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Subject[PATCH v7 4/4] x86/kasan: Print original address on #GP
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Make #GP exceptions caused by out-of-bounds KASAN shadow accesses easier
to understand by computing the address of the original access and
printing that. More details are in the comments in the patch.

This turns an error like this:

kasan: CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE enabled
kasan: GPF could be caused by NULL-ptr deref or user memory access
general protection fault, probably for non-canonical address
0xe017577ddf75b7dd: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP KASAN PTI

into this:

general protection fault, probably for non-canonical address
0xe017577ddf75b7dd: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP KASAN PTI
KASAN: maybe wild-memory-access in range
[0x00badbeefbadbee8-0x00badbeefbadbeef]

The hook is placed in architecture-independent code, but is currently
only wired up to the X86 exception handler because I'm not sufficiently
familiar with the address space layout and exception handling mechanisms
on other architectures.

Signed-off-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
---

Notes:
v2:
- move to mm/kasan/report.c (Dmitry)
- change hook name to be more generic
- use TASK_SIZE instead of TASK_SIZE_MAX for compiling on non-x86
- don't open-code KASAN_SHADOW_MASK (Dmitry)
- add "KASAN: " prefix, but not "BUG: " (Andrey, Dmitry)
- use same naming scheme as get_wild_bug_type (Andrey)
- this version was "Reviewed-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>"
v3:
- adjusted example output in commit message based on
changes in preceding patch
- ensure that KASAN output happens after bust_spinlocks(1)
- moved hook in arch/x86/kernel/traps.c such that output
appears after the first line of KASAN-independent error report
v4:
- adjust patch to changes in x86/traps patch
v5:
- adjust patch to changes in x86/traps patch
- fix bug introduced in v3: remove die() call after oops_end()
v6:
- adjust sample output in commit message
v7:
- instead of open-coding __die_header()+__die_body() in traps.c,
insert a hook call into die_body(), introduced in patch 3/4
(Borislav)

arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c | 2 ++
arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c | 21 -------------------
include/linux/kasan.h | 6 ++++++
mm/kasan/report.c | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c b/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c
index 8995bf10c97c..ae64ec7f752f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c
@@ -427,6 +427,8 @@ void die_addr(const char *str, struct pt_regs *regs, long err, long gp_addr)
int sig = SIGSEGV;

__die_header(str, regs, err);
+ if (gp_addr)
+ kasan_non_canonical_hook(gp_addr);
if (__die_body(str, regs, err))
sig = 0;
oops_end(flags, regs, sig);
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
index cf5bc37c90ac..763e71abc0fe 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c
@@ -288,23 +288,6 @@ static void __init kasan_shallow_populate_pgds(void *start, void *end)
} while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != (unsigned long)end);
}

-#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE
-static int kasan_die_handler(struct notifier_block *self,
- unsigned long val,
- void *data)
-{
- if (val == DIE_GPF) {
- pr_emerg("CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE enabled\n");
- pr_emerg("GPF could be caused by NULL-ptr deref or user memory access\n");
- }
- return NOTIFY_OK;
-}
-
-static struct notifier_block kasan_die_notifier = {
- .notifier_call = kasan_die_handler,
-};
-#endif
-
void __init kasan_early_init(void)
{
int i;
@@ -341,10 +324,6 @@ void __init kasan_init(void)
int i;
void *shadow_cpu_entry_begin, *shadow_cpu_entry_end;

-#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE
- register_die_notifier(&kasan_die_notifier);
-#endif
-
memcpy(early_top_pgt, init_top_pgt, sizeof(early_top_pgt));

/*
diff --git a/include/linux/kasan.h b/include/linux/kasan.h
index 4f404c565db1..e0238af0388f 100644
--- a/include/linux/kasan.h
+++ b/include/linux/kasan.h
@@ -225,4 +225,10 @@ static inline void kasan_release_vmalloc(unsigned long start,
unsigned long free_region_end) {}
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE
+void kasan_non_canonical_hook(unsigned long addr);
+#else /* CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE */
+static inline void kasan_non_canonical_hook(unsigned long addr) { }
+#endif /* CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE */
+
#endif /* LINUX_KASAN_H */
diff --git a/mm/kasan/report.c b/mm/kasan/report.c
index 621782100eaa..5ef9f24f566b 100644
--- a/mm/kasan/report.c
+++ b/mm/kasan/report.c
@@ -512,3 +512,43 @@ void __kasan_report(unsigned long addr, size_t size, bool is_write, unsigned lon

end_report(&flags);
}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE
+/*
+ * With CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE, accesses to bogus pointers (outside the high
+ * canonical half of the address space) cause out-of-bounds shadow memory reads
+ * before the actual access. For addresses in the low canonical half of the
+ * address space, as well as most non-canonical addresses, that out-of-bounds
+ * shadow memory access lands in the non-canonical part of the address space.
+ * Help the user figure out what the original bogus pointer was.
+ */
+void kasan_non_canonical_hook(unsigned long addr)
+{
+ unsigned long orig_addr;
+ const char *bug_type;
+
+ if (addr < KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET)
+ return;
+
+ orig_addr = (addr - KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET) << KASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT;
+ /*
+ * For faults near the shadow address for NULL, we can be fairly certain
+ * that this is a KASAN shadow memory access.
+ * For faults that correspond to shadow for low canonical addresses, we
+ * can still be pretty sure - that shadow region is a fairly narrow
+ * chunk of the non-canonical address space.
+ * But faults that look like shadow for non-canonical addresses are a
+ * really large chunk of the address space. In that case, we still
+ * print the decoded address, but make it clear that this is not
+ * necessarily what's actually going on.
+ */
+ if (orig_addr < PAGE_SIZE)
+ bug_type = "null-ptr-deref";
+ else if (orig_addr < TASK_SIZE)
+ bug_type = "probably user-memory-access";
+ else
+ bug_type = "maybe wild-memory-access";
+ pr_alert("KASAN: %s in range [0x%016lx-0x%016lx]\n", bug_type,
+ orig_addr, orig_addr + KASAN_SHADOW_MASK);
+}
+#endif
--
2.24.1.735.g03f4e72817-goog
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