> > > v7: Switched over to YAML dt binding description
> > > ---
> > > .../bindings/misc/hisilicon-hikey-usb.yaml | 85 +++++++++++++++++++
> > > 1 file changed, 85 insertions(+)
> > > create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/misc/hisilicon-hikey-usb.yaml
> > >
> > > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/misc/hisilicon-hikey-usb.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/misc/hisilicon-hikey-usb.yaml
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..1fc3b198ef73
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/misc/hisilicon-hikey-usb.yaml
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
> > > +# SPDX-License-Identifier: (GPL-2.0 OR BSD-2-Clause)
> > > +# Copyright 2019 Linaro Ltd.
> > > +%YAML 1.2
> > > +---
> > > +$id: "http://devicetree.org/schemas/misc/hisilicon-hikey-usb.yaml#"
> > > +$schema: "http://devicetree.org/meta-schemas/core.yaml#"
> > > +
> > > +title: HiKey960 onboard USB GPIO Hub
> > > +
> > > +maintainers:
> > > + - John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
> > > +
> > > +description: |
> > > + Supports the onboard HiKey960 USB GPIO hub, which acts as a
> > > + role-switch intermediary to detect the state of the USB-C
> > > + port, to switch the hub into dual-role USB-C or host mode,
> > > + which enables the onboard USB-A host ports.
> >
> > Honestly I'm torn between whatever works for you because this is pretty
> > "special" dev board design and it should more accurately match the
> > hardware design. I think we can do the later and it doesn't really need
> > anything new.
> >
> > > +
> > > + Schematics about the hub can be found here:
> > > + https://github.com/96boards/documentation/raw/master/consumer/hikey/hikey960/hardware-docs/HiKey960_Schematics.pdf
> > > +
> > > +properties:
> > > + compatible:
> > > + items:
> > > + - const: hisilicon,gpio_hubv1
> >
> > As a whole this is HiSilicon specific, but really it is not. It's really
> > just a hub, a mux, and connectors for which we have bindings for. I
> > think you need to model the actual hub in DT. We have 2 ways already to
> > describe hubs in DT: a I2C device or USB device.
> >
> > AIUI, the board looks something like this:
> >
> > ctrl -> mux --> hub -> type-a connector
> > +-> type-c connector
> >
> > If the hub I2C is not used, then you could do something like this:
> >
> > ctrl {
> > mux-controls = <&usb_gpio_mux>;
> > connector@0 {
> > // type C connector binding
> > };
> > hub@1 {
> > // USB device binding
> > };
> > };
>
> I can't say I totally grok all this, but I'll go digging to try to
> better understand it.
> I don't believe there is any I2C involved here, so I'll try the
> approach you outline above.

Well, it is there in the schematics.

> > Or if I2C is used and the hub is under the I2C controller:
> >
> > ctrl {
> > port@0 {
> > mux-controls = <&usb_gpio_mux>;
> > endpoint@0 { // mux state 0
> > remote-endpoint = <&usb_c_connector_port>;
> > };
> > endpoint@1 { // mux state 1
> > remote-endpoint = <&usb_hub_port>;
> > };
> > };
> >
> > The only new bindings you really need are adding 'mux-controls' to the
> > USB host controller and the hub binding (we already have a few).
> >
> > If the USB2 and USB3 signals come from 2 different host controller
> > nodes, then I think it will need to look like the 2nd case regardless
> > of I2C. (It's strange that USB3 was not routed to Type-C connector. Can
> > you do USB2 on Type-C and USB3 on hub simultaneously? You need USB2 to
> > enumerate, right?)
>
> Yea, it is strange, and I unfortunately don't know why only USB2 was
> exported to the type-c connector.
> And to my knowledge, you cannot use both the type-c and hub simultaneously.
>
>
> > > +
> > > + typec-vbus-gpios:
> > > + $ref: /schemas/types.yaml#/definitions/phandle
> > > + description: phandle to the typec-vbus gpio
> >
> > This should be modeled as a GPIO regulator, and belongs as part of a
> > connector node. See bindings/connector/usb-connector.txt.
> >
> > > +
> > > + otg-switch-gpios:
> > > + $ref: /schemas/types.yaml#/definitions/phandle
> > > + description: phandle to the otg-switch gpio
> >
> > This would be the gpio-mux binding instead.
> >
> > > +
> > > + hub-vdd33-en-gpios:
> > > + $ref: /schemas/types.yaml#/definitions/phandle
> > > + description: phandle to the hub 3.3v power enablement gpio
> >
> > This should be modeled as a GPIO regulator.
> >
> > What about the reset line on the hub?
>
> Unknown. I don't have any details on that.

You might just be getting lucky that it is pulled to the right state.


> > > + usb-role-switch:
> > > + $ref: /schemas/types.yaml#/definitions/flag
> > > + description: Support role switch.
> >
> > This normally is a controller property. Role switch is foreign to the
> > hub, so doesn't really belong there for sure.
>
> So this part was critical to being able to get role switch
> notification from the connector and to properly switch modes without
> adding extra notifier gunk from the previous patch that folks didn't
> like.
>
> Trying to understand further, your suggestion here is to re-model the
> binding, as gpio regulators and gpio muxes, and use a usb-connector
> node to describe them, but I'm missing how I connect that to the
> driver implementation I have?

Good question, but that shouldn't really dictate your binding design.

> Is the idea to extend the rt1711h and
> dwc3 drivers further to support the mux/hub bit (this part is fairly
> foggy to me), completely removing the need for the misc driver?

I imagine that you need some driver to determine the state of the mux.
Perhaps a usb-mux driver which is instantiated by the host controller
driver when it sees a mux-controls property. Sorry, haven't looked at
the driver side of this at all.

> I did take an attempt at something similar with an earlier iteration
> of the patch set, where I was trying to move the vbus-gpio as a
> gpio-regulator to be controlled by the rt1711h/tpcm core, but that
> approach didn't work properly and Hans suggested I just go back to the
> approach submitted here:
> https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/10/22/42

I don't see why that would matter. If you need to sense the Vbus
state, then you do need a GPIO typically. But for an enable line, it's
just another level of abstraction.

Rob

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