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Subject[PATCH] net: nfc: nci: fix a possible sleep-in-atomic-context bug in nci_uart_tty_receive()
The kernel may sleep while holding a spinlock.
The function call path (from bottom to top) in Linux 4.19 is:

net/nfc/nci/uart.c, 349:
nci_skb_alloc in nci_uart_default_recv_buf
net/nfc/nci/uart.c, 255:
(FUNC_PTR)nci_uart_default_recv_buf in nci_uart_tty_receive
net/nfc/nci/uart.c, 254:
spin_lock in nci_uart_tty_receive

nci_skb_alloc(GFP_KERNEL) can sleep at runtime.
(FUNC_PTR) means a function pointer is called.

To fix this bug, GFP_KERNEL is replaced with GFP_ATOMIC for

This bug is found by a static analysis tool STCheck written by myself.

Signed-off-by: Jia-Ju Bai <>
net/nfc/nci/uart.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/net/nfc/nci/uart.c b/net/nfc/nci/uart.c
index 78fe622eba65..11b554ce07ff 100644
--- a/net/nfc/nci/uart.c
+++ b/net/nfc/nci/uart.c
@@ -346,7 +346,7 @@ static int nci_uart_default_recv_buf(struct nci_uart *nu, const u8 *data,
nu->rx_packet_len = -1;
nu->rx_skb = nci_skb_alloc(nu->ndev,
if (!nu->rx_skb)
return -ENOMEM;
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