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Subject[PATCH 5/5] KVM: arm64: Support the vcpu preemption check
Date
From: Zengruan Ye <yezengruan@huawei.com>

Support the vcpu_is_preempted() functionality under KVM/arm64. This will
enhance lock performance on overcommitted hosts (more runnable vcpus
than physical cpus in the system) as doing busy waits for preempted
vcpus will hurt system performance far worse than early yielding.

unix benchmark result:
host: kernel 5.5.0-rc1, HiSilicon Kunpeng920, 8 cpus
guest: kernel 5.5.0-rc1, 16 vcpus

test-case | after-patch | before-patch
----------------------------------------+-------------------+------------------
Dhrystone 2 using register variables | 334600751.0 lps | 335319028.3 lps
Double-Precision Whetstone | 32856.1 MWIPS | 32849.6 MWIPS
Execl Throughput | 3662.1 lps | 2718.0 lps
File Copy 1024 bufsize 2000 maxblocks | 432906.4 KBps | 158011.8 KBps
File Copy 256 bufsize 500 maxblocks | 116023.0 KBps | 37664.0 KBps
File Copy 4096 bufsize 8000 maxblocks | 1432769.8 KBps | 441108.8 KBps
Pipe Throughput | 6405029.6 lps | 6021457.6 lps
Pipe-based Context Switching | 185872.7 lps | 184255.3 lps
Process Creation | 4025.7 lps | 3706.6 lps
Shell Scripts (1 concurrent) | 6745.6 lpm | 6436.1 lpm
Shell Scripts (8 concurrent) | 998.7 lpm | 931.1 lpm
System Call Overhead | 3913363.1 lps | 3883287.8 lps
----------------------------------------+-------------------+------------------
System Benchmarks Index Score | 1835.1 | 1327.6

Signed-off-by: Zengruan Ye <yezengruan@huawei.com>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h | 3 +
arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c | 91 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c | 2 +
include/linux/cpuhotplug.h | 1 +
4 files changed, 97 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
index 7b1c81b544bb..a2cd0183bbef 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/paravirt.h
@@ -29,6 +29,8 @@ static inline u64 paravirt_steal_clock(int cpu)

int __init pv_time_init(void);

+int __init kvm_guest_init(void);
+
__visible bool __native_vcpu_is_preempted(int cpu);

static inline bool pv_vcpu_is_preempted(int cpu)
@@ -39,6 +41,7 @@ static inline bool pv_vcpu_is_preempted(int cpu)
#else

#define pv_time_init() do {} while (0)
+#define kvm_guest_init() do {} while (0)

#endif // CONFIG_PARAVIRT

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
index d8f1ba8c22ce..a86dead40473 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/paravirt.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
#include <asm/paravirt.h>
#include <asm/pvclock-abi.h>
#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
+#include <asm/pvlock-abi.h>

struct static_key paravirt_steal_enabled;
struct static_key paravirt_steal_rq_enabled;
@@ -158,3 +159,93 @@ int __init pv_time_init(void)

return 0;
}
+
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pvlock_vcpu_state, pvlock_vcpu_region) __aligned(64);
+EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL(pvlock_vcpu_region);
+
+static int pvlock_vcpu_state_dying_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ struct pvlock_vcpu_state *reg;
+
+ reg = this_cpu_ptr(&pvlock_vcpu_region);
+ if (!reg)
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ memset(reg, 0, sizeof(*reg));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int init_pvlock_vcpu_state(unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ struct pvlock_vcpu_state *reg;
+ struct arm_smccc_res res;
+
+ reg = this_cpu_ptr(&pvlock_vcpu_region);
+ if (!reg)
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ /* Pass the memory address to host via hypercall */
+ arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_LOCK_PREEMPTED,
+ virt_to_phys(reg), &res);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static bool kvm_vcpu_is_preempted(int cpu)
+{
+ struct pvlock_vcpu_state *reg = &per_cpu(pvlock_vcpu_region, cpu);
+
+ if (reg)
+ return !!(reg->preempted & 1);
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static int kvm_arm_init_pvlock(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_ARM_KVM_PVLOCK_STARTING,
+ "hypervisor/arm/pvlock:starting",
+ init_pvlock_vcpu_state,
+ pvlock_vcpu_state_dying_cpu);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ pv_ops.lock.vcpu_is_preempted = kvm_vcpu_is_preempted;
+
+ pr_info("using PV-lock preempted\n");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static bool has_kvm_pvlock(void)
+{
+ struct arm_smccc_res res;
+
+ /* To detect the presence of PV lock support we require SMCCC 1.1+ */
+ if (psci_ops.smccc_version < SMCCC_VERSION_1_1)
+ return false;
+
+ arm_smccc_1_1_invoke(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_FEATURES_FUNC_ID,
+ ARM_SMCCC_HV_PV_LOCK_FEATURES, &res);
+
+ if (res.a0 != SMCCC_RET_SUCCESS)
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+int __init kvm_guest_init(void)
+{
+ if (is_hyp_mode_available())
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!has_kvm_pvlock())
+ return 0;
+
+ kvm_arm_init_pvlock();
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
index 56f664561754..64c4d515ba2d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
@@ -341,6 +341,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
smp_init_cpus();
smp_build_mpidr_hash();

+ kvm_guest_init();
+
/* Init percpu seeds for random tags after cpus are set up. */
kasan_init_tags();

diff --git a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
index e51ee772b9f5..f72ff95ab63a 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
@@ -138,6 +138,7 @@ enum cpuhp_state {
CPUHP_AP_DUMMY_TIMER_STARTING,
CPUHP_AP_ARM_XEN_STARTING,
CPUHP_AP_ARM_KVMPV_STARTING,
+ CPUHP_AP_ARM_KVM_PVLOCK_STARTING,
CPUHP_AP_ARM_CORESIGHT_STARTING,
CPUHP_AP_ARM64_ISNDEP_STARTING,
CPUHP_AP_SMPCFD_DYING,
--
2.19.1

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