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Subjectcgroups: WARN_ON_ONCE(css && percpu_ref_is_dying(&css->refcnt)) triggerable running stress tests cgroups
Hey,

While working on CLONE_INTO_CGROUP I was running the stress tests in the
following loop:

for i in `seq 1 100`; do ./test_stress.sh; done

This quickly led to the WARN_ON_ONCE() in the subject line being
triggered in cgroup_apply_control_enable() and
cgroup_apply_control_disable().

This was reproducible on v5.5-rc2 (cf. [1]) and on v5.4 (cf. [2]).

Christian

[1]:
[ 169.086951] WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 14214 at kernel/cgroup/cgroup.c:3054 cgroup_apply_control_enable+0x1ec/0xb40
[ 169.086952] Modules linked in: veth ip6table_nat ip6table_filter ip6_tables xt_MASQUERADE xt_CHECKSUM xt_comment xt_tcpudp iptable_nat nf_nat nf_conntrack nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv4 iptable_mangle iptable_filter bridge stp llc md4 cmac nls_utf8 cifs libarc4 fscache libdes binfmt_misc dm_multipath scsi_dh_rdac scsi_dh_emc scsi_dh_alua intel_rapl_msr intel_rapl_common ppdev kvm_intel kvm irqbypass parport_pc input_leds joydev parport serio_raw qemu_fw_cfg sch_fq_codel ip_tables x_tables autofs4 btrfs blake2b_generic zstd_compress raid10 raid456 async_raid6_recov async_memcpy async_pq async_xor async_tx xor raid6_pq libcrc32c raid1 raid0 multipath linear crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel aesni_intel virtio_net net_failover crypto_simd psmouse cryptd failover glue_helper i2c_piix4 pata_acpi floppy
[ 169.086994] CPU: 2 PID: 14214 Comm: test_core Not tainted 5.5.0-rc2-brauner-clone3-cgroup #746
[ 169.086996] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.12.0-1 04/01/2014
[ 169.087002] RIP: 0010:cgroup_apply_control_enable+0x1ec/0xb40
[ 169.087004] Code: e4 06 00 00 4d 8b 75 00 4d 85 f6 74 1f 49 8d 7e 18 48 89 fa 48 c1 ea 03 42 80 3c 22 00 0f 85 ac 06 00 00 41 f6 46 18 02 74 02 <0f> 0b 48 8b 4d d0 80 39 00 0f 85 79 06 00 00 4d 8b 8f e8 00 00 00
[ 169.087005] RSP: 0018:ffff888108f47bc8 EFLAGS: 00010202
[ 169.087007] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffffffffa9396e80 RCX: 1ffff110211e8f77
[ 169.087008] RDX: 1ffff11020d31703 RSI: ffff888101945000 RDI: ffff88810698b818
[ 169.087009] RBP: ffff888108f47c40 R08: ffffffffa939dc20 R09: ffffed10211e8f6a
[ 169.087010] R10: 0000000000000001 R11: ffffffffa9396e80 R12: dffffc0000000000
[ 169.087011] R13: ffff8881019451a0 R14: ffff88810698b800 R15: ffff888101945000
[ 169.087013] FS: 00007fc9fb404740(0000) GS:ffff88810c900000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 169.087014] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 169.087015] CR2: 00007fbf05b952b0 CR3: 0000000107ed4006 CR4: 0000000000360ee0
[ 169.087018] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[ 169.087019] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[ 169.087020] Call Trace:
[ 169.087023] ? css_next_descendant_pre+0xf0/0xf0
[ 169.087025] ? css_next_descendant_pre+0xab/0xf0
[ 169.087028] cgroup_apply_control+0x1a/0x30
[ 169.087030] cgroup_type_write+0x31f/0x520
[ 169.087033] cgroup_file_write+0x26d/0x960
[ 169.087035] ? __kasan_check_write+0x14/0x20
[ 169.087038] ? kernfs_get_active+0xdd/0x140
[ 169.087040] ? cgroup_file_poll+0xd0/0xd0
[ 169.087042] ? __kasan_check_write+0x14/0x20
[ 169.087043] ? cgroup_file_poll+0xd0/0xd0
[ 169.087045] kernfs_fop_write+0x296/0x420
[ 169.087048] __vfs_write+0x66/0x110
[ 169.087050] ? _cond_resched+0x19/0x30
[ 169.087052] vfs_write+0x155/0x4a0
[ 169.087054] ksys_write+0x164/0x250
[ 169.087056] ? do_sys_open+0x18e/0x3a0
[ 169.087058] ? __ia32_sys_read+0xb0/0xb0
[ 169.087061] ? fpregs_mark_activate+0x150/0x150
[ 169.087063] __x64_sys_write+0x73/0xb0
[ 169.087065] ? fpregs_assert_state_consistent+0x22/0xa0
[ 169.087071] do_syscall_64+0x9f/0x3b0
[ 169.087074] ? prepare_exit_to_usermode+0xfe/0x1b0
[ 169.087076] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
[ 169.087081] RIP: 0033:0x7fc9fb60c247
[ 169.087083] Code: 75 05 48 83 c4 58 c3 e8 d7 34 ff ff 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 f3 0f 1e fa 64 8b 04 25 18 00 00 00 85 c0 75 10 b8 01 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d 00 f0 ff ff 77 51 c3 48 83 ec 28 48 89 54 24 18 48 89 74 24
[ 169.087084] RSP: 002b:00007fff63573ea8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000001
[ 169.087086] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 00007fc9fb60c247
[ 169.087087] RDX: 0000000000000008 RSI: 0000558d5a82b181 RDI: 0000000000000003
[ 169.087088] RBP: 00007fff63573ee0 R08: 00000000ffffffff R09: 00007fff63573d80
[ 169.087089] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000558d5a8274a0
[ 169.087090] R13: 00007fff63576090 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000000
[ 169.087093] ---[ end trace 0389c6ed5e251ab6 ]---
[ 169.087103] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 169.087106] WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 14214 at kernel/cgroup/cgroup.c:3100 cgroup_apply_control_disable+0x15b/0x3e0
[ 169.087107] Modules linked in: veth ip6table_nat ip6table_filter ip6_tables xt_MASQUERADE xt_CHECKSUM xt_comment xt_tcpudp iptable_nat nf_nat nf_conntrack nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv4 iptable_mangle iptable_filter bridge stp llc md4 cmac nls_utf8 cifs libarc4 fscache libdes binfmt_misc dm_multipath scsi_dh_rdac scsi_dh_emc scsi_dh_alua intel_rapl_msr intel_rapl_common ppdev kvm_intel kvm irqbypass parport_pc input_leds joydev parport serio_raw qemu_fw_cfg sch_fq_codel ip_tables x_tables autofs4 btrfs blake2b_generic zstd_compress raid10 raid456 async_raid6_recov async_memcpy async_pq async_xor async_tx xor raid6_pq libcrc32c raid1 raid0 multipath linear crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel aesni_intel virtio_net net_failover crypto_simd psmouse cryptd failover glue_helper i2c_piix4 pata_acpi floppy
[ 169.087133] CPU: 2 PID: 14214 Comm: test_core Tainted: G W 5.5.0-rc2-brauner-clone3-cgroup #746
[ 169.087134] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.12.0-1 04/01/2014
[ 169.087136] RIP: 0010:cgroup_apply_control_disable+0x15b/0x3e0
[ 169.087137] Code: 24 24 4d 85 e4 0f 84 7b ff ff ff 49 8d 7c 24 18 48 89 f8 48 c1 e8 03 42 80 3c 38 00 0f 85 4f 02 00 00 41 f6 44 24 18 02 74 02 <0f> 0b 49 8d bc 24 e8 00 00 00 48 89 f8 48 c1 e8 03 42 80 3c 38 00
[ 169.087138] RSP: 0018:ffff888108f47c08 EFLAGS: 00010202
[ 169.087140] RAX: 1ffff11020d31703 RBX: ffffffffa939dc20 RCX: 1ffff1102076525e
[ 169.087141] RDX: 1ffff11020328a34 RSI: ffff888101945000 RDI: ffff88810698b818
[ 169.087142] RBP: ffff888108f47c58 R08: 0000000000000004 R09: ffffed10211e8f50
[ 169.087143] R10: ffff888108f47c50 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff88810698b800
[ 169.087144] R13: ffffffffa9396e80 R14: ffff888101945000 R15: dffffc0000000000
[ 169.087145] FS: 00007fc9fb404740(0000) GS:ffff88810c900000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 169.087146] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 169.087147] CR2: 00007fbf05b952b0 CR3: 0000000107ed4006 CR4: 0000000000360ee0
[ 169.087150] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[ 169.087151] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[ 169.087151] Call Trace:
[ 169.087154] cgroup_type_write+0x365/0x520
[ 169.087156] cgroup_file_write+0x26d/0x960
[ 169.087158] ? __kasan_check_write+0x14/0x20
[ 169.087160] ? kernfs_get_active+0xdd/0x140
[ 169.087162] ? cgroup_file_poll+0xd0/0xd0
[ 169.087164] ? __kasan_check_write+0x14/0x20
[ 169.087165] ? cgroup_file_poll+0xd0/0xd0
[ 169.087167] kernfs_fop_write+0x296/0x420
[ 169.087169] __vfs_write+0x66/0x110
[ 169.087170] ? _cond_resched+0x19/0x30
[ 169.087172] vfs_write+0x155/0x4a0
[ 169.087175] ksys_write+0x164/0x250
[ 169.087176] ? do_sys_open+0x18e/0x3a0
[ 169.087178] ? __ia32_sys_read+0xb0/0xb0
[ 169.087180] ? fpregs_mark_activate+0x150/0x150
[ 169.087185] __x64_sys_write+0x73/0xb0
[ 169.087187] ? fpregs_assert_state_consistent+0x22/0xa0
[ 169.087190] do_syscall_64+0x9f/0x3b0
[ 169.087192] ? prepare_exit_to_usermode+0xfe/0x1b0
[ 169.087194] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
[ 169.087195] RIP: 0033:0x7fc9fb60c247
[ 169.087197] Code: 75 05 48 83 c4 58 c3 e8 d7 34 ff ff 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 f3 0f 1e fa 64 8b 04 25 18 00 00 00 85 c0 75 10 b8 01 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d 00 f0 ff ff 77 51 c3 48 83 ec 28 48 89 54 24 18 48 89 74 24
[ 169.087198] RSP: 002b:00007fff63573ea8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000001
[ 169.087199] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 00007fc9fb60c247
[ 169.087200] RDX: 0000000000000008 RSI: 0000558d5a82b181 RDI: 0000000000000003
[ 169.087201] RBP: 00007fff63573ee0 R08: 00000000ffffffff R09: 00007fff63573d80
[ 169.087202] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000558d5a8274a0
[ 169.087203] R13: 00007fff63576090 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000000
[ 169.087205] ---[ end trace 0389c6ed5e251ab7 ]---

[2]:
[ 112.726986] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 19450 at kernel/cgroup/cgroup.c:3113 cgroup_apply_control_enable+0xe0/0x300
[ 112.726987] Modules linked in: veth ip6table_nat ip6table_filter ip6_tables xt_MASQUERADE xt_CHECKSUM xt_comment xt_tcpudp iptable_nat nf_nat nf_conntrack nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv4 iptable_mangle iptable_filter bpfilter bridge stp llc md4 nls_utf8 cifs libarc4 fscache libdes binfmt_misc dm_multipath scsi_dh_rdac scsi_dh_emc scsi_dh_alua intel_rapl_msr intel_rapl_common kvm_intel kvm ppdev irqbypass joydev input_leds mac_hid serio_raw parport_pc parport qemu_fw_cfg sch_fq_codel ip_tables x_tables autofs4 btrfs zstd_compress raid10 raid456 async_raid6_recov async_memcpy async_pq async_xor async_tx xor raid6_pq libcrc32c raid1 raid0 multipath linear crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel bochs_drm drm_vram_helper ttm drm_kms_helper syscopyarea aesni_intel crypto_simd sysfillrect sysimgblt fb_sys_fops cryptd glue_helper psmouse drm virtio_net net_failover failover i2c_piix4 pata_acpi floppy
[ 112.727047] CPU: 0 PID: 19450 Comm: test_core Not tainted 5.4.0-4-generic #5
[ 112.727048] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.12.0-1 04/01/2014
[ 112.727050] RIP: 0010:cgroup_apply_control_enable+0xe0/0x300
[ 112.727056] Code: 4d 89 f4 48 63 93 94 00 00 00 48 85 db 74 0e 48 63 c2 49 8d 84 c6 a0 01 00 00 4c 8b 20 4d 85 e4 74 0a 41 f6 44 24 18 02 74 02 <0f> 0b 4d 8b 8e e8 00 00 00 4d 85 c9 0f 85 72 ff ff ff 49 8b 86 08
[ 112.727057] RSP: 0018:ffffb4d400fc3d70 EFLAGS: 00010202
[ 112.727059] RAX: ffff8da4325111a0 RBX: ffffffffb46c2940 RCX: ffff8da531254740
[ 112.727060] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffff8da432511000 RDI: ffff8da432511000
[ 112.727061] RBP: ffffb4d400fc3dc8 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
[ 112.727062] R10: ffff8da53ba173c8 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff8da432ea6800
[ 112.727063] R13: ffff8da432511000 R14: ffff8da432511000 R15: ffffffffb46c0a60
[ 112.727065] FS: 00007f50c56ae740(0000) GS:ffff8da53ba00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 112.727066] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 112.727067] CR2: 00007f50c570f6c0 CR3: 0000000032e58006 CR4: 0000000000360ef0
[ 112.727071] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[ 112.727071] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[ 112.727072] Call Trace:
[ 112.727088] cgroup_apply_control+0x1b/0x30
[ 112.727090] cgroup_type_write+0x12f/0x180
[ 112.727094] cgroup_file_write+0x91/0x160
[ 112.727098] ? __check_object_size+0x13f/0x150
[ 112.727101] kernfs_fop_write+0x11e/0x1a0
[ 112.727104] __vfs_write+0x1b/0x40
[ 112.727106] vfs_write+0xb9/0x1a0
[ 112.727109] ksys_write+0x67/0xe0
[ 112.727111] __x64_sys_write+0x1a/0x20
[ 112.727115] do_syscall_64+0x57/0x190
[ 112.727120] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
[ 112.727125] RIP: 0033:0x7f50c58b6247
[ 112.727127] Code: 75 05 48 83 c4 58 c3 e8 d7 34 ff ff 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 f3 0f 1e fa 64 8b 04 25 18 00 00 00 85 c0 75 10 b8 01 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d 00 f0 ff ff 77 51 c3 48 83 ec 28 48 89 54 24 18 48 89 74 24
[ 112.727128] RSP: 002b:00007ffeade035d8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000001
[ 112.727130] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 00007f50c58b6247
[ 112.727131] RDX: 0000000000000008 RSI: 0000559bdea66181 RDI: 0000000000000003
[ 112.727132] RBP: 00007ffeade03610 R08: 00000000ffffffff R09: 00007ffeade034b0
[ 112.727132] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000559bdea62520
[ 112.727133] R13: 00007ffeade057c0 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000000
[ 112.727135] ---[ end trace 35b5801867268681 ]---
[ 112.729872] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 112.729880] WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 19450 at kernel/cgroup/cgroup.c:3159 cgroup_apply_control_disable+0xcf/0x150
[ 112.729881] Modules linked in: veth ip6table_nat ip6table_filter ip6_tables xt_MASQUERADE xt_CHECKSUM xt_comment xt_tcpudp iptable_nat nf_nat nf_conntrack nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv4 iptable_mangle iptable_filter bpfilter bridge stp llc md4 nls_utf8 cifs libarc4 fscache libdes binfmt_misc dm_multipath scsi_dh_rdac scsi_dh_emc scsi_dh_alua intel_rapl_msr intel_rapl_common kvm_intel kvm ppdev irqbypass joydev input_leds mac_hid serio_raw parport_pc parport qemu_fw_cfg sch_fq_codel ip_tables x_tables autofs4 btrfs zstd_compress raid10 raid456 async_raid6_recov async_memcpy async_pq async_xor async_tx xor raid6_pq libcrc32c raid1 raid0 multipath linear crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel bochs_drm drm_vram_helper ttm drm_kms_helper syscopyarea aesni_intel crypto_simd sysfillrect sysimgblt fb_sys_fops cryptd glue_helper psmouse drm virtio_net net_failover failover i2c_piix4 pata_acpi floppy
[ 112.729926] CPU: 2 PID: 19450 Comm: test_core Tainted: G W 5.4.0-4-generic #5
[ 112.729927] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.12.0-1 04/01/2014
[ 112.729930] RIP: 0010:cgroup_apply_control_disable+0xcf/0x150
[ 112.729932] Code: 4c 8b 33 4d 89 fc 4d 85 f6 74 12 49 63 86 94 00 00 00 49 8d 84 c7 a0 01 00 00 4c 8b 20 4d 85 e4 74 ce 41 f6 44 24 18 02 74 02 <0f> 0b 49 83 bc 24 e8 00 00 00 00 74 a7 49 8b 87 e8 00 00 00 48 85
[ 112.729933] RSP: 0018:ffffb4d400fc3d98 EFLAGS: 00010202
[ 112.729934] RAX: ffff8da4325111a0 RBX: ffffffffb46c0a60 RCX: ffff8da432511058
[ 112.729945] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffff8da432511000 RDI: ffff8da432514000
[ 112.729946] RBP: ffffb4d400fc3dc8 R08: ffff8da432511000 R09: 0000000000000000
[ 112.729947] R10: 000000000000c7f8 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff8da432ea6800
[ 112.729948] R13: ffff8da432511000 R14: ffffffffb46c2940 R15: ffff8da432511000
[ 112.729950] FS: 00007f50c56ae740(0000) GS:ffff8da53bb00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 112.729951] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 112.729952] CR2: 00007f7691290620 CR3: 0000000032e58005 CR4: 0000000000360ee0
[ 112.729956] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
[ 112.729956] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
[ 112.729957] Call Trace:
[ 112.729963] cgroup_finalize_control+0x1a/0x80
[ 112.729964] cgroup_type_write+0x148/0x180
[ 112.729968] cgroup_file_write+0x91/0x160
[ 112.729972] ? __check_object_size+0x13f/0x150
[ 112.729975] kernfs_fop_write+0x11e/0x1a0
[ 112.729977] __vfs_write+0x1b/0x40
[ 112.729979] vfs_write+0xb9/0x1a0
[ 112.729982] ksys_write+0x67/0xe0
[ 112.729985] __x64_sys_write+0x1a/0x20
[ 112.729988] do_syscall_64+0x57/0x190
[ 112.729992] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
[ 112.729994] RIP: 0033:0x7f50c58b6247
[ 112.729997] Code: 75 05 48 83 c4 58 c3 e8 d7 34 ff ff 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 f3 0f 1e fa 64 8b 04 25 18 00 00 00 85 c0 75 10 b8 01 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d 00 f0 ff ff 77 51 c3 48 83 ec 28 48 89 54 24 18 48 89 74 24
[ 112.729998] RSP: 002b:00007ffeade035d8 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000001
[ 112.729999] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 00007f50c58b6247
[ 112.730000] RDX: 0000000000000008 RSI: 0000559bdea66181 RDI: 0000000000000003
[ 112.730001] RBP: 00007ffeade03610 R08: 00000000ffffffff R09: 00007ffeade034b0
[ 112.730002] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000559bdea62520
[ 112.730003] R13: 00007ffeade057c0 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000000
[ 112.730005] ---[ end trace 35b5801867268682 ]---

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